Prostate Cancer News

When a tumor grows within the prostate, a small gland in a man’s reproductive system, it can become malignant and lead to the development of prostate cancer.

The prostate is about the size of a walnut, though it can grow larger in older men, and it is responsible for helping to make semen, the fluid that contains sperm. Prostate cancer is one of the most common forms of cancer among men.

Except for a few rare instances, almost all types of prostate cancer are an adenocarcinoma, or a cancer that forms in the gland cells of the prostate. It should also be noted that prostate cancer is different from benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), which is another common prostate problem in older men.

Causes and Symptoms of Prostate Cancer

The most common risk factor for developing prostate cancer is age. But other factors, such as genetics, obesity, smoking and a poor diet, may also play a role.

The best way to detect prostate cancer is through screening tests performed by a doctor. These include a blood test called a PSA test because it tests for high levels of a protein called prostate-specific antigen, and a digital rectal exam. Also, prostate cancer treatment has the greatest likelihood of success if the disease is caught at an early stage. Therefore, it’s important that men engage in active discussion with their doctor about screening options for prostate cancer, including the risks and benefits of screening tests. Most experts recommend that the conversation about having these tests should begin at age 40 to 45 for a man at a higher risk for prostate cancer and at age 50 for the average man.

Treatment

The options for treating prostate cancer, which vary based on the stage of the cancer, include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy and immunotherapy. Often, prostate cancer is a very slow-growing cancer. Because of this, active surveillance is also an option. This involves doing nothing at first but frequently monitoring the cancer to look for any growth or changes.

SOURCES: American Cancer Society; U.S. National Cancer Institute.

Date Posted
Article Title
9/29/2017
Health Tip: Recognizing Prostate Cancer

Learn to identify potential symptoms

9/20/2017
Prostate Cancer Symptoms Aren't Always Obvious

Warning signs often confused with other conditions

9/6/2017
'Cancer Pen' Could Help Surgeons Spot Tumor Cells in Seconds

Tool might one day allow more complete removal of malignant tissue, less time on operating table

9/5/2017
New Research Finds Value in PSA Testing

Analysis of 2 major trials on the prostate cancer screen shows it cuts men's risk of dying from the disease

9/5/2017
PSA Screening Recommendation

PSA screening reduces the risk of dying from prostate cancer, new study concludes.

8/25/2017
Common Treatment for Early Prostate Cancer May Carry Heart Risk

Hormone-suppressing regimen may raise odds for heart failure, but it brings benefits, too, researchers say

7/18/2017
Little Evidence That Vasectomy Raises Prostate Cancer Risk

Most thorough analysis of the data so far finds only 'trivial' effect, which may be due to chance

7/13/2017
'Observation' Best Option for Most Low-Risk Prostate Cancer

20-year study found little difference in death rates, more complications with surgery

7/13/2017
Are Big Men More Prone to Aggressive Prostate Cancer?

Study found taller, heavier males were more likely to get it, die from it

6/7/2017
More Cancers Caught in Wealthy People

Those with more money more likely to be screened, researchers report

6/6/2017
Publicly Funded Cancer Trials Gained Americans 3 Million More Years

Study looked at data stretching from 1956 and 2016

6/5/2017
Drug Extends Lives of Patients With Advanced Prostate Cancer: Studies

Findings could 'change clinical practice overnight,' leading oncologist says

5/18/2017
More Cancers Caught Early Since Obamacare

Access to screening likely behind the boost, cancer experts say

5/8/2017
Addressing Your Cancer Risk

Rural areas a bit safer than urban ones; environmental threats seem key, study says

4/25/2017
Puberty's Onset May Depend on DNA

British researchers zero in on genetic links between early puberty and increased cancer risk

4/24/2017
PSA Testing Rates for Prostate Cancer Have Leveled Off

1 in 3 older men still getting the screen; doctors divided over its value

4/24/2017
Should Prostate Cancer Screening Start Earlier for Black Men?

New study suggests the disease progresses faster for them

4/13/2017
It's Yoga to the Rescue for Prostate Cancer Patients

Study suggests the ancient practice might ease side effects of therapy

4/11/2017
Many Docs Don't Discuss Prostate Cancer Screening Pros and Cons

Men with lower incomes, education and no insurance less likely to receive pretest counseling, study finds

4/11/2017
Updated Prostate Cancer Test Guidelines Now Stress Patient Choice

Men aged 55 to 69 should discuss PSA blood screen with their doctor, expert panel recommends

4/5/2017
'Cancer Profile' Is Changing for Americans With HIV

AIDS-linked tumors predicted to decline by 2030

4/3/2017
Can Daily Low-Dose Aspirin Lower Cancer Death Risk?

