Type I Diabetes News

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease in which the pancreas stops producing insulin, making it difficult to control blood sugar levels. It's rarer than type 2 diabetes and accounts for about 5 percent of all diabetes cases. It used to be called "juvenile-onset diabetes" because it often occurs in children and young adults, though it can occur in adulthood, as well.

Unlike type 2 diabetes, nothing can be done to prevent type 1 diabetes, which is thought to be caused by some combination of genetic factors and environmental triggers. It occurs when the immune system attacks the pancreas and destroys insulin-producing cells.

Symptoms

The hormone insulin is pivotal in allowing sugar to leave the blood stream and enter the cells. Without it, the sugar simply builds up in the blood, and cells in the body are gradually starved of the food they need to operate.

Warning signs for type 1 diabetes include drowsiness, weight loss, vision changes, extreme thirst, frequent urination, heavy breathing and loss of consciousness. They can come on quite suddenly and can lead to problems all over the body, including the nerves, kidneys, eyes and heart. Undiagnosed or untreated type 1 diabetes can lead to coma and even death.

Treatment

The treatment for type 1 diabetes consists of regular doses of insulin. The amount and regularity of these doses will vary somewhat from person to person. The most common method of delivering insulin is via injection, with a syringe, but other methods also can be used, including pumps that are connected to the body and diffusers. Occasionally, people with type 1 diabetes may require other medications to manage their blood sugar or to help with complications that can arise from having type 1 diabetes.

SOURCES: U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation; Diabetes Research Institute Foundation; U.S. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Date Posted
Article Title
10/12/2017
Type 1 Diabetes and Celiac Link

Children who develop type 1 diabetes may be at increased risk of celiac disease, study finds

10/10/2017
Pump May Beat Shots for Type 1 Diabetes

Study found young patients had better blood sugar control with insulin pump, but cost is higher

10/10/2017
Where There's Type 1 Diabetes, Celiac Disease May Follow

Screening for early signs of both conditions should be done at birth, study suggests

10/7/2017
Making Halloween a Treat for Kids With Diabetes

Start by setting the same rules for everyone in the family, specialist says

10/5/2017
Rare Tumor May Point the Way to Diabetes Treatment

Insulinomas provide genetic maps for making insulin, researchers say

9/15/2017
Increasing Salt Intake Tied to Diabetes Risk

Odds of both type 2 and latent autoimmune diabetes rose when adults consumed more salt, study shows

9/14/2017
Can Coffee or Tea Extend Survival With Diabetes?

The answer may depend on whether you're a man or a woman

9/14/2017
Could Swine Flu Be Linked to Type 1 Diabetes?

Study suggests Norwegians hit by H1N1 flu pandemic more likely to develop the autoimmune disease

8/9/2017
Immunotherapy Shown Safe in Type 1 Diabetes Clinical Trial

Next step is to see if it works and for how long

8/8/2017
Online Game Helps Those With Diabetes Control Blood Sugar

Patients saw lasting improvement while playing team-based diabetes education game, study found

8/7/2017
Instagram Shows How Diabetics Really Wear a Glucose Monitor

2 out of 3 use a device that continuously tracks blood sugar on 'unapproved' body part, study finds

7/21/2017
Blame Diabetes: Rates of 2 Nerve Conditions on the Rise

Neurologist says one causes burning pain, the other causes problems with heart rate and blood pressure

7/14/2017
New Diabetes Treatment Teaches Rogue Immune Cells to Behave

'Stem cell educator' provided at least 4 years' benefit for some people with type 1 or type 2 diabetes, study says

6/30/2017
Many People With Type 1 Diabetes Still Make Some Insulin

Surprising finding hints at potential future therapy

6/20/2017
FDA Warns Diabetics Against Use of Secondhand Test Strips

Previously purchased products may not have been stored properly, could lead to inaccurate results

6/13/2017
Key Diabetes Test Gives Higher Blood Sugar Readings in Black Patients

Study suggests difference stems from both biological and care issues

6/13/2017
For Diabetics, Nasal Powder Fixed Severe Low Blood Sugar

New product much easier to use than rescue injections, researcher says

6/7/2017
Study Confirms Link Between Diabetes Med and Rare But Dangerous Complication

SLGT2 inhibitors can hike risk for condition known as diabetic ketoacidosis, research shows

5/25/2017
Kidneys From Deceased Diabetics Might Ease Organ Shortage: Study

More than 100,000 people are on the U.S. kidney transplant wait-list

5/19/2017
Suicide by Insulin?

