Misc. Diabetes News

Diabetes refers to any disease in which your blood sugar levels are above normal. These high blood sugar levels can occur for several reasons, and the reasons behind the elevated blood sugar usually help your doctor determine what “type” of diabetes you have. Ultimately, however, diabetes usually has to do with insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas to regulate glucose, or blood sugar, levels. When your body doesn’t produce enough insulin, or doesn’t properly use the insulin it does produce, then diabetes is the result.

Types of Diabetes

There are several different types of diabetes. The most common form is type 2 diabetes, accounting for more than 90 percent of diabetes cases. It used to be called “adult-onset diabetes” because it typically develops in adulthood. With type 2 diabetes, the body doesn't use insulin as efficiently as it used to, and high blood sugar is the result. Risk factors for type 2 diabetes include family history, ethnic background, old age, obesity and inactivity, among others.

Type 1 diabetes typically starts in childhood and accounts for about 5 percent of all diabetes cases. With type 1 diabetes, the body produces too little insulin or none at all. It is thought to be more of a genetic or environmental disorder and is not preventable, like some cases of type 2 diabetes.

There are rare forms of diabetes, as well. Some women will develop gestational diabetes while pregnant. And there are forms of diabetes known as monogenic diabetes, neonatal diabetes mellitus and maturity-onset diabetes of the young that all seem to be related to some type of genetic disorder.

Diabetes is the seventh leading cause of death in the United States. Without treatment, it can lead to heart disease, blindness, kidney failure, and lower-extremity amputations.

Treatment

Treatments for diabetes will vary, but most require some combination of healthy eating to regulate blood sugar, regular exercise and medication. Those with type 1 diabetes usually need to take some form of insulin on a regular basis in order to regulate their blood sugar. Medication is not always required for type 2 diabetes, but several forms of medication often help people with type 2 diabetes regulate blood sugar along with a good diet and exercise.

SOURCES: U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; U.S. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Date Posted
Article Title
8/17/2017
Sleep and Diabetes Risk in Children

Kids who don't get enough sleep may be at higher risk for Type 2 Diabetes, study finds

8/15/2017
Lack of Sleep May Raise Child's Type 2 Diabetes Risk: Study

It found link -- but no proof -- between less slumber and risk factors for blood sugar disease

8/10/2017
Artificial Sweeteners Trick the Brain: Study

Sugary taste can cause a heightened metabolic response, researchers say

8/9/2017
Immunotherapy Shown Safe in Type 1 Diabetes Clinical Trial

Next step is to see if it works and for how long

8/8/2017
Heart Health Ignored by Many With Type 2 Diabetes

New evidence review reconfirms patient guidelines

8/8/2017
Online Game Helps Those With Diabetes Control Blood Sugar

Patients saw lasting improvement while playing team-based diabetes education game, study found

8/7/2017
Instagram Shows How Diabetics Really Wear a Glucose Monitor

2 out of 3 use a device that continuously tracks blood sugar on 'unapproved' body part, study finds

8/7/2017
Midlife Behaviors May Affect Your Dementia Risk

Of greatest importance are diabetes, blood pressure and smoking, researchers say

8/7/2017
What Diabetics Need to Know About Over-the-Counter Meds

Many cold, cough and headache remedies contain carbs, and as much alcohol as glass of beer or wine, pharmacist says

8/4/2017
Diabetes Drug Shows Promise Against Parkinson's

Byetta improved symptoms of motor disease in small, short trial, but more research needed

8/2/2017
10 Factors to Predict Bleeding Risk in Stroke Survivors

New method may aid doctors in assessing harms, benefits of anti-clotting drugs

8/2/2017
Medical Reality Catches Up to Science Fiction

Scientists unveil their Star Trek-like 'tricorder' to track human health

8/1/2017
Women Who Gain Weight Between Babies at Higher Risk for Diabetes

Danger is greatest for women whose weight was normal before they got pregnant, study finds

8/1/2017
Protein Deposits Seem to Play Role in Type 2 Diabetes

Injections in mice led to symptoms of the disease, researchers report

7/28/2017
Could a Little Alcohol Lower Your Diabetes Risk?

