Type I Diabetes News

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease in which the pancreas stops producing insulin, making it difficult to control blood sugar levels. It's rarer than type 2 diabetes and accounts for about 5 percent of all diabetes cases. It used to be called "juvenile-onset diabetes" because it often occurs in children and young adults, though it can occur in adulthood, as well.

Unlike type 2 diabetes, nothing can be done to prevent type 1 diabetes, which is thought to be caused by some combination of genetic factors and environmental triggers. It occurs when the immune system attacks the pancreas and destroys insulin-producing cells.


The hormone insulin is pivotal in allowing sugar to leave the blood stream and enter the cells. Without it, the sugar simply builds up in the blood, and cells in the body are gradually starved of the food they need to operate.

Warning signs for type 1 diabetes include drowsiness, weight loss, vision changes, extreme thirst, frequent urination, heavy breathing and loss of consciousness. They can come on quite suddenly and can lead to problems all over the body, including the nerves, kidneys, eyes and heart. Undiagnosed or untreated type 1 diabetes can lead to coma and even death.


The treatment for type 1 diabetes consists of regular doses of insulin. The amount and regularity of these doses will vary somewhat from person to person. The most common method of delivering insulin is via injection, with a syringe, but other methods also can be used, including pumps that are connected to the body and diffusers. Occasionally, people with type 1 diabetes may require other medications to manage their blood sugar or to help with complications that can arise from having type 1 diabetes.

SOURCES: U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation; Diabetes Research Institute Foundation; U.S. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Date Posted
Article Title
Artificial Pancreas Works Well in Home Trial

Study found improved diabetes management in a real-world setting

Researchers Dig for Cause of Dog Diabetes

Disease looks similar to type 1 in humans, but with important differences

Pesticide Exposure Tied to Diabetes Risk

Review finds these chemicals may boost odds of blood sugar disease by about 60 percent

Diabetes Takes a Toll on Women's Hearts

Studies find up to a 40 percent greater risk of coronary problems in females

Can Eye Screening for Diabetic Kids Be Delayed a Bit?

Yearly exams for most with type 1 disease can wait until 5 years after diagnosis or age 15, whichever is later, researchers suggest

Insulin Pumps Nearly Halve Risk of Heart Disease Death for Type 1 Diabetics

Better blood sugar control, greater education may help explain results, researchers say

Parents of Kids With Diabetes Need to Plan for School Days

Only 30 states have laws ensuring children access to proper care

Psoriasis Drug May Help Preserve Pancreas Cells in Type 1 Diabetes

Used early after diagnosis, drug appears to have long-lasting effects, study reports

Type 1 Diabetes and Dementia Risk

People with type 1 diabetes at greater risk for dementia, study finds.

Type 1 Diabetes Linked to Higher Risk of Dementia

Study found people with blood sugar disorder were about 80 percent more likely to have memory troubles

Celiac Disease in Family May Up Your Risk for Related Disorders

Close relatives, including spouses, had higher odds for type 1 diabetes, lupus, sarcoidosis, study finds

Uncontrolled Diabetes May Boost Dementia Risk

Older patients with more disease complications have greater mental decline, Taiwan study says

Cost a Barrier to Healthier Diets for Diabetic Kids, Study Shows

Why many parents of children with type 1 diabetes struggle to provide better food choices

New Trial Tests Whether TB Shot Fights Type 1 Diabetes

Researchers will look at effects in people with longstanding disease

FDA Issues Warning for Type 2 Diabetes Drugs

SGLT2 inhibitors linked to potentially fatal condition called ketoacidosis

Immune System Genes May Change With the Seasons: Study

Altered activity could explain why some diseases are worse in some months than others, researchers say

Better Diabetes Blood Sugar Management Leads to Fewer Eye Surgeries

Intensive therapy cut risk of needing a procedure in half, researchers report

Could High-Dose Insulin Prevent Type 1 Diabetes in High-Risk Kids?

