Multiple Sclerosis News

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disease of the central nervous system, affecting the spinal cord, the brain and the optic nerves. MS can vary greatly in severity from person to person and can cause a wide range of symptoms, from mild problems to severe disabilities.

Multiple sclerosis symptoms typically begin between the ages of 20 and 50.

Causes of Multiple Sclerosis

Relatively little is known about the cause of the multiple sclerosis. One theory is that genetics makes someone more susceptible to getting MS, but that it's some combination of environmental factors or triggers that often causes the disease to surface. With MS, the immune system attacks the central nervous system, but researchers are mixed on whether it is specifically an autoimmune disorder. Rather, it is often called an immune-mediated disorder. In multiple sclerosis, the immune system attacks the myelin, which is a protective covering of nerve fibers in the central nervous system. This disrupts communication with the brain and leads to the symptoms of MS.

Types of MS

The symptoms of multiple sclerosis can vary so widely that the disease is often classified as one of four different “courses”:

  • Relapsing-remitting MS, in which symptoms come and go in flare-ups
  • Primary-progressive MS, in which symptoms are continual and gradually worsen
  • Secondary-progressive MS, in which the disease becomes progressive after a period of being relapsing-remitting MS
  • Progressive-relapsing MS, which is progressive but also includes flares of much worse MS symptoms

Any one of these courses can include the symptoms of MS, such as problems with coordination, balance and walking; fatigue; numbness; vision issues; dizziness; issues with bowel, bladder and sexual function; emotional changes and mental issues; depression; and chronic pain. As MS worsens, it may also include issues with speech, breathing, swallowing and other problems.

Treatment

There’s no cure for multiple sclerosis, but people can often manage the disease through a combination of medications that help with symptoms and various types of therapy, including physical, occupational and speech. Working closely with doctors is the best course of action for finding the right approach for anyone with MS.

SOURCES: National Multiple Sclerosis Society

Date Posted
Article Title
10/10/2017
High-Fat Diets Could Pose Danger to Young MS Patients

These regimens raised the risk for disease relapse, study found

9/12/2017
Clues to MS May Lurk in Gut Bacteria

Work with mice suggests microbiome might play a role in development of multiple sclerosis

8/30/2017
More Evidence Links the 'Mono' Virus to MS Risk

Latest study shows blacks and Hispanics also vulnerable

8/4/2017
Resistance Training May Slow MS, Study Says

Scans revealed less brain shrinkage in exercise group

7/13/2017
Breastfeeding and MS Risk

Breastfeeding for 15 months or longer may reduce your risk of developing this chronic autoimmune disease, study finds.

7/12/2017
Breast-Feeding May Lower Risk of MS, Study Says

Benefits reported for women who nursed 15 months or more

6/1/2017
MS-Related Brain Changes May Affect Social Skills

Study might explain why some multiple sclerosis patients stop understanding what others are feeling

4/20/2017
Immune-Based Therapy Shows Early Promise Against MS

First step was to test its safety in small trial of 6 people

3/29/2017
Ocrevus Approved to Treat Severe Form of Multiple Sclerosis

First drug sanctioned in U.S. for primary progressive MS

3/29/2017
FDA-OK'd Drug Offers Hope to Sickest MS Patients

It's also effective against the most common form of the disease, researchers say

3/8/2017
Controversial MS Treatment Seems Ineffective

No benefit detected after 'liberation therapy,' study authors say

3/1/2017
Scientists Spot Signs That Predict Worsening Multiple Sclerosis

Fatigue, limited leg function tied to progressive disease in study

2/20/2017
Stem Cell Transplants May Help Some With Multiple Sclerosis

Review found younger patients fared better over 5 years, though some deaths reported

1/12/2017
U.S. Report Cites the Good and Bad on Marijuana

Pot shown to help chronic pain, chemo-related nausea and muscle spasms in multiple sclerosis, but researchers cite risks, too

12/22/2016
New MS Drug Shows 'Breakthrough' Promise for Advanced Disease

Specialist hopes ocrelizumab will be available by spring

12/1/2016
Could Low Vitamin D Levels at Birth Mean Higher MS Risk?

