Mis. Cancer News

Cancer is a disease in which abnormal cells begin to grow, divide and spread within the body, causing a variety of complications over time. There are hundreds of types of cancer, affecting virtually every part of the body.

Cancer is one of the leading causes of death among Americans. However, the death rate from cancer has been steadily declining.

Types of Cancer

Of the many forms of cancer, some of the most common include sarcoma, carcinoma, leukemia, lymphoma, myeloma and central nervous system cancers. Carcinomas are tumors that grow in tissues that line internal organs, whereas sarcomas appear in fat, muscle, bone or other supportive tissues. Leukemia, lymphomas and myeloma all affect the blood and the immune system, and central nervous system cancers affect the brain and spinal cord.

Causes of Cancer

Cancer causes come in all shapes, sizes and varieties, and researchers are still learning about the true roots of many forms of cancer. In some instances, such as a strong family history of the disease, the cause of a form of cancer may be totally out of your control. But other risk factors, such as smoking or sun exposure, can be managed. Additional risk factors for cancer can include poor diet, alcohol consumption, other diseases leading to cancer and simply growing older.

Once cancer starts, it usually has a tendency to grow and spread throughout the body. This process is called metastasis. Regardless of where it spreads, however, the cancer is always named after the part of the body where the original cancerous cells or tumors grew.

Cancer Treatments

There are a variety of treatment possibilities for cancer. Often, the first step is surgery to remove the cancerous cells or tumor from the body. Typically, a form of therapy to kill cancer cells in surrounding tissue is also needed. This comes in the form of radiation therapy or chemotherapy. Biological therapy, hormone therapy, targeted therapy and stem cell transplantation are other forms of treatment that are sometimes used to treat cancer.

SOURCES: U.S. National Cancer Institute; American Cancer Society

Date Posted
Article Title
7/24/2017
Obesity in Teen Years Tied to Colon Cancer Risk in Adulthood

Concerns are growing about weight's impact on development of chronic disease, researchers say

7/20/2017
Senator McCain Faces a Tough Cancer Foe

The median survival for glioblastoma patients is about 15 months, oncologists say

7/20/2017
Insured, But Still Barred From Top-Tier Cancer Centers

Cheaper policies may not cover U.S. National Cancer Institute-affiliated doctors

7/20/2017
More Patients OK'd for Cancer Trials Under Obamacare: Study

Affordable Care Act changed rules for private insurers

7/20/2017
Sen. John McCain Has Brain Cancer

Aggressive tumor known as glioblastoma was spotted during procedure to remove blood clot

7/20/2017
Many Terminal Cancer Patients Remain in Denial

Not facing reality raises other troublesome issues, researchers say

7/19/2017
Doctors' Group Offers Ideas for Easing Cancer Costs

New drugs routinely priced at $100,000 a year, ASCO says

7/19/2017
'Nipple-Sparing' Mastectomies Don't Raise Odds of Cancer's Return: Study

Research suggests that the cosmetically superior procedure comes with no added risk

7/18/2017
Most Women Should Forgo Ovarian Cancer Screening: Panel

Test isn't accurate enough to justify its use, experts say

7/18/2017
Little Evidence That Vasectomy Raises Prostate Cancer Risk

Most thorough analysis of the data so far finds only 'trivial' effect, which may be due to chance

7/18/2017
Create Your Own Quit-Smoking Plan

Change habits that foster tobacco use

7/17/2017
McCain's Recovery Time After Surgery Uncertain, Experts Say

Fate of Affordable Care Act may depend on Senator's return to work

7/13/2017
'Observation' Best Option for Most Low-Risk Prostate Cancer

20-year study found little difference in death rates, more complications with surgery

7/13/2017
Are Big Men More Prone to Aggressive Prostate Cancer?

Study found taller, heavier males were more likely to get it, die from it

7/13/2017
FDA Panel OKs What May Soon Be First Gene Therapy Approved in U.S.

Expensive but potent leukemia therapy genetically transforms patients' immune system cells to fight disease

7/12/2017
New Test May Help Spot Pancreatic Cancer Early

Low-cost blood screening could be key weapon against No. 3 cancer killer in U.S.

