Type II Diabetes News

Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. It accounts for about 90 to 95 percent of all cases of diabetes in the United States. Most people with type 2 diabetes become insulin resistant, which means the body produces insulin but doesn't use it properly to help transfer glucose, or blood sugar, from the blood into the cells. This causes blood sugar to rise and can lead to a number of complications.

Type 2 diabetes was formerly called "adult-onset diabetes" because it typically develops in adulthood.

Causes

Type 2 diabetes can sometimes be prevented, but not always. Risk factors for the disease include a family history of diabetes, racial or ethnic background, old age, obesity and inactivity, among others. Over time, certain lifestyle factors such as obesity and inactivity can lead to insulin resistance and ultimately to developing type 2 diabetes.

Symptoms

Sometimes people with type 2 diabetes have few symptoms early on. But some warning signs to look for include unexplained weight loss, extreme hunger or thirst, frequent urination, fatigue, numbness in the hands or feet, dry skin, frequent infections and sores that heal slowly. Anyone who begins to experience any of these symptoms should be checked by a doctor. That's because diabetes can be diagnosed with simple blood tests, but left untreated, it can over time lead to serious and life-threatening complications. These can include eye and foot problems, stroke and heart disease, among others.

Treatment

People with type 2 diabetes often have to check their blood sugar frequently to make sure it is under control. This is done with a tool called a blood glucose monitor. Healthy eating and regular exercise also play a critical role in managing type 2 diabetes. Also, medications are often necessary to help with regulating blood sugar, and supplemental insulin may be needed in some instances as well.

SOURCES: U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; U.S. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Date Posted
Article Title
10/11/2017
Stroke Risk Factors Are Rising

More people survive these brain attacks, but the health problems that cause stroke aren't going away

10/7/2017
Making Halloween a Treat for Kids With Diabetes

Start by setting the same rules for everyone in the family, specialist says

10/5/2017
Rare Tumor May Point the Way to Diabetes Treatment

Insulinomas provide genetic maps for making insulin, researchers say

9/21/2017
One Weight-Loss Surgery Shows Lasting Results

Patients 77 pounds slimmer on average 12 years after gastric bypass, study finds

9/20/2017
Fracture Risk Higher for Seniors With Diabetes

Bone weaknesses seen in those with blood sugar disease

9/15/2017
Increasing Salt Intake Tied to Diabetes Risk

Odds of both type 2 and latent autoimmune diabetes rose when adults consumed more salt, study shows

9/14/2017
Can Coffee or Tea Extend Survival With Diabetes?

The answer may depend on whether you're a man or a woman

9/13/2017
'Upside' to Diabetes Really Isn't

People with type 2 had lower risk of bulging or torn artery, but experts stress there's a much bigger downside

9/5/2017
Health Tip: Kids and Type 2 Diabetes

Risk may be higher with lack of sleep

8/15/2017
Could Big Lifestyle Changes Be Key to Managing Type 2 Diabetes?

Study finds lower blood sugar, reduced need for medication

8/15/2017
Lack of Sleep May Raise Child's Type 2 Diabetes Risk: Study

It found link -- but no proof -- between less slumber and risk factors for blood sugar disease

8/8/2017
Heart Health Ignored by Many With Type 2 Diabetes

New evidence review reconfirms patient guidelines

8/8/2017
Online Game Helps Those With Diabetes Control Blood Sugar

Patients saw lasting improvement while playing team-based diabetes education game, study found

8/3/2017
Engineered Skin Cells Control Type 2 Diabetes in Mice: Study

'Therapeutic skin grafts' might someday treat multiple diseases, researchers say

8/1/2017
Protein Deposits Seem to Play Role in Type 2 Diabetes

Injections in mice led to symptoms of the disease, researchers report

7/28/2017
Could a Little Alcohol Lower Your Diabetes Risk?

Daily drink or two may provide a bit of protection, study suggests, but one expert skeptical

7/26/2017
Don't Put Off Weight-Loss Surgery Till You're Heavier

Best results seen for those with pre-op BMI of less than 40, study says

7/25/2017
Many Primary Care Docs May Miss Prediabetes

Fewer than 1 in 10 surveyed named all risk factors identified by the American Diabetes Association

7/21/2017
Blame Diabetes: Rates of 2 Nerve Conditions on the Rise

Neurologist says one causes burning pain, the other causes problems with heart rate and blood pressure

7/19/2017
Early Menopause May Be Tied to Type 2 Diabetes

When periods stop before 40, risk is 4 times greater compared to late menopause, study suggests

