Type I Diabetes News

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease in which the pancreas stops producing insulin, making it difficult to control blood sugar levels. It's rarer than type 2 diabetes and accounts for about 5 percent of all diabetes cases. It used to be called "juvenile-onset diabetes" because it often occurs in children and young adults, though it can occur in adulthood, as well.

Unlike type 2 diabetes, nothing can be done to prevent type 1 diabetes, which is thought to be caused by some combination of genetic factors and environmental triggers. It occurs when the immune system attacks the pancreas and destroys insulin-producing cells.

Symptoms

The hormone insulin is pivotal in allowing sugar to leave the blood stream and enter the cells. Without it, the sugar simply builds up in the blood, and cells in the body are gradually starved of the food they need to operate.

Warning signs for type 1 diabetes include drowsiness, weight loss, vision changes, extreme thirst, frequent urination, heavy breathing and loss of consciousness. They can come on quite suddenly and can lead to problems all over the body, including the nerves, kidneys, eyes and heart. Undiagnosed or untreated type 1 diabetes can lead to coma and even death.

Treatment

The treatment for type 1 diabetes consists of regular doses of insulin. The amount and regularity of these doses will vary somewhat from person to person. The most common method of delivering insulin is via injection, with a syringe, but other methods also can be used, including pumps that are connected to the body and diffusers. Occasionally, people with type 1 diabetes may require other medications to manage their blood sugar or to help with complications that can arise from having type 1 diabetes.

SOURCES: U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation; Diabetes Research Institute Foundation; U.S. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Date Posted
Article Title
2/12/2016
Valentine's Day Can Still Be Sweet for Loved Ones With Diabetes

Flowers, jewelry or an outdoor excursion can make the holiday romantic, expert says

1/27/2016
New Transplant Technique Might Free Type 1 Diabetics From Daily Injections

Mouse study showed that putting insulin-producing cells in capsules protected the rodents from immune system

1/5/2016
Artificial Pancreas to Get Long-Term 'Real-Life' Trial

Researchers will measure how well the new technology helps people with type 1 diabetes

12/29/2015
Diabetic Kidney Damage May Start Earlier Than Thought

Higher-than-normal blood sugar levels can lead to kidney failure over time, research says

12/18/2015
Nasal Spray May Give Diabetics Faster Treatment for Low Blood Sugar

Trial found it easier to use than current remedy, an injection

12/17/2015
More U.S. Kids Have Type 1 Diabetes, But Researchers Don't Know Why

And study found that more are developing kidney problems as a result of their disease

12/7/2015
Infant Weight Gain Linked to Possible Type 1 Diabetes Risk

But study author says it's too soon to recommend changes in feeding practices

12/1/2015
Metformin May Not Help Obese Teens With Type 1 Diabetes

Study found most benefits waned over time, but one expert believes more research is needed

12/1/2015
New Diabetes Cases Among Americans Drop for First Time in Decades: CDC

But another report shows U.S. has more cases than 37 other developed nations

11/25/2015
New Treatment for Type 1 Diabetes Shows Early Promise

Trial finds that immune-based therapy is safe; further trial on effectiveness is planned

11/13/2015
Type 1 Diabetes: An Unrelenting Disease

How the blood sugar condition constantly affects daily living

11/11/2015
Newborn Probiotic Use Tied to Lower Risk of Type 1 Diabetes

But association was only found in those with the highest genetic risk of the disease

11/10/2015
Insulin Pumps Give Kids With Type 1 Diabetes Better Blood Sugar Control

Study included almost 55,000 children and teens

9/17/2015
Artificial Pancreas Works Well in Home Trial

Study found improved diabetes management in a real-world setting

9/17/2015
Researchers Dig for Cause of Dog Diabetes

Disease looks similar to type 1 in humans, but with important differences

9/16/2015
Pesticide Exposure Tied to Diabetes Risk

Review finds these chemicals may boost odds of blood sugar disease by about 60 percent

9/15/2015
Diabetes Takes a Toll on Women's Hearts

Studies find up to a 40 percent greater risk of coronary problems in females

9/9/2015
Can Eye Screening for Diabetic Kids Be Delayed a Bit?

Yearly exams for most with type 1 disease can wait until 5 years after diagnosis or age 15, whichever is later, researchers suggest

8/19/2015
Insulin Pumps Nearly Halve Risk of Heart Disease Death for Type 1 Diabetics

Better blood sugar control, greater education may help explain results, researchers say

8/8/2015
Parents of Kids With Diabetes Need to Plan for School Days

Only 30 states have laws ensuring children access to proper care

7/21/2015
Psoriasis Drug May Help Preserve Pancreas Cells in Type 1 Diabetes

Used early after diagnosis, drug appears to have long-lasting effects, study reports

7/21/2015
Type 1 Diabetes and Dementia Risk

People with type 1 diabetes at greater risk for dementia, study finds.