7/11/2017
Easier Colon Exam Boosts Screening, But Insurers May Not Pay

People with coverage for virtual colonoscopy are more likely to get tested for colon cancer, study finds

7/10/2017
Most Breast Cancer Patients Have Help Choosing Treatments

Support system can be useful when weighing complex therapy options, study authors say

7/10/2017
For Holocaust Survivors, Raised Risk of Cancer

Study followed more than 150,000 people for 45 years

7/7/2017
Parkinson's Disease and Melanoma May Occur Together, Study Finds

Doctors should counsel patients that if they have one disease, they're at risk of the other

7/7/2017
Dying May Not Be as Awful an Experience as You Think

Study of people nearing their own death finds many describe the journey as surprisingly positive

7/6/2017
Cancer Deaths Higher in Rural America, CDC Reports

Agency head calls persistent geographic gap a 'significant public health problem'

7/5/2017
FDA Widens Access to 'Cooling Cap' to Stop Hair Loss in Cancer Patients

Treatment now OK'd for patients receiving chemotherapy for solid tumors

6/29/2017
Many Women Mistaken on 'Side Effects' of Breast Cancer Drug

Study shows that normal symptoms of menopause are often blamed on tamoxifen

6/29/2017
Depression May Worsen Health for Cancer Caregivers

Identifying signs early on might help protect these loved ones, study suggests

6/29/2017
Melanoma Biopsy Results Can Differ, Worrying Patients

Doctor discovers skin cancer evaluations aren't always as clear-cut as many might think

6/28/2017
Can You Recognize the Signs of Skin Cancer?

First step: Get to know your own skin markings, doctor says

6/28/2017
New Microscope Scans Breast Tumors During Surgery

The instrument examines cells in 3D and may cut down on repeat surgeries.

6/26/2017
Boozing Can Age You Right Down to Your Cells

DNA studies reveal alcoholics have shorter telomeres, key markers of aging and overall health

6/26/2017
Medicaid Cuts Tied to Delayed Breast Cancer Diagnoses

Tennessee's 2005 Medicaid rollback could forecast what might happen if GOP health plans become law, some say

6/22/2017
Mammogram Decision Hinges on Patient-Doc Talk, Ob-Gyn Group Says

Updated guidelines say average-risk women can start screening at age 40

6/22/2017
Secondhand Smoke Still Plagues Some Cancer Survivors

Study found they face health risks from continued exposure

6/22/2017
Big Gap in Cancer Deaths Between Rich, Poor Countries

Poorer nations need greater access to effective health care and prevention programs, researchers say

6/22/2017
Many Doctors Silent on Cost of Cancer Care

Topic is often ignored, even though 'financial toxicity' is a growing concern, researcher says

6/20/2017
When Is Risk Highest for Women With Breast Cancer Gene Mutations?

Study narrows down peak times, possibly aiding in preventive treatment decisions

6/20/2017
Could Certain Hair Dyes, Relaxers Raise Breast Cancer Risk?

Study findings differ by race, but one expert says they're inconclusive

6/20/2017
Many Chronic Illnesses Linked to Suicide Risk

Odds 9 times higher for people with traumatic brain injury, study suggests

6/20/2017
Childhood Chemo May Have Lasting Effects on Memory

Study found timing of treatment seemed to play a role

6/16/2017
Many Tanning Salons Defy Legal Age Limits on Users

Some also make false claims about the health effects of tanning, researchers find

6/15/2017
Mission to Mars Would Double Astronauts' Cancer Risk

Deep space travel exposes cells to radiation and heavy ions, researchers say

6/15/2017
'Couch Potatoes' May Face Higher Risk of Kidney, Bladder Cancers

Researchers say get moving, and point to national exercise guidelines

6/14/2017
Have Scientists Created a Safe, Sun-Free Tan?

Experiment unlocks a way to tan without harmful UV exposure, which could help prevent skin cancer

6/12/2017
Asian Women Less Likely to Get Follow-up After Abnormal Mammogram

Language, cultural barriers may prevent them from receiving needed care, study authors say

6/11/2017
With Summer Sun Comes Heightened Skin Cancer Risk

Doctor shares tips for prevention, recognition

6/8/2017
Is Full Lymph Node Removal Always Needed for Melanoma?

Survival was just as long for those who had less extensive surgery, large study finds

6/7/2017
More Cancers Caught in Wealthy People

Those with more money more likely to be screened, researchers report

6/6/2017
Publicly Funded Cancer Trials Gained Americans 3 Million More Years

Study looked at data stretching from 1956 and 2016

6/6/2017
Can Drug Company Perks Sway Cancer Docs' Prescriptions?

Even relatively small payments seemed to make a difference, researchers report

6/5/2017
Gene-Based Therapy May Thwart a Tough Blood Cancer

Researchers attempt to turn immune cells into unerring killers of multiple myeloma cells

6/5/2017
Gene-Targeted Drugs Fight Advanced Lung Cancers

Medications show promise for non-small cell type