Coronary and Artery News

Coronary artery disease, sometimes called coronary heart disease, is a condition in which fatty deposits known as plaque begin to build up in the coronary arteries that supply oxygen-rich blood to the heart. This process of plaque buildup typically occurs over time and is referred to as atherosclerosis. Like a dam in a river, the plaque ultimately restricts the flow of blood to the heart, which causes the heart to work harder. The result can ultimately be angina (chest pain), a heart attack or other problems.

As the heart works harder to pump blood through the body, it can become weak over time. This makes coronary artery disease a risk factor for other heart diseases, as well. As the heart weakens, an arrhythmia (an irregular heartbeat) becomes a possibility. Eventually, heart failure can also occur.

Causes of Coronary Artery Disease

Many researchers agree that a number of the risk factors that can lead to coronary artery disease are preventable. It’s true that the risk increases as a person ages, but many of the causes of age-related coronary artery disease are due to modifiable lifestyle factors. For example, obesity is a risk factor for coronary artery disease, as are smoking, diabetes and high blood pressure. Not exercising enough can put you at risk, and eating an unhealthy diet high in fat and cholesterol can also contribute to the development of coronary artery disease.

Treatment and Prevention

If coronary artery disease is advanced and putting a person's health at risk, procedures may be used to either open up clogged arteries (angioplasty) or bypass them altogether (coronary artery bypass graft surgery).

To prevent coronary artery disease, treat mild coronary artery disease or recover after it's treated, a number of healthy lifestyle changes are often recommended. These include eating a healthy diet, maintaining a healthy weight, quitting smoking, managing stress and exercising, among others.

SOURCES: U.S. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute; American Heart Association

Date Posted
Article Title
10/20/2017
Yoga + Aerobics Doubles Heart Benefits

Combined, these exercises are better than either alone, study suggests

10/19/2017
Could Too Much Exercise Be Bad for Men's Hearts?

Maybe, but only for white men, study suggests

10/13/2017
Nearly 4 in 10 U.S. Adults Now Obese

CDC stats show growing epidemic that means more illness and health care costs, health experts say

10/11/2017
Trauma's Toll on a Woman's Heart

Study found those who experienced 3 or more tragedies were more likely to have signs of cardiovascular trouble

9/28/2017
Can You 'Om' Your Way to a Healthy Heart?

American Heart Association says meditation may help, but don't forgo traditional medicine

9/28/2017
Delays in Diagnosis Hurt Women Who Have Heart Disease

Study found they were less likely to receive surgeries involving multiple artery grafts

9/11/2017
'Healthy' Obese Still Face Higher Heart Risks

Higher odds detected, even without diabetes or high blood pressure, study finds

9/7/2017
Remember This: A Healthy Body Keeps the Mind Sharp, Too

Major heart health groups say exercise, good diet can help you maintain memory as you age

9/6/2017
Recession Took Toll on Health of Rural Young Blacks

Greater economic fallout linked to raised heart disease risks in 25- and 26-year-olds, study finds

9/5/2017
Is Dementia Declining Among Older Americans?

Rates have fallen among those 70 and older; gains against heart disease might explain trend

8/31/2017
Calcium in Arteries May Best Predict Risk of Heart Attack, Stroke

Factors such as cholesterol and blood pressure might be less of a concern, study contends

8/31/2017
New Hope From Old Drugs in Fight Against Parkinson's

Asthma medications may lower risk, but much more research is needed

8/31/2017
Play It Smart: Stay in School for a Healthier Heart

College degree may reduce your risk of cardiac disease by one-third, study suggests

8/30/2017
Sleepless Nights Do No Favors for Your Heart

Study ties insomnia to heightened odds for heart disease, stroke

8/29/2017
Diet Study Suggests It's Carbs, Not Fats, That Are Bad for You

But don't give up on fruits, vegetables and legumes -- they're still good for you

8/22/2017
New Cholesterol Drugs Vastly Overpriced, Study Contends

But drug maker, heart experts question methodology of analysis

8/17/2017
Which Heart Bypass Surgery Works Best?

Study compares 'on-' and 'off-pump' procedures

8/14/2017
'Fat But Fit' a Myth?

