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June 2011 Briefing - Family Practice

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Family Practice for June 2011. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Most Addicted Americans Start Using Before Age 18

THURSDAY, June 30 (HealthDay News) -- Most Americans currently meeting medical criteria for addiction began smoking, drinking, or using drugs before their 18th birthday, according to a study released June 29 by the National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University.

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Text Messaging Can Help Smokers Stop Smoking

THURSDAY, June 30 (HealthDay News) -- An automated mobile phone text messaging smoking cessation program (txt2stop) can significantly improve continued abstinence in smokers, according to a study published online June 30 in The Lancet.

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Pain Is a Public Health Issue and Economic Burden in U.S.

THURSDAY, June 30 (HealthDay News) -- An integrated approach that responds to all the factors influencing pain can successfully treat, manage, and prevent chronic pain, according to a report published in June by the Institute of Medicine (IOM), on behalf of the National Institutes of Health (NIH).

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Bottles of Tylenol Recalled

THURSDAY, June 30 (HealthDay News) -- The manufacturer of Tylenol is recalling one lot of U.S.-distributed Tylenol Extra Strength Caplets 225 count bottles, according to an announcement by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

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Parent, Child Surgery May Spur Parents to Quit Smoking

THURSDAY, June 30 (HealthDay News) -- Parents are more likely to try to quit smoking if they or their child had a recent surgery, and are more likely to succeed if they underwent the surgical procedure and not their child, according to a study published in the July issue of Anesthesiology.

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Black Patients Have Slower Transfer for Revascularization

THURSDAY, June 30 (HealthDay News) -- Black patients who have an acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and present to a nonrevascularization hospital are transferred more slowly to revascularization hospitals than their white counterparts, according to a study published in the July issue of Medical Care.

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Poorer Thyroid Cancer Survival in African-Americans

THURSDAY, June 30 (HealthDay News) -- African-Americans (AAs) with thyroid cancer have a poorer survival rate than whites, which may be attributed to differences in disease characteristics, according to a study published online June 21 in Ethnicity & Disease.

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COPD Rates Remain Stable in U.S. Between 1998 and 2009

WEDNESDAY, June 29 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) remained stable in the United States between 1998 and 2009, according to a report published online June 29 by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC's) National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS).

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Incentives Negatively Impact Non-Incentivized Activities

WEDNESDAY, June 29 (HealthDay News) -- Incentives may have a detrimental impact on non-incentivized activities of quality of care in the long-term, according to a study published online June 28 in BMJ.

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Higher Mortality in Obese, Low Occupational-Class Women

WEDNESDAY, June 29 (HealthDay News) -- For women who have never smoked, low socioeconomic status is linked to a higher prevalence of obesity and higher mortality rates from cardiovascular disease, according to a study published online June 28 in BMJ.

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E-Alerts Found to Help Prevent Thromboembolism

WEDNESDAY, June 29 (HealthDay News) -- Electronic alerts (e-alerts) may be a cost-effective prophylactic strategy to prevent venous thromboembolism (VTE) in hospitalized patients, according to a study published in the June issue of the Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis.

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In Lumbar Stenosis, ABI and TBI Needed for PAD Diagnosis

WEDNESDAY, June 29 (HealthDay News) -- In patients with lumbar spinal canal stenosis (LSCS) with or without normal arterial pulses, screening for peripheral artery disease (PAD) should include measuring the ankle brachial pressure index (ABI) and toe brachial pressure index (TBI), according to a study published in the July 1 issue of Spine.

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Ambulatory BP Monitoring Can Predict Renal, Cardiac Risk

TUESDAY, June 28 (HealthDay News) -- In patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring, especially at night, may predict renal and cardiovascular risks better than office BP measurements, according to a study published in the June 27 issue of the Archives of Internal Medicine.

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Flu Vaccine Safe for Sunitinib, Sorafenib Treated Patients

TUESDAY, June 28 (HealthDay News) -- Patients undergoing chemotherapy with sunitinib or sorafenib develop seroprotection rates similar to healthy controls following vaccination against influenza, according to a study published online June 28 in Clinical Cancer Research.

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Moderate, Severe Diastolic Dysfunction Predicts Mortality

TUESDAY, June 28 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with normal systolic function, the presence of moderate or severe diastolic dysfunction (DD) may be an independent predictor of cardiovascular mortality and survival rate, according to a study published in the June 27 issue of the Archives of Internal Medicine.

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Vitamin D, Calcium Don't Reduce Nonmelanoma Skin Cancer

TUESDAY, June 28 (HealthDay News) -- Low-dose vitamin D and calcium supplementation do not reduce the overall incidence of nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC) in postmenopausal women, but may benefit women with a history of NMSC, according to a study published online June 27 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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New Model Estimates Impact of Breast-Cancer Risk Factors

TUESDAY, June 28 (HealthDay News) -- A new breast cancer risk model predicts that changes in the modifiable risk factors in a woman's lifestyle may reduce the absolute risk of developing breast cancer, according to a study published online June 24 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

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Brief Intervention Helps Employees Return to Work

TUESDAY, June 28 (HealthDay News) -- A brief intervention is as efficient as multidisciplinary intervention for increasing one-year return to work (RTW) for sick-listed employees with low back pain (LBP), according to a study published in the July 1 issue of Spine.

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Evening Media Use Affects Sleep in Children

TUESDAY, June 28 (HealthDay News) -- Evening media or daytime violent media use may increase sleep problems in preschool-aged children, but nonviolent daytime media use does not, according to a study published online June 27 in Pediatrics.

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New Tool Validated for Vision-Related Quality of Life

TUESDAY, June 28 (HealthDay News) -- The Effects of Youngsters' Eyesight on Quality of Life (EYE-Q) instrument is a validated and reliable tool which may be useful for determining vision-related quality of life (VRQOL) in visually impaired children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis-associated uveitis (JIA-U), according to a study published online June 15 in Arthritis Care & Research.

