Gout News

Gout is a painful form of arthritis caused by deposits of uric acid, a waste material, in the body. It primarily occurs in the foot, particularly in the joints of the big toe, but it can occur elsewhere in the body, too. The pain related to gout can also affect the heels, ankles, knees, elbows, wrists and fingers.

Causes of Gout

Uric acid is a waste product that comes from food. In most cases, it dissolves in the blood and is eventually passed out of the body in urine. But when there's too much uric acid in the body, or if the kidneys can’t process it all, it can remain in the body and deposit itself in certain joints.

Considering the relationship between gout and food, it’s understandable that people with a certain type of diet have a higher risk for gout. This includes those who eat a lot of red meat or shellfish, drink alcohol to excess or enjoy a lot of sugary drinks. Certain medications also can raise the risk for gout, as can diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol and obesity. Gender and genetics can play a role in gout's occurrences, too: It is more common in men than women, and many people have a family history of gout.

Symptoms

As uric acid crystals first form in the body, gout may not produce symptoms. But over time, gout may appear in "attacks" of pain and swelling that last for several days. Then, the gout may subside for up to several months, but it tends to recur and can increase in frequency over time. If left untreated, gout can progress to the point where it causes permanent damage to joints and leads to disability.

Treatment of Gout

It may be possible to prevent the occurrence of gout by cutting back on consumption of red meat, shellfish, alcohol and sugary drinks. The primary treatments for gout symptoms are pain medications, and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and corticosteroids are most often recommended. With the right medication and proper management of diet and lifestyle, many with gout can keep the condition under control and prevent attacks of the pain related to the condition.

SOURCES: U.S. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases; American College of Rheumatology

Date Posted
Article Title
5/10/2017
Eat This Diet to Lower Your Odds for Painful Gout

Ditching fats and salt in favor of fruits, veggies and grains keeps the condition at bay, study finds

11/4/2016
Health Tip: Help Ward Off Gout

Diet and weight are key factors

8/15/2016
Blood Pressure-Lowering Diet May Help Treat Gout

DASH eating plan brings blood pressure down, and seems to relieve inflammatory joint problem

2/23/2016
Steroid May Be Safe, Effective Gout Treatment, Study Finds

Doctor says this appears to offer options for pain management

12/23/2015
Zurampic Approved for Gout

Drug helps control blood levels of uric acid

7/9/2015
Uric Acid May Limit Stroke Disability In Women

But study found no benefit for men, and plan further research

3/5/2015
Gout's Silver Lining: A Lower Risk for Alzheimer's?

Study found people with the arthritic ailment had lower odds for dementia, but more research is needed

12/11/2014
Gout Attacks More Common at Night: Study

Dehydration, lower body temp, or hormonal shifts may be to blame, expert says

10/3/2014
Gout May Be Linked to Raised Diabetes Risk: Study

Women with this form of arthritis are more susceptible, researchers say

3/28/2014
Common Gout Drug Tied to Lower Risk of Early Death in Study

Researchers followed British patients taking allopurinol

3/26/2014
CT Scans Might Help Diagnose Gout in Some Cases

But, standard needle aspiration testing usually effective, study authors report

11/7/2013
10 Percent of U.S. Adults Physically Limited by Arthritis: CDC

Experts say obesity epidemic has widened the pool of disabled

8/7/2013
Health Tip: Know Risk Factors for Gout

It's more common in males

6/12/2013
Will New Gout Findings Get a Toehold?

