Type I Diabetes News

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease in which the pancreas stops producing insulin, making it difficult to control blood sugar levels. It's rarer than type 2 diabetes and accounts for about 5 percent of all diabetes cases. It used to be called "juvenile-onset diabetes" because it often occurs in children and young adults, though it can occur in adulthood, as well.

Unlike type 2 diabetes, nothing can be done to prevent type 1 diabetes, which is thought to be caused by some combination of genetic factors and environmental triggers. It occurs when the immune system attacks the pancreas and destroys insulin-producing cells.


The hormone insulin is pivotal in allowing sugar to leave the blood stream and enter the cells. Without it, the sugar simply builds up in the blood, and cells in the body are gradually starved of the food they need to operate.

Warning signs for type 1 diabetes include drowsiness, weight loss, vision changes, extreme thirst, frequent urination, heavy breathing and loss of consciousness. They can come on quite suddenly and can lead to problems all over the body, including the nerves, kidneys, eyes and heart. Undiagnosed or untreated type 1 diabetes can lead to coma and even death.


The treatment for type 1 diabetes consists of regular doses of insulin. The amount and regularity of these doses will vary somewhat from person to person. The most common method of delivering insulin is via injection, with a syringe, but other methods also can be used, including pumps that are connected to the body and diffusers. Occasionally, people with type 1 diabetes may require other medications to manage their blood sugar or to help with complications that can arise from having type 1 diabetes.

SOURCES: U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation; Diabetes Research Institute Foundation; U.S. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Date Posted
Article Title
Exercise Can Help Manage Type 1 Diabetes

But physical activity doesn't replace need for insulin treatment

Researchers Pinpoint More Genes Linked to Vitiligo

Genetic clues to this autoimmune disease could lead to breakthroughs for related disorders, researchers say

Chronic Disease in Mom May Be Linked to Newborns' Heart Disease

Risk highest among women born with heart defects or who developed type 2 diabetes, study suggests

A Better Diabetes Test?

Scientists say their mathematical formula improves accuracy of standard blood screen

Children With Diabetes Can Have Bright Future

Advances in management of blood sugar disease help avoid long-term complications, doctor says

FDA Approves 1st 'Artificial Pancreas' for Type 1 Diabetes

Automated insulin delivery system will ease some of the burden of living with the condition

Canada's First Nations People Face Greater Diabetes Risk

8 of 10 will develop the blood sugar disease, and decades sooner than others, researchers say

Pilots on Insulin Therapy Can Safely Fly Commercial Planes: Study

But they must check blood sugar before and during flights, regulations say

'Glycemic Index' May Be Too Unreliable to Manage Diabetes: Study

Wide variability seen after eating same food at different times

Older Drug May Help Type 1 Diabetics' Heart Health

Metformin appears to have cardiovascular benefits, researchers report

Mouse Study Suggests Antibiotics in Kids Might Help Spur Type 1 Diabetes

Whether link applies to humans isn't clear, researchers say

U.S. Kids Don't Make the Grade on Heart Health

Most don't eat right or get enough exercise, and the American Heart Association warns of problems ahead

When Diabetes Strikes, Get Moving to Lower Risk to Eyes

Study finds association between inactivity and heightened odds for diabetic retinopathy

U.S. Teen Diabetes Rate Exceeds Prior Estimates

Most young people unaware they have it, study finds

Health Tip: When Your Blood Glucose Rises

Here are possible reasons why

Diabetes Doesn't Doom Seniors to Disability

Study found increase in 'good' years of life in recent decades

Could Infant Colds, Other Infections Raise Type 1 Diabetes Risk?

Study suggests a link, but researchers still don't understand the potential mechanisms

Diabetes Steals Years, Adds Disabilities

Middle-aged adults will lose more than 3 years because of the disease, study estimates

Type 1 Diabetes Linked to Epilepsy Risk, Study Suggests

But the research did not prove a cause-and-effect connection

A Wearable Patch Might Help Manage Diabetes Painlessly

Experimental technology senses blood sugar and delivers medicine with microneedles

Is Type 1 Diabetes Linked to Raised Risk of Certain Cancers?

