Misc. Diabetes News

Diabetes refers to any disease in which your blood sugar levels are above normal. These high blood sugar levels can occur for several reasons, and the reasons behind the elevated blood sugar usually help your doctor determine what “type” of diabetes you have. Ultimately, however, diabetes usually has to do with insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas to regulate glucose, or blood sugar, levels. When your body doesn’t produce enough insulin, or doesn’t properly use the insulin it does produce, then diabetes is the result.

Types of Diabetes

There are several different types of diabetes. The most common form is type 2 diabetes, accounting for more than 90 percent of diabetes cases. It used to be called “adult-onset diabetes” because it typically develops in adulthood. With type 2 diabetes, the body doesn't use insulin as efficiently as it used to, and high blood sugar is the result. Risk factors for type 2 diabetes include family history, ethnic background, old age, obesity and inactivity, among others.

Type 1 diabetes typically starts in childhood and accounts for about 5 percent of all diabetes cases. With type 1 diabetes, the body produces too little insulin or none at all. It is thought to be more of a genetic or environmental disorder and is not preventable, like some cases of type 2 diabetes.

There are rare forms of diabetes, as well. Some women will develop gestational diabetes while pregnant. And there are forms of diabetes known as monogenic diabetes, neonatal diabetes mellitus and maturity-onset diabetes of the young that all seem to be related to some type of genetic disorder.

Diabetes is the seventh leading cause of death in the United States. Without treatment, it can lead to heart disease, blindness, kidney failure, and lower-extremity amputations.

Treatment

Treatments for diabetes will vary, but most require some combination of healthy eating to regulate blood sugar, regular exercise and medication. Those with type 1 diabetes usually need to take some form of insulin on a regular basis in order to regulate their blood sugar. Medication is not always required for type 2 diabetes, but several forms of medication often help people with type 2 diabetes regulate blood sugar along with a good diet and exercise.

SOURCES: U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; U.S. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Date Posted
Article Title
10/18/2017
Health Tip: Best Grains And Starchy Veggies for Diabetics

What the American Diabetes Association suggests

10/17/2017
Diabetes Pill Might Replace Injection to Control Blood Sugar

Global study shows blood glucose levels dropped significantly, and low rates of low blood sugar

10/13/2017
Nearly 4 in 10 U.S. Adults Now Obese

CDC stats show growing epidemic that means more illness and health care costs, health experts say

10/11/2017
Stroke Risk Factors Are Rising

More people survive these brain attacks, but the health problems that cause stroke aren't going away

10/10/2017
Where There's Type 1 Diabetes, Celiac Disease May Follow

Screening for early signs of both conditions should be done at birth, study suggests

10/8/2017
Flu Shot Key for People With Diabetes

Infection makes it harder to manage diabetes, increases risk of complications, health experts say

10/7/2017
Making Halloween a Treat for Kids With Diabetes

Start by setting the same rules for everyone in the family, specialist says

10/5/2017
Rare Tumor May Point the Way to Diabetes Treatment

Insulinomas provide genetic maps for making insulin, researchers say

9/28/2017
Glucose Monitoring System Eliminates Need for Finger Pricks

Instead, sensor is implanted below skin in diabetes patients

9/28/2017
FDA Approves New Continuous Glucose Monitor for Diabetes

Device eliminates need to prick finger to measure blood sugar levels

9/20/2017
Fracture Risk Higher for Seniors With Diabetes

Bone weaknesses seen in those with blood sugar disease

9/15/2017
Skin Patch Shrinks 'Love Handles' -- in Mice

Discovery might help treat obesity and diabetes, researchers say

9/15/2017
Heath Tip: Dining Out If You Have Diabetes

Ways to avoid complications

9/15/2017
Increasing Salt Intake Tied to Diabetes Risk

Odds of both type 2 and latent autoimmune diabetes rose when adults consumed more salt, study shows

9/15/2017
Smoking, Poor Diet Lead Global Death Causes

But disease study of 195 areas also finds some hopeful signs with many people living longer

9/14/2017
Can Coffee or Tea Extend Survival With Diabetes?

The answer may depend on whether you're a man or a woman

9/14/2017
Could Artificial Sweeteners Raise Your Diabetes Risk?

Small study suggests these products might somehow inhibit blood sugar control

9/14/2017
Could Swine Flu Be Linked to Type 1 Diabetes?

