Coronary and Artery News

Coronary artery disease, sometimes called coronary heart disease, is a condition in which fatty deposits known as plaque begin to build up in the coronary arteries that supply oxygen-rich blood to the heart. This process of plaque buildup typically occurs over time and is referred to as atherosclerosis. Like a dam in a river, the plaque ultimately restricts the flow of blood to the heart, which causes the heart to work harder. The result can ultimately be angina (chest pain), a heart attack or other problems.

As the heart works harder to pump blood through the body, it can become weak over time. This makes coronary artery disease a risk factor for other heart diseases, as well. As the heart weakens, an arrhythmia (an irregular heartbeat) becomes a possibility. Eventually, heart failure can also occur.

Causes of Coronary Artery Disease

Many researchers agree that a number of the risk factors that can lead to coronary artery disease are preventable. It’s true that the risk increases as a person ages, but many of the causes of age-related coronary artery disease are due to modifiable lifestyle factors. For example, obesity is a risk factor for coronary artery disease, as are smoking, diabetes and high blood pressure. Not exercising enough can put you at risk, and eating an unhealthy diet high in fat and cholesterol can also contribute to the development of coronary artery disease.

Treatment and Prevention

If coronary artery disease is advanced and putting a person's health at risk, procedures may be used to either open up clogged arteries (angioplasty) or bypass them altogether (coronary artery bypass graft surgery).

To prevent coronary artery disease, treat mild coronary artery disease or recover after it's treated, a number of healthy lifestyle changes are often recommended. These include eating a healthy diet, maintaining a healthy weight, quitting smoking, managing stress and exercising, among others.

SOURCES: U.S. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute; American Heart Association

Date Posted
Article Title
3/17/2017
Remote Amazon Tribe May Have Healthiest Hearts on Earth

Days spent hunting, farming and eating unprocessed foods keeps their arteries clear, researcher says

3/17/2017
New Cholesterol Drugs May Beat Statins, But Price Tag Is High

Repatha, inclisiran lowered cholesterol levels even further, but first costs about $14,000 a year to take

3/16/2017
Taking Statins May Boost Heart Surgery Outcomes

Using cholesterol-lowering medications up to and on operation day linked to better survival rates in study

3/13/2017
Fish Oil Pills May Help After Heart Attack, Specialists Say

But review does not find it can help prevent heart problems

3/13/2017
Failed Fertility Treatments, Poorer Heart Health Later?

Study found small link, but researchers not sure if treatments or underlying health problems to blame

3/9/2017
Heart Disease Kicks in Earlier for Obese People

Study found that weight did not affect life span as much as quality of life

3/9/2017
Bad Diets Tied to 400,000 U.S. Deaths in 2015

Adding healthy foods such as nuts, seeds, vegetables, whole grains might help prevent premature demise, researchers suggest

3/8/2017
Depression May Hasten Death in Years After Heart Diagnosis

Mental health screening recommended over the long term, study suggests

3/8/2017
More Folic Acid in Pregnancy May Protect Kids From High Blood Pressure

If mothers have heart disease risk factors, nutrient benefits children, study suggests

3/1/2017
Exercise Beats Weight Loss at Helping Seniors' Hearts

Both are healthy goals, but getting active may reap even more benefit, study finds

2/28/2017
Youth With Type 2 Diabetes Often Face Complications

This growing group has double the problems as peers with type 1 disease, study finds

2/27/2017
Review Raises Questions About Herbal Meds for Heart Problems

While popular among patients, they haven't been proven safe or effective in clinical trials, study says

2/22/2017
Unhealthy in Middle Age, Dementia in Old Age?

Diabetes, high blood pressure, smoking may set you up for Alzheimer's, research suggests

2/21/2017
Heart Disease Linked to Anxiety, Negative Feelings

And that's especially true for women, study suggests

2/21/2017
Testosterone Therapy May Have Benefits, But Risks Too

While trials show it boosts bone density and lowers anemia risk, heart risks also seen

2/15/2017
5 Ways Women Can Cut Their Heart Attack Risk

Heart disease is leading cause of death in U.S., but many don't know they have it

2/14/2017
Heart Disease Could Cost U.S. $1 Trillion Per Year By 2035: Report

American Heart Association estimates that nearly half of Americans will have heart disease in less than 20 years

2/14/2017
Genes Tied to Belly Size Also Linked to Heart Disease

Large study found association, but did not prove cause and effect

2/14/2017
Heart Disease Affects Far More Than the Heart

Blocked arteries can restrict blood flow to the legs, feet, kidneys -- even brain, specialists say

