Day-Care Providers Need Repeat Anaphylaxis Training

Less than half remember how to use an EpiPen six months after a training session

FRIDAY, Dec. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Yearly or bi-annual refresher classes on anaphylaxis can help child-care providers remember how to recognize, evaluate and treat allergic reactions in young children, according to a follow-up study in the December issue of the Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology. Otherwise, only half will remember how to use an EpiPen six months after being trained, and about one-third will remember a year later.

Bina M. Patel, M.D., of Rush University Medical Center in Chicago, and colleagues asked child-care workers from 39 centers who attended an allergy seminar to complete questionnaires six months and one year after the intervention to see what information they retained.

Child-care workers still recalled when to administer intramuscular epinephrine. Unfortunately, only 48 percent remembered how to correctly use the EpiPen after six months and just 31 percent knew how to use it after a year, compared with 77 percent who knew how to use an EpiPen four weeks after the seminar.

Child-care workers' knowledge about how to recognize certain signs that a child is having an allergy attack declined over time, but they were able to correctly identify some symptoms -- including hives, swelling and wheezing -- six months and one year later. "There is a need for renewed anaphylaxis education among child-care providers," the study authors conclude.

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