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Men With Heart Disease Less Likely to Find Full-Time Work

Female counterparts show little difference from that of the general population

MONDAY, April 6 (HealthDay News) -- Males who have had surgery for congenital heart disease are more likely than males in the general population to find a part-time job or minor employment than a full-time job, according to a study published online February 5 in Congenital Heart Disease.

Siegfried Geyer, Ph.D., from Hannover Medical School in Germany, and colleagues compared the chances of employment for 314 patients (17 to 45 years old) after surgery for congenital heart disease and 1,165 members of the general population in Germany.

The researchers found that the male heart disease patients had a greater chance of part-time and minor employment than males in the general population. However, male patients had a lower chance of full-time employment with increasing disease severity, where initial disease severity was indicated by surgery type (curative, reparative, palliative). In contrast, female patients were similar to females in the general population in having lower rates of full-time employment and higher rates of part-time and minor employment.

"Long-term adaptation to impairments as a result of congenital heart disease differs between women and men with respect to employment status," the authors conclude. "While female patients do not differ from the general population, males may lower their engagement in paid work."

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