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Normal CT Scan Tied to Favorable Head Trauma Result

MONDAY, June 27 (HealthDay News) -- Children with minor blunt head injury with normal initial computed tomography (CT) scan results and a Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score of 14 to 15 are very unlikely to need neurosurgical intervention, according to a study published online June 17 in the Annals of Emergency Medicine.

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Obesity in Children and Adolescents Linked to Media

MONDAY, June 27 (HealthDay News) -- Media, and specifically television viewing, may be correlated with childhood and adolescent obesity, which is related in part to advertising of unhealthy foods, according to a policy statement issued by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and published online June 27 in Pediatrics.

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More Pediatricians Utilizing Formal Screening Tools

MONDAY, June 27 (HealthDay News) -- An increased use of developmental tools by pediatricians was observed between 2002 and 2009, according to a study published online June 27 in Pediatrics.

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Prophylactic Heparin May Not Prevent Placental Insufficiency

MONDAY, June 27 (HealthDay News) -- Women at risk of placental insufficiency who are treated with unfractionated heparin (UFH) during pregnancy may not have significantly better outcomes than those undergoing standard care, according to a study published online June 20 in the Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis.

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Induction of Labor May Not Raise Emergency Cesarean Risk

MONDAY, June 27 (HealthDay News) -- Induction of labor does not increase the risk of emergency cesarean section (CS), when comparing gestational weeks 39, 40, or 41 with a later induced or spontaneous labor, according to a study published online June 16 in the Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica.

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Higher Prevalence of Autism Disorders Seen in IT Regions

MONDAY, June 27 (HealthDay News) -- Autism spectrum conditions (ASC) are more common in children residing in regions which are centers of information technology (IT), according to a study published online June 17 in the Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders.

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FDA Changes Erythropoiesis-Stimulating Agent Dosing

FRIDAY, June 24 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has recommended more conservative dosing guidelines for the use of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) in the treatment of anemia associated with chronic kidney disease, as these drugs are tied to an increased risk of cardiovascular events.

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Home Stress Adds to Child's Lung Damage by Air Pollutants

FRIDAY, June 24 (HealthDay News) - The presence of psychosocial stress at home is correlated with increased susceptibility to the effects of traffic-related air pollution (TRP) on lung function, according to a study published online June 23 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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Simvastatin Tops Ezetimibe for Endothelial Protection

FRIDAY, June 24 (HealthDay News) -- Simvastatin is more effective than ezetimibe in treating patients with high cholesterol levels, but treatment with a combination is most beneficial, according to a study published online May 30 in the Journal of Internal Medicine.

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IOM Addresses Prevention of Obesity in Young Children

FRIDAY, June 24 (HealthDay News) -- Encouraging more physical activity and limiting television and other media use as well as requiring child care providers to promote healthy sleeping practices are a few of the recommendations in a new report from the Institute of Medicine that is part of an effort to reduce obesity in very young children.

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Disordered Eating Persists From Adolescence to Adulthood

FRIDAY, June 24 (HealthDay News) -- Dieting and disordered eating behaviors that begin during adolescence continue to be prevalent in early adulthood, according to a study published in the July issue of the Journal of the American Dietetic Association.

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Obese Teen Girls Have Higher Nicotine Addiction Risk

FRIDAY, June 24 (HealthDay News) -- Obese adolescent females have a significantly increased risk of nicotine addiction in young adulthood, which is strongly predicted by family smoking, according to a study published online June 21 in the Journal of Adolescent Health.

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Long-Term Pollutant Exposure Tied to Uncontrolled Asthma

FRIDAY, June 24 (HealthDay News) - Long-term exposure to particulate matter smaller than 10 µm (PM10) and ozone (O3) is associated with uncontrolled asthma in adults, according to a study published online June 20 in the Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health.

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Glow Gel Enhances Hand-Washing Ability in Children

FRIDAY, June 24 (HealthDay News) -- The use of glow gel to wash hands is an effective way to improve hand hygiene in children, even without specific education, according to a study published in the July issue of Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology.

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Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Approach Feasible for Infants

FRIDAY, June 24 (HealthDay News) -- Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) using a feed-and-swaddle approach does not require deep sedation or cardiac anesthesia, and can be used to evaluate aortic arch abnormalities in infants, according to a study published in the July 1 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

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Most Young Adults Receive Routine Health Care

FRIDAY, June 24 (HealthDay News) -- The majority of young American adults regularly seek health care and have access to insurance, according to a survey published online June 14 by the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP).

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Poor Bowel Preparation Tied to Missed Adenoma Diagnosis

FRIDAY, June 24 (HealthDay News) -- Patients who undergo colonoscopies with suboptimal preparation of the bowel may have missed adenoma diagnoses, which are detected at repeat colonoscopy, according to a study published in the June issue of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy.

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CDC: Expanded HIV Testing Initiative Effective

THURSDAY, June 23 (HealthDay News) -- Initiatives to expand HIV testing, including an opt-out HIV screening approach used among inmates during prison medical intake evaluation, appear to be effective in identifying new HIV cases, according to two reports in the June 24 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Motivational Interviewing May Improve Post-Stroke Mood

THURSDAY, June 23 (HealthDay News) -- Motivational interviewing (MI) is associated with improved mood and reduced mortality in post-stroke patients, according to a study published online June 23 in Stroke.

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Tighter Control of Systolic BP Lowers Stroke Risk for Some

THURSDAY, June 23 (HealthDay News) -- Tight control of systolic blood pressure (SBP) to levels of less than 130 mm Hg is associated with additional risk reduction of stroke among people with risk factors but no established cardiovascular disease, according to a meta-analysis published online June 2 in the Annals of Neurology.

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Perinatal Depression Care Influenced by Care Providers

THURSDAY, June 23 (HealthDay News) -- Prenatal care providers are largely influenced by internal factors while making decisions regarding perinatal depression care, according to a study published in the May issue of General Hospital Psychiatry.

