Ovarian Cancer News

Most types of ovarian cancer begin in the epithelium, which is a layer of tissue that lines the ovaries. These are called epithelial tumors. Germ cell carcinomas, which begin in the cells that make eggs, and stromal carcinoma tumors, which start in the connective tissue of the ovaries, are also common types of ovarian cancer.

The ovaries are a critical part of a woman’s reproductive system, producing female hormones as well as eggs. Ovarian cancer is not the most common cancer, but it does rank 10th on the list of cancers that women get and fifth in cancer-related deaths .

Causes and Symptoms

Researchers aren’t sure what causes ovarian cancer, but there are some factors that appear to increase risk. Things like have a family history of cancer, having had cancer previously and being older all lead to a higher ovarian cancer risk. Women who were never pregnant or have used hormonal therapy for menopause also seem to run a greater risk of developing ovarian cancer.

At first, ovarian cancer may not present symptoms. But as it progresses, symptoms might include fatigue as well as pain, pressure or swelling in the abdomen and pelvis and shortness of breath. Digestive issues such as constipation, diarrhea, nausea and bloating are also common.

Treatment of Ovarian Cancer

The primary treatments for ovarian cancer are surgery to remove an ovary or part of an ovary, as well as chemotherapy to kill cancer cells in the surrounding tissue. Radiation therapy is not used as frequently to treat ovarian cancer as it is for some other forms of cancer.

SOURCES: U.S. National Cancer Institute; Ovarian Cancer National Alliance

Date Posted
Article Title
11/9/2017
10/24/2017
What You May Not Know About Ovarian Cancer

Most cases start in the fallopian tubes, not the ovaries, study suggests

8/17/2017
High-Cal Foods May Raise Cancer Risk in Women, Even Without Weight Gain

Plant-based diet could help avoid malignancies, study suggests

8/16/2017
Can a Blood Test Detect a Range of Cancers Earlier?

Researchers move 'a step forward,' assessing DNA fragments for colon, breast, ovarian and lung tumors

7/18/2017
Most Women Should Forgo Ovarian Cancer Screening: Panel

Test isn't accurate enough to justify its use, experts say

6/21/2017
Genetic Mutations and Cancer

Estimating the absolute risk of breast and ovarian cancer among carriers of BRCA1 and BRCA2 genetic mutations

4/25/2017
Puberty's Onset May Depend on DNA

British researchers zero in on genetic links between early puberty and increased cancer risk

4/19/2017
High Blood Pressure: A Silver Lining for Ovarian Cancer Patients?

Study finds prognosis may have some surprising influences

4/12/2017
Misunderstood Gene Tests May Lead to Unnecessary Mastectomies

Half of breast cancer patients who had both breasts removed unsure of genetic risk of more cancers: study

3/28/2017
Many Women Who Get Breast Cancer Gene Test Don't Need It

6 out of 10 screened weren't at high risk for the disease, researchers say

3/28/2017
Zejula Approved for Certain Female Cancers

Drug may help fight tumors affecting the ovaries, fallopian tubes or abdominal wall

3/23/2017
Young Cancer Survivors Can Face Higher Risk of Pregnancy Complications

Findings emphasize the importance of counseling these women, before and during pregnancy

3/1/2017
Another Study Ties Obesity to Certain Cancers

Digestive organs may be hardest hit by too much weight, study suggests

1/19/2017
Know the Risks, Warning Signs of Ovarian Cancer

Older age, family history raise the odds for this potentially deadly disease

12/19/2016
Ovarian Cancer Drug Given Fast-Track Approval

Rubraca's use is specific to women with a mutation of the BRCA gene, FDA said

11/11/2016
Sexual Pain for Women With Cancer Should Not Be Overlooked: Report

Doctors should rule out physical causes before declaring discomfort is all in a patient's head, specialist says

11/4/2016
Does Baby Powder Cause Ovarian Cancer?

Leading cancer and women's health groups say probably not

9/9/2016
Know Your Risk for Ovarian Cancer -- and the Symptoms

Because early signs are often easy to ignore, 140,000 women worldwide die of the disease every year

9/9/2016
FDA Warns Ovarian Cancer Tests Not Reliable

May delay preventive therapies for high-risk women, spur unnecessary procedures in some without cancer

9/7/2016
Are Birth Control Pills Tied to Decline in Ovarian Cancer Deaths?

