Dozens of conditions are specifically related to the bones and joints of your body. And tendons, the rubber-band like structures that reinforce the joints, can also be affected by these conditions and the injuries that sometimes cause them.
Types of Bone, Joint and Tendon Problems
A joint problem that can affect almost any part of the body is arthritis, a disease that specifically targets the joints and tendons, causing pain, stiffness and inflammation. The most common type is osteoarthritis, which is usually caused by aging, injuries or general wear and tear, but arthritis can stem from other causes as well.
When the tendon specifically is injured, it's often called tendinitis. With tendinitis, the tendon stretches past the point of comfort, and pain ensues. This can occur in the knee, shoulder or elsewhere in the body.
Bone fractures are another problem that can occur almost anywhere in the body. More commonly known as a broken bone, the fracture can be partial or total and the result of injury or overuse.
Of course, there are also many problems that are specific to certain bones and joints in the body. Chondromalacia, for example, refers to the softening of the cartilage in the knee cap. Dislocations occur more often in the shoulder joint than elsewhere in the body. And the back presents all kinds of unique issues at the joints between discs, such as sciatica or a bulging disc.
Treatments for bone, joint and tendon problems vary widely, but mild problems may involve physical therapy, applications of cold and hot pads and over-the-counter pain relievers. The most extreme conditions or injuries may require surgery to correct.
SOURCES: U.S. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases; U.S. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke.
Study suggests reasons for pained knees go beyond the usual suspects -- obesity and aging
Osteoporosis prevention starts now
Procedure could offer option for otherwise irreparable shoulder injury, surgeons say
Study suggests brief bursts of intense physical activity lowered risk for bone loss
It's ideal to drop pounds first, but the procedure's benefits may outweigh risk if you can't
Even 10 years after procedure, many still playing sports, study finds
10 percent of bone mass accumulates after teens reach their adult height, making healthy habits a must
Study found those exposed to dust cloud also more prone to develop asthma
Emergency physician says make safety your top priority to avoid seasonal threats
Researcher says less muscle mass can make leg bones more vulnerable to injury
But running rodents improved their bone quality in just weeks, researchers say
People who took the powerful painkillers pre-procedure had less pain relief later, study finds
Animal experiments suggest this may be a potential alternative to bone grafts, researchers say
It could mean arthritis is coming
Researchers don't know if hormones or exposure to metals in makeup or jewelry may play a part
During crucial bone-building years of youth, physical activity is all-important
Your health and activity level influence recommendation for or against surgery
They're not the same and some types of injuries take longer than others to heal
Child must inherit genetic mutation from two deaf parents, researchers said
Patient satisfaction is high after knee ligament reconstruction, researchers say
Cessation programs help reduce the rate of complications and costs, researchers say
Research shows patients fare well, sometimes better, if discharged home, even if they live alone
But women suffer more of these broken bones, researchers say
People over 60 face two to three times the risk of dying over next 8 years, study finds
While trials show it boosts bone density and lowers anemia risk, heart risks also seen
The noises may be irritating, but they're typically normal, orthopedic doctors say
Proper footwear a must, especially for people with nerve damage or extreme sensitivity to cold, foot surgeon says
Study disputes weather's role in knee and back pain
Study suggests it may slow development of osteoarthritis
Patients whose disease has spread to bone can cut side effects tied to zoledronic acid, researchers report
Here's how to protect yourself
Snowboarders and skiers should always use properly maintained equipment and be fully rested
And traditional preventive treatments don't erase added danger, new study suggests
Geriatric experts cite need to set realistic expectations for the injured and their families
Calcium supplements within recommended levels should be considered safe for healthy adults, according to new study.
Study finds heavy users have lower bone density than cigarette smokers
'Close contact casting' might help many avoid surgery, study suggests
Inactivity boosts their risk for falls, broken bones, serious disease and early death, CDC warns
Study found tendon, ligament troubles are hardest to recover from
Study results could lead to engineering human cells and tissues, researchers say
Heavy, unbalanced loads can cause injury that is easy to avoid, experts say
More than 600,000 knee replacements a year are done in U.S.
Abaloparatide appears to reduce fractures better than the current drug Forteo, researchers say
Here's what increases your chances
Cause isn't clear, but brain scans hint that problem comes from nerves, not joints
Golfing, swimming and volleyball can be especially hard on your upper back and shoulders
Here's what might be causing it
Increased risk for fractures remained after procedure
Playing video games hour after hour can trigger repetitive stress injuries, doctors warn
Pediatricians' group urges members to watch out for the 'female triad'