2/8/2017
Calcium Buildup in Young Arteries May Signal Heart Attack Risk

Even small amount in 30s, 40s appears to boost the odds, study finds

2/7/2017
Too Many Americans Have High Blood Pressure, Doctors Warn

With February designated National Heart Month, now is a good time to get checked, treated

2/3/2017
What to Do If You Think You're Having a Heart Attack

Don't ignore chest pain and seek medical attention immediately, heart specialists say

1/31/2017
Fat Near the Heart a Hazard for Postmenopausal Women

Study ties 'paracardial' fat to raised risk of hardening of the arteries

1/30/2017
Snowstorms May Bring Blizzard of Heart Troubles

Study finds higher rate of hospital admissions for heart attack, chest pain 2 days after storm

1/26/2017
U.S. Heart Failure Rates on the Rise

And heart disease remains the nation's leading killer

1/11/2017
Blood Levels of Meat-Linked Chemical Tied to Odds of Heart Trouble

Produced when meat, eggs and dairy are digested, TMAO may trigger plaque buildup in vessels, researchers explain

1/10/2017
High Blood Pressure Increasing Worldwide

And health risks may appear even at levels once considered safe, researchers contend

12/28/2016
Diabetes Takes Biggest Bite Out of U.S. Health Care Spending

Top 5 diseases, conditions accounted for $437 billion in 2013

12/19/2016
Women Fare Better Than Men After a Heart Valve Replacement

While women initially have more complications, chances of survival are higher, study says

11/29/2016
Does a Little Daily Drinking Really Help the Heart?

Study found no evidence that moderate intake keeps arteries clear

11/29/2016
Alcohol and Heart Health

Light alcohol consumption doesn't increase risk of coronary artery disease, study finds.

11/24/2016
A Little Alcohol Each Day May Cut Your Risk of Stroke

But drinking doesn't curb risk of every kind of stroke, and heavy drinking increases the danger, study finds

11/18/2016
Heart Attacks Up in New Orleans Post-Katrina

One hospital reported 3 times more heart admissions after the 2005 storm compared to before

11/17/2016
CDC Reveals Top 5 Causes of Death

Good news is that many can be prevented

11/17/2016
Pessimism May Take Unwelcome Toll on the Heart

Study suggests that glum folks have higher risk of death from cardiovascular disease

11/17/2016
'Yo-Yo Dieting' Hard on Older Women's Hearts: Study

But at least one nutrition expert says it's too soon to draw conclusions

11/14/2016
Craving Salt? Your Genes May Be the Reason, Study Suggests

Inherited distaste for bitterness could make people reach for the shaker, putting heart at risk

11/14/2016
U.S. Heart Disease Rates Fell 20 Percent Since 1980s: Study

Researchers chalk it up to better meds, prevention efforts

11/4/2016
Weight-Loss Surgery Brings Bigger Heart Benefits to Women: Study

Researchers suggest their bodies may respond differently than men after procedure

10/27/2016
Heart Group Advises Personalized Nutrition Counseling

Providers should take ethnic, cultural and individual preferences into account

10/24/2016
Review Says Calcium Supplements Won't Harm the Heart

Other physicians urge caution, however, and say these findings aren't conclusive

10/17/2016
Sleep Apnea May Boost Risk for Post-Op Problems

Certain patients should be checked for the disorder before having surgery, researchers say

10/10/2016
Anger, Heavy Exertion: Fast Track to a Heart Attack?

But researchers suggest that artery-clogging plaque has to be present to increase risk

10/6/2016
Fitful Sleep May Take Toll on Older Women's Hearts

Before and after menopause, less sleep linked to plaque buildup in blood vessels, study found

9/15/2016
Tighter Blood Pressure Control Could Save 100,000 U.S. Lives: Study

High-risk adults would benefit from intensive program to lower systolic reading

9/15/2016
Early Menopause Linked to Higher Heart Disease, Death Risks

Findings highlight need for certain women to discuss hormone therapy with their doctor, researchers say

8/31/2016
Want Better Heart Health? There's an App for That

Smartphones can help keep you on track with lifestyle changes

8/31/2016
Drug-Coated Stents Don't Improve Patient Survival, Large Study Reports

But, the pricier devices do lead to fewer repeat heart procedures

8/30/2016
Mediterranean Diet Shows Its Protective Powers in Heart Patients

Those who ate more produce, fish, olive oil were less likely to die during study period

8/29/2016
Fewer Drugs in Pipeline to Treat World's No. 1 Killer

While number of cancer drugs rose, development of new heart medicines stalled, study finds