Type I Diabetes News

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease in which the pancreas stops producing insulin, making it difficult to control blood sugar levels. It's rarer than type 2 diabetes and accounts for about 5 percent of all diabetes cases. It used to be called "juvenile-onset diabetes" because it often occurs in children and young adults, though it can occur in adulthood, as well.

Unlike type 2 diabetes, nothing can be done to prevent type 1 diabetes, which is thought to be caused by some combination of genetic factors and environmental triggers. It occurs when the immune system attacks the pancreas and destroys insulin-producing cells.

Symptoms

The hormone insulin is pivotal in allowing sugar to leave the blood stream and enter the cells. Without it, the sugar simply builds up in the blood, and cells in the body are gradually starved of the food they need to operate.

Warning signs for type 1 diabetes include drowsiness, weight loss, vision changes, extreme thirst, frequent urination, heavy breathing and loss of consciousness. They can come on quite suddenly and can lead to problems all over the body, including the nerves, kidneys, eyes and heart. Undiagnosed or untreated type 1 diabetes can lead to coma and even death.

Treatment

The treatment for type 1 diabetes consists of regular doses of insulin. The amount and regularity of these doses will vary somewhat from person to person. The most common method of delivering insulin is via injection, with a syringe, but other methods also can be used, including pumps that are connected to the body and diffusers. Occasionally, people with type 1 diabetes may require other medications to manage their blood sugar or to help with complications that can arise from having type 1 diabetes.

SOURCES: U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation; Diabetes Research Institute Foundation; U.S. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Date Posted
Article Title
7/11/2014
Saliva Test Might Someday Replace Needle Prick for Diabetics

But device is still a long way from use by people

6/30/2014
FDA Approves Inhaled Diabetes Medication

Afrezza is taken at mealtimes, along with long-acting insulin or standard diabetes pills

6/20/2014
Shortage of Doctors Who Treat Diabetes Looming

There are already too few specialists treating hormone disorders, expert says

6/16/2014
Experts Revise Optimum Blood Sugar Level for Kids With Type 1 Diabetes

Targeted levels are made lower, but young patients need individualized care, ADA guideline says

6/16/2014
Diabetes Distress Is Distinct From Depression, Researchers Say

New studies look at the emotional fallout from type 1 and type 2 disease

6/16/2014
'Bionic Pancreas' Improves Blood Sugar Control for People With Type 1 Diabetes

Device removes guesswork from insulin therapy, reduces low blood sugar episodes, study finds

6/16/2014
Scientists Reverse Type 1 Diabetes in Mice

Finding might lead one day to new ways to treat humans with blood sugar disease, researchers say

6/13/2014
Gut Bacteria in Young Diabetic Kids Show Differences

Findings suggest diet might someday play preventive role, researchers say

5/23/2014
Brain Changes May Accompany Type 1 Diabetes Diagnosis in Kids

Complication called ketoacidosis can affect memory, thinking for six months, reports study

5/5/2014
Kids' Diabetes Rates Up Dramatically in 8 Years, Study Finds

Increase in type 1 diabetes especially baffling to experts

4/16/2014
Diabetes Complication Rates Drop Among U.S. Adults

But at the same time, rates of diabetes have more than tripled, researchers report

4/14/2014
Nearly 10 Percent of U.S. Adults Now Have Diabetes: Study

Researchers found a nationwide rise of the disease since late 1980s, and a parallel rise in obesity

4/4/2014
Diabetes Tied to Higher Risk of Pancreatic Cancer in Study

But it's not always clear which disease comes first, researchers say

3/10/2014
Elderly Diabetes Patients on Insulin Most Vulnerable to Low-Blood-Sugar Trouble

Study found they were more than twice as likely to end up in ER, five times more likely to be hospitalized

3/7/2014
Are All Home-Based Blood Sugar Tests Equal?

FDA takes steps to eliminate potential risks for people with diabetes

3/7/2014
Some Helpful Hints When Monitoring Blood Sugar

For starters, wash your hands before you test, experts say

2/25/2014
Diabetes Boosts Stroke Risk for Women, But Not Men: Study

Research finds big gender gap, which one doctor believes is tied to better treatment for men

2/7/2014
Experimental 'Implanted Insulin' Device Seeks to Control Blood Sugar Levels

The hope: to eliminate daily injections for those with diabetes, but much testing remains to be done

2/6/2014
Scientists Generate Insulin-Producing Cells in Diabetic Mice

If early results translate to humans, need for daily injections might be eliminated in future, researchers say

1/29/2014
Smartphone Apps for Diabetes: Do They Really Work?

