Type II Diabetes News

Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. It accounts for about 90 to 95 percent of all cases of diabetes in the United States. Most people with type 2 diabetes become insulin resistant, which means the body produces insulin but doesn't use it properly to help transfer glucose, or blood sugar, from the blood into the cells. This causes blood sugar to rise and can lead to a number of complications.

Type 2 diabetes was formerly called "adult-onset diabetes" because it typically develops in adulthood.

Causes

Type 2 diabetes can sometimes be prevented, but not always. Risk factors for the disease include a family history of diabetes, racial or ethnic background, old age, obesity and inactivity, among others. Over time, certain lifestyle factors such as obesity and inactivity can lead to insulin resistance and ultimately to developing type 2 diabetes.

Symptoms

Sometimes people with type 2 diabetes have few symptoms early on. But some warning signs to look for include unexplained weight loss, extreme hunger or thirst, frequent urination, fatigue, numbness in the hands or feet, dry skin, frequent infections and sores that heal slowly. Anyone who begins to experience any of these symptoms should be checked by a doctor. That's because diabetes can be diagnosed with simple blood tests, but left untreated, it can over time lead to serious and life-threatening complications. These can include eye and foot problems, stroke and heart disease, among others.

Treatment

People with type 2 diabetes often have to check their blood sugar frequently to make sure it is under control. This is done with a tool called a blood glucose monitor. Healthy eating and regular exercise also play a critical role in managing type 2 diabetes. Also, medications are often necessary to help with regulating blood sugar, and supplemental insulin may be needed in some instances as well.

SOURCES: U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; U.S. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Date Posted
Article Title
3/23/2017
Many Kids With Diabetes Missing Out on Eye Exams, Study Finds

Those with type 2 disease should see eye doc right away, while type 1 patients can wait 5 years

3/21/2017
A Warming Planet Might Mean More Diabetes

Study found a link between increases in temperature and more cases of the blood sugar disease

3/15/2017
Intensive Treatment Shows Potential Against Type 2 Diabetes

Up to 40 percent experienced temporary remission, small study finds

3/14/2017
Too Much Screen Time May Raise Kids' Diabetes Risk

Study finds 3-plus hours each day linked to increased body fat and insulin resistance

3/10/2017
Severe Low Blood Sugar Episode May Up Death Risk in Those With Type 2 Diabetes

Study also found a jump in heart disease and stroke odds

3/9/2017
Downside to Gluten-Free Diets: Diabetes Risk?

People who ate least amount of this protein slightly more likely to develop type 2 disease, study suggests

3/9/2017
1 in 7 Obese People Has Normal Blood Pressure, Cholesterol

But that doesn't mean the excess weight is harmless, researchers say

3/7/2017
Poor Diet Tied to Half of U.S. Deaths From Heart Disease, Diabetes

Study explores which foods and nutrients may be helpful or harmful

2/28/2017
Youth With Type 2 Diabetes Often Face Complications

This growing group has double the problems as peers with type 1 disease, study finds

2/23/2017
Dentists at the Front Line in Diabetes Epidemic

Severe gum disease can signal undiagnosed case of blood sugar disease

2/15/2017
Weight-Loss Surgery May Help Obese Patients Beat Diabetes

After procedure, some patients were able to stop taking insulin to control their blood sugar, researchers report

2/10/2017
Air Pollution May Raise Risk of Type 2 Diabetes

Study of obese Hispanic children suggests smog might boost chances of developing the blood sugar disorder

1/31/2017
Is There a Link Between Diabetes and Pancreatic Cancer?

Type 2 diabetes onset or worsening may be early sign of deadly, hard-to-detect cancer, study suggests

1/31/2017
Diabetes Risk May Be Higher for HIV-Positive Adults

Longer survival with the virus might make people more vulnerable to chronic conditions, researchers suggest

1/27/2017
Slim But Sedentary: Risk of Prediabetes May Rise

4 out of 10 'skinny fat' people had higher blood sugar by middle age, study finds

1/12/2017
Wearable Sensors May Spot Illness Before Symptoms Start

New technology could help sense infections, type 2 diabetes and other conditions, scientists say

1/10/2017
Native Americans Make Progress Against Diabetes Complication

Kidney failure down by 54 percent over 2 decades, CDC report finds

1/3/2017
Metformin Still Best as First Type 2 Diabetes Treatment

American College of Physicians updated diabetes guidelines, said second drug can be added

12/20/2016
FDA OKs High-Tech Diabetes Device to Help Replace Fingerstick Tests

Dexcom G5 is first continuous glucose monitoring system that can be used for treatment decisions

