Teen Sugar Intake May Raise Cardiovascular Disease Risk
Overweight teens have correlation between added sugars, homeostasis model assessment
TUESDAY, Jan. 11 (HealthDay News) -- Added sugar consumption during adolescence may correlate with several risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD), according to a study published online Jan. 10 in Circulation.
Jean A. Welsh, M.P.H., R.N., from the Emory University School of Medicine in Atlanta, and colleagues examined data from 2,157 adolescents participating in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Dietary data was assessed from a 24-hour recall and the cardiovascular risk factors were estimated according to levels of added sugar consumption.
Investigators found that the participants' mean daily consumption of added sugars represented 21.4 percent of their daily caloric intakes. High-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels were lower among those who consumed more sugars. HDL levels were 1.40 mmol/L in adolescents who consumed 10 percent of their daily calories as sugar, whereas those who consumed 30 percent of their daily calories as sugar had HDL levels of 1.28 mmol/L. Sugar consumption was also positively correlated with higher low-density lipoprotein and triglycerides. In overweight and obese participants there was a positive correlation between added sugars and homeostasis model assessment.
"In conclusion, higher consumption of added sugars among U.S. adolescents is associated with several important CVD risk factorsthe results of this study suggest that future risk of CVD may be reduced by minimizing consumption of added sugars among adolescents," the authors write.