Mis. Cancer News

Cancer is a disease in which abnormal cells begin to grow, divide and spread within the body, causing a variety of complications over time. There are hundreds of types of cancer, affecting virtually every part of the body.

Cancer is one of the leading causes of death among Americans. However, the death rate from cancer has been steadily declining.

Types of Cancer

Of the many forms of cancer, some of the most common include sarcoma, carcinoma, leukemia, lymphoma, myeloma and central nervous system cancers. Carcinomas are tumors that grow in tissues that line internal organs, whereas sarcomas appear in fat, muscle, bone or other supportive tissues. Leukemia, lymphomas and myeloma all affect the blood and the immune system, and central nervous system cancers affect the brain and spinal cord.

Causes of Cancer

Cancer causes come in all shapes, sizes and varieties, and researchers are still learning about the true roots of many forms of cancer. In some instances, such as a strong family history of the disease, the cause of a form of cancer may be totally out of your control. But other risk factors, such as smoking or sun exposure, can be managed. Additional risk factors for cancer can include poor diet, alcohol consumption, other diseases leading to cancer and simply growing older.

Once cancer starts, it usually has a tendency to grow and spread throughout the body. This process is called metastasis. Regardless of where it spreads, however, the cancer is always named after the part of the body where the original cancerous cells or tumors grew.

Cancer Treatments

There are a variety of treatment possibilities for cancer. Often, the first step is surgery to remove the cancerous cells or tumor from the body. Typically, a form of therapy to kill cancer cells in surrounding tissue is also needed. This comes in the form of radiation therapy or chemotherapy. Biological therapy, hormone therapy, targeted therapy and stem cell transplantation are other forms of treatment that are sometimes used to treat cancer.

SOURCES: U.S. National Cancer Institute; American Cancer Society

Date Posted
Article Title
3/28/2017
Many Women Who Get Breast Cancer Gene Test Don't Need It

6 out of 10 screened weren't at high risk for the disease, researchers say

3/28/2017
High Doses of Vitamin D Fail to Cut Cancer Risk, Study Finds

Taking triple the daily recommendation didn't lower risk in older women, but larger trials are underway

3/28/2017
Zejula Approved for Certain Female Cancers

Drug may help fight tumors affecting the ovaries, fallopian tubes or abdominal wall

3/23/2017
Most Cancers Caused by Random DNA Copying Errors

While habits, environment can be key to the disease, chance plays huge role as well, scientists report

3/23/2017
Young Cancer Survivors Can Face Higher Risk of Pregnancy Complications

Findings emphasize the importance of counseling these women, before and during pregnancy

3/22/2017
Keep Colon Cancer at Bay

Colonoscopy best way to detect disease while still curable, gastroenterologist says

3/22/2017
Helping Cancer Caregivers Help Themselves

Loved ones must find time to address their own needs in order help others, social workers advise

3/21/2017
Family History of Colon Cancer Calls for Earlier Screening

Talk to your doctor if relatives have had this cancer

3/21/2017
Prostate Cancer Treatments Have Varying Side Effects, Study Shows

Even 'active surveillance' may have risks, such as anxiety

3/21/2017
Obesity in Youth Tied to Higher Odds for Liver Cancer in Men

Fatty deposits in the organ, along with diabetes, can raise the risk, researchers and specialists say

3/20/2017
Blood Test May Spot Lung Cancer's Return, Even Before Scans

Small study finds the new technique beats CT and PET scans by around 6 months

3/20/2017
Social Struggles Linger for Many Young Cancer Survivors

Challenges persist up to 2 years after diagnosis, study finds

3/15/2017
Seniors With Brain Cancer May Have Better Treatment Option

Chemo plus radiation appears to extend survival of older glioblastoma patients, study says

3/15/2017
Another Obesity Downside: Higher Esophageal Cancer Risk

Research shows association with increased odds for stomach tumors as well

3/14/2017
Is Radiation Therapy Overused in Breast Cancer Care?

