Thyroid Cancer News

When cancer occurs in the thyroid, which is a small gland in the front part of the neck, the most common type is known as papillary thyroid cancer. Follicular thyroid cancer, medullary thyroid cancer and anaplastic thyroid cancer are other types.

Thyroid cancer affects three times as many women as men and usually occurs after the age of 45.


Unlike many forms of cancer that have a number of preventable, lifestyle-related risk factors, thyroid cancer appears to be caused by factors that are largely out of people's control. For example, there seems to be a strong link to family history and genetic mutations in the development of thyroid cancer. Also, people with a low amount of iodine in their diet or who have been exposed to radiation run a greater risk for thyroid cancer later in life.

Treatment of Thyroid Cancer

Most thyroid cancers are papillary thyroid cancer -- a form that grows slowly and can be cured if detected and treated early. The primary treatment for most forms of thyroid cancer is surgery to remove the thyroid. Most people who have this operation need to take thyroid hormone pills afterwards to replace the hormones that the thyroid gland would have produced.

After surgery, most people have radioactive iodine therapy. This treatment removes any thyroid cells, cancerous and non-cancerous, that remain in the body after the surgery. More typical radiation therapy and chemotherapy are also sometimes required to rid the body of cancer cells in the tissues surrounding the thyroid gland.

SOURCES: U.S. National Cancer Institute; American Cancer Society

Date Posted
Article Title
More Cancers Caught in Wealthy People

Those with more money more likely to be screened, researchers report

No Routine Screening for Thyroid Cancer: Expert Panel

U.S. Preventive Services Task Force says risks outweigh benefits

Not All Hospitals Equal When It Comes to Pancreatic Cancer Care

Academic medical centers that perform more tumor surgeries had better patient outcomes, study found

Household Flame Retardants Tied to Thyroid Cancer Risk

One chemical in particular was linked in study to larger, more aggressive tumors

Gene Changes May Put Childhood Cancer Survivors at Risk

1 in 4 kids who lived through cancer developed another cancer by age 45, study finds

U.S. Thyroid Cancer Cases Continue to Rise

New study suggests a true increase, rather than just overdiagnosis

Survival Continues to Improve for Most Cancers

Still, more progress is needed and racial disparities remain, U.S. report finds

Check Your Neck for Thyroid Abnormalities

20 million Americans have thyroid disease, but only 4 out of 10 know it, doctors say

Young Thyroid Cancer Survivors May Face Long-Term Health Risks

Easing up on treatment for some may lower lifetime odds for osteoporosis, heart disease, researchers say

No Benefit From Routine Thyroid Cancer Screening: Task Force

Public invited to comment on draft recommendation, which is the same as one in place since the 1990s

Excess Weight Tied to Higher Risk for Many Cancers, Experts Say

International committee finds thinner folks less likely to develop variety of malignancies

Scans Not Worthwhile for Most Thyroid Cancers: Study

Doctors found checking for recurrences with these low-risk tumors didn't affect survival rates

Thyroid Cancer Cases in U.S. Level Off, Perhaps Reflecting Diagnostic Changes

'Epidemic of diagnosis' caused the increase, not harmful tumors, experts say

Surgeons' Experience Matters With Thyroid Removal

Track record best for doctors who perform 25-plus thyroidectomies a year, researchers say

Is Type 1 Diabetes Linked to Raised Risk of Certain Cancers?

Study suggests, but doesn't prove, that odds increase for some types of tumors, but drop for others

Cancer Connections?

There may be a connection between breast cancer and thyroid cancer, according to new study.

Breast Cancer Survivors Vulnerable for Thyroid Tumors, and Vice Versa: Study

Doctors, patients should know of increased risk, expert says

Thyroid Cancer Survivors: Good Prognosis, Gloomy Outlook?

Study finds quality of life may suffer, despite favorable odds

Kidney Woes Tied to Raised Cancer Risk, Study Finds

Dialysis, organ transplant may boost odds for certain types of cancer

Better Imaging Scans Catching More Thyroid Cancers: Study

But many cases involve low-risk tumors where treatments could carry greater risks than benefits

Report Shows Progress in America's War on Cancer

Small, but steady declines in deaths seen over past decade

Specially Trained Pooch Sniffs Out Thyroid Cancer

Frankie, a German Shepherd mix, had 90 percent accuracy at spotting tumor traces in urine samples

Breast Cancer Survivors May Have Higher Thyroid Cancer Risk

It's unclear how the conditions might be connected; experts recommend caution

Study Questions Close Monitoring of Thyroid Growths

Five-year follow-up shows the overwhelming majority remain harmless

FDA Approves Drug for Advanced Thyroid Cancer

Progression-free survival with Lenvima was nearly five times longer compared to a placebo

Lenvima Approved for Common Thyroid Cancer

Recommended for use if radioactive iodine fails to stop progression

New Drug May Slow Recurrent Thyroid Cancer, Study Finds

Progression-free survival nearly five times longer in people receiving treatment

Woman's Thyroid Tumor Yields Clues on How to Battle Cancer

Researchers discover two gene mutations that worked at cross purposes in responding to treatment

Kidney and Thyroid Cancer Rates Up Among U.S. Children, Study Finds

But these pediatric cancers remain rare and the increases are very small, experts say

Sophisticated Chest Scans May Raise Children's Lifetime Cancer Risk

These imaging tests expose kids with heart disease to high doses of radiation, researchers report

New Drug Shows Promise for Resistant Thyroid Cancer

Lenvatinib shrunk tumors in 65 percent of those taking the drug, according to late-stage research

Thyroid Tumors May Be More Dangerous for Cancer Survivors: Study

Researchers still found 'excellent' survival rates for both primary, secondary disease

Surge in Thyroid Cancer Cases May Be Due to Overdiagnoses: Study

Many might be getting unnecessary treatment for slow-growing disease, some experts say

Minorities, Poor More Likely to Be Diagnosed With Advanced Thyroid Cancer

Researchers hope findings will prompt efforts to reduce disparities

Nexavar Approval Expanded for Common Thyroid Cancer

When tumor stops responding to other therapy

Steady Rise in Thyroid Cancer Not Explained by Better Screening, Study Says

Researchers still baffled by tripling of cases over 30 years

Cancer Drug Nexavar Tied to Pancreas Damage in 2 Patients

Pancreas shrank by up to one-third in case studies following long-term use

Too Many Unnecessary Thyroid Biopsies Performed, Experts Say

Simplified guidelines could reduce number of uncomfortable, worrying procedures

Drug May Work Against Advanced Thyroid Cancer

Sorafenib appeared to delay disease progression, shrink tumors in early study

Cancer Patients May Face Higher Bankruptcy Odds

Washington state study found a nearly tripled risk, with younger adults most vulnerable

Many Who Got Thyroid Cancer After Chernobyl Still Alive: Study

Finding gives hope to those exposed to radiation in other nuclear disasters, researchers say

Gene May Boost Death Risk From Most Common Thyroid Cancer

But survival rates for papillary thyroid cancer are still high, experts note

Stars Pedal Hard to Help Fight Rare Cancers

SNL's Seth Meyers, N.Y. Giants linebacker Mark Herzlich biked Sunday to raise money for the cause

U.S. Cancer Death Rates Have Dropped 20 Percent Since 1991

American Cancer Society report credits better screening, treatment for the gains

Some Cancer Risks Higher in 9/11 Recovery Workers: Study

Cases of prostate, thyroid, multiple myeloma cancers seen over years