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March 2020 Briefing - Emergency Medicine

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Emergency Medicine for March 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Case Fatality Ratio for COVID-19 Estimated at 1.38 Percent

TUESDAY, March 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The case fatality ratio for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in China is estimated at 1.38 percent, according to a study published online March 30 in The Lancet Infectious Diseases.

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Decontamination Method Adopted to Ease N95 Mask Shortage

TUESDAY, March 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Duke Health research and clinical teams have developed a validated process for decontaminating N95 masks. The process is described in an article published online in Applied Biosafety: Journal of ABSA International.

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Doctors, Hospitals, Pharmacies Warned Not to Stockpile Meds

TUESDAY, March 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In a joint statement released by the American Medical Association, American Pharmacists Association, and American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, the professional groups "strongly oppose" physicians, pharmacies, and hospitals prophylactically prescribing medications or purchasing excessive amounts or stockpiles of potential treatments for COVID-19.

Joint Statement

Preventionists Report Widespread Shortages of Protective Equipment

TUESDAY, March 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Nearly half of U.S. health care facilities surveyed are out of or almost out of respirators to use while caring for patients with COVID-19, according to the results of a national survey of infection prevention experts released March 27 by the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC).

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U.S. Army Opens Field Hospital in New York City

MONDAY, March 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The first U.S. Army field hospital for civilian patients opened in New York City Monday and could be the first of many across the nation as it struggles with the coronavirus pandemic.

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Artificial Intelligence Framework May Predict ARDS in COVID-19

MONDAY, March 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Data from patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) can be used to develop a model that can predict who will develop acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), according to a study published online March 30 in Computers, Materials & Continua.

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Concomitant Myocardial Injury With COVID-19 Infection Linked to Fatal Outcome

MONDAY, March 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Myocardial injury is associated with fatal outcome in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), according to research published online March 27 in JAMA Cardiology.

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Patients Viral Positive for Days After COVID-19 Resolution

MONDAY, March 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Some patients who have recovered from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) continue to be viral positive up to eight days after resolution of symptoms, according to a study published online March 23 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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President Extends Social Distancing to April 30 as COVID-19 Cases Surge

MONDAY, March 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- As U.S. coronavirus cases and deaths continue to rise, President Donald Trump on Sunday extended strict social distancing guidelines for the country to April 30.

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Higher Risk for Bone Fractures Seen After Bariatric Surgery

MONDAY, March 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The risk for bone fracture is increased after gastric bypass surgery, according to a study published online March 3 in the Journal of Internal Medicine.

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ED Visit Provides Opportunity to Discuss Contraception With Teens

MONDAY, March 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Emergency departments provide an opportunity to offer contraceptive education to adolescent girls, according to a study recently published in the Journal of Women's Health.

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Physician's Briefing Weekly Coronavirus Roundup

Here is what the editors at Physician's Briefing chose as the most important COVID-19 developments for you and your practice for the week of March 23 to 27, 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal studies and other trusted sources that is most likely to affect clinical practice.

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PPE Negative for SARS-CoV-2 After Patient Contact

FRIDAY, March 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Samples collected from personal protective equipment (PPE) from health care workers (HCWs) caring for patients positive for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) were negative for SARS-CoV-2, according to research published online March 26 in Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology.

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Three Neonates Born to Mothers With COVID-19 ID'd as Positive

FRIDAY, March 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Three of 33 neonates born to mothers with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Wuhan tested positive for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) , according to a research letter published online March 26 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Elastomeric Half-Mask Respirator Training Feasible in Health Care

FRIDAY, March 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Health care personnel can be rapidly fit tested and trained to use the reusable elastomeric half-mask respirator (EHMR), with similar time to testing as that seen for the N95 respirator, according to a research letter published online March 25 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Vitamin C May Reduce Ventilation Time in Critically Ill Patients

FRIDAY, March 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The administration of vitamin C shortens the length of mechanical ventilation in critically ill patients, according to a review recently published in the Journal of Intensive Care.

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Gilead Backs Down on Special Designation for Possible COVID-19 Drug

THURSDAY, March 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Following severe criticism, Gilead Sciences is backing off special designation of its antiviral drug remdesivir -- which shows promise against COVID-19 -- that would have allowed the company to block competition and increase its profits for the drug.

