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Prevalence of Diabetes Diabetic Nephropathy Up in U.S. Children

Increase in prevalence from 2002-2013, with highest prevalence among those aged 12 to <;18 years

kidney illustration

THURSDAY, Dec. 17, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- For the commercially-insured pediatric population in the United States, the prevalence of diabetes and diabetic nephropathy increased from 2002 to 2013, according to a study published online Dec. 17 in Diabetes Care.

Lin Li, M.D., Ph.D., from the Boston University School of Public Health, and colleagues examined the prevalence of diabetes and diabetic nephropathy in pediatric patients aged <18 years from 2002 to 2013. The authors identified 96,171 pediatric patients with diabetes and 3,161 pediatric patients with diabetic nephropathy using the U.S. MarketScan commercial claims database.

The researchers found that during 2002 to 2013 there was an increase in the annual prevalence of diabetes from 1.86 to 2.82 per 1,000. In pediatric patients with diabetes, the annual prevalence of diabetic nephropathy increased from 2002 to 2013: from 1.16 to 3.44 percent for all cases and from 0.83 to 2.32 percent for probable cases only. Patients aged 12 to <18 years had the highest prevalence of diabetes and diabetic nephropathy. The prevalence of type 1 diabetes was higher in male than female youth, while type 2 diabetes and diabetic nephropathy prevalence was higher in females versus males. The prevalence of diabetic nephropathy did not vary with diabetes type.

"The prevalence of diabetes and diabetic nephropathy increased in the U.S. MarketScan commercially-insured pediatric population from 2002 to 2013," the authors write.

Several authors disclosed financial ties to Bayer Pharma, which provided study funding.

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