Colon Cancer News

Colon cancer refers to a form of cancer that affects the main part of the large intestine, commonly called the colon. Sometimes, colon cancer is grouped together with cancer that affects the other part of the large intestine, the rectum, and referred to as colorectal cancer.

Colon cancer is a fairly common cancer. It affects both men and women, and the risk for developing colon cancer goes up in everyone after age 50. Other risk factors for developing colon cancer include a family history of cancer or colon cancer specifically, and a history of developing colorectal polyps, or growths. People with Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis also have a higher colon cancer risk, as do those who smoke or eat diets high in fat and low in fiber, folate and calcium.

Screening and Prevention

The best way to detect colon cancer early and prevent the development of life-threatening cancer is to be screened for the disease. Screening is generally recommended for people 50 and older, though those at higher risk may need it earlier in life. Various tests can screen for colon cancer, including a fecal occult blood test and a digital rectal exam. However, colonoscopy and sigmoidoscopy are screening methods that can not only detect cancer at an early stage but also find and remove any precancerous polyps.

Symptoms of Colon Cancer

Colon cancer can be difficult to detect because the symptoms often overlap with other common medical conditions. When symptoms do occur, they’re usually related to the digestive tract. Common symptoms include diarrhea, constipation, bloody stools, narrower stools than usual or the feeling that your bowels are not completely empty. Colon cancer can also show itself with such symptoms as nausea, vomiting, fatigue, unexplained weight loss or gas and painful cramps.

Treatment

The primary method for treating colon cancer is surgery to remove the tumor. In some cases, this procedure can be done in a minimally invasive way with a long robotic arm that enters the body to remove the tumor. Other times, open surgery is required.

Often, additional treatments are needed to kill cancer cells at the site of the tumor or in surrounding tissues. These treatments may be in the form of radiation therapy, chemotherapy or biological therapy

SOURCES: American Cancer Society; U.S. National Cancer Institute.

Date Posted
Article Title
7/20/2018
7/17/2018
7/12/2018
6/18/2018
Vitamin D and Colon Cancer Risk

Higher amounts of vitamin D may thwart colon cancer

6/15/2018
5/31/2018
Colonoscopy at 45?

The American Cancer Society updates its guidelines for colon cancer screening

5/30/2018
5/24/2018
5/22/2018
5/15/2018
5/4/2018
4/24/2018
4/23/2018
4/19/2018
4/12/2018
4/9/2018
4/3/2018
3/14/2018
3/14/2018
Colonoscopy Saves Lives

Colonoscopy prevents death from colon cancer

3/9/2018
3/2/2018
2/5/2018
1/31/2018
1/26/2018
1/18/2018
1/18/2018
1/18/2018
1/4/2018
12/15/2017
11/15/2017
11/15/2017
11/6/2017
11/2/2017
10/31/2017
Colon Cancer Screening

Should screening for colon cancer begin at the age of 45?

10/30/2017
10/13/2017
Need Cancer Screening? Where You Work Matters

Americans employed in smaller businesses often lack insurance coverage, study finds

9/21/2017
Inflammatory Bowel Disease May Raise Cancer Risk in Kids

Researchers think chronic inflammation in gastrointestinal tract may be driving force

9/14/2017
FDA OKs First 'Biosimilar' Drug to Fight Cancer

New biologic could help drive down the cost of care, agency says

9/12/2017
Widening Waistlines May Raise Women's Cancer Risk

Belly fat after menopause may boost risk of lung, gastrointestinal cancers, researchers report

9/8/2017
Obamacare Paid Off for Poorer Cancer Patients

Health coverage surged in states that expanded Medicaid, research finds

9/7/2017
Here's the Recipe to Keep Colon Cancer at Bay

Increase whole grains and exercise, limit booze and processed meats: report

9/7/2017
Diet and Colon Cancer Risk

Eating whole grains daily reduces the risk of colorectal cancer, study finds

9/6/2017
'Cancer Pen' Could Help Surgeons Spot Tumor Cells in Seconds

Tool might one day allow more complete removal of malignant tissue, less time on operating table

8/17/2017
High-Cal Foods May Raise Cancer Risk in Women, Even Without Weight Gain

Plant-based diet could help avoid malignancies, study suggests

8/16/2017
Can a Blood Test Detect a Range of Cancers Earlier?

Researchers move 'a step forward,' assessing DNA fragments for colon, breast, ovarian and lung tumors

8/9/2017
Colon Cancer Death Rates Rising

Colon cancer mortality is increasing among Caucasian adults under 55, new study finds

8/8/2017
Deaths From Colon Cancer Up Among Younger White Americans

Uptick has researchers puzzled and questioning screening guidelines

7/24/2017
Obesity in Teen Years Tied to Colon Cancer Risk in Adulthood

Concerns are growing about weight's impact on development of chronic disease, researchers say

7/24/2017
Childhood Obesity and Colon Cancer

Being overweight or obese in adolescence may increase the risk of colon cancer in adulthood, study finds

7/11/2017
Easier Colon Exam Boosts Screening, But Insurers May Not Pay

People with coverage for virtual colonoscopy are more likely to get tested for colon cancer, study finds