7/18/2017
More Than 100 Million Americans Have Diabetes or Prediabetes: CDC

Lifestyle changes can prevent full-blown disease, report says

7/18/2017
More Evidence That Midlife Weight Gain Harms Your Health

Risk of diabetes, heart disease rises when waistlines widen slowly, study finds

7/14/2017
New Diabetes Treatment Teaches Rogue Immune Cells to Behave

'Stem cell educator' provided at least 4 years' benefit for some people with type 1 or type 2 diabetes, study says

6/29/2017
Some Prostate Drugs May Do Harm

Hormone-based meds linked to higher blood sugar and 'bad' cholesterol levels in small study

6/26/2017
Study Challenges Touted Link Between Eczema and Heart Disease

Researcher now probing whether more severe cases of the skin disorder increase odds of heart problems

6/20/2017
FDA Warns Diabetics Against Use of Secondhand Test Strips

Previously purchased products may not have been stored properly, could lead to inaccurate results

6/15/2017
Are You at Risk for Metabolic Syndrome?

Protect yourself from 'pre-diabetes'

6/15/2017
Natural Treatment for Diabetes?

A compound found in broccoli may help control blood sugar levels with patients with type 2 diabetes, new study finds.

6/14/2017
Broccoli Extract Shows Promise for Type 2 Diabetes

But supplement only seems to help a certain group of people with the disease

6/13/2017
Key Diabetes Test Gives Higher Blood Sugar Readings in Black Patients

Study suggests difference stems from both biological and care issues

6/13/2017
For Diabetics, Nasal Powder Fixed Severe Low Blood Sugar

New product much easier to use than rescue injections, researcher says

6/12/2017
Can Folks With Type 2 Diabetes Forgo the Finger Stick?

Self-monitoring of blood sugar had no effect on long-term glucose levels in those not taking insulin, researchers say

6/7/2017
Study Confirms Link Between Diabetes Med and Rare But Dangerous Complication

SLGT2 inhibitors can hike risk for condition known as diabetic ketoacidosis, research shows

6/7/2017
U.S. Liver Cancer Deaths Have Doubled Since 1980s: Study

It's now fifth-leading cause of cancer death in men and No. 8 among women

5/31/2017
The Whole Truth About Whole Fruits

Why it's often better to skip the smoothie

5/25/2017
Kidneys From Deceased Diabetics Might Ease Organ Shortage: Study

More than 100,000 people are on the U.S. kidney transplant wait-list

5/19/2017
Suicide by Insulin?

Self-harm and suicidal behavior may not always be obvious in people with diabetes

5/17/2017
Diabetes Drug Gets FDA Warning Due to Amputation Risk

Canagliflozin tied to a doubling of amputations of legs, feet, agency says

5/16/2017
Angela Bassett Puts the Spotlight on Heart Health

Award-winning actress' mother had type 2 diabetes and died from heart issues

5/4/2017
Red Wine Antioxidant Might Help Diabetics' Arteries

Resveratrol supplements appeared to aid those with the stiffest blood vessels in small study

4/28/2017
Type 2 Diabetes May Be Bad for Brain Health

Excess weight appears to amplify the threat, study says

4/25/2017
Obesity Quadruples Kids' Type 2 Diabetes Risk: Study

About 415 million people worldwide have the disease, which is costly to treat but can be prevented

4/12/2017
Diabetes Continues Its Relentless Rise

But doctors making headway with heart complications among these patients

3/23/2017
Many Kids With Diabetes Missing Out on Eye Exams, Study Finds

Those with type 2 disease should see eye doc right away, while type 1 patients can wait 5 years

3/21/2017
A Warming Planet Might Mean More Diabetes

Study found a link between increases in temperature and more cases of the blood sugar disease

3/15/2017
Intensive Treatment Shows Potential Against Type 2 Diabetes

Up to 40 percent experienced temporary remission, small study finds

3/14/2017
Too Much Screen Time May Raise Kids' Diabetes Risk

Study finds 3-plus hours each day linked to increased body fat and insulin resistance

3/10/2017
Severe Low Blood Sugar Episode May Up Death Risk in Those With Type 2 Diabetes

Study also found a jump in heart disease and stroke odds

3/9/2017
Downside to Gluten-Free Diets: Diabetes Risk?

People who ate least amount of this protein slightly more likely to develop type 2 disease, study suggests

3/9/2017
1 in 7 Obese People Has Normal Blood Pressure, Cholesterol

But that doesn't mean the excess weight is harmless, researchers say