12/1/2016
Standing or 'Easy' Walks May Help Type 2 Diabetics Control Blood Sugar

Study counters notion that vigorous exercise is key to battling the illness

11/29/2016
Insulin Prices Skyrocket, Putting Many Diabetics in a Bind

American Diabetes Association asks Congress to investigate the matter

11/10/2016
Nearly 6 in 10 Diabetics Skip Eye Exams, Study Finds

These annual check-ups could help prevent 95 percent of vision loss

11/10/2016
Daily Can of Soda Boosts Odds for Prediabetes, Study Finds

Diet sodas do not appear to pose the same danger, researcher says

11/8/2016
U.S. Doctors Don't All Follow Prediabetes Screening Guidelines: Study

They split 50-50, survey shows, on advice aimed at preventing full-blown diabetes

10/26/2016
New Guidelines Urge Diabetics to Move More

They should do light physical activity every 30 minutes, not every 90 minutes

10/19/2016
Exercise and Diabetes Risk

How much and when you exercise may affect your risk of developing type 2 diabetes, studies find.

10/18/2016
Have Type 2 Diabetes? Try Walking After Eating

Study found it lowered blood sugar levels more than other exercise, particularly if done after dinner

10/14/2016
More Evidence Linking Obesity to Liver Cancer

And type 2 diabetes more than doubles the odds, researchers say

10/11/2016
Chronic Disease in Mom May Be Linked to Newborns' Heart Disease

Risk highest among women born with heart defects or who developed type 2 diabetes, study suggests

10/5/2016
A Better Diabetes Test?

Scientists say their mathematical formula improves accuracy of standard blood screen

10/3/2016
Is Web-Based Test for Prediabetes Faulty?

Assessment finds 8 in 10 Americans over 60 at risk, a conclusion questioned by several experts

10/3/2016
Worry About Job Loss May be Linked to Diabetes Risk: Study

Blood sugar disorder rate was 19 percent higher for people concerned about getting fired

9/19/2016
Canada's First Nations People Face Greater Diabetes Risk

8 of 10 will develop the blood sugar disease, and decades sooner than others, researchers say

9/16/2016
Marriage May Help Diabetics Keep Weight Off

Study also found it lowered chances of risk factors for heart disease among men, but not women

9/16/2016
Could Fish Oil Fatty Acids Raise a Woman's Risk for Diabetes?

Long-term French study finds an association between the two

9/15/2016
Study Sees Link Between Long Naps, Type 2 Diabetes Risk

But the research did not prove cause-and-effect

9/14/2016
Bodybuilders' Steroid Abuse Linked to Pre-Diabetic Condition

Misuse of these drugs may interfere with how the body uses the hormone insulin, research shows

9/13/2016
Pilots on Insulin Therapy Can Safely Fly Commercial Planes: Study

But they must check blood sugar before and during flights, regulations say

9/8/2016
Sugary Drink Warnings Hit Home With Teens

Fewer choose sweetened beverages when labels mention obesity, diabetes, study finds

9/8/2016
Intensive Type 2 Diabetes Treatment Can Extend Survival: Study

Researchers also found lower risk of complications such as heart and kidney disease, vision problems

9/7/2016
'Glycemic Index' May Be Too Unreliable to Manage Diabetes: Study

Wide variability seen after eating same food at different times

9/2/2016
Fried, Grilled or Baked Foods? They May Affect Type 2 Diabetes Risk

Researchers suggest steaming, poaching and stewing for better health

8/18/2016
Fatty Fish May Curb Eye Risks for Diabetics, Study Finds

Those who ate 2 servings a week were 48 percent less likely to develop diabetic retinopathy

8/11/2016
U.S. Kids Don't Make the Grade on Heart Health

Most don't eat right or get enough exercise, and the American Heart Association warns of problems ahead

8/4/2016
When Diabetes Strikes, Get Moving to Lower Risk to Eyes

Study finds association between inactivity and heightened odds for diabetic retinopathy

8/2/2016
Diabetes Drug Victoza Might Not Help Advanced Heart Failure Patients

Study participants may have been too sick to benefit from the medication, diabetes expert says

8/1/2016
Fat May Not Hike Heart Attack Risk: Study

But it does raise diabetes risk, research with twins found

7/28/2016
FDA OKs New Injectable Type 2 Diabetes Medication

Drug lowers blood sugar levels, and doesn't boost risk of heart problems, agency says

7/28/2016
Adlyxin Approved for Type 2 Diabetes

Hormone helps control blood sugar

7/26/2016
Flu Shot Tied to Fewer Hospitalizations, Deaths in Type 2 Diabetes Patients

Risk of dying dropped almost one-quarter over 7 years in those who got the vaccine