Extra weight linked to extra risk, even if blood pressure, blood sugar and cholesterol all normal

8/11/2017
Heart Risk Up if Hospitalized for Pneumonia or Sepsis

And, the increased risk lasts for at least 5 years, study finds

8/2/2017
Less Than Half of U.S. Stroke Patients Get Rx for Statins

Country-wide comparison finds geography, age and gender affect who gets cholesterol-lowering meds

8/1/2017
Rich, Well-Educated Get Bigger Bang for Buck From Mediterranean Diet

Researchers suspect food quality may account for the difference

7/18/2017
More Evidence That Midlife Weight Gain Harms Your Health

Risk of diabetes, heart disease rises when waistlines widen slowly, study finds

7/17/2017
Not All Plant Foods Are Equal

Analysis found that only healthy fruits, vegetables and grains guarded against heart disease

7/6/2017
Opioids a Threat to Seniors With COPD

Odds of heart-related death increased in these patients after new painkiller use, researchers say

6/22/2017
Heart Disease: A Price Humans Pay for Fertility?

Study finds genes that boost risk for cardiovascular trouble also up chances of having children

6/22/2017
Too Few Women, Docs Understand Dangers of Heart Disease

It kills more than all cancers combined, but study says many overlook the risk

6/21/2017
Breast-Feeding Tied to Lower Heart, Stroke Risk for Mom

Study finds the longer a woman does it, the lower her risk drops

5/30/2017
Can a 70-Year-Old Have the Arteries of a 20-Year-Old?

It's possible, but hard work in today's 'Western' culture, study finds

5/24/2017
Sleepless Nights Could Pose Heart Risk Dangers

Less than 6 hours a night doubled chances of dying from heart disease, stroke, study suggests

5/22/2017
Actemra Approved for Certain Blood Vessel Inflammation

Drug will treat adults with a condition called vasculitis

5/17/2017
Heart Disease the No. 1 Killer Worldwide

Low-cost, effective treatment programs are needed, researcher says

5/17/2017
'Healthy Obese' May Be a Myth

Higher risk for heart problems detected in new study

5/16/2017
Angela Bassett Puts the Spotlight on Heart Health

Award-winning actress' mother had type 2 diabetes and died from heart issues

5/15/2017
Many Under 40 May Not Need Regular Cholesterol Checks: Study

But heart experts note that screening sooner can help some patients make lifestyle changes early in the game

5/14/2017
Astronauts' Blood Vessels Less Efficient on Long Missions: Study

Finding could lead to preventive treatments for space travel and even here on Earth

5/12/2017
Blood Vessel-Clearing Procedure Riskier on Weekends: Study

Though low overall, the odds of dying are doubled if angioplasty is done on Saturday or Sunday

5/5/2017
Stretching Eases Pain of Vessel Disease in Legs

At-home regimen might help get you walking again, researcher says

5/2/2017
Busiest Docs Get Best Results With Heart Valve Surgery

Patients more likely to receive repair than replacement from the most experienced surgeons, study finds

5/1/2017
Healthy Heart in Middle Age Delivers Big Dividends

Study found it was linked to longer, disease-free life

4/18/2017
Conflicting Statin Guidelines Leave Millions in 'Gray Zone'

Doctors, patients often confused by differing advisories on the cholesterol-lowering drugs

4/13/2017
Kidney Disease a Big Contributor to Heart-Related Deaths: Study

Finding points to need for screening for kidney function

4/11/2017
A Healthy Middle-Aged Heart May Protect Your Brain Later

Dementia expert says take up heart-healthy habits sooner rather than later

4/11/2017
Many Americans Don't Know How to Handle High Cholesterol

Survey found they know it raises heart risks, but are confused, discouraged about how to lower it

4/11/2017
The Grayer His Hair, the Higher His Heart Risk?

Study finds link between silvery locks and hardening of the arteries

4/7/2017
Who Really Needs All Those Heart Tests?

Overtreatment may lead to excess worry and worse outcomes, report says

4/5/2017
'Yo-Yo' Dieting Does No Favors for Your Heart

Dramatic shifts in weight stress the body and other health problems are often involved, researchers explain

4/4/2017
High Thyroid Hormone Levels Tied to Stiffer Arteries

Measuring these levels might help identify people at risk of heart disease, researcher says

4/3/2017
As Weight Goes Up, So Does Death Risk

Heart disease, cancer, other illnesses start to take a toll, study says

4/3/2017
Keys to Heart Disease Care: Communication and Trust

These factors linked to patients' greater use of cholesterol and blood pressure-lowering drugs

3/29/2017
When Heart Stops Beating, Survival Better at Specialized Heart Centers

With cardiac arrest, they're more likely to perform procedures to clear blood vessels, study finds