AP News Article

Past-Year Methamphetamine Use 6.6 Per 1,000 in 2015 to 2018

THURSDAY, March 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The estimated rate of past-year methamphetamine use was 6.6 per 1,000 adults during 2015 to 2018, according to research published in the March 27 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Restricting Activities in Wuhan Until April Could Slow COVID-19 Peak

THURSDAY, March 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Restriction on activities in Wuhan would help to delay the COVID-19 epidemic peak if maintained until April, according to a study published online March 25 in The Lancet Public Health.

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Workers at Risk for COVID-19 Exposure Can Access Online Training

THURSDAY, March 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The National Institutes of Health has launched a new website with educational resources for hospital employees, emergency first responders, and other workers at risk for exposure to COVID-19.

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Model Shows Combined Efforts May Cut SARS-CoV-2 Infections

THURSDAY, March 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Combined interventions of quarantining infected individuals and their family members, workplace distancing, and school closure can substantially reduce the number of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infections, according to a modeling study published online March 23 in The Lancet Infectious Diseases.

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FDA Warns of Defective EpiPen Dangers

WEDNESDAY, March 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Certain types of EpiPens and their generic counterparts may fail or delay injection of lifesaving epinephrine for severe allergic reactions, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration warns.

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36 Percent of Available Hospital Beds Unoccupied on Typical Day

WEDNESDAY, March 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Leading up to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak, about 2.2 beds were available per 1,000 people in U.S. hospitals; however, only 36 percent were unoccupied on a typical day, according to a report from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.

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Cardiac Injury Linked to Increased Mortality in COVID-19

WEDNESDAY, March 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Cardiac injury is associated with increased mortality in hospitalized patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), according to a study published online March 25 in JAMA Cardiology.

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National Health Spending Expected to Increase Through 2028

WEDNESDAY, March 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- National health expenditures are projected to increase at an average annual rate of 5.4 percent for 2019 to 2028, representing almost 20 percent of U.S. gross domestic product by 2028, according to a study published online March 24 in Health Affairs.

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Proton Pump Inhibitors May Up Fracture Risk in Children

WEDNESDAY, March 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Proton pump inhibitor (PPI) use in children is associated with a small but significant increased risk for any fracture, according to a study published online March 16 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Artificial Intelligence Model Can Detect COVID-19 on Chest CT

WEDNESDAY, March 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Artificial intelligence allows coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) to be detected and differentiated from community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) on chest computed tomography (CT), according to a study published online March 19 in Radiology.

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Shortages Seen for Drugs That Show Promise Against COVID-19

TUESDAY, March 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Strong demand for medications that show promise as treatments for COVID-19 have led to shortages of those drugs in the United States.

CBS News Article
Johns Hopkins University

IDSA Issues Recommendations for COVID-19 Testing

TUESDAY, March 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In a statement published online March 19 by the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA), recommendations are presented for public health and health care professionals to prioritize coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) testing.

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Recommendations Issued for Pediatric Abuse-Related Head Trauma

TUESDAY, March 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In an American Academy of Pediatrics policy statement, published online March 23 in Pediatrics, recommendations are presented for pediatricians to manage abusive head trauma (AHT) in infants and children.

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Information on COVID-19 Provided for Gastroenterologists

TUESDAY, March 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In a special article published online March 17 in Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology, key information is presented about coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and the field of gastroenterology.

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Misconceptions ID'd About COVID-19 Among General Public

MONDAY, March 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In a research letter published online March 20 in the Annals of Internal Medicine, important misconceptions about coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) among the general public in the United States and United Kingdom are presented.

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Mental Health at Risk for Health Care Workers Treating COVID-19

MONDAY, March 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A considerable proportion of health care workers caring for patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) report symptoms of depression, anxiety, insomnia, and distress, according to a study published online March 23 in JAMA Network Open.

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Article Addresses Management of Cancer Care During COVID-19

MONDAY, March 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Management of cancer care during the coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is addressed in a special feature article published online March 20 in the Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network.

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More Americans Recognizing Importance of COVID-19 Safety Measures

MONDAY, March 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Americans' understanding of safety measures to protect themselves from COVID-19 is increasing, according to an ongoing survey conducted by researchers at the Center for Economic and Social Research at the University of Southern California (USC) Dornsife College of Letters, Arts and Sciences and the Leonard D. Schaeffer Center for Health Policy and Economics.