Flare-ups most likely if condition starts in joints such as knee or elbow, researchers say

12/28/2012
Scientists ID New Genetic Connection for Gout

The painful inflammatory condition affects about 2 percent of people worldwide

10/2/2012
Gout Management Is Focus of New Guidelines

Key practices for doctors, patients outlined by American College of Rheumatology

5/31/2012
Gout Flare-ups Rise Sharply With Certain Foods: Study

Research found more attacks after high consumption of compounds called purines, especially from meat, seafood

5/25/2012
As Obesity Rates Rise, Cases of Kidney Stones Double: Study

More Americans now suffer from kidney stones than from heart disease, stroke or diabetes

1/24/2012
Enriched Skim Milk Good for Gout, Study Suggests

Pain, uric acid levels improved in those drinking shakes made of skim milk powders

1/5/2012
Drug Eases Gout Flare-ups in Some Patients: Study

Starting gout treatment can lead to flare-ups, this drug might help

8/16/2011
New Drug May Relieve Severe, Tough-to-Treat Gout

The injectable drug pegloticase offers relief to some patients, but carries risk of serious side effects

7/28/2011
Painful Gout Afflicting More Americans: Study

More than 8 million adults now have the inflammatory joint disease, perhaps linked to rising obesity rates

11/10/2010
Women Who Drink Sugary Beverages Raise Risk of Gout

Study found risk increased with consumption of high-fructose drinks

11/8/2010
Statins Don't Reduce Colon Cancer Risk, Study Finds

Conclusion conflicts with some earlier research that saw a benefit

11/8/2010
Painful Gout on the Rise in U.S.

Intake of sodas, coffee might affect risk for the arthritic ailment, studies show

9/15/2010
Krystexxa Approved for Gout

For adults who can't use other therapies

6/8/2010
40-Year-Old Gout Drug Shows Promise Against Angina

Could be a less expensive treatment for the painful heart condition, study says

3/30/2010
Obesity, Alcohol Among Factors Linked to Women's Gout Risk

Aging, hypertension also contribute to raised odds of disease, research shows

3/22/2010
Health Tip: Understanding Gout

What it is, and possible symptoms

12/21/2009
Diabetes Insight Could Lead to Better Treatments

Inhibiting a key inflammatory pathway brought powerful results in mice and people, researchers say

3/9/2009
More Vitamin C May Mean Less Chance of Gout

With 1,500 milligrams a day, men cut their risk by 45%, study finds

2/16/2009
Uloric Approved for Gout

The first new treatment option in 40 years

11/7/2008
Gene Mutation in Dalmatians Sheds Light on Kidney Stones in Humans

Finding explained high levels of uric acid in dog breed

10/26/2008
Drug Improves Outcomes for Gout Patients

Study says pegloticase viable treatment for those who've run out of options

10/1/2008
Three Genes Raise Gout Risk

Finding could lead to new treatments, experts say

9/3/2008
New Drug Helps Relieve Gout

Pegloticase normalized uric acid levels within 6 hours for participants in phase II trial

5/23/2008
Basketball Star Details His Struggle With Gout

Maurice Cheeks shows that the arthritic condition can strike anyone

1/31/2008
Sugary Soft Drinks Boost Gout Risk in Men

Just 2 or more beverages a day increased chances by 85%, study finds

11/9/2007
Gout Drug Shows Promise

Injected rilonacept effective in easing pain, study finds

8/2/2006
Holy Roman Emperor Charles V Had Gout

Condition forced his abdication 446 years ago, study suggests

4/26/2006
Health Tip: Your Joint Pain May Be Gout

But diet and medication can help

4/13/2006
Moderate Drinking Not Safe for All

Older men with specific medical conditions may want to abstain, study suggests

12/7/2005
New Gout Drug Does Well in Trial

But more proof of advantage over old medication still needed, expert says

5/6/2005
Health Tip: Living with Gout

How to alleviate triggers

10/28/2004
New Drug Helps Gout Patients

Investigational medication lowers uric acid levels

10/4/2004
Health Tip: Understanding Gout

It may be preventable

4/15/2004
To Avoid Gout, Avoid Stout

But wine is fine, says new research

3/10/2004
Gout Risk Tied to Eating Red Meat, Fish

Study finds low-fat dairy in diet lowers odds

6/17/2002
Gout Drug May Treat Heart Failure

Small study finds it improves blood flow

11/16/2001
Gout Drug Helps Heart Patients

Allopurinol can make muscle work more efficiently