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March 2020 Briefing - Critical Care

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Critical Care for March 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Case Fatality Ratio for COVID-19 Estimated at 1.38 Percent

TUESDAY, March 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The case fatality ratio for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in China is estimated at 1.38 percent, according to a study published online March 30 in The Lancet Infectious Diseases.

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Editorial

Decontamination Method Adopted to Ease N95 Mask Shortage

TUESDAY, March 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Duke Health research and clinical teams have developed a validated process for decontaminating N95 masks. The process is described in an article published online in Applied Biosafety: Journal of ABSA International.

Press Release
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FDA Grants First Approval of Convalescent Plasma Therapy in COVID-19 Patient

TUESDAY, March 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Over the weekend, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration granted the first approval for an academic medical center to transfuse donated plasma from a recovered novel coronavirus (COVID-19) patient into a critically ill patient.

More Information - Houston Methodist
More Information - FDA

Doctors, Hospitals, Pharmacies Warned Not to Stockpile Meds

TUESDAY, March 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In a joint statement released by the American Medical Association, American Pharmacists Association, and American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, the professional groups "strongly oppose" physicians, pharmacies, and hospitals prophylactically prescribing medications or purchasing excessive amounts or stockpiles of potential treatments for COVID-19.

Joint Statement

Statement Issued on Use of Anesthesia Machines as Ventilators

TUESDAY, March 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Although U.S. Food and Drug Administration-approved labeling does not provide for use of anesthesia ventilators for long-term ventilator support, they can be repurposed during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, according to a statement from the American Society of Anesthesiologists and the Anesthesia Patient Safety Foundation.

ASA/APSF Statement
FDA Emergency Use Authorization - Ventilators

Preventionists Report Widespread Shortages of Protective Equipment

TUESDAY, March 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Nearly half of U.S. health care facilities surveyed are out of or almost out of respirators to use while caring for patients with COVID-19, according to the results of a national survey of infection prevention experts released March 27 by the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC).

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U.S. Army Opens Field Hospital in New York City

MONDAY, March 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The first U.S. Army field hospital for civilian patients opened in New York City Monday and could be the first of many across the nation as it struggles with the coronavirus pandemic.

CBS News Article
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Patients Viral Positive for Days After COVID-19 Resolution

MONDAY, March 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Some patients who have recovered from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) continue to be viral positive up to eight days after resolution of symptoms, according to a study published online March 23 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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Concomitant Myocardial Injury With COVID-19 Infection Linked to Fatal Outcome

MONDAY, March 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Myocardial injury is associated with fatal outcome in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), according to research published online March 27 in JAMA Cardiology.

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Editorial

ASA Warns Against Multiple Patients Per Ventilator

MONDAY, March 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Sharing mechanical ventilators should not be attempted during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, according to a joint statement published March 26 by the American Society of Anesthesiologists, Society of Critical Care Medicine, American Association for Respiratory Care, Anesthesia Patient Safety Foundation, American Association of Critical‐Care Nurses, and American College of Chest Physicians.

Joint Statement on Multiple Patients Per Ventilator

President Extends Social Distancing to April 30 as COVID-19 Cases Surge

MONDAY, March 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- As U.S. coronavirus cases and deaths continue to rise, President Donald Trump on Sunday extended strict social distancing guidelines for the country to April 30.

The New York Times Articles
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Physician's Briefing Weekly Coronavirus Roundup

Here is what the editors at Physician's Briefing chose as the most important COVID-19 developments for you and your practice for the week of March 23 to 27, 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal studies and other trusted sources that is most likely to affect clinical practice.

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PPE Negative for SARS-CoV-2 After Patient Contact

FRIDAY, March 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Samples collected from personal protective equipment (PPE) from health care workers (HCWs) caring for patients positive for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) were negative for SARS-CoV-2, according to research published online March 26 in Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology.

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Elastomeric Half-Mask Respirator Training Feasible in Health Care

FRIDAY, March 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Health care personnel can be rapidly fit tested and trained to use the reusable elastomeric half-mask respirator (EHMR), with similar time to testing as that seen for the N95 respirator, according to a research letter published online March 25 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Three Neonates Born to Mothers With COVID-19 ID'd as Positive

FRIDAY, March 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Three of 33 neonates born to mothers with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Wuhan tested positive for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) , according to a research letter published online March 26 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Vitamin C May Reduce Ventilation Time in Critically Ill Patients

FRIDAY, March 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The administration of vitamin C shortens the length of mechanical ventilation in critically ill patients, according to a review recently published in the Journal of Intensive Care.