Large U.S. study points to the drug's potential tumor-fighting abilities

4/3/2017
Guys, a Good Night's Sleep Might Save Your Life

Study suggests potential link between sleep deprivation and fatal prostate cancer

3/31/2017
Survival Continues to Improve for Most Cancers

Still, more progress is needed and racial disparities remain, U.S. report finds

3/27/2017
Is MRI the 'Mammography' of Prostate Cancer Screening?

Scanning might reduce unneeded biopsies and overtreatment, study suggests

3/21/2017
Prostate Cancer Treatments Have Varying Side Effects, Study Shows

Even 'active surveillance' may have risks, such as anxiety

2/26/2017
Prison Time Can Be Deadly … to Health

Inmates at elevated risk of developing cancer, dying from their disease, study finds

2/17/2017
Low-Fat Meal May Boost Costly Cancer Drug

But patients shouldn't try this on their own, researcher warns

2/1/2017
Hormonal Drug Boosts Survival After Prostate Cancer's Return: Study

But, newer and possibly more effective drugs now available and being studied

1/27/2017
Anxiety May Lead to Unneeded Prostate Cancer Treatments

Researchers suggest that dealing with a patient's distress may lead to better choices, improve quality of life

1/24/2017
U.S. Cancer Deaths Decline Over Three Decades

But clusters of high death rates remain in some pockets of the country, study finds

1/5/2017
U.S. Cancer Death Rates Continue to Fall: Report

Researchers credit declines in smoking, better detection and treatment

1/4/2017
Powerful Drug for Advanced Cancers May Need Less Frequent Dosing

Patients whose disease has spread to bone can cut side effects tied to zoledronic acid, researchers report

12/5/2016
Worldwide Cancer Rates Up More Than One-Third in Past Decade: Report

Researchers cite population aging and growth

11/17/2016
Exercise and Cancer

Exercise is safe and provides benefits for breast and prostate cancer patients, study finds.

11/16/2016
Alcohol May Fuel Prostate Cancer Risk

The more men drank, the stronger the association, study found

11/15/2016
Exercise Good for Cancer Patients During, After Treatment

Studies show better physical function, quality of life for those who did strength training, aerobic activity

11/7/2016
Second Opinions Don't Seem to Sway Prostate Cancer Patients

Most choose treatment they originally planned to follow, study finds

10/20/2016
Monitoring, Not Treatment, May Be Better for Some Prostate Cancer Patients

In Sweden, 90 percent with very low risk disease choose this option instead of immediate treatment, researchers report

10/14/2016
10/13/2016
Can Hormonal Rx for Prostate Cancer Raise Dementia Risk?

Study found chances doubled, but did not prove androgen deprivation caused damage to brain

9/30/2016
Hormone Therapy for Prostate Cancer Less Safe for Men With Prior Heart Attack

For this type of patient, cardiac risks linked to the treatment may outweigh any benefit, study suggests

9/20/2016
Vasectomy and Prostate Cancer

A large, new study finds no link between vasectomy and prostate cancer risk.

9/19/2016
Vasectomy May Not Raise Prostate Cancer Risk After All

Large study challenges previous research linking the procedure to slightly higher chance of disease

9/14/2016
Prostate Cancer Treatments: Different Choices for Different Men

Survival rates are all high, but watchful waiting is linked to some cancer spread, British study reports

8/18/2016
Early Prostate Cancer Diagnoses Continue to Fall in U.S.: Study

Decline follows recommendation against routine screening, but experts not sure if trend is good or bad

8/12/2016
Cancer Survivors More Prone to Obesity, Study Finds

Risk appears to be particularly high for people who had breast or colon cancer

7/28/2016
'Active Surveillance' of Prostate Cancer Doesn't Dampen Quality of Life

Choosing no treatment and regular check-ups didn't seem to stress men with low-risk disease, study found

7/21/2016
Cancer Experts Criticize Report on Rising Prostate Cancer Numbers

American Cancer Society says methodology used for recent study was flawed

7/19/2016
Number of Advanced Prostate Cancer Cases Soars: U.S. Study

Increase may be due to lax screening or more aggressive disease, experts say