7/20/2015
Type 1 Diabetes Linked to Higher Risk of Dementia

Study found people with blood sugar disorder were about 80 percent more likely to have memory troubles

7/10/2015
Celiac Disease in Family May Up Your Risk for Related Disorders

Close relatives, including spouses, had higher odds for type 1 diabetes, lupus, sarcoidosis, study finds

7/9/2015
Uncontrolled Diabetes May Boost Dementia Risk

Older patients with more disease complications have greater mental decline, Taiwan study says

7/8/2015
Cost a Barrier to Healthier Diets for Diabetic Kids, Study Shows

Why many parents of children with type 1 diabetes struggle to provide better food choices

6/9/2015
New Trial Tests Whether TB Shot Fights Type 1 Diabetes

Researchers will look at effects in people with longstanding disease

5/18/2015
FDA Issues Warning for Type 2 Diabetes Drugs

SGLT2 inhibitors linked to potentially fatal condition called ketoacidosis

5/12/2015
Immune System Genes May Change With the Seasons: Study

Altered activity could explain why some diseases are worse in some months than others, researchers say

4/29/2015
Better Diabetes Blood Sugar Management Leads to Fewer Eye Surgeries

Intensive therapy cut risk of needing a procedure in half, researchers report

4/21/2015
Could High-Dose Insulin Prevent Type 1 Diabetes in High-Risk Kids?

Study found daily capsules of the natural hormone triggered protective immune response

4/14/2015
Kids With Type 1 Diabetes Face Much Higher Hospitalization Rates

British study finds fivefold jump in admissions, especially for the youngest, poorest patients

3/17/2015
Diabetes Groups Call for Greater Scrutiny of Insulin Pumps

American and European associations want more standardization of new technologies

3/13/2015
Could the Future Be Finger-Stick Free for Diabetics?

New devices make monitoring blood sugar easier, but needle not eliminated yet

2/26/2015
Get Checked for Diabetes While Getting Your Teeth Cleaned?

Study found testing blood from mouth was as accurate as finger prick at diagnosing condition

2/17/2015
Minority Kids Less Likely to Get Latest Type 1 Diabetes Care, Study Finds

Experts aren't sure what's causing differences in insulin pump use, blood sugar levels

2/6/2015
Type 1 Diabetes More Deadly for Women Than Men, Study Finds

Experts aren't sure why, but say better treatment and support needed for both sexes

2/5/2015
Change in Gut Bacteria May Precede Type 1 Diabetes in Kids

Small study offers hope for a diagnostic test some day, researchers say

1/12/2015
Are Seniors With Diabetes Overtreated?

Very tight blood sugar control can pose problems without benefits, study says

1/6/2015
Type 1 Diabetes Linked to Lower Life Expectancy in Study

But, second study suggests that intensive blood sugar management can make a difference

12/30/2014
1 in 3 People With Type 1 Diabetes Still Produce Insulin, Study Says

More likely for patients diagnosed as adults

12/29/2014
Poverty Makes Diabetes Care Tougher, Study Reports

Too little money for food, housing and medicine affects disease management

12/26/2014
Diabetes May Affect Kids' Brain Growth, Study Reports

But there was no effect on thinking and memory skills, researchers say

12/23/2014
Nearly All Diabetics Should Be on Cholesterol-Lowering Drugs: Experts

New guidelines from the American Diabetes Association recommend greater statin use

12/8/2014
Technology Helps Manage Diabetes: FDA

Insulin pumps and continuous glucose monitors assist with blood sugar management

11/29/2014
Holiday Overindulgence Risky for People With Type 2 Diabetes

Carbohydrate-heavy meals can send blood sugar levels soaring, expert warns

11/20/2014
Cost of Diabetes Care Keeps Climbing, Report Shows

Increases also seen for prediabetes, undiagnosed diabetes care

11/19/2014
Type 1 Diabetes Lowered Survival in Study

Better blood sugar management helped, but risk during 14-year period was still doubled

10/27/2014
Colleges Could Do More for Students With Chronic Ills, Study Finds

Only half of campus clinics felt they could handle diabetes care, and many don't identify students with needs

10/27/2014
Type 1 Diabetes Increasing Among White American Kids

Children 5 to 9 years old hardest hit, study finds