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Maternal Smoking May Lower Children's HDL Cholesterol

THURSDAY, June 23 (HealthDay News) -- Healthy 8-year-olds whose mothers smoked during pregnancy may have reduced levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, according to a study published online June 21 in the European Heart Journal.

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Autism Tied to Disrupted Neural Synchronization

THURSDAY, June 23 (HealthDay News) -- Toddlers with autism display disrupted neural synchronization during sleep compared to language-delayed or typically developing children, according to a study published in the June 23 issue of Neuron.

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Statin Therapy Tied to Lower Prostate Cancer Risk

THURSDAY, June 23 (HealthDay News) -- Statin therapy may decrease the risk and severity of prostate cancer, according to a study published in the July issue of The Journal of Urology.

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Higher Antibiotic Use Among Younger Home Care Patients

THURSDAY, June 23 (HealthDay News) -- Home care patients younger than 65 years and those with poor health are more likely to receive antibiotic treatment, according to a study published in the July issue of Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology.

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Syndrome Caused by E. coli Mostly in Adults, Women

WEDNESDAY, June 22 (HealthDay News) -- A large, ongoing outbreak of the hemolytic-uremic syndrome caused by Shiga-toxin-producing Escherichia coli (E. coli) in Germany is occurring mostly in adults, primarily women, according to a study published online June 22 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Variability Seen in Primary Care High-Risk Prescribing

WEDNESDAY, June 22 (HealthDay News) -- High-risk prescribing or potentially inappropriate prescribing of drugs in primary care patients shows considerable unexplained variation between practices, and it is more likely in patients prescribed long-term drugs, according to a study published online June 21 in BMJ.

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Specific Diet, Lifestyle Factors Tied to Long-Term Weight Gain

WEDNESDAY, June 22 (HealthDay News) -- Specific dietary and lifestyle behaviors are independently associated with long-term weight gain, according to a study published in the June 23 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Increased Prevalence of Diabetic Kidney Disease

WEDNESDAY, June 22 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of diabetic kidney disease (DKD) in the United States increased between 1988 and 2008 in proportion to the prevalence of diabetes, according to a study published online June 22/29 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Melanoma Screening Advised for High-Risk Patients

WEDNESDAY, June 22 (HealthDay News) -- Screening for early melanoma detection should be focused on the at-risk population, according to a study published in the June issue of the Archives of Dermatology.

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Perinatal Exposures May Impact Breast Development

WEDNESDAY, June 22 (HealthDay News) -- Gestational or perinatal exposure to certain endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) can alter mammary gland (MG) development, disrupt lactation, and increase susceptibility to breast cancer, according to a review published online June 22 in Environmental Health Perspectives.

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Nasal Spray May Reduce IL-6 in Pediatric Sleep Apnea

WEDNESDAY, June 22 (HealthDay News) -- The treatment of pediatric obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) with fluticasone furoate nasal spray may reduce secretions of interleukin 6 (IL-6), according to a study published in the June issue of the Archives of Otolaryngology -- Head & Neck Surgery.

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Obesity Linked to Lower IVF Pregnancy, Live Birth Rates

WEDNESDAY, June 22 (HealthDay News) -- Women with a body mass index (BMI) of 40 kg/m² or more who undergo in vitro fertilization (IVF) have a significantly reduced likelihood of clinical pregnancy and live birth than women with normal BMI, according to a study published in the July issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Insufficient Evidence for Pretesting TPMT Status

WEDNESDAY, June 22 (HealthDay News) -- There is insufficient evidence to support pretesting for thiopurine S-methyltransferase (TPMT) status before initiating thiopurine treatment, and estimates of the sensitivity of genotyping are imprecise, according to a review published in the June 21 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Intensive-Dose Statins Linked to Increased Diabetes Risk

TUESDAY, June 21 (HealthDay News) -- Intensive-dose statin therapy may be associated with an increased risk of new-onset diabetes and a lower risk of cardiovascular events, according to a meta-analysis published in the June 22/29 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Anti-TNF Doesn't Increase Complication Risk in Early RA

TUESDAY, June 21 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with early rheumatoid arthritis (RA) who are treated with anti-tumor necrosis factor (anti-TNF) therapy do not have an increased risk of serious infections and malignancies compared to those treated with methotrexate (MTX), according to a meta-analysis published in the June issue of Arthritis & Rheumatism.

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Multidetector CT Scan Diagnostic of Appendicitis

TUESDAY, June 21 (HealthDay News) -- Multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) is a highly sensitive and specific test for routine evaluation of suspected appendicitis in adults, according to a study published in the June 21 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Longer Peri- and Preshock Pauses Linked to Poor Survival

TUESDAY, June 21 (HealthDay News) -- For patients who suffer cardiac arrest and present with a shockable rhythm, longer perishock and preshock pauses are independently associated with a decrease in survival to hospital discharge, according to a study published online June 20 in Circulation.

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Millions in U.S. Do Not Receive PAD Prevention Therapies

TUESDAY, June 21 (HealthDay News) -- Millions of U.S. adults with peripheral artery disease (PAD) may not be receiving secondary prevention therapies, despite the fact that treatment with multiple agents is significantly correlated with lower all-cause mortality, according to a study published online June 20 in Circulation.

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Safe Weight Loss Guidelines Issued for Athletes

TUESDAY, June 21 (HealthDay News) -- Weight loss and weight maintenance for athletes and active individuals should be encouraged in a safe way, based on scientific evidence and with advice from appropriately trained health care personnel and athletic trainers, according to recommendations published in the May-June issue of the Journal of Athletic Training.

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Early Statin Therapy May Reduce Unstable Angina

TUESDAY, June 21 (HealthDay News) -- Early statin therapy following acute coronary syndromes (ACS) may reduce the risk of unstable angina at four months, but does not significantly reduce the risk of all-cause mortality, myocardial infarction (MI), or stroke, according to a review published in the June issue of the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.