Rates down 16 percent in U.S., 8 percent in Canada, and 10 percent in Europe over a decade: study

8/24/2016
Excess Weight Tied to Higher Risk for Many Cancers, Experts Say

International committee finds thinner folks less likely to develop variety of malignancies

6/30/2016
Gene Tied to Breast Cancer Raises Uterine Cancer Risk Too

Women with BRCA1 may want to consider preventive removal of uterus, researcher says

6/21/2016
Exercise May Help Thwart Ovarian Cancer

Chronic inactivity linked to greater risk for the disease in study

6/7/2016
Female Reproductive Tract Not a Sterile Environment, Study Finds

Researchers also found different microbes in women with ovarian cancer

6/6/2016
Two-Pronged Chemo Helps Some With Advanced Ovarian Cancer

Study found using both abdomen drip and IV delayed progression of disease

6/3/2016
1 in 5 Ovarian Cancer Patients Doesn't Get Life-Extending Surgery: Study

Advanced age, disease were predictors for receiving only chemo, radiation or nothing at all

4/15/2016
Widely Used Type 2 Diabetes Drug May Reduce Cancer Death Risk

Older women taking metformin saw a boost in survival, study suggests

3/21/2016
Gene Tests May Help Predict Outcomes in Advanced Ovarian Cancer

Women with mutations in some 'DNA repair' genes may survive much longer, research shows

3/2/2016
Ovarian Cancer Is More Than One Disease: Report

Better understanding needed to improve prevention, detection, treatment, U.S. panel notes

3/1/2016
Is Type 1 Diabetes Linked to Raised Risk of Certain Cancers?

Study suggests, but doesn't prove, that odds increase for some types of tumors, but drop for others

12/17/2015
Annual Blood Test Might Help Prevent Deaths From Ovarian Cancer

Analyzing results over time can detect harmful changes, study suggests

11/13/2015
Healthy Diet May Lower Black Women's Risk of Ovarian Cancer

Preventing the disease is key, researchers say, since tumors often spotted too late for a cure

11/3/2015
Study Links Having Children to Lower Ovarian Cancer Risk

Women who've had their tubes tied also seemed to be protected

10/1/2015
Too Few Women Get Counseling Before Breast Cancer Gene Test: Study

But outside expert questions whether counseling may be more important after test comes back positive

9/11/2015
Screening All Women for Breast Cancer Genes Not Feasible: Study

Price of genetic tests would have to drop 90 percent to be cost-effective, researcher says

8/24/2015
Blood Pressure Drugs Linked to Longer Ovarian Cancer Survival

But researchers say clinical trials needed to prove older beta blockers lengthen life in these patients

8/13/2015
Broader Gene Tests for Breast, Ovarian Cancer Might Benefit Some: Study

Women who don't have BRCA mutations could have other high-risk genes that affect treatment choices

8/11/2015
1 in 3 Women Survive Ovarian Cancer a Decade or More: Study

Many of these patients even had 'high-risk' disease that lowered odds of a good prognosis

8/5/2015
Birth Control Pills May Cut Women's Odds for Uterine Cancer

Protective effect seems to linger for decades after contraceptive is discontinued, researchers found

8/3/2015
Combo Rx May Boost Ovarian Cancer Outcomes, But Too Few Get It: Study

Therapy involves dosing chemo directly into the abdomen, researchers explain

7/14/2015
Too Much Sitting May Raise a Woman's Cancer Risk: Study

Effect was not seen in men, and held even after researchers factored out a lack of exercise

7/6/2015
Less Chemo for Obese Ovarian Cancer Patients Linked to Worse Survival Rates

Study found getting what amounted to lower doses per pound of body weight meant poorer outcomes

6/15/2015
Many U.S. Women Live Far From Gynecologic Cancer Care

Long distances may impede evaluation, treatment, researcher says

5/20/2015
Chemo Before Surgery May Boost Outcomes for Advanced Ovarian Cancer

Shrinking the tumor beforehand seems to raise quality of life without shortening survival, study finds

5/7/2015
Study Sees Improving Survival Odds for Ovarian Cancer

Women diagnosed today 50 percent less likely to die than they were in the 1970s, researchers say

4/23/2015
4/7/2015
Genes Linked to Breast, Ovarian Cancers Act Differently in Each Woman: Study

Angelina Jolie's decision for surgery might not be right for everyone carrying BRCA mutations

3/30/2015
Report Shows Progress in America's War on Cancer

Small, but steady declines in deaths seen over past decade

3/30/2015
Progress in Battling Advanced Ovarian Cancer

Experimental vaccine and cancer drug each slow disease progression, researchers find

3/24/2015
Angelina Jolie's Choice Not Uncommon for Women With Cancer Gene

Disclosure that she had ovaries removed spotlights issues faced by women with BRCA mutations