Parental Addictions Linked to Arthritis in Adulthood

Association remains after adjusting for demographic and other clusters of risk factors

Parental Addictions Linked to Arthritis in Adulthood

TUESDAY, April 8, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A history of parental addictions is associated with cumulative lifetime incidence of arthritis in adulthood, even after adjustment for potential risk factors, according to a study published online March 23 in the International Journal of Population Research.

Esme Fuller-Thomson, Ph.D., from the University of Toronto, and colleagues assessed the relationship between a history of parental addictions and the cumulative lifetime incidence of arthritis in a secondary analysis of 13,036 respondents of the population-based 2005 Canadian Community Health Survey. The correlation was assessed while controlling for age, sex, race, and four clusters of risk factors: other adverse childhood experiences; adult health behaviors (smoking, obesity, inactivity, and alcohol consumption); adult socioeconomic status; and mental health.

The researchers found that respondents who reported a history of parental addictions had a significantly increased likelihood of arthritis compared to those without (odds ratio [OR],1.58), after adjustment for demographic characteristics, including age, gender, and race. The association was largely unchanged after adjustment for socioeconomic status, adult health behaviors, and mental health conditions. The association was attenuated with adjustment for adverse childhood experiences (OR, 1.33) or for all four groups of risk factors collectively (OR 1.30), although it remained statistically significant.

"A robust association was found between parental addictions and cumulative lifetime incidence of arthritis," the authors write.

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