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National Guard Activated in Three States as U.S. COVID-19 Cases Rise

MONDAY, March 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- As the number of known U.S. coronavirus cases soared past 33,000 and the death count eclipsed 400 on Sunday, President Donald Trump approved disaster declarations for regions hit hardest by the pandemic and activated the National Guard in three states.

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Homeless Patients With AMI Have Distinct Risks, Outcomes

FRIDAY, March 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Homeless patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) have a distinct cardiovascular risk profile, in-hospital care, and rehospitalization rates compared with nonhomeless patients, according to a study published online March 19 in Mayo Clinic Proceedings.

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E. Coli Outbreak Tied to Clover Sprouts Rises to 39 Cases in Six States

FRIDAY, March 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The number of cases in an Escherichia coli outbreak linked to clover sprouts has reached 39 in six states, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said Thursday.

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Physician's Briefing Weekly Coronavirus Roundup

Here is what the editors at Physician's Briefing chose as the most important COVID-19 developments for you and your practice for the week of March 16 to 20, 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal studies and other trusted sources that is most likely to affect clinical practice.

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Statement Addresses Concerns About Heart Meds and COVID-19

FRIDAY, March 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Patients already prescribed angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) should continue taking their medications, according to a joint statement from the American Heart Association (AHA), the Heart Failure Society of America (HFSA), and the American College of Cardiology (ACC), issued in response to a research letter published online March 11 in The Lancet Respiratory Medicine.

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2017 to 2018 Saw Drop in Overdose Death Rates Involving Opioids

FRIDAY, March 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From 2017 to 2018, there were decreases in overdose death rates involving all opioids, prescription opioids, and heroin, while rates involving synthetic opioids increased, according to research published in the March 20 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Californians Ordered to Stay Home Amid COVID-19 Pandemic

FRIDAY, March 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. State Department warned Americans to avoid international travel and residents of the country's most populous state, California, were ordered to stay at home indefinitely, as national COVID-19 cases climbed past 13,000.

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Lopinavir-Ritonavir No Benefit in Adults With Severe COVID-19

FRIDAY, March 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Lopinavir-ritonavir treatment offers no significant benefit over standard care for hospitalized adult patients with severe coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) infection, according to a study published online March 18 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Incidence of Subclinical CT Changes High in COVID-19 Cases

FRIDAY, March 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The incidence of subclinical computed tomography (CT) changes in coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) cases is high, with milder severity seen on CT for asymptomatic versus symptomatic cases, according to a study published online March 17 in Radiology: Cardiothoracic Imaging.

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Most Emergency Providers Have Little Firearms Safety Experience

FRIDAY, March 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Most emergency providers (EPs) report having little experience handling firearms, although many report encountering them, according to a study published online in the March issue of Academic Emergency Medicine.

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Serial Interval of COVID-19 Estimated at 3.96 Days

FRIDAY, March 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The serial interval of coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19), defined as the time between a primary case and secondary case developing symptoms, is 3.96 days, according to a study published online March 19 in Emerging Infectious Diseases, a publication of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Supply Shortages Hinder COVID-19 Testing in the United States

THURSDAY, March 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Shortages of face masks for health care workers, swabs, and other supplies are hampering efforts to increase COVID-19 testing in the United States.

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U.S. Colleges Preparing Empty Dorms to House Coronavirus Patients

THURSDAY, March 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Some U.S. colleges are converting empty dorms into temporary housing for COVID-19 patients.

AP News Article

U.S. Seniors at Higher Risk for Severe Illness, Death With COVID-19

THURSDAY, March 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In the United States, the risk for serious illness and death from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is higher among older adults, according to research published in the March 18 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Digestive Symptoms Reported for About Half of COVID-19 Patients

THURSDAY, March 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) frequently have digestive symptoms, and those with digestive symptoms have a worse clinical outcome, according to a study published online March 17 in the American Journal of Gastroenterology.

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Trump Signs Massive COVID-19 Relief Package Into Law

THURSDAY, March 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- President Donald Trump signed an $850 billion coronavirus relief package into law late Wednesday. The package will provide sick leave, unemployment benefits, and free COVID-19 testing.

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Transmission of COVID-19 Among Crew on Cruise Ship Investigated

THURSDAY, March 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Transmission of coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) on a cruise ship indicates the need for quarantine for close contacts of confirmed cases, according to research published in the March 17 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Opioid Withdrawal Symptoms May Up Health Risks in Drug Injectors

THURSDAY, March 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Among people who inject drugs (PWID), opioid withdrawal symptoms are associated with increased health risks, according to a study published online March 18 in Drug and Alcohol Dependence.