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Cancer Survivors Have Increased Medical Expenses

TUESDAY, June 21 (HealthDay News) -- The increased expenditure attributable to cancer applies to all cancer survivors, including longer-term survivors, according to a study published in the June 15 issue of Cancer.

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Averaging BP Measurements May Help Control Classification

TUESDAY, June 21 (HealthDay News) -- An average of several blood pressure (BP) measurements should be used to classify patients' BP control, as a single clinic recording is not a meaningful quality metric, according to a study published online June 20 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Long-Acting Reversible Contraceptives Safe for Most

TUESDAY, June 21 (HealthDay News) -- Long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARC) are safe and effective for almost all women of reproductive age, according to an American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) practice bulletin published in the July issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Vessel Sealing System May Be Superior Tonsillectomy Method

TUESDAY, June 21 (HealthDay News) -- The vessel sealing system (VSS) may be a superior tonsillectomy method than other conventional or modern technology-assisted methods, according to a meta-analysis published in the June issue of the Archives of Otolaryngology -- Head & Neck Surgery.

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Food Stores Near Schools Not Tied to Obesity in Students

MONDAY, June 20 (HealthDay News) -- The presence of food stores with unhealthful food near high schools in Maine has no significant impact on the obesity risk of students, according to a study published in the July issue of the Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior.

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Medication at Bedtime Gives Better BP Control in Diabetes

MONDAY, June 20 (HealthDay News) -- In patients with diabetes, taking one or more hypertension medications at bedtime gives better blood pressure control and major cardiovascular event risk reduction compared to morning medication, according to a study published in the June issue of Diabetes Care.

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Updated Performance Measures May Improve Patient Care

MONDAY, June 20 (HealthDay News) -- A series of 10 performance measures for adults may help improve the care of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and hypertension by providing treatment and controlling risk factors; the measures were published online June 13 in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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U.S. Food Allergy Prevalence Higher Than Reported

MONDAY, June 20 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence and severity of childhood food allergy in the United States is greater than previously reported, with disparities in childhood allergy and its clinical diagnosis, according to a study published online June 20 in Pediatrics.

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No Conclusive Evidence for Use of Psychosis Interventions

MONDAY, June 20 (HealthDay News) -- There is emerging but inconclusive evidence that individuals with prodromal symptoms or first-episode psychosis may benefit from specialized early intervention services and phase-specific treatment, according to a review published in the June issue of the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.

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Portable Pools May Pose Submersion Risk for Children

MONDAY, June 20 (HealthDay News) -- The majority of pediatric submersion events in portable pools involve children younger than 5 years and take place in the child's own yard, according to a study published online June 20 in Pediatrics.

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Childhood Asthma Linked to ADHD in Adolescence

FRIDAY, June 17 (HealthDay News) -- Childhood asthma is associated with subsequent development of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), particularly the hyperactivity-impulsivity (HI) component in adolescence, according to a study published online May 21 in Allergy.

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Many Primary Care Physicians Not Addressing Weight Issues

FRIDAY, June 17 (HealthDay News) -- A large number of primary care physicians (PCPs) do not offer adequate counseling for weight status for adults or children, according to two studies published in the July issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

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Low Use of Screenings by Sexual Minority Young Women

FRIDAY, June 17 (HealthDay News) -- Routine reproductive health screenings, including Papanicolaou (Pap) smears and sexually transmitted infection (STI) tests, are underutilized by sexual minority adolescent and young adult women, according to a study published online June 7 in the Journal of Adolescent Health.

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Caregiver Support May Reduce Psychological Distress

FRIDAY, June 17 (HealthDay News) -- The psychological distress of caring for a friend or relative with a terminal disease may be reduced if informal caregivers receive direct support, although the quality of evidence is low, according to a review published in the June issue of the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.

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HPV Vaccination Program Tied to Fewer Cervical Abnormalities

FRIDAY, June 17 (HealthDay News) -- The incidence of high-grade cervical abnormalities (HGAs) has decreased in girls younger than 18 years, within three years of the implementation of a population-wide human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination program in Australia, according to a review published in the June 18 issue of The Lancet.

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FDA: Smoking Cessation Drug Tied to Cardiac Issues

FRIDAY, June 17 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has warned consumers and health care professionals that varenicline (Chantix) may be associated with a small but increased risk of cardiovascular adverse events in individuals with cardiovascular disease.

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CDC: Small Percent of Youth Meet Physical Activity Goals

THURSDAY, June 16 (HealthDay News) -- Only a small percentage of youth have met the objective for aerobic and muscle-strengthening activities outlined in the Healthy People 2020 (HP 2020) physical activity guidelines, and daily consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) is high, especially among male and black youth, according to two reports in the June 17 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Syphilis Screening May Reduce Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes

THURSDAY, June 16 (HealthDay News) -- Screening interventions may reduce the incidence of perinatal death and stillbirth attributed to syphilis, according to a review published online June 16 in The Lancet Infectious Diseases.

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Gene Mutation Tied to Increased Vitamin D Sensitivity

THURSDAY, June 16 (HealthDay News) -- Mutations in CYP24A1 are associated with increased sensitivity to vitamin D in patients with idiopathic infantile hypercalcemia, and may be a potential genetic risk factor for the development of symptomatic hypercalcemia in otherwise healthy infants, according to a study published online June 15 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Infectious Patients on Flights May Raise Influenza Risk

THURSDAY, June 16 (HealthDay News) -- Influenza-like illness (ILI) may be transmitted during a flight, with disease incidence being clustered closely around a passenger who was symptomatic or infectious during the flight, according to a study published online June 16 in Emerging Infectious Diseases.

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Flecainide Treatment Linked to Sudden Cardiac Death

THURSDAY, June 16 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) treated with flecainide develop an increased risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD) or proarrhythmic events, according to a study published online June 2 in the Journal of Internal Medicine.