Study suggests, but doesn't prove, that odds increase for some types of tumors, but drop for others

Valentine's Day Can Still Be Sweet for Loved Ones With Diabetes

Flowers, jewelry or an outdoor excursion can make the holiday romantic, expert says

New Transplant Technique Might Free Type 1 Diabetics From Daily Injections

Mouse study showed that putting insulin-producing cells in capsules protected the rodents from immune system

Artificial Pancreas to Get Long-Term 'Real-Life' Trial

Researchers will measure how well the new technology helps people with type 1 diabetes

Diabetic Kidney Damage May Start Earlier Than Thought

Higher-than-normal blood sugar levels can lead to kidney failure over time, research says

Nasal Spray May Give Diabetics Faster Treatment for Low Blood Sugar

Trial found it easier to use than current remedy, an injection

More U.S. Kids Have Type 1 Diabetes, But Researchers Don't Know Why

And study found that more are developing kidney problems as a result of their disease

Infant Weight Gain Linked to Possible Type 1 Diabetes Risk

But study author says it's too soon to recommend changes in feeding practices

Metformin May Not Help Obese Teens With Type 1 Diabetes

Study found most benefits waned over time, but one expert believes more research is needed

New Diabetes Cases Among Americans Drop for First Time in Decades: CDC

But another report shows U.S. has more cases than 37 other developed nations

New Treatment for Type 1 Diabetes Shows Early Promise

Trial finds that immune-based therapy is safe; further trial on effectiveness is planned

Type 1 Diabetes: An Unrelenting Disease

How the blood sugar condition constantly affects daily living

Newborn Probiotic Use Tied to Lower Risk of Type 1 Diabetes

But association was only found in those with the highest genetic risk of the disease

Insulin Pumps Give Kids With Type 1 Diabetes Better Blood Sugar Control

Study included almost 55,000 children and teens

Artificial Pancreas Works Well in Home Trial

Study found improved diabetes management in a real-world setting

Researchers Dig for Cause of Dog Diabetes

Disease looks similar to type 1 in humans, but with important differences

Pesticide Exposure Tied to Diabetes Risk

Review finds these chemicals may boost odds of blood sugar disease by about 60 percent

Diabetes Takes a Toll on Women's Hearts

Studies find up to a 40 percent greater risk of coronary problems in females

Can Eye Screening for Diabetic Kids Be Delayed a Bit?

Yearly exams for most with type 1 disease can wait until 5 years after diagnosis or age 15, whichever is later, researchers suggest

Insulin Pumps Nearly Halve Risk of Heart Disease Death for Type 1 Diabetics

Better blood sugar control, greater education may help explain results, researchers say

Parents of Kids With Diabetes Need to Plan for School Days

Only 30 states have laws ensuring children access to proper care

Psoriasis Drug May Help Preserve Pancreas Cells in Type 1 Diabetes

Used early after diagnosis, drug appears to have long-lasting effects, study reports

Type 1 Diabetes and Dementia Risk

People with type 1 diabetes at greater risk for dementia, study finds.

Type 1 Diabetes Linked to Higher Risk of Dementia

Study found people with blood sugar disorder were about 80 percent more likely to have memory troubles

Celiac Disease in Family May Up Your Risk for Related Disorders

Close relatives, including spouses, had higher odds for type 1 diabetes, lupus, sarcoidosis, study finds

Uncontrolled Diabetes May Boost Dementia Risk

Older patients with more disease complications have greater mental decline, Taiwan study says

Cost a Barrier to Healthier Diets for Diabetic Kids, Study Shows

Why many parents of children with type 1 diabetes struggle to provide better food choices

New Trial Tests Whether TB Shot Fights Type 1 Diabetes

Researchers will look at effects in people with longstanding disease

FDA Issues Warning for Type 2 Diabetes Drugs

SGLT2 inhibitors linked to potentially fatal condition called ketoacidosis

Immune System Genes May Change With the Seasons: Study

Altered activity could explain why some diseases are worse in some months than others, researchers say