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COVID-19 Preparedness for Radiology Departments Outlined

THURSDAY, March 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Radiology departments have been implementing policies to ensure preparedness for the coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, according to a report published online March 16 in Radiology.

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Sports Concussion Recovery May Be Slower Than Thought

THURSDAY, March 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Less than half of patients with sports-related mild traumatic brain injury (SR-mTBI) achieve clinical recovery within two weeks after injury, according to a study published in the March issue of the Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine.

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Chinese Researchers Say Flu Drug Effective Against COVID-19

WEDNESDAY, March 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The flu drug favipiravir is "clearly effective" in treating patients with the novel coronavirus, Chinese researchers say.

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Most Mass Shooting Events Occur Close to Nontrauma Centers

WEDNESDAY, March 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In 2019, there were 187 mass shooting events, most of which occurred closest to a nontrauma center, according to a research letter published online March 18 in JAMA Surgery.

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41 Percent of U.S. Adults at Risk for Serious Illness With COVID-19

WEDNESDAY, March 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Forty-one percent of adults ages 18 years and older in the United States have an elevated risk for developing serious illness if infected with the new coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19), according to a brief issued by the Kaiser Family Foundation (KFF).

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U.S. May Not Have Enough Ventilators for COVID-19 Patients

WEDNESDAY, March 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There may not be enough ventilators in the United States to cope with the number of novel coronavirus patients who will require them due to pneumonia and other serious respiratory problems, experts say.

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COVID-19 Epidemic in Iran Likely to Be Substantial

WEDNESDAY, March 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Based on countries with identified cases of coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) originating in Iran, the COVID-19 epidemic in Iran is likely to be of a substantial size, according to a research letter published online March 16 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Single THC Dose Can Induce Psychiatric Symptoms in Adults

WEDNESDAY, March 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The cannabis constituent Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) administration can induce psychotic, negative, and other psychiatric symptoms in healthy adults, according to a review published online March 17 in The Lancet Psychiatry.

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Staff Collaboration Not Lowered by Internationally Trained Nurses

WEDNESDAY, March 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Employing internationally educated nurses (IENs) does not negatively impact interprofessional collaboration between nurses or between nurses and doctors in U.S. hospital units, according to a study published in the January/February issue of Nursing Economic$.

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Sociodemographic Disparities Seen for Outpatient Orthopedic Care

WEDNESDAY, March 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There are substantial sociodemographic disparities in the use of office-based orthopedic care and emergency department care for common, nonemergent musculoskeletal conditions, according to a study published online Feb. 21 in Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research.

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Per-Capita Medical Radiation Exposure Down in United States

TUESDAY, March 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From 2006 to 2016, there was a decrease in per-capita exposure to medical radiation in the United States, according to a study published online March 17 in Radiology.

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Children Susceptible to COVID-19 but Less Severely Affected

TUESDAY, March 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Children of all ages seem to be susceptible to novel coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) infection, and most cases are asymptomatic, mild, or moderate, according to a study published online March 16 in Pediatrics.

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Medicare Expands Telemedicine Coverage During COVID-19 Pandemic

TUESDAY, March 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Medicare is expanding coverage for telemedicine nationwide so that millions of American seniors can get health care at home and avoid the coronavirus, officials said Tuesday.

AP News Article
Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services

Common Features on Chest CT May Aid Diagnosis of COVID-19

TUESDAY, March 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Chest computed tomography (CT) has a low rate of misdiagnosis of novel coronavirus (COVID-19), according to a study published online March 4 in the American Journal of Roentgenology.

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Climate Similar in Cities With Biggest Outbreaks of COVID-19

TUESDAY, March 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Cities that have experienced significant outbreaks of coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) have similar winter climates, according to a study published online March 9 on the open-data site SSRN.

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New Coronavirus Guidelines Discourage Gatherings of More Than 10

TUESDAY, March 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The Trump Administration on Monday ramped up its coronavirus "social distancing" advisory to now discourage gatherings of more than 10 people.

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Americans Detail Behavior Changes Amid COVID-19 Threat

MONDAY, March 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Many people are changing their behaviors in light of the COVID-19 outbreak, according to a new survey conducted by researchers at the Center for Economic and Social Research at the University of Southern California (USC) Dornsife College of Letters, Arts and Sciences and the Leonard D. Schaeffer Center for Health Policy and Economics.