You can use them to count carbs, log blood sugar, but users say they're no substitute for patient knowledge and a doctor's care

1/24/2014
Adults With Diabetes Need a Flu Shot: Experts

Large Canadian study finds people with diabetes are more likely to get sick from flu, be hospitalized

12/23/2013
Keep the Holidays Merry for Kids With Diabetes

Parents should monitor their child's blood sugar more often, but don't be too restrictive, expert says

11/14/2013
Testing for Pregnancy-Linked Diabetes Should Be Routine, Experts Say

New guidelines from the Endocrine Society aim to detect cases early, get treatment started

11/13/2013
Needle-Free 'Breathalyzer' for Daily Diabetes Testing Shows Promise

But first, device must undergo clinical studies

11/11/2013
Urine Test May Spot Heart, Kidney Risk in Kids With Type 1 Diabetes

Screening could help identify those who would benefit from early treatment, researchers say

10/28/2013
Scientists Report Transplant Advance for Type 1 Diabetes

Used in single patient, special chamber may allow implantation of insulin-producing cells without rejection

10/10/2013
People With Type 1 Diabetes May Still Have Insulin-Producing Cells

Finding indicates these cells could possibly be replenished, researchers say

9/25/2013
Parenthood May Reduce Diabetes-Related Death Risk, Study Suggests

Benefits more pronounced for women than men, researchers contend

9/24/2013
Insulin Pump Shut-Off Feature Prevents Low Blood Sugar, Study Finds

Device could improve quality of life for people with type 1 diabetes, experts say

9/23/2013
Psoriasis Drug May Help Treat Type 1 Diabetes: Report

Alefacept appeared to reduce need for insulin in study

8/2/2013
Could Dietary Tweaks Ease Type 1 Diabetes?

Foods rich in amino and fatty acids may help preserve insulin production, study suggests

7/24/2013
People With Diabetes May Face Higher Disability Risk

Analysis finds they are roughly 50 percent more likely to have trouble with walking, daily self-care

7/19/2013
Diabetes-Linked Amputations Declining, Study Finds

Although disease rates are rising, orthopedic treatments have improved, experts say

7/17/2013
Black Kids With Diabetes Less Likely to Get Eye Exams

Diabetic children at higher risk for retinopathy, which can lead to blindness, studies show

7/12/2013
Type 1 Diabetes Hope: Animal-to-Human Cell Transplants

Researchers working with rodents say they're one step closer

7/9/2013
Solid Food Timing for Babies Tied to Diabetes Risk

Study found ages 4 to 5 months safest for introducing solids to infants at higher risk for type 1 disease

7/1/2013
Early Respiratory Infection May Double Type 1 Diabetes Risk: Study

Researchers looked at children who had first-degree relatives with the autoimmune disease

6/26/2013
Vaccine May Stop Immune Attack in Type 1 Diabetes, Study Suggests

Early trial found it boosts insulin production, appears safe

6/24/2013
New Insulin Pump Cuts Odds of Overnight Hypoglycemia

Sensor device may ease patient fear of dangerously low blood sugar levels during sleep, experts say

6/19/2013
A Deadly Form of Diabetes That Doctors Sometimes Miss

Common signs of type 1 diabetes often resemble symptoms of other illnesses

6/18/2013
Blood Test Might Predict Type 1 Diabetes in Children, Study Finds

Evidence of two autoantibodies signaled a 70 percent risk, researchers say

6/5/2013
Stem Cell Therapy Cures Type 1 Diabetes in Mice

Whether the new approach would work in humans is unknown, experts say

5/28/2013
'Nano' Medicine Might Someday Free Diabetics From Daily Needles

In mouse study, animals received enough insulin to function for days at a time

4/25/2013
Hormone Shows Potential as Diabetes Treatment in Mice

But it's too soon to think of trying it with humans, researchers say

3/15/2013
N.Y. Woman Balances Thyroid Disease and Diabetes

With two chronic conditions, she's learned 'not to sweat the small stuff'

3/15/2013
People With Type 1 Diabetes at Risk of Thyroid Disease

Link between 'sister diseases' is rooted in immune system problem, expert says

3/6/2013
Cost of Diabetes Care in U.S. Keeps Climbing

Report says it topped $245 billion in 2012; increase reflects growing number of people with the disease

3/5/2013
Mini-Organ Would Mimic Pancreas to Treat Type 1 Diabetes

Bioengineered implant could house transplanted insulin-producing cells, researchers say

2/27/2013
Artificial Pancreas Worked Overnight on Kids With Type 1 Diabetes

System helped keep blood sugar at safe levels among young campers, study found

2/14/2013
Lucky Dogs Get Shot at Diabetes Cure

Study finds gene therapy eliminated mimic of type 1 disease in five beagle pups; implications for humans unclear