Cervical Cancer News

Cervical cancer is a cancer of the cervix, the portion of a woman’s body that connects the uterus to the vagina.

One unique thing about cervical cancer is that it’s nearly always caused by a virus known as the human papillomavirus, or HPV. A vaccine is available to prevent HPV infection.

Prevention and Screening

Because cervical cancer is rarely detectable in its early stages, regular screening tests are a valuable tool. The most common screening test for cervical cancer is a Pap test, in which a sample of cervical cells is collected and tested in a laboratory for cancerous cells and cells that could become cancer if not treated. If a larger sample is needed for testing, these cells may be removed in a procedure called a biopsy.

Another method for preventing cervical cancer is to be vaccinated against HPV before becoming sexually active. The vaccine, which protects the body against the virus that causes cervical cancer, is effective only before someone becomes infected with HPV. The vaccine is recommended for females and males between 9 and 26 years of age.

Symptoms of Cervical Cancer

In its early stages, cervical cancer usually shows now symptoms. As it progresses and the tumor grows larger, however, unusual bleeding is the primary symptom. This can include bleeding after intercourse, between menstrual periods or even after menopause. In addition, regular menstrual periods may be heavier or longer-lasting than before. Other notable symptoms of cervical cancer can include pain, particularly during sex, or increased vaginal discharge.

Treatment

Cervical cancer that is diagnosed early is considered highly treatable. Surgery might be necessary to remove a cancerous tumor from the cervix. Some women choose to have a hysterectomy, which involves removing the cervix and uterus, but this is not always required. Radiation therapy and chemotherapy, treatments designed to kill cancerous cells, are two other possibilities. In some instances, radiation therapy or chemotherapy treatments might be needed after surgery to eradicate the cancer from any surrounding tissues.

SOURCES: U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; U.S. National Cancer Institute.

Date Posted
Article Title
12/1/2017
11/28/2017
Cervical Cancer Screenings

How often do women need to have cervical cancer screenings?

11/27/2017
11/7/2017
10/20/2017
Oral Sex Plus Smoking a Cancer Danger for Men

Risk of head and neck tumors tied to HPV infection jumps to 15 percent for this group, study finds

10/18/2017
HPV Vaccine Safe for Adult Women: Study

Analysis of millions of recipients finds no link to 44 different illnesses

10/13/2017
Need Cancer Screening? Where You Work Matters

Americans employed in smaller businesses often lack insurance coverage, study finds

9/14/2017
FDA OKs First 'Biosimilar' Drug to Fight Cancer

New biologic could help drive down the cost of care, agency says

9/12/2017
HPV Test Alone OK for Cervical Cancer Screening Over 30: Expert Panel

New advisory says women can get the screen once every 5 years, in lieu of Pap tests every 3 years

9/8/2017
HPV Vaccine May Even Protect Women Who Never Got It

'Herd immunity' effect shows U.S. females now less likely to contract the cancer-causing virus

8/30/2017
Health Tip: Getting the HPV Vaccine

Who should get it, and at what age

7/6/2017
Cancer Deaths Higher in Rural America, CDC Reports

Agency head calls persistent geographic gap a 'significant public health problem'

5/18/2017
Too Many Americans Still Go Without Cancer Screenings

Report shows uninsured had lowest rates of mammograms, Pap tests and colonoscopies

5/18/2017
More Cancers Caught Early Since Obamacare

Access to screening likely behind the boost, cancer experts say

5/5/2017
Cervical Cancer May Leave Lasting Imprint on Survivors

Some symptoms, such as fatigue and insomnia, are still a problem long after treatment

4/17/2017
Just 1 in 5 Mentally Ill Women Gets Cervical Cancer Screenings

Rates of the disease tend to be higher in this group, researcher says

4/6/2017
4 in 10 U.S. Adults Under 60 Carry HPV

But vaccine should turn the tide against virus that can cause cancer, sexual health expert says

4/5/2017
'Cancer Profile' Is Changing for Americans With HIV

AIDS-linked tumors predicted to decline by 2030

3/31/2017
Survival Continues to Improve for Most Cancers

Still, more progress is needed and racial disparities remain, U.S. report finds

3/1/2017
Another Study Ties Obesity to Certain Cancers

Digestive organs may be hardest hit by too much weight, study suggests

2/26/2017
Prison Time Can Be Deadly … to Health

Inmates at elevated risk of developing cancer, dying from their disease, study finds

