Misc. Diabetes News

Diabetes refers to any disease in which your blood sugar levels are above normal. These high blood sugar levels can occur for several reasons, and the reasons behind the elevated blood sugar usually help your doctor determine what “type” of diabetes you have. Ultimately, however, diabetes usually has to do with insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas to regulate glucose, or blood sugar, levels. When your body doesn’t produce enough insulin, or doesn’t properly use the insulin it does produce, then diabetes is the result.

Types of Diabetes

There are several different types of diabetes. The most common form is type 2 diabetes, accounting for more than 90 percent of diabetes cases. It used to be called “adult-onset diabetes” because it typically develops in adulthood. With type 2 diabetes, the body doesn't use insulin as efficiently as it used to, and high blood sugar is the result. Risk factors for type 2 diabetes include family history, ethnic background, old age, obesity and inactivity, among others.

Type 1 diabetes typically starts in childhood and accounts for about 5 percent of all diabetes cases. With type 1 diabetes, the body produces too little insulin or none at all. It is thought to be more of a genetic or environmental disorder and is not preventable, like some cases of type 2 diabetes.

There are rare forms of diabetes, as well. Some women will develop gestational diabetes while pregnant. And there are forms of diabetes known as monogenic diabetes, neonatal diabetes mellitus and maturity-onset diabetes of the young that all seem to be related to some type of genetic disorder.

Diabetes is the seventh leading cause of death in the United States. Without treatment, it can lead to heart disease, blindness, kidney failure, and lower-extremity amputations.

Treatment

Treatments for diabetes will vary, but most require some combination of healthy eating to regulate blood sugar, regular exercise and medication. Those with type 1 diabetes usually need to take some form of insulin on a regular basis in order to regulate their blood sugar. Medication is not always required for type 2 diabetes, but several forms of medication often help people with type 2 diabetes regulate blood sugar along with a good diet and exercise.

SOURCES: U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; U.S. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Date Posted
Article Title
6/20/2017
FDA Warns Diabetics Against Use of Secondhand Test Strips

Previously purchased products may not have been stored properly, could lead to inaccurate results

6/14/2017
Broccoli Extract Shows Promise for Type 2 Diabetes

But supplement only seems to help a certain group of people with the disease

6/13/2017
Key Diabetes Test Gives Higher Blood Sugar Readings in Black Patients

Study suggests difference stems from both biological and care issues

6/13/2017
For Diabetics, Nasal Powder Fixed Severe Low Blood Sugar

New product much easier to use than rescue injections, researcher says

6/12/2017
Can Folks With Type 2 Diabetes Forgo the Finger Stick?

Self-monitoring of blood sugar had no effect on long-term glucose levels in those not taking insulin, researchers say

6/7/2017
Study Confirms Link Between Diabetes Med and Rare But Dangerous Complication

SLGT2 inhibitors can hike risk for condition known as diabetic ketoacidosis, research shows

6/7/2017
U.S. Liver Cancer Deaths Have Doubled Since 1980s: Study

It's now fifth-leading cause of cancer death in men and No. 8 among women

6/6/2017
Health Tip: What's My Target Blood Glucose?

It varies based on these factors

5/25/2017
Kidneys From Deceased Diabetics Might Ease Organ Shortage: Study

More than 100,000 people are on the U.S. kidney transplant wait-list

5/19/2017
Suicide by Insulin?

Self-harm and suicidal behavior may not always be obvious in people with diabetes

5/17/2017
Diabetes Drug Gets FDA Warning Due to Amputation Risk

Canagliflozin tied to a doubling of amputations of legs, feet, agency says

5/16/2017
Angela Bassett Puts the Spotlight on Heart Health

Award-winning actress' mother had type 2 diabetes and died from heart issues

5/15/2017
As Temps Rise, Risk of Pregnancy Complication May Too

Extreme cold seems to reduce the chances; heat raises the odds, study suggests

5/11/2017
Health Tip: Managing Meals With Gastroparesis

Condition more frequent among diabetics

5/10/2017
Transplant of Insulin-Producing Cells Offers Hope Against Type 1 Diabetes

Patient still off injections a year after receiving cells in area near stomach

5/5/2017
5/4/2017
Red Wine Antioxidant Might Help Diabetics' Arteries

Resveratrol supplements appeared to aid those with the stiffest blood vessels in small study

4/28/2017
Type 2 Diabetes May Be Bad for Brain Health

Excess weight appears to amplify the threat, study says

4/27/2017
Health Tip: Coping With the 'Dawn Phenomenon'

If you have diabetes, here's what to do

4/26/2017
4/25/2017
Obesity Quadruples Kids' Type 2 Diabetes Risk: Study

About 415 million people worldwide have the disease, which is costly to treat but can be prevented

4/24/2017
The Top 5 Conditions That Shorten Americans' Lives -- And Are Preventable

Obesity steals the most years of all, researchers say

4/21/2017
When Is It Safe to Drive With Type 1 Diabetes?