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Multifactorial Causes Linked to Increasing Opioid Deaths

THURSDAY, June 16 (HealthDay News) -- Opioid-related deaths occur due to multifactorial causes, and solutions are required to address all the causes, according to a review published online June 13 in a supplement of Pain Medicine.

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Increased Risk of Femoral Arterial Thrombosis in Children

THURSDAY, June 16 (HealthDay News) -- For children with indwelling arterial catheters (IACs), the incidence of arterial thrombosis is increased in the femoral artery and is independently associated with age, according to a study published in the June issue of the Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis.

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Vitamin D Supplementation Widely Recommended

THURSDAY, June 16 (HealthDay News) -- Depending on age and clinic circumstances, vitamin D supplementation at suggested daily-intake and tolerable upper-limit levels is widely recommended, particularly for those individuals at risk of deficiency, according to the Endocrine Society's guidelines published online June 6 in The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

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High Olive Oil Consumption May Prevent Stroke in Elderly

THURSDAY, June 16 (HealthDay News) -- High olive oil consumption is associated with a decreased risk of stroke in older people, according to a study published online June 15 in Neurology.

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Unequal Care Access for Children With Public Insurance

THURSDAY, June 16 (HealthDay News) -- Access to outpatient care is restricted for children with public insurance compared to those with private insurance, according to a study published in the June 16 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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New Meningococcal A Conjugate Vaccine Is Effective

WEDNESDAY, June 15 (HealthDay News) -- A new meningococcal A (MenA) conjugate vaccine (PsA-TT) has been found to have a stronger antibody response to group A meningococci than a quadrivalent polysaccharide reference vaccine (PsACWY), according to a study published in the June 16 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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New Rotavirus Vaccine Reduces Cases of Infant Diarrhea

WEDNESDAY, June 15 (HealthDay News) -- In Mexico and Brazil, use of the new monovalent rotavirus vaccine (RV1) is associated with a short-term risk of intussusception in vaccinated infants but prevents a far higher number of hospitalizations and deaths from diarrhea, according to a study published in the June 16 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Sleep Positions and Practices May Influence Late Stillbirth

WEDNESDAY, June 15 (HealthDay News) -- Maternal sleep positions and practices may be associated with late stillbirth risk, according to a study published online June 14 in BMJ.

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Early Childhood Exposure to Pets Influences Sensitization

WEDNESDAY, June 15 (HealthDay News) -- Indoor exposure to dogs or cats in the first year of life may influence sensitization to that animal in adulthood, according to a study published in the July issue of Clinical & Experimental Allergy.

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Life Expectancy in U.S. Counties Below Many Nations

WEDNESDAY, June 15 (HealthDay News) -- Most counties within the United States fall behind the international frontier with the best life expectancies in the world, according to a study published online June 15 in Population Health Metrics.

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Inappropriate Medicines Tied to Serious Avoidable Adverse Events

WEDNESDAY, June 15 (HealthDay News) -- Use of the Screening Tool of Older Persons' potentially inappropriate prescriptions (STOPP) criteria has identified an association between potentially inappropriate medicine (PIM) prescriptions and the likelihood of a serious adverse drug event (ADE) in older people; and, when hospitalized, older people are at risk of being prescribed PIMs and actually inappropriate medicines (AIMs), especially in intensive care units (ICUs), according to a study and research letter published in the June 13 issue of the Archives of Internal Medicine.

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Psychiatric, Substance Abuse Disorders Common in Homeless

WEDNESDAY, June 15 (HealthDay News) -- A high proportion of homeless people in Denmark have psychiatric disorders and/or a substance abuse diagnosis, which is associated with increased mortality, according to a study published online June 14 in The Lancet.

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Similar Number for Outpatient, Inpatient Malpractice Claims

TUESDAY, June 14 (HealthDay News) -- The number of paid malpractice claims is similar in both inpatient and outpatient settings, according to a study published in the June 15 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Lengthy TV Viewing Tied to Increased Morbidity, Mortality

TUESDAY, June 14 (HealthDay News) -- Prolonged television viewing is associated with an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes, fatal or nonfatal cardiovascular disease, and all-cause mortality, according to a meta-analysis published in the June 15 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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FDA Announces Sunscreen Label Changes

TUESDAY, June 14 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has announced that sunscreen products that meet modern standards of effectiveness may be labeled with new information to help consumers reduce the risk of skin cancer, prevent sunburn, and lower the risk of early skin aging.

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Gender Disparity Observed in Myocardial Perfusion Imaging

TUESDAY, June 14 (HealthDay News) -- The majority of inappropriate and uncertain studies for myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) are ordered for women by primary care physicians (PCPs), according to a study published online April 23 in the Journal of Nuclear Cardiology.

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Mothers' Attitudes Affect Adult Children's Mental Illness

TUESDAY, June 14 (HealthDay News) -- Stigmatizing attitudes of family members, particularly mothers, can negatively impact individuals with mental illness, according to a study published in the June issue of Social Psychology Quarterly.

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Rheumatoid Arthritis May Delay Time to Pregnancy

TUESDAY, June 14 (HealthDay News) -- Women with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) prior to conceiving may have a longer time to pregnancy (TTP), according to a study published in the June issue of Arthritis & Rheumatism.

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High Folate Levels Don't Worsen B12 Deficiency Effects

TUESDAY, June 14 (HealthDay News) -- Biochemical abnormalities related to B12 deficiency may not be exacerbated by high folate concentrations, according to a study published online June 8 in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

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Ethnicity Not Linked to Screening for Diabetes

TUESDAY, June 14 (HealthDay News) -- In an insured population presenting for routine care, minority status has not been found to be an independent factor for diabetes screening, despite being recommended by the American Diabetes Association (ADA), according to a study published in the June issue of Diabetes Care.

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Low Fat, Glycemic Index Diet May Reduce Alzheimer's Risk

TUESDAY, June 14 (HealthDay News) -- Following a diet low in saturated fat and with a low glycemic index may positively impact biomarkers of Alzheimer's disease for healthy individuals and those with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI), according to a study published in the June issue of the Archives of Neurology.