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Gilead Backs Down on Special Designation for Possible COVID-19 Drug

THURSDAY, March 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Following severe criticism, Gilead Sciences is backing off special designation of its antiviral drug remdesivir -- which shows promise against COVID-19 -- that would have allowed the company to block competition and increase its profits for the drug.

AP News Article

Restricting Activities in Wuhan Until April Could Slow COVID-19 Peak

THURSDAY, March 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Restriction on activities in Wuhan would help to delay the COVID-19 epidemic peak if maintained until April, according to a study published online March 25 in The Lancet Public Health.

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Workers at Risk for COVID-19 Exposure Can Access Online Training

THURSDAY, March 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The National Institutes of Health has launched a new website with educational resources for hospital employees, emergency first responders, and other workers at risk for exposure to COVID-19.

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Increased Risk for SARS-CoV-2 Seen in Cancer Patients in Wuhan

THURSDAY, March 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with cancer in Wuhan had an increased risk for severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection, according to a research letter published online March 25 in JAMA Oncology.

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Model Shows Combined Efforts May Cut SARS-CoV-2 Infections

THURSDAY, March 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Combined interventions of quarantining infected individuals and their family members, workplace distancing, and school closure can substantially reduce the number of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infections, according to a modeling study published online March 23 in The Lancet Infectious Diseases.

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Lung Recruitability Can Be Assessed at Bedside in COVID-19

THURSDAY, March 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Lung recruitability can be assessed at bedside in mechanically ventilated patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)-induced acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), and alternating body positioning can improve recruitability, according to a study published online March 23 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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Article Addresses Allocation of Ventilators During Pandemic

WEDNESDAY, March 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Determining where to allocate stockpiled ventilators during a pandemic should be based on consideration of ethical principles, the ability of facilities to absorb additional ventilators, and the ability to ensure access for vulnerable or high-risk populations, according to an article published online March 19 in Health Security.

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FDA Eases Access to Blood Plasma Treatment for COVID-19 Patients

WEDNESDAY, March 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Access to a blood plasma treatment for seriously ill COVID-19 patients has been made easier by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

AP News Article
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36 Percent of Available Hospital Beds Unoccupied on Typical Day

WEDNESDAY, March 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Leading up to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak, about 2.2 beds were available per 1,000 people in U.S. hospitals; however, only 36 percent were unoccupied on a typical day, according to a report from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.

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Cardiac Injury Linked to Increased Mortality in COVID-19

WEDNESDAY, March 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Cardiac injury is associated with increased mortality in hospitalized patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), according to a study published online March 25 in JAMA Cardiology.

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National Health Spending Expected to Increase Through 2028

WEDNESDAY, March 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- National health expenditures are projected to increase at an average annual rate of 5.4 percent for 2019 to 2028, representing almost 20 percent of U.S. gross domestic product by 2028, according to a study published online March 24 in Health Affairs.

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Guidance Issued for Perioperative Management of COVID-19 Patients

WEDNESDAY, March 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In a guideline issued by the Joint Task Force of the Chinese Society of Anesthesiology and the Chinese Association of Anesthesiologists, published online March 19 in Anesthesiology, recommendations are presented for the perioperative management of patients infected with the new coronavirus disease (COVID-19).

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Artificial Intelligence Model Can Detect COVID-19 on Chest CT

WEDNESDAY, March 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Artificial intelligence allows coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) to be detected and differentiated from community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) on chest computed tomography (CT), according to a study published online March 19 in Radiology.

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Shortages Seen for Drugs That Show Promise Against COVID-19

TUESDAY, March 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Strong demand for medications that show promise as treatments for COVID-19 have led to shortages of those drugs in the United States.

CBS News Article
Johns Hopkins University

Information on COVID-19 Provided for Gastroenterologists

TUESDAY, March 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In a special article published online March 17 in Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology, key information is presented about coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and the field of gastroenterology.

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IDSA Issues Recommendations for COVID-19 Testing

TUESDAY, March 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In a statement published online March 19 by the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA), recommendations are presented for public health and health care professionals to prioritize coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) testing.

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Misconceptions ID'd About COVID-19 Among General Public

MONDAY, March 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In a research letter published online March 20 in the Annals of Internal Medicine, important misconceptions about coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) among the general public in the United States and United Kingdom are presented.

