Education Increases Support for Family-Witnessed CPR

Prior experience of family-witnessed resuscitation identified as strongest variable of support

TUESDAY, May 31 (HealthDay News) -- Presentation of an evidence-based family-witnessed resuscitation (FWR) education program to cardiopulmonary resuscitation providers may modify their opinions and increase their support for FWR, according to a study published in the May issue of the Journal of Emergency Nursing.

Lori M. Feagan, R.N., M.N., from Spokane Internal Medicine in Spokane Valley, Wash., and Nancy J. Fisher, R.N., M.S.N., from Valley Hospital and Medical Center in Spokane Valley, evaluated the opinions and beliefs of physicians and nurses regarding FWR, before and after an education program. In the first phase, physicians and nurses from a trauma center and a community hospital were surveyed regarding their opinions about FWR. Support of FWR was compared between and within roles and practice-location subgroups. Clinical subgroups from the community hospital were then resurveyed in the second phase following an education program using evidence-based information. Pre- and post-education scores were compared to identify effective teaching strategies and FWR support.

The investigators found varying opinions within and between practice locations and roles, with previous experience of FWR identified as the strongest variable of support. The average scores of indicators of FWR support and teaching effectiveness improved following the FWR education program.

"The success of adopting family presence guidelines may be greater if clinicians are presented with evidence-based data and ethical reasoning that address common provider concerns," the authors write. "Pre-education opinions on FWR vary within and between practice roles and locations, with the strongest variable being prior experience with FWR."

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