Cervical Cancer News

Cervical cancer is a cancer of the cervix, the portion of a woman’s body that connects the uterus to the vagina.

One unique thing about cervical cancer is that it’s nearly always caused by a virus known as the human papillomavirus, or HPV. A vaccine is available to prevent HPV infection.

Prevention and Screening

Because cervical cancer is rarely detectable in its early stages, regular screening tests are a valuable tool. The most common screening test for cervical cancer is a Pap test, in which a sample of cervical cells is collected and tested in a laboratory for cancerous cells and cells that could become cancer if not treated. If a larger sample is needed for testing, these cells may be removed in a procedure called a biopsy.

Another method for preventing cervical cancer is to be vaccinated against HPV before becoming sexually active. The vaccine, which protects the body against the virus that causes cervical cancer, is effective only before someone becomes infected with HPV. The vaccine is recommended for females and males between 9 and 26 years of age.

Symptoms of Cervical Cancer

In its early stages, cervical cancer usually shows now symptoms. As it progresses and the tumor grows larger, however, unusual bleeding is the primary symptom. This can include bleeding after intercourse, between menstrual periods or even after menopause. In addition, regular menstrual periods may be heavier or longer-lasting than before. Other notable symptoms of cervical cancer can include pain, particularly during sex, or increased vaginal discharge.


Cervical cancer that is diagnosed early is considered highly treatable. Surgery might be necessary to remove a cancerous tumor from the cervix. Some women choose to have a hysterectomy, which involves removing the cervix and uterus, but this is not always required. Radiation therapy and chemotherapy, treatments designed to kill cancerous cells, are two other possibilities. In some instances, radiation therapy or chemotherapy treatments might be needed after surgery to eradicate the cancer from any surrounding tissues.

SOURCES: U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; U.S. National Cancer Institute.

Date Posted
Article Title
Just 1 in 5 Mentally Ill Women Gets Cervical Cancer Screenings

Rates of the disease tend to be higher in this group, researcher says

4 in 10 U.S. Adults Under 60 Carry HPV

But vaccine should turn the tide against virus that can cause cancer, sexual health expert says

'Cancer Profile' Is Changing for Americans With HIV

AIDS-linked tumors predicted to decline by 2030

Survival Continues to Improve for Most Cancers

Still, more progress is needed and racial disparities remain, U.S. report finds

Another Study Ties Obesity to Certain Cancers

Digestive organs may be hardest hit by too much weight, study suggests

Prison Time Can Be Deadly … to Health

Inmates at elevated risk of developing cancer, dying from their disease, study finds

Screening, HPV Vaccine Can Prevent Cervical Cancer: FDA

Agency recommends getting inoculated between 9 and 26 years old

HPV Vaccine Doesn't Eliminate Need for Pap Test

Women who've been immunized still need the screen every 3 to 5 years, cancer specialists say

U.S. Deaths From Cervical Cancer May Be Underestimated

Rates rose when latest study excluded women who'd already undergone hysterectomy

Sexual Pain for Women With Cancer Should Not Be Overlooked: Report

Doctors should rule out physical causes before declaring discomfort is all in a patient's head, specialist says

Routine School Vaccine Requirements Raise HPV Shot Rates, Too

There may be a 'spillover' effect when kids get other mandated immunizations, study finds

Are Fewer Cervical Cancer Screenings Needed After HPV Vaccine?

Less testing could reduce risk of false positives and save money, researchers say

A Doctor's Words Key to Whether Child Gets HPV Vaccine

Parents most receptive to messages about the shot's effectiveness, safety and the cancers it prevents, study finds

HPV Vaccine More Effective Than Thought: Study

Prevents lesions that could cause cervical cancer by 50 percent, researchers say

1st HPV Test for Use With Preservative Fluid

Human papillomavirus responsible for 70 percent of cervical cancers

HPV-Linked Cancers Still Climbing in U.S.