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Women Soldiers As Resilient As Men to Combat Stress

MONDAY, June 13 (HealthDay News) -- Women may have levels of resilience to combat-related stressors that are comparable to that of men, according to a study published online May 30 in the Journal of Abnormal Psychology.

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Mobile Phone Users May Have Increased Glioma Risk

MONDAY, June 13 (HealthDay News) -- The mobile phone radio frequency (RF) energy dose absorbed at a tumor location depends on tumor location, phone type, network properties, and conditions of use, and individuals with high mobile phone use may have an increased risk of gliomas in the most exposed areas of the brain, according to two studies published online June 9 in Occupational & Environmental Medicine.

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Multidisciplinary Therapy May Improve Systemic Sclerosis

MONDAY, June 13 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc), a multidisciplinary program offers better improvement of grip strength, maximal mouth opening (MMO), six-minute walk distance (6MWD), and SSc Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) score than regular outpatient care, according to a study published in the June issue of Arthritis Care & Research.

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HbA1c Testing Can Be Used for Diabetes Diagnosis

MONDAY, June 13 (HealthDay News) -- Diabetes can be diagnosed and managed by measuring blood concentrations of hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), according to evidence-based guidelines approved by the American Diabetes Association (ADA) and published in the June issue of Diabetes Care.

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Recurrent Maternal Depression May Affect Child's Behavior

MONDAY, June 13 (HealthDay News) -- Exposure to recurrent maternal depressive symptoms in toddlerhood is significantly associated with childhood behavior problems at age 5 years; but formal child care at age 2 can positively impact negative behavior, according to a study published online June 13 in Pediatrics.

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Breast-Feeding for Any Duration May Lower SIDS Risk

MONDAY, June 13 (HealthDay News) -- Breast-feeding has a protective effect against sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), particularly when breast-feeding is exclusive, according to a meta-analysis published online June 13 in Pediatrics.

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Age of Epilepsy Onset Linked to Cognitive Impairment

FRIDAY, June 10 (HealthDay News) -- Age of seizure onset may be a significant predictor of cognitive impairment in preschool children with epilepsy, according to a study published online May 13 in Epilepsia.

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Cancer Survival Rates Lower in U.K. Than Other Countries

FRIDAY, June 10 (HealthDay News) -- Lower cancer survival rates found in the United Kingdom are not misleading, according to a study published June 9 in BMJ.

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Splints May Reduce Hand Pain in Hand Osteoarthritis

FRIDAY, June 10 (HealthDay News) -- Use of splints may reduce hand pain in patients with hand osteoarthritis, according to a review published online May 31 in Arthritis Care & Research.

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Mindfulness Program Helps Reduce Bother of Hot Flashes

FRIDAY, June 10 (HealthDay News) -- A mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) program may help reduce the bother caused by hot flashes in peri- and early postmenopausal women, according to a study published in the June issue of Menopause.

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Large Increase in Knee Arthroscopies From '96 to '06

FRIDAY, June 10 (HealthDay News) -- The number of arthroscopic procedures performed for knee injuries increased by nearly 50 percent between 1996 and 2006, according to a study published in the June 1 issue of The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery.

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Childhood ADHD Tied to Substance Use Issues in Adults

FRIDAY, June 10 (HealthDay News) -- Childhood attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a significant risk factor for the development of substance use disorder (SUD) in adulthood, irrespective of gender, according to a study published in the June issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry.

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IMS: New Recommendations on HRT Use Released

FRIDAY, June 10 (HealthDay News) -- Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) should be given according to the needs of individual menopausal women, after assessing the benefits and risks, severity of symptoms, age, and family history; this is according to the recommendations of the International Menopause Society (IMS), published online June 10 in Climacteric to coincide with presentation at the 13th World Congress on Menopause, held from June 8 to 11 in Rome.

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Prostate Drugs Undergo Label Revision Due to Cancer Risk

THURSDAY, June 9 (HealthDay News) -- Drugs in the class of 5-alpha reductase inhibitors (5-ARIs), which includes finasteride and dutasteride, have undergone a label change to reflect current safety information concerning an increased risk of high-grade prostate cancer, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has announced.

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CDC: Ocular Toxocariasis Often Causes Permanent Vision Loss

THURSDAY, June 9 (HealthDay News) -- Ocular toxocariasis (OT) continues to occur in the United States, and it frequently leads to permanent vision loss that primarily affects children, according a report in the June 10 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Most Parents Vaccinate Their Children Despite Concerns

THURSDAY, June 9 (HealthDay News) -- Although the majority of U.S. parents vaccinate their children, most have questions and concerns, according to a study published in the June issue of Health Affairs.

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Simvastatin Plus Ezetimibe Effective in Kidney Disease

THURSDAY, June 9 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with chronic kidney disease, lowering of low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol with simvastatin and ezetimibe may reduce the risk of major atherosclerotic events, according to a study published online June 9 in The Lancet.

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Higher Cognitive Decline Risk for Stroke Belt Residents

THURSDAY, June 9 (HealthDay News) -- Regional differences seen for stroke mortality in the United States are also seen for cognitive decline, according to a study published online May 26 in the Annals of Neurology.

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Reduction in Body Mass May Improve Hypothalamic Activity

THURSDAY, June 9 (HealthDay News) -- Massive reduction in the body mass of obese individuals may improve hypothalamic dysfunctional activity, as detected by functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), and may increase anti-inflammatory activity in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), according to a study published in the June issue of Diabetes.

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Despite Psychiatric Care, Youths Continue to Visit ERs

THURSDAY, June 9 (HealthDay News) -- Most youths who repeatedly present to an emergency department report having a connection to outpatient mental health care, according to a study published in the June 1 issue of Psychiatric Services.