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Mental Health at Risk for Health Care Workers Treating COVID-19

MONDAY, March 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A considerable proportion of health care workers caring for patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) report symptoms of depression, anxiety, insomnia, and distress, according to a study published online March 23 in JAMA Network Open.

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Article Addresses Management of Cancer Care During COVID-19

MONDAY, March 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Management of cancer care during the coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is addressed in a special feature article published online March 20 in the Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network.

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More Americans Recognizing Importance of COVID-19 Safety Measures

MONDAY, March 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Americans' understanding of safety measures to protect themselves from COVID-19 is increasing, according to an ongoing survey conducted by researchers at the Center for Economic and Social Research at the University of Southern California (USC) Dornsife College of Letters, Arts and Sciences and the Leonard D. Schaeffer Center for Health Policy and Economics.

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CDC: Modest Decreases Seen in TB Cases, TB-Related Deaths

MONDAY, March 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From 2017 to 2018, there were modest decreases in the number of persons with tuberculosis (TB) and the number of TB-related deaths, according to research published in the March 20 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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National Guard Activated in Three States as U.S. COVID-19 Cases Rise

MONDAY, March 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- As the number of known U.S. coronavirus cases soared past 33,000 and the death count eclipsed 400 on Sunday, President Donald Trump approved disaster declarations for regions hit hardest by the pandemic and activated the National Guard in three states.

AP News Article
CNN Article
AP News Article
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Physician's Briefing Weekly Coronavirus Roundup

Here is what the editors at Physician's Briefing chose as the most important COVID-19 developments for you and your practice for the week of March 16 to 20, 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal studies and other trusted sources that is most likely to affect clinical practice.

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Statement Addresses Concerns About Heart Meds and COVID-19

FRIDAY, March 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Patients already prescribed angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) should continue taking their medications, according to a joint statement from the American Heart Association (AHA), the Heart Failure Society of America (HFSA), and the American College of Cardiology (ACC), issued in response to a research letter published online March 11 in The Lancet Respiratory Medicine.

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Californians Ordered to Stay Home Amid COVID-19 Pandemic

FRIDAY, March 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. State Department warned Americans to avoid international travel and residents of the country's most populous state, California, were ordered to stay at home indefinitely, as national COVID-19 cases climbed past 13,000.

CNN Article
Global Level 4 Health Advisory
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Lopinavir-Ritonavir No Benefit in Adults With Severe COVID-19

FRIDAY, March 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Lopinavir-ritonavir treatment offers no significant benefit over standard care for hospitalized adult patients with severe coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) infection, according to a study published online March 18 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Incidence of Subclinical CT Changes High in COVID-19 Cases

FRIDAY, March 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The incidence of subclinical computed tomography (CT) changes in coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) cases is high, with milder severity seen on CT for asymptomatic versus symptomatic cases, according to a study published online March 17 in Radiology: Cardiothoracic Imaging.

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Serial Interval of COVID-19 Estimated at 3.96 Days

FRIDAY, March 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The serial interval of coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19), defined as the time between a primary case and secondary case developing symptoms, is 3.96 days, according to a study published online March 19 in Emerging Infectious Diseases, a publication of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Supply Shortages Hinder COVID-19 Testing in the United States

THURSDAY, March 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Shortages of face masks for health care workers, swabs, and other supplies are hampering efforts to increase COVID-19 testing in the United States.

The Washington Post Article
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U.S. Seniors at Higher Risk for Severe Illness, Death With COVID-19

THURSDAY, March 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In the United States, the risk for serious illness and death from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is higher among older adults, according to research published in the March 18 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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U.S. Colleges Preparing Empty Dorms to House Coronavirus Patients

THURSDAY, March 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Some U.S. colleges are converting empty dorms into temporary housing for COVID-19 patients.

AP News Article

Digestive Symptoms Reported for About Half of COVID-19 Patients

THURSDAY, March 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) frequently have digestive symptoms, and those with digestive symptoms have a worse clinical outcome, according to a study published online March 17 in the American Journal of Gastroenterology.

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Trump Signs Massive COVID-19 Relief Package Into Law

THURSDAY, March 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- President Donald Trump signed an $850 billion coronavirus relief package into law late Wednesday. The package will provide sick leave, unemployment benefits, and free COVID-19 testing.

AP News Articles
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Transmission of COVID-19 Among Crew on Cruise Ship Investigated

THURSDAY, March 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Transmission of coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) on a cruise ship indicates the need for quarantine for close contacts of confirmed cases, according to research published in the March 17 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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COVID-19 Preparedness for Radiology Departments Outlined

THURSDAY, March 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Radiology departments have been implementing policies to ensure preparedness for the coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, according to a report published online March 16 in Radiology.