Study suggests Norwegians hit by H1N1 flu pandemic more likely to develop the autoimmune disease

9/13/2017
'Upside' to Diabetes Really Isn't

People with type 2 had lower risk of bulging or torn artery, but experts stress there's a much bigger downside

9/13/2017
Lifestyle Tips for Better Diabetes Control

Exercise and diet are two great places to start

9/13/2017
Diabetes Threatens Kidneys, Vision of Millions of Americans

Untreated type 2 disease can lead to serious complications, diabetes experts say

9/7/2017
Sleep Apnea Wreaks Havoc on Your Metabolism

Finding supports use of CPAP therapy for condition, so blood pressure and blood sugar levels don't jump

9/6/2017
Uptick in U.S. Stroke Deaths Sets Off Alarms: CDC

High rates of obesity and diabetes are a major culprit, researchers say

9/5/2017
Health Tip: Kids and Type 2 Diabetes

Risk may be higher with lack of sleep

8/31/2017
Calcium in Arteries May Best Predict Risk of Heart Attack, Stroke

Factors such as cholesterol and blood pressure might be less of a concern, study contends

8/31/2017
Chronic Illness Can Plunge Young Adults Into Despair

Study found those diagnosed with diabetes, asthma were 3 times more likely to try to kill themselves

8/25/2017
Health Tip: Risk Factors for Prediabetes

A condition that could progress to full-blown type 2

8/17/2017
Sleep and Diabetes Risk in Children

Kids who don't get enough sleep may be at higher risk for Type 2 Diabetes, study finds

8/15/2017
Lack of Sleep May Raise Child's Type 2 Diabetes Risk: Study

It found link -- but no proof -- between less slumber and risk factors for blood sugar disease

8/10/2017
Artificial Sweeteners Trick the Brain: Study

Sugary taste can cause a heightened metabolic response, researchers say

8/9/2017
Immunotherapy Shown Safe in Type 1 Diabetes Clinical Trial

Next step is to see if it works and for how long

8/8/2017
Heart Health Ignored by Many With Type 2 Diabetes

New evidence review reconfirms patient guidelines

8/8/2017
Online Game Helps Those With Diabetes Control Blood Sugar

Patients saw lasting improvement while playing team-based diabetes education game, study found

8/7/2017
Instagram Shows How Diabetics Really Wear a Glucose Monitor

2 out of 3 use a device that continuously tracks blood sugar on 'unapproved' body part, study finds

8/7/2017
Midlife Behaviors May Affect Your Dementia Risk

Of greatest importance are diabetes, blood pressure and smoking, researchers say

8/7/2017
What Diabetics Need to Know About Over-the-Counter Meds

Many cold, cough and headache remedies contain carbs, and as much alcohol as glass of beer or wine, pharmacist says

8/4/2017
Diabetes Drug Shows Promise Against Parkinson's

Byetta improved symptoms of motor disease in small, short trial, but more research needed

8/2/2017
10 Factors to Predict Bleeding Risk in Stroke Survivors

New method may aid doctors in assessing harms, benefits of anti-clotting drugs

8/2/2017
Medical Reality Catches Up to Science Fiction

Scientists unveil their Star Trek-like 'tricorder' to track human health

8/1/2017
Women Who Gain Weight Between Babies at Higher Risk for Diabetes

Danger is greatest for women whose weight was normal before they got pregnant, study finds

8/1/2017
Protein Deposits Seem to Play Role in Type 2 Diabetes

Injections in mice led to symptoms of the disease, researchers report

7/28/2017
Could a Little Alcohol Lower Your Diabetes Risk?

Daily drink or two may provide a bit of protection, study suggests, but one expert skeptical

7/25/2017
Many Primary Care Docs May Miss Prediabetes

Fewer than 1 in 10 surveyed named all risk factors identified by the American Diabetes Association

7/21/2017
Blame Diabetes: Rates of 2 Nerve Conditions on the Rise

Neurologist says one causes burning pain, the other causes problems with heart rate and blood pressure

7/20/2017
Targeting 9 Risk Factors Could Prevent 1 in 3 Dementia Cases: Study

Reducing mid-life hearing loss might make the biggest difference

7/20/2017
Good Diet, Exercise While Pregnant Could Cut C-section Risk

These healthy habits also lower odds for other obstetric complications, study shows

7/19/2017
7/7/2017
Exercising Safely With Diabetes

How to make it part of your care plan

6/30/2017
Many People With Type 1 Diabetes Still Make Some Insulin

Surprising finding hints at potential future therapy

6/29/2017
Some Prostate Drugs May Do Harm

Hormone-based meds linked to higher blood sugar and 'bad' cholesterol levels in small study