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N.Y. and Colorado Ask Former Health Care Workers to Return to Workforce

MONDAY, March 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Former health care workers in New York State and Colorado are being asked to return to the workforce to help health systems under pressure due to the coronavirus pandemic.

CBS News Article

Guidance Issued for Interventional Radiologists Treating Frostbite

MONDAY, March 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For interventional radiologists, intraarterial (IA) administration and intravenous (IV) administration of tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) are both useful strategies for treating severe frostbite injuries, according to a review and meta-analysis recently published in the American Journal of Roentgenology.

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2009 to 2015 Saw Increase in Hyperglycemic Events

MONDAY, March 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From 2009 to 2015, there were increases in diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state (HHS) events among adults, according to a study published online March 11 in Diabetes Care.

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Many Motor Vehicle Crash Fatalities Involve Low Blood Alcohol

MONDAY, March 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A considerable number of motor vehicle crash fatalities involve a low blood alcohol concentration, according to a study published online March 16 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

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Antibiotics May Not Help Children With Suspected Pneumonia

MONDAY, March 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For children with suspected community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) who are discharged from the emergency department, outcomes do not differ between those who do and those who do not receive antibiotic prescriptions, according to a study published online March 16 in Pediatrics.

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Amid Increased COVID-19 Fears, U.S. Extends Ban on Foreign Travel

MONDAY, March 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In the latest on the coronavirus crisis, the Trump administration on Saturday expanded a 30-day ban on travel from Europe to include residents from the United Kingdom and Ireland, beginning late Monday.

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Case Series Indicates COVID-19 Not Transmitted In Utero

MONDAY, March 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Four infants born to pregnant women who tested positive for coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) were healthy at birth and had no serious clinical symptoms, according to a case series study published online March 16 in Frontiers in Pediatrics.

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Thousands in U.S. May Already Be Infected With SARS-CoV-2

FRIDAY, March 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Based on modeling, between 1,043 and 9,484 individuals in the United States are estimated to have been infected with SARS-CoV-2 as of March 1, 2020, according to a not yet peer-reviewed study, which has been published online at medRxiv.org.

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President Trump Declares Coronavirus a National Emergency

FRIDAY, March 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- President Donald Trump on Friday took a step many political and health care experts have long been urging him to do, declaring the U.S. coronavirus crisis a national emergency.

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>8 Percent of Children Report Past, Current Suicidal Ideation

FRIDAY, March 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- About 8 percent of children report any past or current suicidal ideation, according to a study published online March 12 in The Lancet Psychiatry.

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Evidence Points to GI Infection by SARS-CoV-2

FRIDAY, March 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There is evidence for gastrointestinal infection of SARS-CoV-2, according to a study published online March 3 in Gastroenterology.

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Hep C Testing, Treatment Rates Low at Federally Qualified Health Centers

FRIDAY, March 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The rates of hepatitis C virus (HCV) testing and treatment initiation are low at federally qualified health centers (FQHC) in the United States, according to a study published online March 4 in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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Current Access to Endovascular Thrombectomy Centers Limited

FRIDAY, March 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Less than one in five of the U.S. population has access to endovascular thrombectomy (EVT) centers within 15 minutes, according to a study published online Feb. 12 in Stroke.

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Enoki Mushrooms From Korea Linked to Deadly U.S. Listeria Outbreak

THURSDAY, March 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Enoki mushrooms from Korea are the likely cause of a deadly Listeria outbreak in the United States that has sickened 36 people in 17 states, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says.

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Details Provided for U.S. Person-to-Person Transmission of SARS-CoV-2

THURSDAY, March 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Person-to-person transmission of SARS-CoV-2 in the United States has been recorded between two people with prolonged, unprotected exposure while the patient was symptomatic, according to a study published online March 13 in The Lancet.

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Trump Bans Travel From Most of Europe Amid COVID-19 Fears

THURSDAY, March 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Hoping to curtail the spread of COVID-19 to the United States, travel from most of Europe will be banned for 30 days, President Donald Trump announced Wednesday night.