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Chinese Researchers Say Flu Drug Effective Against COVID-19

WEDNESDAY, March 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The flu drug favipiravir is "clearly effective" in treating patients with the novel coronavirus, Chinese researchers say.

Daily Mail Article
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U.S. May Not Have Enough Ventilators for COVID-19 Patients

WEDNESDAY, March 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There may not be enough ventilators in the United States to cope with the number of novel coronavirus patients who will require them due to pneumonia and other serious respiratory problems, experts say.

AP News Article
Society of Critical Care Medicine
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41 Percent of U.S. Adults at Risk for Serious Illness With COVID-19

WEDNESDAY, March 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Forty-one percent of adults ages 18 years and older in the United States have an elevated risk for developing serious illness if infected with the new coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19), according to a brief issued by the Kaiser Family Foundation (KFF).

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Most Mass Shooting Events Occur Close to Nontrauma Centers

WEDNESDAY, March 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In 2019, there were 187 mass shooting events, most of which occurred closest to a nontrauma center, according to a research letter published online March 18 in JAMA Surgery.

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COVID-19 Epidemic in Iran Likely to Be Substantial

WEDNESDAY, March 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Based on countries with identified cases of coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) originating in Iran, the COVID-19 epidemic in Iran is likely to be of a substantial size, according to a research letter published online March 16 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Staff Collaboration Not Lowered by Internationally Trained Nurses

WEDNESDAY, March 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Employing internationally educated nurses (IENs) does not negatively impact interprofessional collaboration between nurses or between nurses and doctors in U.S. hospital units, according to a study published in the January/February issue of Nursing Economic$.

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Per-Capita Medical Radiation Exposure Down in United States

TUESDAY, March 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From 2006 to 2016, there was a decrease in per-capita exposure to medical radiation in the United States, according to a study published online March 17 in Radiology.

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Common Features on Chest CT May Aid Diagnosis of COVID-19

TUESDAY, March 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Chest computed tomography (CT) has a low rate of misdiagnosis of novel coronavirus (COVID-19), according to a study published online March 4 in the American Journal of Roentgenology.

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Climate Similar in Cities With Biggest Outbreaks of COVID-19

TUESDAY, March 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Cities that have experienced significant outbreaks of coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) have similar winter climates, according to a study published online March 9 on the open-data site SSRN.

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Americans Detail Behavior Changes Amid COVID-19 Threat

MONDAY, March 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Many people are changing their behaviors in light of the COVID-19 outbreak, according to a new survey conducted by researchers at the Center for Economic and Social Research at the University of Southern California (USC) Dornsife College of Letters, Arts and Sciences and the Leonard D. Schaeffer Center for Health Policy and Economics.

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Guidance Issued for Interventional Radiologists Treating Frostbite

MONDAY, March 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For interventional radiologists, intraarterial (IA) administration and intravenous (IV) administration of tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) are both useful strategies for treating severe frostbite injuries, according to a review and meta-analysis recently published in the American Journal of Roentgenology.

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Thousands in U.S. May Already Be Infected With SARS-CoV-2

FRIDAY, March 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Based on modeling, between 1,043 and 9,484 individuals in the United States are estimated to have been infected with SARS-CoV-2 as of March 1, 2020, according to a not yet peer-reviewed study, which has been published online at medRxiv.org.

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Evidence Points to GI Infection by SARS-CoV-2

FRIDAY, March 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There is evidence for gastrointestinal infection of SARS-CoV-2, according to a study published online March 3 in Gastroenterology.

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Details Provided for U.S. Person-to-Person Transmission of SARS-CoV-2

THURSDAY, March 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Person-to-person transmission of SARS-CoV-2 in the United States has been recorded between two people with prolonged, unprotected exposure while the patient was symptomatic, according to a study published online March 13 in The Lancet.

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Risk Factors Linked to In-Hospital Death in COVID-19 Identified

THURSDAY, March 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Older age, higher Sequential Organ Failure Assessment score, and d-dimer are associated with increased odds of in-hospital death among patients with novel coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19), according to a study published online March 11 in The Lancet.