2/8/2017
Screening, HPV Vaccine Can Prevent Cervical Cancer: FDA

Agency recommends getting inoculated between 9 and 26 years old

1/24/2017
HPV Vaccine Doesn't Eliminate Need for Pap Test

Women who've been immunized still need the screen every 3 to 5 years, cancer specialists say

1/23/2017
U.S. Deaths From Cervical Cancer May Be Underestimated

Rates rose when latest study excluded women who'd already undergone hysterectomy

11/11/2016
Sexual Pain for Women With Cancer Should Not Be Overlooked: Report

Doctors should rule out physical causes before declaring discomfort is all in a patient's head, specialist says

11/8/2016
Routine School Vaccine Requirements Raise HPV Shot Rates, Too

There may be a 'spillover' effect when kids get other mandated immunizations, study finds

10/17/2016
Are Fewer Cervical Cancer Screenings Needed After HPV Vaccine?

Less testing could reduce risk of false positives and save money, researchers say

9/30/2016
A Doctor's Words Key to Whether Child Gets HPV Vaccine

Parents most receptive to messages about the shot's effectiveness, safety and the cancers it prevents, study finds

9/29/2016
HPV Vaccine More Effective Than Thought: Study

Prevents lesions that could cause cervical cancer by 50 percent, researchers say

7/8/2016
1st HPV Test for Use With Preservative Fluid

Human papillomavirus responsible for 70 percent of cervical cancers

7/7/2016
HPV-Linked Cancers Still Climbing in U.S.

Majority of 39,000 annual cases are preventable, CDC says

7/5/2016
Study Hints at HPV Vaccine's Cancer Prevention Promise

Fewer vaccinated young women had abnormalities tied to cervical cancer

5/13/2016
Inactive Women May Face Higher Risk for Cervical Cancer

But study found just 30 minutes of exercise a week might lower chances of disease

2/22/2016
Vaccine Has Cut HPV Infection Rate in Teen Girls by Two-Thirds: Study

Still, too few girls and boys getting vaccinated against the virus that causes cervical cancer, other malignancies, researchers say

2/19/2016
Cervical Cancer Can Be Prevented: FDA

Routine screening and vaccination are key to protecting women against the disease, experts say

12/23/2015
New Cervical Cancer Screening Guidelines

The HPV test or the Pap test for cervical cancer screening? ACOG issues new guidelines

11/24/2015
More Cervical Cancers Caught Early Among Young Women Since Obamacare

Researchers suggest provision allowing young adults to stay on parents' insurance linked to more screening

7/14/2015
Despite Benefits, Few U.S. States Mandate Cervical Cancer Vaccine

Immunization protects against sexually transmitted disease, certain cancers, health experts say

7/2/2015
Americans' Risk of Dying From Cancer Is Falling, CDC Finds

But, due to aging population, actual number of cancer deaths is rising

6/22/2015
HPV Vaccination Tied to Drop in Precancerous Cervical Lesions in U.S.

But screening rules for women changed recently, so impact of the shots remains unclear, researchers say

6/15/2015
Many U.S. Women Live Far From Gynecologic Cancer Care

Long distances may impede evaluation, treatment, researcher says

6/15/2015
Smoking Blamed for Half of Deaths From Major Cancers in People Over 35

Eighty percent of lung cancer deaths linked to smoking, researchers say

6/10/2015
1 Dose of HPV Vaccine May Offer Protection: Study

Two large international trials suggest single immunization may be as good as two or three

5/13/2015
HPV Vaccination for Girls May Help Prevent Cancers in Males

But, while they remain at risk of infection, immunizing boys may not be cost-effective, study says

5/7/2015
Many Americans Not Getting Routine Cancer Screenings: CDC

These include tests for colon, breast and cervical malignancies

4/21/2015
Study Supports HPV Vaccination Guidelines

Protection may go beyond cervical infection

1/23/2015
Many U.S. Girls Aren't Getting HPV Vaccine, Study Finds

Researchers note that CDC recommends vaccination at age 11 or 12

1/9/2015
Advisers Endorse HPV Test for Cervical Cancer Checks

Two groups call it an effective alternative to the Pap test, but another group disagrees

1/6/2015
Study: HPV Vaccine Doesn't Increase Risk for Multiple Sclerosis

Researchers say findings provide more evidence supporting safety of the cervical cancer inoculation

12/10/2014
FDA Approves Cervical Cancer Vaccine That Covers More HPV Strains

Gardasil 9 protects against 9 types of the virus, compared to the 4 covered by Gardasil