Type 2 Diabetes Is a Growing U.S. Public Health Problem

Diabetes incidence increased significantly from 1995-1997 to 2005-2007

MONDAY, Nov. 3 (HealthDay News) -- Diabetes remains a significant burden in the United States, particularly in the South, and diabetes incidence has increased significantly from the years 1995-1997 to 2005-2007, according to a report from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention published in the Oct. 31 issue of the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Karen A. Kirtland, Ph.D., of the National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion at the CDC in Atlanta, and colleagues examined data from the 2005-2007 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) to determine diabetes incidence at the state level and compared the results to data from the 1995-1997 BRFSS. BRFSS is a state-based, random-digit-dialed, telephone survey tracking health conditions and risk behaviors in the United States.

Among 40 participating states, two territories and the District of Columbia, age-adjusted incidence of diabetes ranged from 5.0 to 12.8 per 1,000 persons with an increase of 90 percent from 4.8 per 1,000 in 1995-1997 to 9.1 in 2005-2007, the investigators found. The southern region had not only the greatest incidence of diabetes, but also high levels of modifiable risk factors for type 2 diabetes including physical inactivity and obesity. At the individual state level, Minnesota and Puerto Rico had the lowest and highest incidence of diabetes, respectively, the researchers report.

"These findings affirm previous projections that diabetes will continue to be a major public health problem," the authors conclude. "Development and delivery of interventions that promote weight loss and increased physical activity among persons at high risk for diabetes are needed to reduce diabetes incidence."

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