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Novel Loci Tied to Fasting Glucose Levels in Children

THURSDAY, June 9 (HealthDay News) -- Novel fasting glucose loci previously identified in adults may be associated with altered fasting glucose levels in healthy children and adolescents, according to a review published in the June issue of Diabetes.

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Fibromyalgia Syndrome May Be Linked to Abuse

THURSDAY, June 9 (HealthDay News) -- Significant correlations may exist between fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) and self-reported sexual and physical abuse in childhood and/or adulthood, according to a meta-analysis published in the June issue of Arthritis Care & Research.

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Physical Activity May Reduce Risk of Silent Brain Infarct

THURSDAY, June 9 (HealthDay News) -- Increased physical activity is independently associated with a lower risk of developing silent brain infarcts (SBI), but it is not associated with white matter hyperintesity volume (WMHV), according to a study published online June 8 in Neurology.

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Immediate IUD Insertion Not Inferior to Delayed Insertion

WEDNESDAY, June 8 (HealthDay News) -- Immediate insertion of intrauterine devices (IUDs) after uterine aspiration is associated with a slightly higher, but not inferior, risk of expulsion and a higher rate of IUD use at six months compared to delayed insertion, according to a study published online June 9 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Simvastatin Safety Recommendations Announced

WEDNESDAY, June 8 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has notified consumers and health care providers of safety label changes to simvastatin (Zocor), as the highest approved dose of the drug (80 mg) has been associated with an elevated risk of muscle injury or myopathy, particularly during the first 12 months of use.

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Gynecologic Cancer Recurrence Surveillance Lacking

WEDNESDAY, June 8 (HealthDay News) -- There is no evidence-based surveillance technique to detect recurrence of gynecologic cancer, but a combination of taking a detailed history, completing a physical examination, and educating patients about symptoms is the most effective current method, according to the Society of Gynecologic Oncologists recommendations published in the June issue of the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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NSAID Use Linked to Increased Venous Thromboembolism Risk

WEDNESDAY, June 8 (HealthDay News) -- The use of nonselective nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or cyclooxygenase-2-selective inhibitors (COX2Is) is associated with an increased risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE), according to a study published online May 18 in the Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis.

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Parkinson's Disease Linked to Higher Melanoma Occurrence

WEDNESDAY, June 8 (HealthDay News) -- Parkinson's disease (PD) is associated with a moderately higher occurrence of melanoma, according to a review published in the June 7 issue of Neurology.

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Cognitive Behavioral Therapy May Ease Depression Symptoms

WEDNESDAY, June 8 (HealthDay News) -- Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for patients with depression who are receiving residential substance abuse treatment may improve depression and reduce substance abuse, according to a study published in the June issue of the Archives of General Psychiatry.

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CDC: Incidence of Several Foodborne Infections Declines

TUESDAY, June 7 (HealthDay News) -- Although the incidence of several foodborne infections -- including Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) O157 -- has declined over the past several years, the incidence of Salmonella infection has not decreased, according to a Vital Signs report in the June 7 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Smoking Linked to Peripheral Artery Disease in Women

TUESDAY, June 7 (HealthDay News) -- Smoking increases the risk of symptomatic peripheral artery disease (PAD) in women with no cardiovascular disease, according to a study published in the June 7 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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DASH-Style Diet Linked to Lower BMI in Adolescent Girls

TUESDAY, June 7 (HealthDay News) -- A higher adherence to a Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension (DASH)-style diet by girls between the ages of 9 and 19 years is associated with a consistently lower body mass index (BMI), according to a study published in the June issue of the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine.

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School Bullies More Likely to Commit Partner Violence

TUESDAY, June 7 (HealthDay News) -- Boys who bullied their peers as a child are more likely to commit intimate partner violence (IPV) as adults; and, men who are violent have increased gray matter (GM) volume in their mesolimbic reward systems, according to two studies published online June 6 in the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine and the Archives of General Psychiatry, respectively.

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Youth Bear Large Burden of Global Death, Disease

TUESDAY, June 7 (HealthDay News) -- Youths between the ages of 10 and 24 years carry 15.5 percent of the global burden of disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs), according to a study published online June 7 in The Lancet.

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Antiepileptic Drugs Have Dose-Dependent Tie to Birth Defects

TUESDAY, June 7 (HealthDay News) -- Four commonly used antiepileptic drugs are associated with a dose-dependent increased risk of major birth defects when used at the beginning of pregnancy, according to a study published online June 6 in The Lancet Neurology.

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CDC: More Risky Behaviors Seen in Gay, Bisexual Teens

MONDAY, June 6 (HealthDay News) -- Gay, lesbian, or bisexual students are more likely to engage in health-risk behaviors than heterosexual students, according to a report published in the June 6 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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High-Pitch CT Offers Diagnostic Accuracy for Children

MONDAY, June 6 (HealthDay News) -- Use of high-pitch, dual-source computed tomography (CT) in pediatric patients with congenital heart disease offers diagnostic accuracy at lower radiation doses, according to a study published in the May 15 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

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Paroxetine With Pravastatin Raises Blood Glucose Levels

MONDAY, June 6 (HealthDay News) -- Co-administration of paroxetine and pravastatin is associated with an increase in blood glucose levels, especially in patients with diabetes, according to a study published online May 25 in Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics.

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Disability Pension Not Affected by Family Background

MONDAY, June 6 (HealthDay News) -- The incidence of disability pension (DP) due to low back disorders (LBD) is affected by sociodemographic and health-related factors independent of familial background, according to a study published in the May issue of the Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine.

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Late-Onset GI Complications Tied to Childhood Cancers

MONDAY, June 6 (HealthDay News) -- Survivors of childhood cancer have an increased risk of developing gastrointestinal (GI) complications later in life, according to a study published in the May issue of Gastroenterology.

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Appendectomy, Tonsillectomy May Increase AMI Risk

FRIDAY, June 3 (HealthDay News) -- Youth who undergo appendectomy or tonsillectomy before age 20 may have an increased risk of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) later in life, according to a study published online June 1 in the European Heart Journal.

