Type I Diabetes News

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease in which the pancreas stops producing insulin, making it difficult to control blood sugar levels. It's rarer than type 2 diabetes and accounts for about 5 percent of all diabetes cases. It used to be called "juvenile-onset diabetes" because it often occurs in children and young adults, though it can occur in adulthood, as well.

Unlike type 2 diabetes, nothing can be done to prevent type 1 diabetes, which is thought to be caused by some combination of genetic factors and environmental triggers. It occurs when the immune system attacks the pancreas and destroys insulin-producing cells.

Symptoms

The hormone insulin is pivotal in allowing sugar to leave the blood stream and enter the cells. Without it, the sugar simply builds up in the blood, and cells in the body are gradually starved of the food they need to operate.

Warning signs for type 1 diabetes include drowsiness, weight loss, vision changes, extreme thirst, frequent urination, heavy breathing and loss of consciousness. They can come on quite suddenly and can lead to problems all over the body, including the nerves, kidneys, eyes and heart. Undiagnosed or untreated type 1 diabetes can lead to coma and even death.

Treatment

The treatment for type 1 diabetes consists of regular doses of insulin. The amount and regularity of these doses will vary somewhat from person to person. The most common method of delivering insulin is via injection, with a syringe, but other methods also can be used, including pumps that are connected to the body and diffusers. Occasionally, people with type 1 diabetes may require other medications to manage their blood sugar or to help with complications that can arise from having type 1 diabetes.

SOURCES: U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation; Diabetes Research Institute Foundation; U.S. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Date Posted
Article Title
7/21/2015
Psoriasis Drug May Help Preserve Pancreas Cells in Type 1 Diabetes

Used early after diagnosis, drug appears to have long-lasting effects, study reports

7/21/2015
Type 1 Diabetes and Dementia Risk

People with type 1 diabetes at greater risk for dementia, study finds.

7/20/2015
Type 1 Diabetes Linked to Higher Risk of Dementia

Study found people with blood sugar disorder were about 80 percent more likely to have memory troubles

7/10/2015
Celiac Disease in Family May Up Your Risk for Related Disorders

Close relatives, including spouses, had higher odds for type 1 diabetes, lupus, sarcoidosis, study finds

7/9/2015
Uncontrolled Diabetes May Boost Dementia Risk

Older patients with more disease complications have greater mental decline, Taiwan study says

7/8/2015
Cost a Barrier to Healthier Diets for Diabetic Kids, Study Shows

Why many parents of children with type 1 diabetes struggle to provide better food choices

6/9/2015
New Trial Tests Whether TB Shot Fights Type 1 Diabetes

Researchers will look at effects in people with longstanding disease

5/18/2015
FDA Issues Warning for Type 2 Diabetes Drugs

SGLT2 inhibitors linked to potentially fatal condition called ketoacidosis

5/12/2015
Immune System Genes May Change With the Seasons: Study

Altered activity could explain why some diseases are worse in some months than others, researchers say

4/29/2015
Better Diabetes Blood Sugar Management Leads to Fewer Eye Surgeries

Intensive therapy cut risk of needing a procedure in half, researchers report

4/21/2015
Could High-Dose Insulin Prevent Type 1 Diabetes in High-Risk Kids?

Study found daily capsules of the natural hormone triggered protective immune response

4/14/2015
Kids With Type 1 Diabetes Face Much Higher Hospitalization Rates

British study finds fivefold jump in admissions, especially for the youngest, poorest patients

3/17/2015
Diabetes Groups Call for Greater Scrutiny of Insulin Pumps

American and European associations want more standardization of new technologies

3/13/2015
Could the Future Be Finger-Stick Free for Diabetics?

New devices make monitoring blood sugar easier, but needle not eliminated yet

2/26/2015
Get Checked for Diabetes While Getting Your Teeth Cleaned?

Study found testing blood from mouth was as accurate as finger prick at diagnosing condition

2/17/2015
Minority Kids Less Likely to Get Latest Type 1 Diabetes Care, Study Finds

Experts aren't sure what's causing differences in insulin pump use, blood sugar levels

2/6/2015
Type 1 Diabetes More Deadly for Women Than Men, Study Finds

Experts aren't sure why, but say better treatment and support needed for both sexes

2/5/2015
Change in Gut Bacteria May Precede Type 1 Diabetes in Kids

Small study offers hope for a diagnostic test some day, researchers say

1/12/2015
Are Seniors With Diabetes Overtreated?