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Safety, Effectiveness of VKAs, DOACs Similar in General Practice

THURSDAY, March 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For patients receiving anticoagulants, arteriovenous events and major bleeding events do not differ for those receiving vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) or direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs), according to a study published in the March/April issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Acute Appendicitis Incidence Not Randomly Distributed

TUESDAY, March 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Socioeconomic status and other geographically defined factors are associated with incidence of acute appendicitis (AA), according to a study published online March 4 in JAMA Surgery.

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Alcoholics Anonymous More Effective Than Other Treatments

WEDNESDAY, March 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) and other Twelve-Step Facilitation (TSF) interventions may be more effective than other established treatments for increasing abstinence in adults with alcohol use disorder (AUD), according to a review published online March 11 in the Cochrane Library.

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U.S. Blood Donors Needed in Face of COVID-19 Crisis

WEDNESDAY, March 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- As concerns about the new coronavirus escalate, the American Red Cross urges healthy, eligible people to give blood or platelets to help prevent blood shortages.

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WHO Declares Coronavirus a Pandemic

WEDNESDAY, March 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The World Health Organization on Wednesday officially declared the coronavirus outbreak sweeping the globe a pandemic.

World Health Organization
Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) Situation Map: WHO

Number of COVID-19 Cases Tops 1,000 in the United States

WEDNESDAY, March 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Public officials across America raced to curb the spread of coronavirus on Tuesday as the number of U.S. cases topped 1,000, with at least 19 states now declaring states of emergency.

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Typical Chest CT Findings Help Screen for Coronavirus Infection

WEDNESDAY, March 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Typical imaging features can be useful in early screening for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), according to a study published online March 3 in the American Journal of Roentgenology.

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Median Incubation Period Estimated at 5.1 Days for COVID-19

TUESDAY, March 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The median incubation period for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is estimated to be 5.1 days, according to a study published online March 10 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Millions of Coronavirus Test Kits Available Soon, Vice President Says

TUESDAY, March 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Millions of much-needed testing kits for COVID-19 are on the way to clinics and labs nationwide, Vice President Mike Pence told reporters during a White House briefing Monday evening.

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2018 Health Care Spending Up Due to Higher Prices

MONDAY, March 9, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Average employer-sponsored insurance spending rose to $5,892 per person in 2018, according to the Health Care Cost Institute annual Health Care Cost and Utilization Report.

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Amid COVID-19 Outbreak, State Dept Cautions Against Travel by Cruise Ship

MONDAY, March 9, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- As the number of U.S. COVID-19 cases climbed past 530 in at least 34 states and the death toll hit 22, the State Department issued an advisory Sunday that urged all Americans to avoid cruise travel.

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Fraudulent Coronavirus 'Meds' Targeted by FDA

MONDAY, March 9, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- U.S. officials are cracking down on companies selling fraudulent products that claim to prevent or treat the new coronavirus.

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Gabapentin Seems Efficacious for Alcohol Use Disorder

MONDAY, March 9, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Gabapentin appears to be efficacious for the treatment of alcohol use disorder (AUD), especially among those with high alcohol withdrawal, according to a study published online March 9 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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FDA: Cybersecurity Vulnerabilities May Affect Medical Devices

FRIDAY, March 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- SweynTooth cybersecurity vulnerabilities may affect medical devices, according to a U.S. Food and Drug Administration safety communication.

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Hospital Infection Control Can Prevent COVID-19 Transmission

FRIDAY, March 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Appropriate hospital infection control measures can protect health care workers from novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), according to a study published online March 5 in Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology.

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Period of 2015 to 2018 Saw Increase in Cannabis Use in Seniors

FRIDAY, March 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From 2015 to 2018, there was an increase in the prevalence of cannabis use among older adults, according to a research letter published online Feb. 24 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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California Cruise Ship Passengers Await COVID-19 Test Results

FRIDAY, March 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Thousands of passengers stranded on a cruise ship linked to California's first COVID-19 death anxiously awaited test results Friday, as the total number of U.S. cases passed 220 and the death count climbed to 14.

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CDC: Fall-Related TBI Deaths Increasing Among U.S. Residents

THURSDAY, March 5, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From 2008 to 2017, there was an increase in the national age-adjusted rate of unintentional fall-related traumatic brain injury (TBI) deaths among U.S. adults, according to research published in the March 6 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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FDA: Singulair to Get 'Black Box' Warning

THURSDAY, March 5, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Asthma and allergy drug montelukast -- sold as a generic and under the brand name Singulair -- will get a "boxed warning" over potential ties to neuropsychiatric effects, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration announced Wednesday.

