More Women Die of Heart Attacks in Hospitals Than Men

Death risk for women is 1.57 times higher than men after data is adjusted for age and disease

FRIDAY, Sept. 8 (HealthDay News) -- Female myocardial infarction patients have a higher risk of dying in the hospital than men, suggesting the need for more effective treatment, researchers report in the Sept. 2 issue of the European Heart Journal.

Vernon V.S. Bonarjee, M.D., of the University of Bergen in Stavanger, Norway, and colleagues studied 1,575 women and 3,902 men with acute myocardial infarction and heart failure, left ventricular dysfunction or anterior Q waves from seven European countries over an average 2.7 years.

The researchers found that more women had symptomatic heart failure than men. Women were older, and had more diabetes and hypertension, but fewer were given thrombolytics. Women's subsequent mortality risk was 1.37 higher than men, but adjusting for age reduced that to a similar risk.

Female patients had a 4.89 percent risk of dying in the hospital, versus a 2.54 percent risk for men. Adjusting for age and other disease found hospitalized women's mortality risk to be 1.57 times higher than men.

"Among high-risk patients with acute myocardial infarction, age-adjusted long-term survival was similar between sexes," the authors write. "However, adjusted in-hospital mortality was significantly higher in women."

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