Very tight blood sugar control can pose problems without benefits, study says

1/6/2015
Type 1 Diabetes Linked to Lower Life Expectancy in Study

But, second study suggests that intensive blood sugar management can make a difference

12/30/2014
1 in 3 People With Type 1 Diabetes Still Produce Insulin, Study Says

More likely for patients diagnosed as adults

12/29/2014
Poverty Makes Diabetes Care Tougher, Study Reports

Too little money for food, housing and medicine affects disease management

12/26/2014
Diabetes May Affect Kids' Brain Growth, Study Reports

But there was no effect on thinking and memory skills, researchers say

12/23/2014
Nearly All Diabetics Should Be on Cholesterol-Lowering Drugs: Experts

New guidelines from the American Diabetes Association recommend greater statin use

12/8/2014
Technology Helps Manage Diabetes: FDA

Insulin pumps and continuous glucose monitors assist with blood sugar management

11/29/2014
Holiday Overindulgence Risky for People With Type 2 Diabetes

Carbohydrate-heavy meals can send blood sugar levels soaring, expert warns

11/20/2014
Cost of Diabetes Care Keeps Climbing, Report Shows

Increases also seen for prediabetes, undiagnosed diabetes care

11/19/2014
Type 1 Diabetes Lowered Survival in Study

Better blood sugar management helped, but risk during 14-year period was still doubled

10/27/2014
Colleges Could Do More for Students With Chronic Ills, Study Finds

Only half of campus clinics felt they could handle diabetes care, and many don't identify students with needs

10/27/2014
Type 1 Diabetes Increasing Among White American Kids

Children 5 to 9 years old hardest hit, study finds

10/9/2014
Stem Cell Success Raises Hopes of Type 1 Diabetes Cure

In laboratory, researchers have developed insulin-producing beta cells

10/3/2014
Study Compares Insulin Regimens for Type 1 Diabetes

Long-acting versions may beat intermediate-acting forms of the medicine for safety, effectiveness

8/21/2014
New Test Helps Diagnose Type 1 Diabetes

But negative result doesn't rule out disease, FDA warns

8/13/2014
40 Percent of Americans Will Develop Diabetes, CDC Projects

Rates for black women and Hispanics even higher at 50 percent

7/11/2014
Saliva Test Might Someday Replace Needle Prick for Diabetics

But device is still a long way from use by people

6/30/2014
FDA Approves Inhaled Diabetes Medication

Afrezza is taken at mealtimes, along with long-acting insulin or standard diabetes pills

6/20/2014
Shortage of Doctors Who Treat Diabetes Looming

There are already too few specialists treating hormone disorders, expert says

6/16/2014
Experts Revise Optimum Blood Sugar Level for Kids With Type 1 Diabetes

Targeted levels are made lower, but young patients need individualized care, ADA guideline says

6/16/2014
Diabetes Distress Is Distinct From Depression, Researchers Say

New studies look at the emotional fallout from type 1 and type 2 disease

6/16/2014
'Bionic Pancreas' Improves Blood Sugar Control for People With Type 1 Diabetes

Device removes guesswork from insulin therapy, reduces low blood sugar episodes, study finds

6/16/2014
Scientists Reverse Type 1 Diabetes in Mice

Finding might lead one day to new ways to treat humans with blood sugar disease, researchers say

6/13/2014
Gut Bacteria in Young Diabetic Kids Show Differences

Findings suggest diet might someday play preventive role, researchers say

5/23/2014
Brain Changes May Accompany Type 1 Diabetes Diagnosis in Kids

Complication called ketoacidosis can affect memory, thinking for six months, reports study

5/5/2014
Kids' Diabetes Rates Up Dramatically in 8 Years, Study Finds

Increase in type 1 diabetes especially baffling to experts

4/16/2014
Diabetes Complication Rates Drop Among U.S. Adults

But at the same time, rates of diabetes have more than tripled, researchers report

4/14/2014
Nearly 10 Percent of U.S. Adults Now Have Diabetes: Study

Researchers found a nationwide rise of the disease since late 1980s, and a parallel rise in obesity

4/4/2014
Diabetes Tied to Higher Risk of Pancreatic Cancer in Study

But it's not always clear which disease comes first, researchers say

3/10/2014
Elderly Diabetes Patients on Insulin Most Vulnerable to Low-Blood-Sugar Trouble

Study found they were more than twice as likely to end up in ER, five times more likely to be hospitalized

3/7/2014
Are All Home-Based Blood Sugar Tests Equal?

FDA takes steps to eliminate potential risks for people with diabetes

3/7/2014
Some Helpful Hints When Monitoring Blood Sugar

For starters, wash your hands before you test, experts say