Gender Disparity Seen in Liver Transplant Survival Time
Female recipients have a significantly higher life expectancy than men
FRIDAY, Sept. 29 (HealthDay News) -- Among liver transplant recipients who survive more than six months after the operation, women significantly outlive men, according to a report published Sept. 28 online ahead of print in Gut.
James Neuberger, M.D., of Queen Elizabeth Hospital in Birmingham, U.K., and colleagues assessed life expectancy and years of life lost in 2,702 transplant patients.
The researchers found that the average survival time for transplant recipients was 22.2 years compared to 29.2 years for the aged-matched general population. Average survival time was significantly longer for female recipients than for male recipients (26.8 years versus 18.3 years) compared with 31.1 years for women and 27.6 years for men in the general population.
Transplant recipients aged 17 to 34 had the highest life expectancy (28.8 years) but a higher loss of life-years since life expectancy was 51 years for their counterparts in the general population. The researchers also found that patients transplanted for cancer, hepatitis C virus infection and alcoholic liver disease had the highest loss of life-years.
"We have already found that this information is especially important for those recipients who need to make informed decisions about long-term plans, such as starting a family or work plans," the authors conclude.