There are a number of different types of blood disorders, varying widely in terms of symptoms, causes and treatments. Common ones include deep vein thrombosis, which is the presence of a blood clot in a vein deep within the body; anemia, in which the blood doesn’t have enough iron and produces too few red blood cells; hemophilia, in which the blood is thin and does not clot properly; and hemochromatosis, in which the body absorbs too much iron.
Other types of blood disorders include sickle cell disease, a condition in which the red blood cells become sticky, C-shaped and tend to clump together. There’s also thalassemia, a disorder that negatively affects hemoglobin. These are just a few of the many types of blood disorders.
Causes and Treatment of Blood Disorders
In some cases, such as sickle cell disease, a blood disorder is genetic and inherited from your parents. Other blood disorders are caused by lifestyle factors that you can influence to potentially prevent the condition. Deep vein thrombosis, for example, is often caused by the plaque buildup from atherosclerosis. Some cases of anemia are due to insufficient iron in the diet.
Most blood disorders can be treated and, if not cured, at least managed. For treatment options, you may need to consult with a hematologist, a medical doctor who specializes in blood disorders.
SOURCES: Foundation for America’s Blood Centers; American Society of Hematology; U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention