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December 2019 Briefing - Family Practice

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Family Practice for December 2019. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Antiepileptic Drug Exposure Low in Breastfeeding Infants

TUESDAY, Dec. 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Among infants breastfed by mothers who are receiving drug therapy for epilepsy, antiepileptic drug (AED) concentrations in infant blood samples are substantially lower than those in maternal blood samples, according to a study published online Dec. 30 in JAMA Neurology.

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Nurses Can Help Manage Drug Interactions in HIV/Hep C Treatment

TUESDAY, Dec. 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Drug interactions between antiretroviral therapy (ART) and direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) pose a clinical challenge in patients with HIV/hepatitis C virus (HCV) coinfection, according to an article published online Dec. 17 in the Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care.

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Study Shows Link Between Atopic Dermatitis and Vitiligo

TUESDAY, Dec. 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Atopic dermatitis (AD) is associated with vitiligo, according to a review and meta-analysis published online Dec. 24 in the Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology.

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fMRI Measures May Predict Psychiatric Symptoms in Children

TUESDAY, Dec. 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) measures may be able to predict symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder or major depressive disorder in children, according to a study published online Dec. 26 in JAMA Psychiatry.

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Maternal Exposure to Organic Pollutants May Cut Fetal Growth

TUESDAY, Dec. 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For pregnant women, exposure to persistent organic pollutants (POPs) is associated with reductions in fetal growth measures, according to a study published online Dec. 30 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Incidence of Early-Onset Gastric Cancer Increasing in the U.S.

TUESDAY, Dec. 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The incidence of early-onset gastric cancer has been increasing in the United States, and it seems to be distinct clinically and genetically from late-onset gastric cancer, according to a study recently published in Surgery.

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Machine Learning System Makes More Alerts for Med Errors

TUESDAY, Dec. 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A machine learning system can generate clinically valid alerts for medication errors that might be missed with existing clinical decision support (CDS) systems, according to a study published in the January issue of The Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety.

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Editorial

Closures of Automotive Assembly Plants Tied to Opioid OD Deaths

MONDAY, Dec. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Automotive assembly plant closures from 1999 to 2016 were associated with increases in opioid overdose mortality, according to a study published online Dec. 30 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Exposure to Pyrethroid Insecticides Linked to Mortality

MONDAY, Dec. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Environmental exposure to pyrethroid insecticides is associated with an increased risk for all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality, according to a study published online Dec. 30 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Samoa Ends State of Emergency Over Measles

MONDAY, Dec. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Slowing infection rates and a surge in vaccinations have prompted the South Pacific island of Samoa to end a six-week state of emergency over a measles outbreak, the BBC reported Sunday.

BBC Article

CDC: Cases of Flu Continue to Mount Across America

MONDAY, Dec. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Flu continues to spread throughout the United States and has reached elevated levels in nearly every state, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Yoga Has Positive Effect on Brain Structure, Function

MONDAY, Dec. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Yoga has a positive effect on the structure and/or function of various brain regions and networks, including the default mode network, according to research published online Dec. 26 in Brain Plasticity.

Abstract/Full Text

Multiple Health Benefits Reported for Intermittent Fasting

MONDAY, Dec. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Intermittent fasting has multiple health benefits, according to a review article published in the Dec. 26 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Many With Peanut Allergies Unnecessarily Avoid Tree Nuts

MONDAY, Dec. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Individual tree nuts have unique characteristics in the context of peanut allergy, so dietary recommendations should reflect these differences, according to a study published online Dec. 2 in the Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology.

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Dense Breast Notifications May Not Be Having Intended Impact

MONDAY, Dec. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- While dense breast notifications (DBNs) are mandated legislatively in more than 35 states, they may not be having their intended impact, according to a study published online Dec. 16 in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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Number of Children With Opioid Poisonings Increasing

MONDAY, Dec. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The severity of pediatric admissions for acute opioid ingestions, especially following attempted suicide, increased from 2005 to 2018, according to a study published online Dec. 19 in Clinical Toxicology.

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High Lipoprotein(a) Is Risk Factor for CVD in Type 1 Diabetes

MONDAY, Dec. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with type 1 diabetes, lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] is a significant risk factor for macrovascular disease, albuminuria, and calcified aortic valve disease, according to a study published online Dec. 20 in Diabetes Care.

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Poor Diet Contributes Substantially to Cardiometabolic Disease Costs

MONDAY, Dec. 30, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Suboptimal diet accounts for 18.2 percent of all cardiometabolic disease (CMD) costs in the United States, according to a study published online Dec. 17 in PLOS Medicine.

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Protection Similar With Single, Multiple HPV Vaccine Doses

FRIDAY, Dec. 27, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- U.S. women who have received one dose of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine have similar protection as women who have received two or three doses, according to a research letter published online Dec. 27 in JAMA Network Open.

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Depression May Worsen QOL in Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients

FRIDAY, Dec. 27, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with coexisting rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and depression tend to have higher disease activity and lower quality of life than patients without depression, according to a review published online Dec. 19 in the International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases.

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Case Study: Methylmercury Toxicity Found From Skin-Lightening Cream

FRIDAY, Dec. 27, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- In a Notes from the Field report, published in the Dec. 20 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, doctors present the case of a California woman with significant central nervous system damage after using a skin-lightening cream from Mexico that contained toxic mercury.

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Magnesium Inversely Linked to Risk for Coronary Heart Disease

FRIDAY, Dec. 27, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For postmenopausal women, dietary magnesium is inversely associated with fatal coronary heart disease (CHD), according to a study published online Dec. 12 in the Journal of Women's Health.

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Prescribing Practices Can Mitigate Opioid Overdose Risk for Teens

FRIDAY, Dec. 27, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Older teens may have similar risk factors for prescription opioid overdose as adults, according to a study published online Dec. 16 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Liposuction Benefits Women With Lipedema

FRIDAY, Dec. 27, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Liposuction improves the quality of life for women with lipedema, according to a study published in the December issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.

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Risk-Based Approach Could Help Target Prostate Cancer Screening

FRIDAY, Dec. 27, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Risk-tailored screening could potentially reduce overdiagnosis and improve the cost-effectiveness of a prostate cancer screening program, according to a study published online Dec. 20 in PLOS Medicine.

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U.S. Teens Initiating E-Cigarette Use at Younger Ages

FRIDAY, Dec. 27, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- In recent years, U.S. adolescents have been initiating electronic cigarette use at earlier ages, according to a study published online Dec. 19 in the American Journal of Public Health.

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Regular Cannabis Use May Cause Adverse Cardiac Changes

THURSDAY, Dec. 26, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Regular recreational cannabis use is associated with alterations in cardiac structure and function, according to a letter to the editor published in the December issue of JACC: Cardiovascular Imaging.

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Marginal Increase in PCP Access After ACA Medicaid Expansion

THURSDAY, Dec. 26, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The Affordable Care Act (ACA) Medicaid expansions correlated with a slight increase in access to primary care providers (PCPs), but no change in emergency department use, according to a study published online Dec. 11 in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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News of Vaping-Related Injury Getting Vapers' Attention

THURSDAY, Dec. 26, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Survey results show more than eight in 10 informed vapers are more cautious and likely to reduce vaping as a result of news of vaping-related illnesses and deaths, according to the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP).

Press Release

Many Hospitals Fail to Provide Instructions for Patient Portals

THURSDAY, Dec. 26, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Many hospital patient portals fail to educate patients fully and set expectations for secure messaging, according to a study recently published in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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Many Do Not Discuss Menopause Concerns With Their Provider

THURSDAY, Dec. 26, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The majority of women experience symptoms and health concerns associated with menopause, but more than one-third never discuss these concerns with health care providers, according to a report released by HealthyWomen and WebMD.

Aging Smart, Aging Well Report

Diabetes Prevalence Varies by Race, Ethnicity

THURSDAY, Dec. 26, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of diabetes and undiagnosed diabetes varies by race/ethnicity and among subgroups within the adult Hispanic and non-Hispanic Asian populations, according to a study published in the Dec. 24/31 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Polygenic Risk Score More Strongly Linked to Early-Onset CRC

THURSDAY, Dec. 26, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A polygenic risk score (PRS), developed from 95 colorectal cancer (CRC)-associated genetic risk variants, is more strongly associated with early- than late-onset cancer, especially in the absence of family history, according to a study published online Dec. 19 in Gastroenterology.

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Mortality Due to Fire, Heat, Hot Substances Declined Globally

THURSDAY, Dec. 26, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- From 1990 to 2017, there was a general decline in global mortality due to fire, heat, and hot substances, although considerable regional variation was observed in incidence, according to a study published online Dec. 18 in Injury Prevention.

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Most Children Do Not Have Positive Results to Antibiotic Challenge

THURSDAY, Dec. 26, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Most children with non-β-lactam antibiotic (NBLA) allergy can be delabeled, with positive results on allergy testing for only 18 percent, according to a study published online Dec. 3 in Pediatrics.

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Patient Share of Out-of-Network Costs Rising

TUESDAY, Dec. 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The out-of-pocket costs for out-of-network (OON) care grew rapidly for privately insured Americans from 2012 to 2017, according to a study published in the December issue of the American Journal of Managed Care.

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Prenatal Smoking Raises Risk for Gestational Diabetes Mellitus

TUESDAY, Dec. 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Prenatal smoking is associated with higher odds of gestational diabetes mellitus, even after adjusting for other known risk factors, according to a study published in the January issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Endocrine Society Releases Hypoglycemia Performance Measures

TUESDAY, Dec. 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A new set of quality measures can help health care providers identify older adults with type 2 diabetes who are at increased risk for hypoglycemia, according to an article published online Dec. 11 in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

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Vitamin E Acetate ID'd in Lungs of Most Vaping Illness Patients

TUESDAY, Dec. 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Vitamin E acetate was identified in almost all patients with electronic cigarette, or vaping, product use-associated lung injury (EVALI), and there has been a decrease in EVALI cases since a peak in September 2019, according to a study and a report published online Dec. 20 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text - Blount
Abstract/Full Text - Hartnett

12 Million U.S. Residents Drove Under Influence of Marijuana in 2018

TUESDAY, Dec. 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- In 2018, 12 million U.S. residents reported driving under the influence of marijuana in the previous 12 months, according to research published in the Dec. 20 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Healthy Sleep Pattern May Reduce Risk for Cardiovascular Disease

TUESDAY, Dec. 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A healthy sleep pattern is associated with reduced risks for cardiovascular disease (CVD), coronary heart disease (CHD), and stroke, according to a study published online Dec. 18 in the European Heart Journal.

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U.S. Incidence of Thyroid Cancer Plateaued in 2009

TUESDAY, Dec. 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- From 2009 to 2016, the incidence of thyroid cancer reached a plateau and possibly started to decline, according to a research letter published in the Dec. 24/31 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Half of Patients on PPIs for GERD Still Have Persistent Symptoms

TUESDAY, Dec. 24, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Gastroesophageal reflux disorder (GERD) symptoms are common, and more than half of patients taking daily proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy continue to experience persistent symptoms, according to a study published online Dec. 19 in Gastroenterology.

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Vaccination Rates Improved With Removal of Nonmedical Exemptions

MONDAY, Dec. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Implementation of a policy that eliminated nonmedical exemptions from school entry requirements correlated with an increase in vaccination coverage and a reduction in nonmedical exemptions in California, according to a study published online Dec. 23 in PLOS Medicine.

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Report Estimates Readmission, Death After Vaping Illness Discharge

MONDAY, Dec. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of rehospitalization and death after electronic cigarette, or vaping, product use-associated lung injury (EVALI) has been determined, and guidelines have been developed based on these findings. Both reports were published in the Dec. 20 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Abstract/Full Text - Mikosz
Abstract/Full Text - Evans

Enrollment in Affordable Care Act Holds Steady for Third Straight Year

MONDAY, Dec. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Enrollment in Affordable Care Act coverage for next year has surpassed 8 million, a sign that many Americans still turn to the government health insurance program to help pay for their medical care.

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Standardized Screening for ASD Recommended at 18, 24 Months

MONDAY, Dec. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Standardized screening for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is recommended at ages 18 and 24 months in primary care, according to a clinical report published online Dec. 16 in Pediatrics.

Executive Summary
Clinical Report

Age at Obesity Onset Tied to Risk for Type 2 Diabetes in Women

MONDAY, Dec. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The age of onset of obesity and cumulative exposure to obesity are associated with the risk for type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online Dec. 20 in Diabetologia.

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Long Working Hours May Up Risk for Masked, Sustained HTN

MONDAY, Dec. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Long working hours are an independent risk factor for masked and sustained hypertension, according to a study published online Dec. 19 in Hypertension.

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Sleep Fragmentation Linked to Odds of Migraine

MONDAY, Dec. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Sleep fragmentation, defined by low sleep efficiency, is associated with increased odds of migraine a day later, but there is no temporal association for short sleep duration and low sleep quality with migraine, according to a study published online Dec. 16 in Neurology.

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Number of Teens Vaping Marijuana on the Rise

MONDAY, Dec. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The number of adolescents who vape marijuana is increasing, according to two research letters published online Dec. 17 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Infertility Risk Increased for Men Born Small for Gestational Age

MONDAY, Dec. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Men born small for gestational age (SGA) may have an increased risk for infertility in adulthood, according to a study published online Dec. 13 in Human Reproduction.

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Overt Hypothyroidism May Up All-Cause Mortality in the Elderly

MONDAY, Dec. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Hypothyroidism is significantly associated with increased all-cause mortality, but not cardiovascular mortality, among the elderly, according to a review published online Dec. 12 in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

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Aspirin May No Longer Have Effect in Primary CVD Prevention

MONDAY, Dec. 23, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Aspirin may not be effective for primary prevention of cardiovascular disease and cancer mortality, according to research published online Nov. 21 in Family Practice.

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Opioid-Related Suicides Down, Rate of Unintentional Deaths Up

FRIDAY, Dec. 20, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The rate of opioid-related suicides as well as unintentional deaths significantly increased from 2000 to 2017, according to a research letter published in the Dec. 17 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Vitamin D Supplementation Alone May Not Reduce Fracture Risk

FRIDAY, Dec. 20, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Supplementation with vitamin D alone does not appear to reduce the risk for fracture, according to a review published online Dec. 20 in JAMA Network Open.

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Congress Approves Raising Age to Buy Tobacco Products to 21

FRIDAY, Dec. 20, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A measure to raise the minimum age to buy tobacco and electronic cigarettes to 21 has been approved by the U.S. Congress and is expected to be signed into law by President Donald Trump.

The New York Times Article

Gabapentinoids, Opioids Combo Carries Risk for Breathing Problems

FRIDAY, Dec. 20, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- New warnings about the risk for dangerous breathing difficulties when gabapentinoids are used with opioids or by certain patients must now appear on product labels, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration announced Thursday.

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HbA1c Minimally Adds to CVD Risk Prediction in Prediabetes

FRIDAY, Dec. 20, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For individuals with prediabetes, hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) minimally adds to cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk prediction, according to a study published online Dec. 18 in Diabetes Care.

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Low Education Link to CVD Risk Partly Due to Income, Job Strain

FRIDAY, Dec. 20, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The correlation between low education and incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) is partly due to income and work stress, according to a study published online Dec. 17 in the European Heart Journal.

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Concussions More Common Among College Students Than Thought

FRIDAY, Dec. 20, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Concussions are common among the U.S. collegiate population, with rates higher for non-sport-related concussion versus sport-related concussion, according to a study published online Dec. 18 in JAMA Network Open.

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Some U.S. Adults Unaware of Any Myocardial Infarction Symptoms

FRIDAY, Dec. 20, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A considerable proportion of U.S. adults are unaware of some or all of the symptoms of myocardial infarction (MI), according to a study published online Dec. 18 in JAMA Network Open.

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Private Care Program for U.S. Vets Gets $8.9 Billion in Budget Deal

THURSDAY, Dec. 19, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A controversial program meant to get more U.S. veterans to use private health care received $8.9 billion as part of a government spending bill approved by the House.

AP News Article

E-Cigarette Influencers to Be Banned From Instagram, Facebook

THURSDAY, Dec. 19, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Social media influencers who market electronic cigarette products will be banned from Facebook and Instagram, the companies say.

CBS News Article

Antiretroviral Prescribing in Pregnancy Strays From National Guidelines

THURSDAY, Dec. 19, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For pregnant women with HIV, antiretroviral medication (ARV) prescribing practices do not align well with national guidelines, according to a study published online Dec. 18 in JAMA Network Open.

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Heavy Drinking May Up Marker Levels for Cardiac Damage

THURSDAY, Dec. 19, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Heavy drinking has an adverse effect on biomarkers of cardiac damage and inflammation, according to a study published online Dec. 18 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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Sustained Weight Loss at 50+ May Lower Risk for Breast Cancer

THURSDAY, Dec. 19, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For women aged ≥50 years, sustained weight loss is associated with a reduced breast cancer risk, according to a study published online Dec. 17 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

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Treatment for Younger Adults With CRC Improved Under ACA

THURSDAY, Dec. 19, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Implementation of the Dependent Coverage Expansion (DCE) under the Affordable Care Act (ACA) increased early-stage colorectal cancer (CRC) diagnosis and receipt of timely adjuvant chemotherapy for surgically resected stage IIB to IIIC CRC among DCE-eligible patients, according to a study published online Dec. 19 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

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Menopause Linked to Increase in Sleep-Onset Insomnia

THURSDAY, Dec. 19, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Postmenopausal women more often have sleep-onset insomnia disorder and are more likely to screen positive for obstructive sleep apnea, according to a study published online Dec. 13 in Menopause.

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T2DM Risk Cut With Weight Loss Even in Nonoverweight People

THURSDAY, Dec. 19, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Losing weight is consistently associated with reduced type 2 diabetes risk across body mass index (BMI), family history, and genetic risk categories, according to a study published online Dec. 10 in PLOS Medicine.

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Misuse of Nonopioid Medications Appears to Be on the Rise in U.S.

THURSDAY, Dec. 19, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Misuse/abuse, use in suicide attempts, and hospital admissions associated with gabapentin and baclofen have significantly increased among U.S. adults since 2013, according to a study published online Dec. 1 in Clinical Toxicology.

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Cannabis Use Up, Especially Among Those With Depression

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Cannabis use is increasing rapidly among people with depression, according to a study published online Dec. 4 in Addiction.

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Midlife Obesity in Women May Increase Risk for Dementia Later

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- In women, midlife obesity is associated with increased risk for dementia later in life, while no clear associations are apparent for low body mass index (BMI), low caloric intake, or inactivity at baseline, according to a study published online Dec. 18 in Neurology.

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Obesity Projected to Affect Almost One in Two by 2030

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Nearly half of adults are projected to have obesity by 2030, according to a study published in the Dec. 19 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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FDA to Allow States to Import Prescription Drugs From Other Countries

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Federal health officials have unveiled plans to allow prescription drug imports from Canada and other foreign nations.

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Pregnancy-Related Heart Failure Tied to Higher Cancer Risk

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) are more likely to have cancer before PPCM diagnosis and more likely to develop cancer after PPCM, according to a study published in the December issue of the JACC: CardioOncology.

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Editorial

Decreasing Proportion of Americans Has Source of Primary Care

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A decreasing proportion of Americans had an identified source of primary care from 2002 through 2015, according to a research letter published online Dec. 16 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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CRC Screening Up for Ages 45 to 49 After ACS Guideline Update

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Following publication of updated guidelines by the American Cancer Society recommending that the age for colorectal cancer (CRC) screening be lowered to 45 years, there was an increase in screening among those aged 45 to 49 years, according to a study published online Dec. 18 in Cancer.

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Most Students Who Use E-Cigs Vape Nicotine and Marijuana

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- About three-quarters of students who use electronic cigarettes report vaping nicotine, marijuana, and multiple substances, according to a study published online Dec. 16 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

Abstract/Full Text

Fenfluramine Reduces Convulsive Seizures in Dravet Syndrome

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Among patients with Dravet syndrome, the reduction in frequency of convulsive seizures is greater with fenfluramine than with placebo, according to a study published online Dec. 17 in The Lancet.

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Refined Carbs May Up Insomnia Risk in Postmenopausal Women

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 18, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Diets with a higher glycemic index (GI) may be a risk factor for insomnia in postmenopausal women, according to a study published online Dec. 11 in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

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Congress Could Raise Age to Buy Tobacco Products to 21

TUESDAY, Dec. 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A provision to raise the U.S. minimum age to buy tobacco products from 18 to 21 years has been inserted into the end-of-year spending bill in Congress.

CBS News Article

Possible Measles Exposures Occurred at LA International Airport

TUESDAY, Dec. 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- People who were at Los Angeles International Airport on Dec. 11 may have been exposed to the measles virus, the Los Angeles County Department of Public Health warned Monday.

CNN Article

FDA Approves Sale of Low-Nicotine Cigarettes

TUESDAY, Dec. 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration on Tuesday approved the sale of two reduced-nicotine cigarettes.

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USPSTF Recommends Behavioral Counseling for STI Prevention

TUESDAY, Dec. 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends behavioral counseling for sexually active adolescents and for adults with increased sexually transmitted infection (STI) risk. These recommendations form the basis of a draft recommendation statement published online Dec. 17 by the USPSTF.

Draft Recommendation Statement
Draft Evidence Review
Comment on Recommendation Statement

Suicide 30 to 50 Times Higher After ED Visit for Self-Harm, Suicidal Ideation

TUESDAY, Dec. 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Emergency department patients presenting with deliberate self-harm or suicidal ideation are at substantially increased risk for suicide in the year following discharge, according to a study published online Dec. 13 in JAMA Network Open.

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Hospital-Level Home Acute Care Can Cut Costs, Health Care Use

TUESDAY, Dec. 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For acutely ill adults, hospital-level care at home is associated with reduced costs, health care use, and readmissions compared with usual hospital care, according to a study published online Dec. 17 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Benzodiazepines With Opioid Agonist Tx May Up Mortality Risk

TUESDAY, Dec. 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Coprescription of benzodiazepines and opioid agonist treatment (OAT) is associated with an increased risk for drug-related poisoning (DRP) mortality in opioid-dependent individuals, according to a study published online Nov. 26 in PLOS Medicine.

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Severe Maternal Morbidity, Mortality Both Up in Rural Areas

TUESDAY, Dec. 17, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Rural communities face greater severe maternal morbidity and mortality than urban communities, according to a report published in the December issue of Health Affairs, a theme issue on rural health.

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Outcomes Worse for Rural Residents With Chronic Conditions

MONDAY, Dec. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Rural Medicare beneficiaries with complex chronic conditions have higher preventable hospitalization and mortality rates than their urban peers, which is partially explained by reduced access to specialists, according to a report published in the December issue of Health Affairs, a theme issue on rural health.

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E-Cigarette Use Independent Risk Factor for Chronic Lung Disease

MONDAY, Dec. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Current use of electronic cigarettes is an independent risk factor for respiratory disease, according to a study published online Dec. 16 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

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Consuming Ultraprocessed Food May Up Risk for Type 2 Diabetes

MONDAY, Dec. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Ultraprocessed food (UPF) consumption is associated with an increased risk for type 2 diabetes (T2D), according to a study published online Dec. 16 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Rates of Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome Remain High in U.S.

MONDAY, Dec. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The rate of in-hospital births with neonatal abstinence syndrome was 6.7 per 1,000 births in 2016, according to a research letter published online Dec. 16 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Inflammatory Bowel Disease Ups Risk for Serious Viral Infections

MONDAY, Dec. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have a threefold higher risk for systemic serious viral infections (SVIs) compared with the general population, according to a study published online Nov. 14 in the United European Gastroenterology Journal.

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Domestic Abuse Increases Risk for Fibromyalgia, Chronic Fatigue

MONDAY, Dec. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- There is an association between a history of intimate partner violence (IPV) and the development of functional syndromes, including fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), in women, according to a study published online Dec. 6 in the Journal of Interpersonal Violence.

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Mindfulness Program May Help Lower Blood Pressure

MONDAY, Dec. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Participants in a mindfulness program have significant improvements in self-regulation skills and reductions in blood pressure, according to a small study published online Nov. 27 in PLOS ONE.

Abstract/Full Text

Cesarean Section Not Linked to Obesity in Offspring

MONDAY, Dec. 16, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- There is no association between elective or nonelective cesarean section with obesity in young adulthood, according to a study published online Dec. 6 in PLOS Medicine.

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Model May Predict Barrett Esophagus Diagnosis in GERD Patients

FRIDAY, Dec. 13, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A diagnostic model can help predict diagnosis of Barrett esophagus in patients with symptomatic gastroesophageal reflux disease, according to a study published online Dec. 5 in The Lancet Digital Health.

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Hahn Confirmed as New FDA Chief

FRIDAY, Dec. 13, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Stephen Hahn, M.D., was confirmed as commissioner of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration in a 72-18 Senate vote on Thursday.

The New York Times Article

U.S. Will Have Three-Digit Number for Suicide Prevention Hotline

FRIDAY, Dec. 13, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A new three-digit number in the United States to contact a suicide prevention hotline is being created by federal officials.

AP News Article

Moderate Physical Activity Tied to Lower Fasting GLP-1 in Men

FRIDAY, Dec. 13, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For overweight men, physical activity (PA) even at moderate intensity is associated with lower fasting and greater glucose-stimulated glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) responses, according to a study published online Dec. 1 in Endocrine Connections.

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Prenatal, Early-Life Air Pollutant Exposure Tied to Later Allergies

FRIDAY, Dec. 13, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The cumulative effect of multiple indoor air pollutant exposures prenatally and early in life may influence allergies in 2-year-olds, according to a study published online Nov. 22 in the Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology.

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Antibiotic Exposure May Be Tied to Risk for Parkinson Disease

FRIDAY, Dec. 13, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Exposure to certain types of oral antibiotics may be associated with an elevated risk for Parkinson disease (PD), according to a study published online Nov. 18 in Movement Disorders.

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Evidence Supports Use of High-Dose Aspirin for Migraine

FRIDAY, Dec. 13, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Evidence supports the use of high-dose aspirin for treating acute migraine and low-dose aspirin for prevention of recurrent attacks, according to a review recently published in the American Journal of Medicine.

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Potentially Nephrotoxic Meds Prescribed to Children With CKD

THURSDAY, Dec. 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Potentially nephrotoxic medications are prescribed at a higher rate to children with versus without chronic kidney disease (CKD), according to a study published online Dec. 12 in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

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Facebook Asked to Remove 'Factually Inaccurate' Ads About PrEP

THURSDAY, Dec. 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Facebook should remove "factually inaccurate" ads that "suggest negative health effects" of the HIV-prevention medication Truvada, more than 50 LGBTQ, HIV, and public health groups say in an open letter to the company.

NBC News Article

Cost Saving-Related Rx Nonadherence Found for 7 Percent With HIV

THURSDAY, Dec. 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Seven percent of persons with HIV infection report cost saving-related nonadherence to prescription medication, according to research published in the Dec. 13 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Antibiotics Often Prescribed Without Documented Indication

THURSDAY, Dec. 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A considerable proportion of antibiotics are prescribed without a documented indication, according to a study published online Dec. 11 in The BMJ.

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Editorial

Few Child Care Centers Report Flu Vaccine Requirements

THURSDAY, Dec. 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Few child care center directors report having an influenza vaccine requirement for children and adult caregivers, according to a study published online Dec. 12 in the Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society.

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Labeling Exercise Needed to Burn Food May Cut Calories Consumed

THURSDAY, Dec. 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Labeling foods, drinks, and menus with the amount and type of exercise needed to burn off the calories might be a more effective way of encouraging people to make healthier dietary choices, according to a review published online Dec. 10 in the Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health.

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One in Three Parents Report Skipping Doctor, Dentist Appointment

THURSDAY, Dec. 12, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- One in three parents have skipped a doctor or dentist appointment in the past year because they could not afford to pay for visits or find transportation, according to the results of a survey released Nov. 18 by Nemours Children's Health System.

Redefining Health for the Well-Being of Children

Non-HDL Cholesterol Levels Linked to Long-Term ASCVD Risk

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Elevated concentrations of non-high-density lipoprotein (non-HDL) cholesterol are associated with an increased long-term risk for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, according to a study published online Dec. 3 in The Lancet.

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Shortage of Applied Behavior Analysts Found for Children With Autism

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The supply of applied behavior analysis (ABA) providers for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) falls short of the benchmark in 49 states and Washington, D.C., according to a study published online Dec. 11 in Psychiatric Services.

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Insurance Disparities ID'd in Diagnosis of Late-Stage Melanoma

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For nonelderly adults in the United States, having Medicaid or no health insurance is associated with increased odds of being diagnosed with late-stage melanoma compared with having private insurance, according to a study recently published online in Cancer.

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Stroke Risk Up With Long Sleep Duration, Long Midday Napping

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The risks for incident stroke are increased with long sleep duration, long midday napping, and poor sleep quality, according to a study published online Dec. 11 in Neurology.

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CPAP Mask Helps Patients With Mild Obstructive Sleep Apnea

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Among patients with mild obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), quality of life is improved at three months for those receiving continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy plus standard care compared with standard care alone, according to a study published online Dec. 2 in The Lancet Respiratory Medicine.

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Many Pregnant Women Not Meeting Nutritional Guidelines

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Women who are pregnant or trying to become pregnant may not be meeting dietary guidelines and/or nutritional recommendations, according to a review published Dec. 2 in Maternal & Child Nutrition.

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Type 2 Diabetes More Common in Patients With Psoriasis

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Rates of type 2 diabetes may be higher among patients with psoriasis, according to a study published online Dec. 3 in the Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology.

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Fewer Blacks Use Aspirin Therapy for Primary Prevention of CVD

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Low-dose aspirin is used less consistently by blacks than whites for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD), and its impact on ischemic cardiac disease varies by race, according to a study published online Dec. 11 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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Factors Examined for Time to First Rx for Biologic DMARD in RA

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For older patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), there is considerable variation in time to receipt of first biologic disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD) after prescription of the first conventional synthetic (cs) DMARD, according to a study published online Dec. 6 in JAMA Network Open.

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Household Cleaning Product-Linked Ocular Exposure Declining

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- From 2000 to 2016, there was a decrease in the annual frequency of ocular exposures associated with household cleaning products among children, according to a study published online Dec. 9 in Eye.

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Aerobic Exercise May Slow Cognitive Decline in Older Adults

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Among older adults who have cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors and cognitive impairments with no dementia (CIND), cognitive function was better at one-year follow-up in participants compared with controls after a six-month exercise intervention, with or without the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet, according to a study published online Nov. 22 in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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Trampoline-Related Pediatric Fractures Increased 2008 Through 2017

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- From 2008 to 2017, there was an increase in the incidence of trampoline-related pediatric fractures, with a significant increase in the odds of a fracture occurring at a place of recreation or sport, according to a study published online Dec. 11 in Pediatrics.

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State Legislators React to Preventable Disease Outbreaks

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Increases in vaccine-preventable disease (VPD) outbreaks are associated with an increase in proposed state legislation that would restrict vaccine exemptions, according to a research letter recently published in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Use of Pain, Sleep Drugs Ups Risk for Frailty in the Elderly

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 11, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Prescription pain and sleep drug use is significantly associated with an increased incidence of frailty, according to a study published in the December issue of the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society.

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U.S. Primary Care Doctors Face Challenges in Coordinating Care

TUESDAY, Dec. 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Physicians from the United States and other high-income countries report difficulties with care coordination, with a substantial proportion of U.S. physicians not receiving timely notification or the information needed from specialists or other sites of care, according to a study published online Dec. 10 in Health Affairs.

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USPSTF Advises AAA Screening Based on Sex, Age, Smoking History

TUESDAY, Dec. 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) screening vary by sex, smoking status, and family history. These recommendations form the basis of a final recommendation statement published in the Dec. 10 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Final Recommendation Statement
Evidence Report
Editorial 1
Editorial 2
Editorial 3

Current Tobacco Use Prevalent in Middle, High School Students

TUESDAY, Dec. 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Almost one-third of high school students report current use of tobacco products, according to research published in the Dec. 6 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Breastfeeding May Protect Against Postpartum Relapses in MS

TUESDAY, Dec. 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Breastfeeding may be protective against postpartum relapses in multiple sclerosis (MS), according to a review and meta-analysis published online Dec. 9 in JAMA Neurology.

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Few MMR-Vaccine Eligible Children Receive Vaccine Before Travel

TUESDAY, Dec. 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Less than half of pediatric travelers who are eligible for pretravel measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccination are vaccinated during pretravel consultation, according to a study published online Dec. 9 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Low-Dose Aspirin May Cut Dementia Risk in Women With Diabetes

TUESDAY, Dec. 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Long-term use of low-dose aspirin may reduce the risk for dementia in women with type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online Dec. 4 in Diabetes Care.

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Many With Diabetes Engage in Underground Exchange of Medications, Supplies

TUESDAY, Dec. 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with diabetes frequently engage in underground exchange activities for medications and supplies, according to a study published online Dec. 4 in the Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology.

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U.S. Health Care Spending Up 4.6 Percent in 2018

TUESDAY, Dec. 10, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- In 2018, U.S. health care spending increased 4.6 percent, a faster rate than that seen in 2017, according to a report published online Dec. 5 in Health Affairs.

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Extending HPV Vaccination to Age 45 Provides Small Additional Benefit

MONDAY, Dec. 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Extending the current human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination program to age 45 years is expected to produce small additional reductions in HPV-associated diseases with high additional costs, according to a study published online Dec. 10 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Supreme Court Upholds Kentucky Abortion Ultrasound Law

MONDAY, Dec. 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A Kentucky law requiring physicians to perform ultrasounds and show fetal images to patients before abortions was upheld Monday by the U.S. Supreme Court.

AP News Article

Rural Children Experiencing Higher Mortality Rates

MONDAY, Dec. 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Mortality rates were higher for rural children than their urban peers during 1999 to 2017, according to a report published in the December issue of Health Affairs, a theme issue on rural health.

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2016 to 2019 Saw Increase in Medical Students With Disabilities

MONDAY, Dec. 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- From 2016 to 2019, there was an increase in the proportion of medical students reporting disabilities, according to a research letter published in the Nov. 26 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Half of U.S. Physicians Recommend Complementary Health Approaches

MONDAY, Dec. 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- More than half of office-based physicians recommend complementary health approaches (CHAs) to their patients, according to a study published online Dec. 2 in the Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine.

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2012 to 2014 Saw 41,185 U.S. Patients With Skin Malignancy

MONDAY, Dec. 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- From 2012 to 2014, 41,185 patients with a diagnosis of skin malignancy of the head and neck region were identified, mostly with a diagnosis of nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC), according to a study recently published in the Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery.

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Distinct Populations of Sudden Unexpected Infant Death ID'd

MONDAY, Dec. 9, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Sudden unexpected infant death (SUID) can be classified into two groups based on the age of death, with distinct risk factors for sudden unexpected early neonatal deaths (SUENDs) and postperinatal SUIDs, according to a study published online Dec. 9 in Pediatrics.

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Cellphone-Related Injuries to Head, Neck on the Rise

FRIDAY, Dec. 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The number of head and neck injuries related to cellphone use that require emergency department attention has increased during a 20-year period, according to a study published online Dec. 5 in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery.

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CDC: All 50 States Now Reporting Cases of Severe Vaping-Linked Lung Injury

FRIDAY, Dec. 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Cases of a serious, sometimes fatal, form of lung injury tied to vaping have now been reported in all 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. In total, case numbers have risen to 2,291, according to the latest update from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, issued Thursday.

More Information: CDC
CMAJ Report
European Respiratory Journal Report

Rural Population Underrepresented Among Medical Students

FRIDAY, Dec. 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- In 2017, less than 5 percent of all incoming medical students were rural students, according to a study published in the December issue of Health Affairs, a theme issue on rural health.

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FDA Testing Levels of Carcinogen in Diabetes Drug Metformin

FRIDAY, Dec. 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Levels of possible cancer-causing chemicals in metformin diabetes medications are under investigation by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

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Retail Prescription Drug Prices Fall for First Time in 45 Years

FRIDAY, Dec. 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Retail prescription drug prices in the United States fell by 1 percent last year, a new government report shows.

AP News Article

Preterm Birth May Increase Risk for Diabetes Into Adulthood

FRIDAY, Dec. 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Preterm birth is associated with an increased risk for type 1 and type 2 diabetes from childhood into early and middle adulthood, according to a study published online Dec. 3 in Diabetologia.

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Pharmacist-Led Interventions Cut Cardiovascular Risk Factors

FRIDAY, Dec. 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Pharmacist-led interventions in general practice can significantly reduce medical risk factors associated with cardiovascular events, according to a review published online Nov. 27 in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology.

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Social Media Use Tied to Disordered Eating in Young Teens

FRIDAY, Dec. 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Use of social media (SM), particularly platforms with a strong focus on images, is associated with disordered-eating (DE) thoughts and behaviors in young adolescents, according to a study published online Dec. 3 in the International Journal of Eating Disorders.

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Introducing Foods Early May Cut Development of Food Allergies

FRIDAY, Dec. 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Early introduction of allergenic foods may prevent the development of food allergy in certain infants at high risk, although adherence to early introduction is low, according to three studies published in the December issue of the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.

Abstract/Full Text - Perkin 1
Abstract/Full Text - Perkin 2
Abstract/Full Text - Voorheis

Bariatric Surgery May Raise Risk for Colon Cancer Years Later

FRIDAY, Dec. 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Individuals who undergo bariatric surgery may be at increased risk for developing colon cancer years later, according to a study published online Dec. 4 in the International Journal of Cancer.

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Cancer Tied to Higher Risk for Deadly Stroke

FRIDAY, Dec. 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The risk for a deadly stroke is higher in cancer patients and cancer survivors than the general public, according to a study published online Nov. 15 in Nature Communications.

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Reductions in Air Pollution Yield Substantial Health Gains

FRIDAY, Dec. 6, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Reductions in air pollution yield prompt and substantial health benefits, according to research published in the December issue of the Annals of the American Thoracic Society.

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Daily Cannabis Use Tied to Lower Illicit Opioid Use for Chronic Pain

THURSDAY, Dec. 5, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Individuals with chronic pain who use daily cannabis have lower odds of using illicit opioids, according to a Canadian study published online Nov. 19 in PLOS Medicine.

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Annual Reported Measles Incidence Dropped From 2000 to 2018

THURSDAY, Dec. 5, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The annual reported measles incidence decreased from 2000 to 2018, but the number of cases increased from 2016 to 2018, according to research published in the Dec. 6 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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More Than 100 E. Coli Illnesses Now Linked to Romaine Lettuce

THURSDAY, Dec. 5, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Federal health officials are currently investigating a multistate outbreak of Escherichia coli infection linked to romaine lettuce thought to be grown in Salinas, California.

More Information: CDC
More Information: FDA

Early-Onset CVD Rate Up for Children of Moms With Diabetes

THURSDAY, Dec. 5, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Children of mothers with diabetes have increased rates of early-onset cardiovascular disease (CVD), according to a study published online Dec. 4 in The BMJ.

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Racial Differences Seen With Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

THURSDAY, Dec. 5, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Racial differences in disease expression and adverse clinical outcomes exist between black and white patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, according to a study published online Dec. 4 in JAMA Cardiology.

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E-Cigarette Smokers Have Increased Odds of Depression

THURSDAY, Dec. 5, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Current and former electronic cigarette users have increased odds of depression compared with never users, according to a study published online Dec. 4 in JAMA Network Open.

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Permanent Hair Dye Use Linked to Increased Breast Cancer Risk

THURSDAY, Dec. 5, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Permanent hair dye use is associated with an increased risk for breast cancer, especially among black women, according to a study published online Dec. 4 in the International Journal of Cancer.

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Playing Analog Games Tied to Less Relative Cognitive Decline

THURSDAY, Dec. 5, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Playing analog games is associated with less relative cognitive decline, according to a study published online Nov. 18 in the Journals of Gerontology: Series B.

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Obstructive Sleep Apnea May Be Underdiagnosed in Women

THURSDAY, Dec. 5, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Men and women experience obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) during REM sleep at similar rates, according to a study published online Nov. 5 in SLEEP.

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6.5 Percent of Adults Report Prescription Opioid Analgesic Use

THURSDAY, Dec. 5, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Overall, 6.5 percent of adults aged 20 years and older reported using a prescription opioid analgesic in the previous 30 days during 2013 to 2016, according to a report published in the December Health E-Stats, a publication of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics.

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Ubrogepant Relieves Pain, Symptoms of Acute Migraine

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The percentage of patients with migraine reporting freedom from pain is higher for those receiving ubrogepant than those receiving placebo, according to a study published in the Dec. 5 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Aspirin Use May Reduce Cancer, All-Cause Mortality in Seniors

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Aspirin use three or more times per week is associated with reductions in all-cause, any cancer, gastrointestinal cancer, and colorectal cancer (CRC) mortality among older adults, according to a study published online Dec. 4 in JAMA Network Open.

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New HIV Infections Remained Stable in U.S. From 2013 to 2017

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- From 2013 to 2017, the number of new HIV infections remained stable, and only 18.1 percent of the 1.2 million people with indications for preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) had been prescribed the medication in 2018, according to research published in the Dec. 3 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Services Affected by Rural Hospitals Joining Health Systems

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- While affiliating with health systems may boost a rural hospital's financial viability, the affiliation is often associated with reductions in critical services, according to a study published in the December issue of Health Affairs, a theme issue on rural health.

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Adults Not Living in Metro Areas Have Reduced Access to Care

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Adults not living in metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs) are more likely to have reduced access to or use of health care services, according to a study published online Dec. 4 in the National Health Statistics Reports, a publication from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Postpartum Opioid Prescription Rates Vary Widely by Hospital

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Postpartum opioid prescription rates vary widely among hospitals, according to a study published in the November issue of the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology Maternal-Fetal Medicine.

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Physician Depressive Symptoms Tied to Higher Risk for Medical Errors

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 4, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Physicians showing depressive symptoms are at higher risk for medical errors, according to a review published Nov. 27 in JAMA Network Open.

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Decline in Adult Primary Care Visits Seen in 2007 to 2016

TUESDAY, Dec. 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- There was a national decline in adult primary care visits from 2007 to 2016, but the decline was associated with a simultaneous uptick in longer visits with electronic follow-up, according to a study published in the November/December issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Infancy Nurse Visit Program May Reduce Public Benefit Costs

TUESDAY, Dec. 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A prenatal and infancy nurse home visiting program is associated with reduced public benefit costs for low-income mothers and improved cognitive-related skills in their children, according to two studies published in the Dec. 1 issue of Pediatrics.

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eBay Bans Infant Inclined Sleepers, Other Companies Urged to Do Same

TUESDAY, Dec. 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- eBay's decision to ban infant inclined sleepers from its platform, including nonrecalled sleepers, was welcomed by Consumer Reports, which urged other companies to do the same.

Consumer Reports Article

New Federal Program Provides Free HIV Prevention Drugs to Uninsured

TUESDAY, Dec. 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A new program to provide free HIV prevention drugs to people who cannot afford them because they do not have health insurance was announced Tuesday by the U.S. government.

AP News Article

T1DM May Up Progression of CAC During Menopausal Transition

TUESDAY, Dec. 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- For women going through menopause, type 1 diabetes is associated with higher coronary artery calcium (CAC) volume and accelerated progression of CAC over time, according to a study published in the December issue of Diabetes Care.

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Deportation Worry May Raise Risk for Hypertension in Women

TUESDAY, Dec. 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Deportation worry is associated with an increased risk for incident hypertension in women, according to a study published online Nov. 27 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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Inhaled Cannabis Cuts Headache, Migraine Severity

TUESDAY, Dec. 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Inhaled cannabis reduces self-reported headache and migraine severity, according to a study published online Nov. 9 in the Journal of Pain.

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Concussion May Up Risk for Suicide in High School Students

TUESDAY, Dec. 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- High school students with a history of sports-related concussions might be at an increased risk for suicide, according to a study published online Nov. 11 in the Journal of Affective Disorders.

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Palmoplantar Pustulosis Confirmed as Orphan Disease

TUESDAY, Dec. 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Co-occurring psoriasis is common among patients with palmoplantar pustulosis (PPP), according to a study published in the November issue of the British Journal of Dermatology.

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Risk for Hodgkin Lymphoma Increased With Allergic Disease, Eczema

TUESDAY, Dec. 3, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The risk for Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) is increased in association with immunosuppression, allergic disease, and eczema, according to a study published online Nov. 12 in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.

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Overall, 8.5 Percent of Suicide Acts in U.S. Are Fatal

MONDAY, Dec. 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Overall, 8.5 percent of suicidal acts are fatal, with higher rates for males and older adults, according to a study published online Dec. 3 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Government Shut Down as Samoa Battles Measles Outbreak

MONDAY, Dec. 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The government of Samoa will close on Thursday and Friday as civil servants join the fight against a measles outbreak in the South Pacific Island nation that has killed 53 people, the country's prime minister said Monday.

CNN Article

Prediabetes Prevalent in U.S. Adolescents, Young Adults

MONDAY, Dec. 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of prediabetes is high in U.S. adolescents and young adults, according to a study published online Dec. 2 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Obesity Mediates Response to Antiarrhythmic Drugs in A-Fib

MONDAY, Dec. 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Obesity may cause a differential response to antiarrhythmic drugs (AADs) used to suppress atrial fibrillation (AF), according to a study published online Nov. 27 in JAMA Cardiology.

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Outcomes of Hep C Screening Intervention Examined

MONDAY, Dec. 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- A multicomponent intervention can improve hepatitis C virus (HCV) screening, although there is considerable variation by practice, according to a study published online Dec. 3 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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General Fertility Rate Declined in United States in 2018

MONDAY, Dec. 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The general fertility rate declined to 59.1 births per 1,000 women aged 15 to 44 years in 2018 in the United States, according to a study published online Nov. 27 in the National Health Statistics Reports, a publication from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Child Consumption of Sugary Drinks Down From 2003 to 2014

MONDAY, Dec. 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Efforts to decrease sugar-sweetened beverage consumption during the past decade have been successful, according to a study published online Nov. 20 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

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Federal, State Background Check Laws Together Cut Teen Gun Carrying

MONDAY, Dec. 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- The National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS) together with the universal background check (U/BC) significantly reduces gun carrying among adolescents, according to a study published online Dec. 2 in Pediatrics.

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Risk for Hospital Admission Up With Short-Term PM2.5 Exposure

MONDAY, Dec. 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Short-term exposure to fine particulate matter with diameter less than 2.5 µm (PM2.5) is associated with increased hospital admission risks and costs, according to a study published online Nov. 27 in The BMJ.

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Fracture Risk Increased in Adults With Atopic Eczema

MONDAY, Dec. 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with atopic eczema have an increased risk for fracture, especially major osteoporotic fractures, according to a study published online Nov. 19 in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.

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End-Stage Renal Disease Patients at Higher Risk for Syphilis

MONDAY, Dec. 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- End-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients are at a higher risk for contracting syphilis, according to a study recently published in the Clinical Kidney Journal.

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Childhood Adversity Linked to Borderline Personality Disorder

MONDAY, Dec. 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Exposure to childhood adversity is associated with borderline personality disorder (BPD), according to a review recently published in Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica.

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Improved Oral Hygiene May Cut Risk for Heart Failure, A-Fib

MONDAY, Dec. 2, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Improved oral hygiene care is associated with a reduced risk for atrial fibrillation and heart failure, according to a study published online Dec. 1 in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.

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