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REMIT Useful for Evaluating Depression Remission

FRIDAY, June 3 (HealthDay News) -- The Remission Evaluation and Mood Inventory Tool (REMIT) 5 is an effective self-report method which may improve the assessment of depression remission by measuring nondepressive symptoms, according to a study published in the May issue of General Hospital Psychiatry.

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ADHD and Deficient Emotional Control Run in Families

FRIDAY, June 3 (HealthDay News) -- The inheritance pattern of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and deficient emotional self-regulation (DESR) suggests that DESR may be a familial subtype of ADHD, according to a study published online April 15 in The American Journal of Psychiatry.

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CDC: More Than One Million Living With HIV in U.S. in 2008

FRIDAY, June 3 (HealthDay News) -- Despite declines in AIDS diagnoses and deaths with the advent of antiretroviral therapy, more than one million people in the United States were living with HIV in 2008, according to a report in the June 3 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Occupancy Smoothing May Reduce Hospital Crowding

FRIDAY, June 3 (HealthDay News) -- Use of smoothing strategies may reduce midweek overcrowding in children's hospitals, according to a study published online May 24 in the Journal of Hospital Medicine.

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Interpregnancy BMI Increase Tied to Gestational Diabetes

FRIDAY, June 3 (HealthDay News) -- Women who gain body mass index (BMI) units between their first and second pregnancies are at an increased risk of developing gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in the second pregnancy, according to a study published in the June issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Placebo or No Treatment Effective for Headache

FRIDAY, June 3 (HealthDay News) -- Individuals with headaches have an average recovery rate of 35.7 percent when they are in the placebo or no-treatment group of a trial, according to a review published online May 20 in the Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics.

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FDA: Blood Pressure Drugs Not Tied to Cancer Risk

THURSDAY, June 2 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has notified consumers and health care providers that angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) are not associated with an increased risk of developing cancer.

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Winter Conception Associated With Higher Autism Risk

THURSDAY, June 2 (HealthDay News) -- Children conceived during winter months may be at higher risk for developing autism than children conceived in the summer, according to research published online May 3 in Epidemiology.

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Sleep Apnea Improvement Maintained After Weight Loss

THURSDAY, June 2 (HealthDay News) -- Obese men with moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea who followed a very low energy diet may maintain their initial improvements one year later, according to a study published online June 1 in BMJ.

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Fear of Dying Tied to TNFα Levels in Cardiac Injury

THURSDAY, June 2 (HealthDay News) -- Fear of dying is seen in most patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and is correlated with inflammatory responses, according to a study published online June 1 in the European Heart Journal.

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Maternal and Placental Size Linked to Men's Heart Disease

THURSDAY, June 2 (HealthDay News) -- Three combinations of maternal body size and placental size can predict coronary heart disease in men, according to a study published online June 1 in the European Heart Journal.

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Primary Care Providers Can Treat HCV Effectively

THURSDAY, June 2 (HealthDay News) -- Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection can be effectively treated by primary care providers trained in the Extension for Community Healthcare Outcomes (ECHO) program, according to a study published online June 1 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Iodine Deficiency Prevalent in U.K. Female Teens

THURSDAY, June 2 (HealthDay News) -- Iodine deficiency is prevalent in adolescent girls in the United Kingdom, according to a study published online June 2 in The Lancet.

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Timing of Ezetimibe Relative to Statin Affects Plaque Regression

THURSDAY, June 2 (HealthDay News) -- Ezetimibe may be beneficial for regressing atherosclerosis in statin-naive patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD), but when added to existing statin therapy, it may lead to atherosclerosis progression, according to a study published online May 16 in Atherosclerosis.

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PCR Assay Useful for Early Detection of CMV in Infants

THURSDAY, June 2 (HealthDay News) -- Real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays of both liquid- and dried-saliva specimens may represent a useful diagnostic tool for the detection of cytomegalovirus (CMV) infections in newborns, according to a study published in the June 2 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Clinical Correlates Found for Steatohepatosis Progression

WEDNESDAY, June 1 (HealthDay News) -- Most patients with nonalcoholic steatohepatosis (NASH) who develop hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are male and have high rates of obesity, diabetes, and hypertension, according to a study published in the May issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

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Corticosteroids May Shorten Pneumonia Hospital Stay

WEDNESDAY, June 1 (HealthDay News) -- Non-immunocompromised patients with community-acquired pneumonia treated with intravenous dexamethasone in addition to antibiotic therapy may have a shorter hospital stay, according to a study published online June 1 in The Lancet.

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Maternal Influenza Vaccination Tied to Reduced Prematurity

WEDNESDAY, June 1 (HealthDay News) -- Receipt of vaccination against influenza during any trimester of pregnancy reduces the likelihood of prematurity and of small-for-gestational-age (SGA) births during local and widespread influenza activity periods, according to a study published online May 31 in PloS Medicine.

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Late Sleeping Tied to Dietary Habits and Time of Eating

WEDNESDAY, June 1 (HealthDay News) -- Sleep timing is associated with poor health behaviors and increased calorie intake after 8:00 pm, according to a study published online April 28 in Obesity.

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Functional MRI May Indicate Language Disability in Autism

WEDNESDAY, June 1 (HealthDay News) -- Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) may be used as an indicator of language impairment in children with autism, according to a study published online May 31 in Radiology.

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Culture of Safety May Reduce Errors in Pediatric Care

WEDNESDAY, June 1 (HealthDay News) -- Adopting a culture of safety, identifying and reporting errors, and preventing errors are all necessary to reduce the risk of harm incurred during pediatric medical care, according to the policy statement issued by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and published online May 29 in Pediatrics.

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Beta Blockers May Benefit Breast Cancer Patients

WEDNESDAY, June 1 (HealthDay News) -- In patients with breast cancer, beta-blockers may reduce disease progression and mortality as well as improve relapse-free survival, according to two studies published online May 31 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Physician's Briefing
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