Researchers say new checklist can help determine when low blood sugar should keep you off the road

4/19/2017
Is Annual Eye Exam a Must for People With Type 1 Diabetes?

An individual's level of risk for diabetic eye disease should guide how often they're screened, study says

4/19/2017
High Blood Pressure: A Silver Lining for Ovarian Cancer Patients?

Study finds prognosis may have some surprising influences

4/12/2017
Diabetes Continues Its Relentless Rise

But doctors making headway with heart complications among these patients

4/11/2017
A Healthy Middle-Aged Heart May Protect Your Brain Later

Dementia expert says take up heart-healthy habits sooner rather than later

4/8/2017
10 Minutes of Sweat a Day Helps Kids' Hearts

Replacing light exercise with vigorous activity could greatly benefit some kids and teens, study finds

4/3/2017
Race Plays Role in Heart, Diabetes Risk, Even at Normal Weight

For example, study found higher risk in Hispanics and people of South Asian descent who weren't overweight

3/24/2017
What Drugs Work Best for Diabetic Nerve Pain?

Data review shows some meds help more than others, but better options still needed

3/23/2017
Many Kids With Diabetes Missing Out on Eye Exams, Study Finds

Those with type 2 disease should see eye doc right away, while type 1 patients can wait 5 years

3/21/2017
A Warming Planet Might Mean More Diabetes

Study found a link between increases in temperature and more cases of the blood sugar disease

3/21/2017
Obesity in Youth Tied to Higher Odds for Liver Cancer in Men

Fatty deposits in the organ, along with diabetes, can raise the risk, researchers and specialists say

3/21/2017
Health Tip: Managing Metabolic Syndrome

Ways to help ward off complications

3/15/2017
Intensive Treatment Shows Potential Against Type 2 Diabetes

Up to 40 percent experienced temporary remission, small study finds

3/14/2017
Too Much Screen Time May Raise Kids' Diabetes Risk

Study finds 3-plus hours each day linked to increased body fat and insulin resistance

3/10/2017
Severe Low Blood Sugar Episode May Up Death Risk in Those With Type 2 Diabetes

Study also found a jump in heart disease and stroke odds

3/9/2017
Downside to Gluten-Free Diets: Diabetes Risk?

People who ate least amount of this protein slightly more likely to develop type 2 disease, study suggests

3/8/2017
Eye Exam Might Help Spot Poor Circulation in Legs

Narrowing of blood vessels in the retina could mimic what's happening in lower limbs, research suggests

3/8/2017
More Folic Acid in Pregnancy May Protect Kids From High Blood Pressure

If mothers have heart disease risk factors, nutrient benefits children, study suggests

3/7/2017
Poor Diet Tied to Half of U.S. Deaths From Heart Disease, Diabetes

Study explores which foods and nutrients may be helpful or harmful

3/6/2017
Health Tip: Know Your Risk for Diabetic Retinopathy

Factors that make the disease more likely

2/23/2017
Dentists at the Front Line in Diabetes Epidemic

Severe gum disease can signal undiagnosed case of blood sugar disease

2/22/2017
Unhealthy in Middle Age, Dementia in Old Age?

Diabetes, high blood pressure, smoking may set you up for Alzheimer's, research suggests

2/16/2017
Pregnancy-Linked Diabetes Poses Risks for Mom, Baby

Study confirms numerous hazards, and experts stress the condition must be treated immediately

2/15/2017
Weight-Loss Surgery May Help Obese Patients Beat Diabetes

After procedure, some patients were able to stop taking insulin to control their blood sugar, researchers report

2/14/2017
Heart Disease Could Cost U.S. $1 Trillion Per Year By 2035: Report

American Heart Association estimates that nearly half of Americans will have heart disease in less than 20 years

2/14/2017
Genes Tied to Belly Size Also Linked to Heart Disease

Large study found association, but did not prove cause and effect

2/10/2017
Air Pollution May Raise Risk of Type 2 Diabetes

Study of obese Hispanic children suggests smog might boost chances of developing the blood sugar disorder

2/7/2017
Sickle Cell Trait in Blacks Can Skew Diabetes Test Results

Inaccurate reading may affect diagnosis and treatment of the blood sugar disease, study says