Self-harm and suicidal behavior may not always be obvious in people with diabetes

5/10/2017
Transplant of Insulin-Producing Cells Offers Hope Against Type 1 Diabetes

Patient still off injections a year after receiving cells in area near stomach

4/25/2017
Obesity Quadruples Kids' Type 2 Diabetes Risk: Study

About 415 million people worldwide have the disease, which is costly to treat but can be prevented

4/21/2017
When Is It Safe to Drive With Type 1 Diabetes?

Researchers say new checklist can help determine when low blood sugar should keep you off the road

4/19/2017
Is Annual Eye Exam a Must for People With Type 1 Diabetes?

An individual's level of risk for diabetic eye disease should guide how often they're screened, study says

4/12/2017
Diabetes Continues Its Relentless Rise

But doctors making headway with heart complications among these patients

3/23/2017
Many Kids With Diabetes Missing Out on Eye Exams, Study Finds

Those with type 2 disease should see eye doc right away, while type 1 patients can wait 5 years

2/28/2017
Youth With Type 2 Diabetes Often Face Complications

This growing group has double the problems as peers with type 1 disease, study finds

1/31/2017
Is There a Link Between Diabetes and Pancreatic Cancer?

Type 2 diabetes onset or worsening may be early sign of deadly, hard-to-detect cancer, study suggests

1/31/2017
Diabetes Risk May Be Higher for HIV-Positive Adults

Longer survival with the virus might make people more vulnerable to chronic conditions, researchers suggest

1/24/2017
High-Tech Blood Sugar Monitors May Help People With Type 1 Diabetes

Pair of studies found patients taking insulin injections had better levels with devices

1/19/2017
Study Ties Inflammation, Gut Bacteria to Type 1 Diabetes

However, it's not yet clear if these factors actually cause the disease

1/19/2017
Most Cow's Milk Baby Formulas Don't Up Risk of Type 1 Diabetes

But one type of formula may be linked to greater chances if given in week 1, study suggests

1/10/2017
Common Virus May Have Ties to Type 1 Diabetes

But enterovirus infections probably aren't the only culprit, researchers say

12/20/2016
FDA OKs High-Tech Diabetes Device to Help Replace Fingerstick Tests

Dexcom G5 is first continuous glucose monitoring system that can be used for treatment decisions

11/29/2016
Insulin Prices Skyrocket, Putting Many Diabetics in a Bind

American Diabetes Association asks Congress to investigate the matter

11/10/2016
Nearly 6 in 10 Diabetics Skip Eye Exams, Study Finds

These annual check-ups could help prevent 95 percent of vision loss

11/8/2016
U.S. Doctors Don't All Follow Prediabetes Screening Guidelines: Study

They split 50-50, survey shows, on advice aimed at preventing full-blown diabetes

10/26/2016
New Guidelines Urge Diabetics to Move More

They should do light physical activity every 30 minutes, not every 90 minutes

10/14/2016
Exercise Can Help Manage Type 1 Diabetes

But physical activity doesn't replace need for insulin treatment

10/12/2016
Researchers Pinpoint More Genes Linked to Vitiligo

Genetic clues to this autoimmune disease could lead to breakthroughs for related disorders, researchers say

10/11/2016
Chronic Disease in Mom May Be Linked to Newborns' Heart Disease

Risk highest among women born with heart defects or who developed type 2 diabetes, study suggests

10/5/2016
A Better Diabetes Test?

Scientists say their mathematical formula improves accuracy of standard blood screen

10/3/2016
Children With Diabetes Can Have Bright Future

Advances in management of blood sugar disease help avoid long-term complications, doctor says

9/28/2016
FDA Approves 1st 'Artificial Pancreas' for Type 1 Diabetes

Automated insulin delivery system will ease some of the burden of living with the condition

9/19/2016
Canada's First Nations People Face Greater Diabetes Risk

8 of 10 will develop the blood sugar disease, and decades sooner than others, researchers say

9/13/2016
Pilots on Insulin Therapy Can Safely Fly Commercial Planes: Study

But they must check blood sugar before and during flights, regulations say

9/7/2016
'Glycemic Index' May Be Too Unreliable to Manage Diabetes: Study

Wide variability seen after eating same food at different times

9/6/2016
Older Drug May Help Type 1 Diabetics' Heart Health

Metformin appears to have cardiovascular benefits, researchers report

8/22/2016
Mouse Study Suggests Antibiotics in Kids Might Help Spur Type 1 Diabetes

Whether link applies to humans isn't clear, researchers say

8/11/2016
U.S. Kids Don't Make the Grade on Heart Health

Most don't eat right or get enough exercise, and the American Heart Association warns of problems ahead