Study found daily capsules of the natural hormone triggered protective immune response

Kids With Type 1 Diabetes Face Much Higher Hospitalization Rates

British study finds fivefold jump in admissions, especially for the youngest, poorest patients

Diabetes Groups Call for Greater Scrutiny of Insulin Pumps

American and European associations want more standardization of new technologies

Could the Future Be Finger-Stick Free for Diabetics?

New devices make monitoring blood sugar easier, but needle not eliminated yet

Get Checked for Diabetes While Getting Your Teeth Cleaned?

Study found testing blood from mouth was as accurate as finger prick at diagnosing condition

Minority Kids Less Likely to Get Latest Type 1 Diabetes Care, Study Finds

Experts aren't sure what's causing differences in insulin pump use, blood sugar levels

Type 1 Diabetes More Deadly for Women Than Men, Study Finds

Experts aren't sure why, but say better treatment and support needed for both sexes

Change in Gut Bacteria May Precede Type 1 Diabetes in Kids

Small study offers hope for a diagnostic test some day, researchers say

Are Seniors With Diabetes Overtreated?

Very tight blood sugar control can pose problems without benefits, study says

Type 1 Diabetes Linked to Lower Life Expectancy in Study

But, second study suggests that intensive blood sugar management can make a difference

1 in 3 People With Type 1 Diabetes Still Produce Insulin, Study Says

More likely for patients diagnosed as adults

Poverty Makes Diabetes Care Tougher, Study Reports

Too little money for food, housing and medicine affects disease management

Diabetes May Affect Kids' Brain Growth, Study Reports

But there was no effect on thinking and memory skills, researchers say

Nearly All Diabetics Should Be on Cholesterol-Lowering Drugs: Experts

New guidelines from the American Diabetes Association recommend greater statin use

Technology Helps Manage Diabetes: FDA

Insulin pumps and continuous glucose monitors assist with blood sugar management

Holiday Overindulgence Risky for People With Type 2 Diabetes

Carbohydrate-heavy meals can send blood sugar levels soaring, expert warns

Cost of Diabetes Care Keeps Climbing, Report Shows

Increases also seen for prediabetes, undiagnosed diabetes care

Type 1 Diabetes Lowered Survival in Study

Better blood sugar management helped, but risk during 14-year period was still doubled

Colleges Could Do More for Students With Chronic Ills, Study Finds

Only half of campus clinics felt they could handle diabetes care, and many don't identify students with needs

Type 1 Diabetes Increasing Among White American Kids

Children 5 to 9 years old hardest hit, study finds

Stem Cell Success Raises Hopes of Type 1 Diabetes Cure

In laboratory, researchers have developed insulin-producing beta cells

Study Compares Insulin Regimens for Type 1 Diabetes

Long-acting versions may beat intermediate-acting forms of the medicine for safety, effectiveness

New Test Helps Diagnose Type 1 Diabetes

But negative result doesn't rule out disease, FDA warns

40 Percent of Americans Will Develop Diabetes, CDC Projects

Rates for black women and Hispanics even higher at 50 percent

Saliva Test Might Someday Replace Needle Prick for Diabetics

But device is still a long way from use by people

FDA Approves Inhaled Diabetes Medication

Afrezza is taken at mealtimes, along with long-acting insulin or standard diabetes pills

Shortage of Doctors Who Treat Diabetes Looming

There are already too few specialists treating hormone disorders, expert says

Experts Revise Optimum Blood Sugar Level for Kids With Type 1 Diabetes

Targeted levels are made lower, but young patients need individualized care, ADA guideline says

Diabetes Distress Is Distinct From Depression, Researchers Say

New studies look at the emotional fallout from type 1 and type 2 disease

'Bionic Pancreas' Improves Blood Sugar Control for People With Type 1 Diabetes

Device removes guesswork from insulin therapy, reduces low blood sugar episodes, study finds

Scientists Reverse Type 1 Diabetes in Mice

Finding might lead one day to new ways to treat humans with blood sugar disease, researchers say

Gut Bacteria in Young Diabetic Kids Show Differences

Findings suggest diet might someday play preventive role, researchers say

Brain Changes May Accompany Type 1 Diabetes Diagnosis in Kids

Complication called ketoacidosis can affect memory, thinking for six months, reports study