Daily drink or two may provide a bit of protection, study suggests, but one expert skeptical

7/25/2017
Many Primary Care Docs May Miss Prediabetes

Fewer than 1 in 10 surveyed named all risk factors identified by the American Diabetes Association

7/21/2017
Blame Diabetes: Rates of 2 Nerve Conditions on the Rise

Neurologist says one causes burning pain, the other causes problems with heart rate and blood pressure

7/20/2017
Targeting 9 Risk Factors Could Prevent 1 in 3 Dementia Cases: Study

Reducing mid-life hearing loss might make the biggest difference

7/20/2017
Good Diet, Exercise While Pregnant Could Cut C-section Risk

These healthy habits also lower odds for other obstetric complications, study shows

7/19/2017
7/7/2017
Exercising Safely With Diabetes

How to make it part of your care plan

6/30/2017
Many People With Type 1 Diabetes Still Make Some Insulin

Surprising finding hints at potential future therapy

6/29/2017
Some Prostate Drugs May Do Harm

Hormone-based meds linked to higher blood sugar and 'bad' cholesterol levels in small study

6/26/2017
Study Challenges Touted Link Between Eczema and Heart Disease

Researcher now probing whether more severe cases of the skin disorder increase odds of heart problems

6/26/2017
Boozing Can Age You Right Down to Your Cells

DNA studies reveal alcoholics have shorter telomeres, key markers of aging and overall health

6/20/2017
FDA Warns Diabetics Against Use of Secondhand Test Strips

Previously purchased products may not have been stored properly, could lead to inaccurate results

6/14/2017
Broccoli Extract Shows Promise for Type 2 Diabetes

But supplement only seems to help a certain group of people with the disease

6/13/2017
Key Diabetes Test Gives Higher Blood Sugar Readings in Black Patients

Study suggests difference stems from both biological and care issues

6/13/2017
For Diabetics, Nasal Powder Fixed Severe Low Blood Sugar

New product much easier to use than rescue injections, researcher says

6/12/2017
Can Folks With Type 2 Diabetes Forgo the Finger Stick?

Self-monitoring of blood sugar had no effect on long-term glucose levels in those not taking insulin, researchers say

6/7/2017
Study Confirms Link Between Diabetes Med and Rare But Dangerous Complication

SLGT2 inhibitors can hike risk for condition known as diabetic ketoacidosis, research shows

6/7/2017
U.S. Liver Cancer Deaths Have Doubled Since 1980s: Study

It's now fifth-leading cause of cancer death in men and No. 8 among women

6/6/2017
Health Tip: What's My Target Blood Glucose?

It varies based on these factors

5/25/2017
Kidneys From Deceased Diabetics Might Ease Organ Shortage: Study

More than 100,000 people are on the U.S. kidney transplant wait-list

5/19/2017
Suicide by Insulin?

Self-harm and suicidal behavior may not always be obvious in people with diabetes

5/17/2017
Diabetes Drug Gets FDA Warning Due to Amputation Risk

Canagliflozin tied to a doubling of amputations of legs, feet, agency says

5/16/2017
Angela Bassett Puts the Spotlight on Heart Health

Award-winning actress' mother had type 2 diabetes and died from heart issues

5/15/2017
As Temps Rise, Risk of Pregnancy Complication May Too

Extreme cold seems to reduce the chances; heat raises the odds, study suggests

5/11/2017
Health Tip: Managing Meals With Gastroparesis

Condition more frequent among diabetics

5/10/2017
Transplant of Insulin-Producing Cells Offers Hope Against Type 1 Diabetes

Patient still off injections a year after receiving cells in area near stomach

5/5/2017
5/4/2017
Red Wine Antioxidant Might Help Diabetics' Arteries

Resveratrol supplements appeared to aid those with the stiffest blood vessels in small study

4/28/2017
Type 2 Diabetes May Be Bad for Brain Health

Excess weight appears to amplify the threat, study says

4/27/2017
Health Tip: Coping With the 'Dawn Phenomenon'

If you have diabetes, here's what to do

4/26/2017
4/25/2017
Obesity Quadruples Kids' Type 2 Diabetes Risk: Study

About 415 million people worldwide have the disease, which is costly to treat but can be prevented

4/24/2017
The Top 5 Conditions That Shorten Americans' Lives -- And Are Preventable

Obesity steals the most years of all, researchers say

4/21/2017
When Is It Safe to Drive With Type 1 Diabetes?

Researchers say new checklist can help determine when low blood sugar should keep you off the road

4/19/2017
Is Annual Eye Exam a Must for People With Type 1 Diabetes?

An individual's level of risk for diabetic eye disease should guide how often they're screened, study says

4/19/2017
High Blood Pressure: A Silver Lining for Ovarian Cancer Patients?

Study finds prognosis may have some surprising influences