Shorter course less expensive, equally effective in certain patients, researchers say

3/13/2017
Hodgkin Lymphoma Survivors Face Risk of Second Cancer: Study

Those diagnosed at younger age or have a family history of cancer even more vulnerable

3/8/2017
Gleevec Keeps a Leukemia in Check for More Than a Decade: Study

Plus, there's no evidence of safety concerns linked to long-term use of the drug, researchers say

3/7/2017
Study Casts Doubt on a Brain Cancer's Link to Herpes

Researchers find no evidence of cytomegalovirus in tumor tissue

3/7/2017
Soy Safe, Even Protective, for Breast Cancer Survivors

Study of 6,200 women finds the food linked to lower risk of death after nearly a decade of follow-up

3/3/2017
More Teens Turning Their Backs on Tanning Beds: CDC

Half as many high school students reported indoor tanning in 2015 versus 2009, survey finds

3/3/2017
Brain Training for Cancer Survivors' Nerve Damage

Neurofeedback seems to offers relief from chemo-induced pain, research finds

3/2/2017
Exercise Helps Counter Cancer-Linked Fatigue

Psychological treatment and education can be useful, too, more so than drugs, study finds

3/2/2017
Bad Diet in Youth Might Raise Risk of Early Breast Cancer

Study found an association, but didn't prove unhealthy foods caused disease

3/2/2017
Skin Diseases Take Big Slice Out of America's Health, Economy

The sometimes deadly conditions cost $75 billion in 2013, report says

3/2/2017
Some Melanoma Survivors Still Seek Out the Sun

1 in 5 had suffered a sunburn in the past year, study finds

3/1/2017
Colon Cancer Rates, Deaths Drop in Americans Over 50

Report suggests higher screening rates explain the positive trend

3/1/2017
Another Study Ties Obesity to Certain Cancers

Digestive organs may be hardest hit by too much weight, study suggests

2/28/2017
Indoor Tanning: A Big Financial Hit to U.S. Health Care

Skin cancers from UV light in devices totalled $343 million in 2015 alone, researchers say

2/28/2017
Gene Therapy Shows Promise for Aggressive Lymphoma

Over one-third of patients appeared disease-free 6 months after single treatment, report says

2/28/2017
Childhood Cancer Survivors Living Longer

Decline parallels reduced use of radiation, at lower doses, researchers say

2/28/2017
Colon Cancer on the Rise Among Gen Xers, Millennials

And an old adversary -- the obesity epidemic -- may be the cause, U.S. researchers say

2/28/2017
Diagnostic Mammograms Find More Cancers, and More False-Positives

Digital technology leads to 'marked improvement' in detection rates, radiology expert says

2/26/2017
Prison Time Can Be Deadly … to Health

Inmates at elevated risk of developing cancer, dying from their disease, study finds

2/23/2017
10 Daily Servings of Fruits, Veggies a Recipe for Longevity

Reductions seen in risk of heart disease, stroke, cancer and early death

2/22/2017
2/21/2017
Many Younger Cancer Survivors Can't Afford Their Meds

Skipping doses or drugs altogether can be dangerous, U.S. researchers warn

2/21/2017
Exercise a Powerful Ally for Breast Cancer Survivors

Those who worked out were about 40 percent less likely to die from disease, review suggests

2/21/2017
Cancer Isn't 'One Size Fits All' for Hispanics

Study shows wide variance in how different ethnic groups are affected

2/20/2017
Self-Checks Help Spot Melanoma's Return

Patient-detected symptoms were most common way of detecting return of deadly skin cancer, study finds

2/17/2017
Low-Fat Meal May Boost Costly Cancer Drug

But patients shouldn't try this on their own, researcher warns

2/14/2017
'Cooling Caps' May Halt Chemo-Linked Hair Loss

One of two trials was stopped early because results were so strong

2/12/2017
Cancer Survivors Gain From Web-Based Health Care

But some patients reported missing face-to-face contact, study found

2/9/2017
Many Women Skip Mammograms After False-Positive Result

But imaging experts stress that doing so may raise risk for actual breast cancer

2/8/2017
Screening, HPV Vaccine Can Prevent Cervical Cancer: FDA

Agency recommends getting inoculated between 9 and 26 years old

2/7/2017
Too Few High-Risk Women Tested for Breast Cancer Gene: Survey

Only half got BRCA screen, and more than half of those who didn't said doctors never recommended it

2/6/2017
Weight Loss Tied to Lower Risk of Uterine Cancer

Benefit was greatest in women who were obese and achieved a normal weight, study suggests

2/6/2017
Most Adult Survivors of Childhood Cancers Enjoy Good Sexual Health

Study finds especially toxic treatments were tied to later issues, but most rated sex lives as positive

2/2/2017
Too Few Current, Former Smokers Screened for Lung Cancer

Such testing could cut death rate by 20 percent, American Cancer Society says

2/2/2017
Breast Density May Be Leading Indicator of Cancer Risk

Study suggests it outweighs obesity and family history, but oncologists say more research is needed

2/2/2017
Many Breast Cancer Survivors Don't Get Life-Extending Therapy

Study estimates nearly 15,000 lives saved over decade if all who needed hormone treatment got it