Majority of 39,000 annual cases are preventable, CDC says

Study Hints at HPV Vaccine's Cancer Prevention Promise

Fewer vaccinated young women had abnormalities tied to cervical cancer

Inactive Women May Face Higher Risk for Cervical Cancer

But study found just 30 minutes of exercise a week might lower chances of disease

Vaccine Has Cut HPV Infection Rate in Teen Girls by Two-Thirds: Study

Still, too few girls and boys getting vaccinated against the virus that causes cervical cancer, other malignancies, researchers say

Cervical Cancer Can Be Prevented: FDA

Routine screening and vaccination are key to protecting women against the disease, experts say

New Cervical Cancer Screening Guidelines

The HPV test or the Pap test for cervical cancer screening? ACOG issues new guidelines

More Cervical Cancers Caught Early Among Young Women Since Obamacare

Researchers suggest provision allowing young adults to stay on parents' insurance linked to more screening

Despite Benefits, Few U.S. States Mandate Cervical Cancer Vaccine

Immunization protects against sexually transmitted disease, certain cancers, health experts say

Americans' Risk of Dying From Cancer Is Falling, CDC Finds

But, due to aging population, actual number of cancer deaths is rising

HPV Vaccination Tied to Drop in Precancerous Cervical Lesions in U.S.

But screening rules for women changed recently, so impact of the shots remains unclear, researchers say

Many U.S. Women Live Far From Gynecologic Cancer Care

Long distances may impede evaluation, treatment, researcher says

Smoking Blamed for Half of Deaths From Major Cancers in People Over 35

Eighty percent of lung cancer deaths linked to smoking, researchers say

1 Dose of HPV Vaccine May Offer Protection: Study

Two large international trials suggest single immunization may be as good as two or three

HPV Vaccination for Girls May Help Prevent Cancers in Males

But, while they remain at risk of infection, immunizing boys may not be cost-effective, study says

Many Americans Not Getting Routine Cancer Screenings: CDC

These include tests for colon, breast and cervical malignancies

Study Supports HPV Vaccination Guidelines

Protection may go beyond cervical infection

Many U.S. Girls Aren't Getting HPV Vaccine, Study Finds

Researchers note that CDC recommends vaccination at age 11 or 12

Advisers Endorse HPV Test for Cervical Cancer Checks

Two groups call it an effective alternative to the Pap test, but another group disagrees

Study: HPV Vaccine Doesn't Increase Risk for Multiple Sclerosis

Researchers say findings provide more evidence supporting safety of the cervical cancer inoculation

FDA Approves Cervical Cancer Vaccine That Covers More HPV Strains

Gardasil 9 protects against 9 types of the virus, compared to the 4 covered by Gardasil

Gardasil Approved for Additional Types of HPV

Virus can lead to cervical cancer

HPV Vaccination Rates Lowest in States With Highest Cervical Cancer Rates: Study

Vaccination could prevent most cervical cancers, researcher notes

11 Percent of U.S. Women Not Checked for Cervical Cancer in 5 Years

CDC report notes that half of cases occur among women never or rarely screened

Experimental Cervical Cancer Vaccine Looks Promising in Trial

Research suggests the HPV shot could prevent 90 percent of malignancies

Urine Test for HPV Works Well, Analysis Finds

It's a less invasive way to spot virus linked to cervical cancer; may increase screening rates, researchers say

HPV Vaccine Protects Against Infection 8 Years Out: Study

Doctors continue to urge parents to get the recommended three doses for their preteens

HPV Vaccine

HPV vaccine effective 8 years after initial vaccination, study finds

Avastin Approved for Late-Stage Cervical Cancer

More than 4,000 women projected to die this year from the disease

Millions Given Access to Breast, Cervical Cancer Screening: CDC

Report details success of CDC program for women with limited health care access

Anal, Throat Cancers on the Rise Among Young Adults, Study Finds

HPV is the main culprit, but vaccination can reduce the risk, experts say

Too Few Teens Receive HPV Shot, CDC Says

Agency urges doctors to recommend it along with other routine immunizations

HPV Test Beats Pap Smear in Gauging Cervical Cancer Risk, Study Finds

Study of over 1 million women suggests it could be stand-alone screening method

Cervical Cancer Vaccine Doesn't Boost Clot Risk: Study

Analysis included more than 500,000 women from Denmark

HIV Patients Less Likely to Get Cancer Treatment: Study

Challenges in managing side effects may prompt some doctors to treat tumors less aggressively, researchers suggest

Most Women Don't Need Regular Pelvic Exams, New Guidelines State

Review found no evidence they benefit many women, but cervical cancer screening still needed