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Repeat ED Visits for Opioid-Related Emergencies on the Rise

THURSDAY, March 5, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Emergency departments are increasingly seeing patients for repeat opioid-related care, according to a study recently published in the Annals of Emergency Medicine.

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California Holds Cruise Ship Offshore for COVID-19 Testing

THURSDAY, March 5, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- California declared a state of emergency Wednesday as health officials kept a cruise ship linked to the state's first COVID-19 death from docking in San Francisco.

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Female Clinical Chairs Paid Significantly Less Than Men

THURSDAY, March 5, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There are significant sex differences in salaries of clinical department chairs in public medical schools in the United States, according to a research letter published online March 2 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Racial/Ethnic Insurance Coverage Disparity Down Since ACA

WEDNESDAY, March 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Since the implementation of coverage expansions associated with the Affordable Care Act (ACA), the disparities in insurance coverage related to race and ethnicity have decreased, according to a study published in the March issue of Health Affairs.

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Considerable Increase Seen in List, Net Prices of Branded Drugs

WEDNESDAY, March 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From 2007 to 2018, there were substantial increases in list and net prices of branded drugs in the United States, according to a study published in the March 3 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Short-Term Medications May Cut Risk for 'Broken Heart' Syndrome

WEDNESDAY, March 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In early bereavement, low-dose metoprolol and aspirin reduce physiological and psychological surrogate measures of cardiovascular risk, according to a study published in the February issue of the American Heart Journal.

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1996 to 2016 Saw Increases in U.S. Spending on Health Care

TUESDAY, March 3, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From 1996 to 2016, there were considerable increases in U.S. spending on health care, according to a study published in the March 3 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Cough, Fever Most Common Initial Symptoms of COVID-19

TUESDAY, March 3, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) often have fever and cough on presentation, according to research published online Feb. 28 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Chest CT More Sensitive Than RT-PCR for Diagnosing COVID-19

TUESDAY, March 3, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Chest computed tomography (CT) has higher sensitivity for detecting 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) than reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) tests, according to a study published online Feb. 26 in Radiology.

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Emergency Measure Will Get More Respirators to U.S. Health Care Workers

TUESDAY, March 3, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- An emergency authorization will make more respirators available for U.S. health care workers during the coronavirus outbreak, according to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Evidence Lacking for Pharmacologic Therapy for Cannabis Use Disorder

TUESDAY, March 3, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Evidence relating to pharmacological interventions for cannabis use disorder (CUD) is mainly insufficient and suggests that several drug classes are ineffective, according to a review published online March 3 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Three More COVID-19 Deaths Reported at Washington State Nursing Home

MONDAY, March 2, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Officials in Washington State said Monday that three more people have died from coronavirus at the same nursing home in the town of Kirkland, bringing the total number of fatalities at the center to four.

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CDC Broadens Testing Guidelines for Coronavirus

MONDAY, March 2, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- U.S. health care workers have been sent new testing guidelines for novel coronavirus after the nation's first case of a patient with an unknown source of infection, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said.

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2003 to 2016 Saw Changes in Characteristics of PCI, CABG Patients

MONDAY, March 2, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Between 2003 and 2016, there were decreases in in-hospital mortality after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) but not after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), according to a study published online Feb. 14 in JAMA Network Open.

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U.S. Coronavirus Cases Now at 89

MONDAY, March 2, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Two dozen new U.S. cases of coronavirus were reported in multiple states across the country over the weekend, as Washington State officials raced to contain a possible outbreak in one of its cities.

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2019 Pedestrian Fatalities Hit 30-Year Record High

MONDAY, March 2, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Pedestrian fatalities in 2019 reached the highest number in more than 30 years, according to the annual Spotlight on Highway Safety report released by the Governors Highway Safety Association.

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>10,000 Uninsured Texas Patients Seek Dialysis in ED Annually

MONDAY, March 2, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- More than 10,000 uninsured patients in Texas sought hemodialysis in emergency departments in 2017, according to a research letter published online Feb. 19 in JAMA Network Open.

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Chest CT Findings for COVID-19 More Common Later in Infection

MONDAY, March 2, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The main computed tomography (CT) findings in coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) are ground-glass and consolidative pulmonary opacities, and these findings are more frequent with longer time from symptom onset, according to a study published online Feb. 20 in Radiology.

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