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Safety, Effectiveness of VKAs, DOACs Similar in General Practice

THURSDAY, March 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For patients receiving anticoagulants, arteriovenous events and major bleeding events do not differ for those receiving vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) or direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs), according to a study published in the March/April issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Many Clinicians Unaware of Invasive Pulmonary Aspergillosis

THURSDAY, March 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Many clinicians are unaware of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) after severe influenza, with few using galactomannan testing in intensive care unit (ICU) patients with severe influenza and worsening respiratory function, according to a study published online March 11 in Emerging Infectious Diseases, a publication of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Typical Chest CT Findings Help Screen for Coronavirus Infection

WEDNESDAY, March 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Typical imaging features can be useful in early screening for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), according to a study published online March 3 in the American Journal of Roentgenology.

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Daily Rounding Helps Curb CAUTIs in Pediatric ICU Patients

WEDNESDAY, March 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Targeted rounding for pediatric patients with an indwelling urinary catheter is an effective and sustainable strategy to reduce catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs), according to a study recently published in Critical Care Nurse.

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Median Incubation Period Estimated at 5.1 Days for COVID-19

TUESDAY, March 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The median incubation period for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is estimated to be 5.1 days, according to a study published online March 10 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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2018 Health Care Spending Up Due to Higher Prices

MONDAY, March 9, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Average employer-sponsored insurance spending rose to $5,892 per person in 2018, according to the Health Care Cost Institute annual Health Care Cost and Utilization Report.

Health Care Cost and Utilization Report

Guidelines Detail Management of Liver Failure in ICU Patients

MONDAY, March 9, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In an executive summary of a new guideline from the Society of Critical Care Medicine, published in the March issue of Critical Care Medicine, a set of evidence-based recommendations are presented for the management of liver failure in critically ill patients.

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Hospital Infection Control Can Prevent COVID-19 Transmission

FRIDAY, March 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Appropriate hospital infection control measures can protect health care workers from novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), according to a study published online March 5 in Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology.

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CDC: Fall-Related TBI Deaths Increasing Among U.S. Residents

THURSDAY, March 5, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From 2008 to 2017, there was an increase in the national age-adjusted rate of unintentional fall-related traumatic brain injury (TBI) deaths among U.S. adults, according to research published in the March 6 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Repeat ED Visits for Opioid-Related Emergencies on the Rise

THURSDAY, March 5, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Emergency departments are increasingly seeing patients for repeat opioid-related care, according to a study recently published in the Annals of Emergency Medicine.

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Female Clinical Chairs Paid Significantly Less Than Men

THURSDAY, March 5, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There are significant sex differences in salaries of clinical department chairs in public medical schools in the United States, according to a research letter published online March 2 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Racial/Ethnic Insurance Coverage Disparity Down Since ACA

WEDNESDAY, March 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Since the implementation of coverage expansions associated with the Affordable Care Act (ACA), the disparities in insurance coverage related to race and ethnicity have decreased, according to a study published in the March issue of Health Affairs.

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Cough, Fever Most Common Initial Symptoms of COVID-19

TUESDAY, March 3, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) often have fever and cough on presentation, according to research published online Feb. 28 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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1996 to 2016 Saw Increases in U.S. Spending on Health Care

TUESDAY, March 3, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From 1996 to 2016, there were considerable increases in U.S. spending on health care, according to a study published in the March 3 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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NICU Babies at Risk for Later Mental Health Issues

TUESDAY, March 3, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Survivors of the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) are at an increased risk for psychiatric disorders during childhood and adolescence, according to a study recently published in Archives of Disease in Childhood.

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Chest CT More Sensitive Than RT-PCR for Diagnosing COVID-19

TUESDAY, March 3, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Chest computed tomography (CT) has higher sensitivity for detecting 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) than reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) tests, according to a study published online Feb. 26 in Radiology.

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2019 Pedestrian Fatalities Hit 30-Year Record High

MONDAY, March 2, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Pedestrian fatalities in 2019 reached the highest number in more than 30 years, according to the annual Spotlight on Highway Safety report released by the Governors Highway Safety Association.

Spotlight on Highway Safety

Chest CT Findings for COVID-19 More Common Later in Infection

MONDAY, March 2, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The main computed tomography (CT) findings in coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) are ground-glass and consolidative pulmonary opacities, and these findings are more frequent with longer time from symptom onset, according to a study published online Feb. 20 in Radiology.

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2003 to 2016 Saw Changes in Characteristics of PCI, CABG Patients

MONDAY, March 2, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Between 2003 and 2016, there were decreases in in-hospital mortality after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) but not after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), according to a study published online Feb. 14 in JAMA Network Open.

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