Rosacea is a skin condition that primarily affects the face and head. The first sign is often a greater tendency to blush, and then the condition progresses to include more serious skin symptoms.
There are four types of rosacea. Frequent redness, flushing and visible blood vessels are symptoms of erythematotelangiectatic rosacea. Papulopustular rosacea is similar but can also cause skin breakouts that look like bad acne. When the skin has thick bumps, it's called phymatous rosacea. And ocular rosacea affects the eyes and the area around the eyes.
What Causes Rosacea
Rosacea is a bit of a mysterious condition, but certain people are at a greater risk of developing it. Rosacea typically affects people between the ages of 30 and 50, and it is more commonly seen among fair-skinned people of European descent. It tends to run in families, and people might be at a greater risk of developing it if they had acne problems when they were younger. Other factors that might play a role in having rosacea include a weakened immune system or exposure to certain bacteria.
Management and Treatment
Rosacea cannot be cured, but there are many steps people can take to manage or treat the condition. For example, skin creams and antibiotics can help manage symptoms. Lasers, light treatments or dermabrasion can be used to prevent outbreaks or to remove skin damaged from rosacea. Sunlight, stress and some types of foods and drinks may contribute to a rosacea outbreak, so it helps to identify triggers and try to avoid them. Wearing sunscreen can also offer protection if sunlight is a problem.
SOURCE: American Academy of Dermatology
Caffeine from coffee but not other foods may ease symptoms of rosacea.