Misc. Diabetes News

Diabetes refers to any disease in which your blood sugar levels are above normal. These high blood sugar levels can occur for several reasons, and the reasons behind the elevated blood sugar usually help your doctor determine what “type” of diabetes you have. Ultimately, however, diabetes usually has to do with insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas to regulate glucose, or blood sugar, levels. When your body doesn’t produce enough insulin, or doesn’t properly use the insulin it does produce, then diabetes is the result.

Types of Diabetes

There are several different types of diabetes. The most common form is type 2 diabetes, accounting for more than 90 percent of diabetes cases. It used to be called “adult-onset diabetes” because it typically develops in adulthood. With type 2 diabetes, the body doesn't use insulin as efficiently as it used to, and high blood sugar is the result. Risk factors for type 2 diabetes include family history, ethnic background, old age, obesity and inactivity, among others.

Type 1 diabetes typically starts in childhood and accounts for about 5 percent of all diabetes cases. With type 1 diabetes, the body produces too little insulin or none at all. It is thought to be more of a genetic or environmental disorder and is not preventable, like some cases of type 2 diabetes.

There are rare forms of diabetes, as well. Some women will develop gestational diabetes while pregnant. And there are forms of diabetes known as monogenic diabetes, neonatal diabetes mellitus and maturity-onset diabetes of the young that all seem to be related to some type of genetic disorder.

Diabetes is the seventh leading cause of death in the United States. Without treatment, it can lead to heart disease, blindness, kidney failure, and lower-extremity amputations.

Treatment

Treatments for diabetes will vary, but most require some combination of healthy eating to regulate blood sugar, regular exercise and medication. Those with type 1 diabetes usually need to take some form of insulin on a regular basis in order to regulate their blood sugar. Medication is not always required for type 2 diabetes, but several forms of medication often help people with type 2 diabetes regulate blood sugar along with a good diet and exercise.

SOURCES: U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; U.S. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Date Posted
Article Title
3/24/2017
What Drugs Work Best for Diabetic Nerve Pain?

Data review shows some meds help more than others, but better options still needed

3/23/2017
Many Kids With Diabetes Missing Out on Eye Exams, Study Finds

Those with type 2 disease should see eye doc right away, while type 1 patients can wait 5 years

3/21/2017
A Warming Planet Might Mean More Diabetes

Study found a link between increases in temperature and more cases of the blood sugar disease

3/21/2017
Obesity in Youth Tied to Higher Odds for Liver Cancer in Men

Fatty deposits in the organ, along with diabetes, can raise the risk, researchers and specialists say

3/21/2017
Health Tip: Managing Metabolic Syndrome

Ways to help ward off complications

3/15/2017
Intensive Treatment Shows Potential Against Type 2 Diabetes

Up to 40 percent experienced temporary remission, small study finds

3/14/2017
Too Much Screen Time May Raise Kids' Diabetes Risk

Study finds 3-plus hours each day linked to increased body fat and insulin resistance

3/10/2017
Severe Low Blood Sugar Episode May Up Death Risk in Those With Type 2 Diabetes

Study also found a jump in heart disease and stroke odds

3/9/2017
Downside to Gluten-Free Diets: Diabetes Risk?

People who ate least amount of this protein slightly more likely to develop type 2 disease, study suggests

3/8/2017
Eye Exam Might Help Spot Poor Circulation in Legs

Narrowing of blood vessels in the retina could mimic what's happening in lower limbs, research suggests

3/8/2017
More Folic Acid in Pregnancy May Protect Kids From High Blood Pressure

If mothers have heart disease risk factors, nutrient benefits children, study suggests

3/7/2017
Poor Diet Tied to Half of U.S. Deaths From Heart Disease, Diabetes

Study explores which foods and nutrients may be helpful or harmful

3/6/2017
Health Tip: Know Your Risk for Diabetic Retinopathy

Factors that make the disease more likely

2/23/2017
Dentists at the Front Line in Diabetes Epidemic

Severe gum disease can signal undiagnosed case of blood sugar disease

2/22/2017
Unhealthy in Middle Age, Dementia in Old Age?

Diabetes, high blood pressure, smoking may set you up for Alzheimer's, research suggests

2/16/2017
Pregnancy-Linked Diabetes Poses Risks for Mom, Baby

Study confirms numerous hazards, and experts stress the condition must be treated immediately

2/15/2017
Weight-Loss Surgery May Help Obese Patients Beat Diabetes

After procedure, some patients were able to stop taking insulin to control their blood sugar, researchers report

2/14/2017
Heart Disease Could Cost U.S. $1 Trillion Per Year By 2035: Report

American Heart Association estimates that nearly half of Americans will have heart disease in less than 20 years

2/14/2017
Genes Tied to Belly Size Also Linked to Heart Disease

Large study found association, but did not prove cause and effect

2/10/2017
Air Pollution May Raise Risk of Type 2 Diabetes

Study of obese Hispanic children suggests smog might boost chances of developing the blood sugar disorder

2/7/2017
Sickle Cell Trait in Blacks Can Skew Diabetes Test Results

Inaccurate reading may affect diagnosis and treatment of the blood sugar disease, study says

1/31/2017
Is There a Link Between Diabetes and Pancreatic Cancer?