Perhaps, but researchers aren't ready to recommend routine supplementation during pregnancy

11/4/2016
MS Symptoms May Develop Earlier in Darker, Cooler Climes

Study results suggest latitude affects timing of disease onset

10/14/2016
Powerful MS Drug Used Early May Reverse Some Disability

But significant side effects remain an issue for Lemtrada, researcher says

9/29/2016
Exercise May Not Lower Women's Risk of Multiple Sclerosis

Study shows no benefit, but staying active can help ease disease symptoms, experts say

9/21/2016
Drug Shows Promise Against MS in Mouse Study

Laquinimod seemed to slow progression of the neurological disorder, but human trials needed

8/11/2016
Treating Early Symptoms of MS May Extend Time to Diagnosis

Industry-funded study also found therapy doubled time until a relapse occurred

6/20/2016
Poor Sleep May Worsen Thinking Problems in MS Patients

Study found link between severity of sleep apnea and performance on attention, memory tests

6/10/2016
MS Stem Cell Therapy Succeeds But Poses Risks

Toxic side effects of heavy chemo could limit use, researcher says

4/12/2016
Allergy Med Might Also Fight MS-Linked Eye Damage

Vision improvement with clemastine fumarate appears modest but results are promising, researcher says

3/9/2016
MS Patients May Be Prone to Other Chronic Illnesses, Study Finds

High blood pressure, diabetes, heart disease and depression among common co-existing conditions

3/7/2016
Low Prenatal Vitamin D Linked to Later MS in Offspring

Study compared Finnish adults with and without multiple sclerosis, but more research is needed

3/4/2016
Heavy Coffee Drinkers Show Lower Risk of Multiple Sclerosis

But the finding isn't reason enough to up your java intake, experts say

1/27/2016
MS Drug Tied to Higher Risk for Potentially Deadly Brain Virus

Patients taking Tysabri were more prone to show signs of exposure to JCV, which can cause a brain disease

12/30/2015
Could High-Dose Vitamin D Help Fight Multiple Sclerosis?

Supplementation appears safe but experts say it's too soon for general recommendation

10/7/2015
New MS Drug Yields Mixed Results in Study

Relapse rates with daclizumab were lower than with a standard therapy, but side effects were greater

10/7/2015
Sun Exposure in Teen Years May Delay Onset of MS: Study

But researchers only found a connection, not cause-and-effect link

9/10/2015
Seasonal Melatonin Levels May Affect MS Flare-Ups, Study Says

But it's too soon to recommend self-dosing with supplements

9/8/2015
Quitting Smoking After MS Diagnosis May Delay Disease Progression

Accelerates about 5 percent for each additional year of smoking, study finds

8/31/2015
Women Who Breast-Feed Less Likely to Have MS Relapse: Study

But protective effect seems to last only about as long as exclusive nursing does

8/12/2015
Exercise May Help Kids With Multiple Sclerosis

But researchers can't say if exercisers have less severe disease or if activity eases symptoms

6/23/2015
Evidence Supports Medical Pot for Some Conditions, Not Others

Review of 79 studies suggests states may have put cart before the horse, experts say

5/27/2015
MS May Raise Odds for Earlier Death, Study Finds

Younger people with the disease appear to face an even greater risk of dying prematurely

5/12/2015
Immune System Genes May Change With the Seasons: Study

Altered activity could explain why some diseases are worse in some months than others, researchers say

4/24/2015
Prices of MS Drugs Soaring, Study Finds

No medications available for disabling disease for less than $50,000 a year in United States, researchers say

4/16/2015
Generic Copaxone Approved for Multiple Sclerosis

Autoimmune disease affects central nervous system

4/14/2015
New Drug Shows Promise for MS

Early results indicate treatment can repair nerve damage

4/8/2015
Ingredient in MS, Psoriasis Drugs Linked to Two Deadly Brain Infections

But experts say complication is rare, and no reason to stop medication

3/31/2015
Clues to 'Brain Fog' in Chronic Fatigue Patients Found in Spinal Fluid

Study reveals evidence that it's 'not made up,' researcher says

2/26/2015
Could Coffee Lower Risk of Multiple Sclerosis?

Studies link several cups daily with reduced odds for the disease

2/20/2015
Multiple Sclerosis Linked to Lower Levels of Key Nutrients in Women

But researchers aren't sure whether differences are cause or effect of inflammatory disease

1/20/2015
Early Study Says Stem Cells May Reverse Multiple Sclerosis Disability

Small initial trial showed improvement for people with relapsing-remitting MS

1/20/2015
Ulcer Bacteria Tied to Lower Multiple Sclerosis Risk in Women

Study suggests infection with H. pylori bug may be somewhat protective

1/6/2015
Study: HPV Vaccine Doesn't Increase Risk for Multiple Sclerosis

Researchers say findings provide more evidence supporting safety of the cervical cancer inoculation

12/29/2014
Stem Cell Therapy for MS Shows Promise

Experimental treatment kills off, then 'resets' the immune system

12/17/2014
Neurologists Say Jury Still Out on Medical Marijuana's Use for Brain Disorders

Easing federal restrictions on pot research might help get answers, doctors say