Type 2 diabetes onset or worsening may be early sign of deadly, hard-to-detect cancer, study suggests

1/31/2017
Diabetes Risk May Be Higher for HIV-Positive Adults

Longer survival with the virus might make people more vulnerable to chronic conditions, researchers suggest

1/27/2017
Slim But Sedentary: Risk of Prediabetes May Rise

4 out of 10 'skinny fat' people had higher blood sugar by middle age, study finds

1/27/2017
Inactivity and Diabetes Risk

Healthy weight adults who are inactive may be at risk for pre-diabetes, study finds.

1/25/2017
Diabetes Kills More Americans Than Had Been Thought

Condition is third-highest cause of death, study finds

1/23/2017
Language Barrier May Keep Some Hispanics From Good Diabetes Care

Studies found poor doctor-patient communication hampered medication use, proper blood sugar control

1/23/2017
Gestational Diabetes a Risk Factor for Postpartum Depression: Study

It found chances increased even more if woman had suffered an earlier bout of depression

1/12/2017
Cold-Weather Foot Care Key for Diabetics

It's important to make sure feet stay as dry as possible, especially between the toes

1/11/2017
Protecting Ankles, Feet From Winter's Assaults

Proper footwear a must, especially for people with nerve damage or extreme sensitivity to cold, foot surgeon says

1/10/2017
Native Americans Make Progress Against Diabetes Complication

Kidney failure down by 54 percent over 2 decades, CDC report finds

1/10/2017
High Health Care Deductibles Take Toll on Family Finances

Studies suggest significant out-of-pocket costs may harm low-income and chronically ill patients

1/10/2017
Common Virus May Have Ties to Type 1 Diabetes

But enterovirus infections probably aren't the only culprit, researchers say

1/3/2017
Study Ties Alcohol Abuse to Increased Heart Risks

Association similar to that from high blood pressure, smoking, obesity and diabetes, researchers say

1/3/2017
Metformin Still Best as First Type 2 Diabetes Treatment

American College of Physicians updated diabetes guidelines, said second drug can be added

12/31/2016
Make a Healthy Lifestyle Your New Year's Resolution

The American Medical Association offers seven goals to get you started

12/28/2016
Healthy Snacks Can Be Smart Part of a Diabetes Diet

Specialists recommend low-carb energy sources between meals

12/28/2016
Diabetes Takes Biggest Bite Out of U.S. Health Care Spending

Top 5 diseases, conditions accounted for $437 billion in 2013

12/27/2016
Health Tip: Getting Through Diabetes Diagnosis

Channel anger into becoming healthier

12/20/2016
FDA OKs High-Tech Diabetes Device to Help Replace Fingerstick Tests

Dexcom G5 is first continuous glucose monitoring system that can be used for treatment decisions

12/19/2016
Health Tip: Prepare for Travel With Diabetes

Plan for possible emergencies

12/16/2016
Chemo More Damaging to Hearts of Diabetics: Study

Those with blood sugar disease showed more early warning signs of heart failure

12/5/2016
Coffee, Diabetes and Heart Disease Risk

Drinking coffee may help prevent Metabolic Syndrome in women, study finds.

12/1/2016
Standing or 'Easy' Walks May Help Type 2 Diabetics Control Blood Sugar

Study counters notion that vigorous exercise is key to battling the illness

11/29/2016
Insulin Prices Skyrocket, Putting Many Diabetics in a Bind

American Diabetes Association asks Congress to investigate the matter

11/28/2016
3 Keys to Cutting Your Risk of Heart Failure

Guarding against obesity, high blood pressure and diabetes at middle age may slash risk, study finds

11/28/2016
Many Women With Chronic Ills Don't Use Online Tools

Research suggests older, less-educated females are missing out on help or support

11/24/2016
Diabetics Can Keep Disease Complications at Bay

Vascular expert urges regular doctor visits, eye exams, healthy lifestyle

11/22/2016
Smoking Plus Diabetes a Very Deadly Mix

Chances of an early death double if smoker also has the blood sugar disease, study finds

11/21/2016
Fewer Americans Suffering From Dementia, Study Finds

Rates have dropped over last decade, and better education might be one reason why