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June 2020 Briefing - Gastroenterology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Gastroenterology for June 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Updated Guidance Provided for Safe Solid Organ Transplantation

TUESDAY, June 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Updated recommendations for reducing transmission of HIV, hepatitis B virus (HBV), and hepatitis C virus (HCV) through transplantation include universal solid organ donor nucleic acid testing, according to research published in the June 26 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Intestinal Illness Spurs Recall of Bagged Salads Sold at Walmart, Aldi

MONDAY, June 29, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Bagged salad mixes sold at Walmart and other stores are linked with an outbreak of Cyclospora infections in eight Midwestern states, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports.

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Trump Administration Asks Supreme Court to Overturn Affordable Care Act

FRIDAY, June 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The Trump administration has asked the Supreme Court to overturn the Affordable Care Act (ACA).

Washington Post Article

Complications After Colonoscopy Up for Those Aged ≥75

FRIDAY, June 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For individuals undergoing outpatient colonoscopy, the risk of 30-day postcolonoscopy complications is increased for those aged ≥75 years, according to a study published online June 25 in JAMA Network Open.

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Integrated Practice Unit Enhances Pediatric Aerodigestive Care

FRIDAY, June 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Hospitals delivering care with an integrated practice unit (IPU) have improved clinical outcomes and lower costs of pediatric aerodigestive care, according to a study published in the July/August issue of NEJM Catalyst: Innovations in Care Delivery.

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Cyclospora Outbreak Linked to Bagged Salad Mixes

WEDNESDAY, June 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- An outbreak of Cyclospora infections in the U.S. Midwest appears to be linked to bagged salad mixes, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said Tuesday.

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Inflammatory Bowel Disease Linked to Subsequent Dementia

WEDNESDAY, June 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is associated with an increased risk for developing dementia, according to a study published online June 23 in Gut.

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Safety Climate Perceptions Linked to Health Provider Stress

MONDAY, June 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Safety climate perceptions are associated with care practitioner-reported stress and job satisfaction, according to a study published in the May-June issue of the Journal of Healthcare Management.

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Vitamin D May Cut Colitis Risk for Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors

MONDAY, June 22, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with melanoma treated with immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs), vitamin D intake is associated with a reduced risk for ICI colitis, according to a study published online June 22 in Cancer.

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Court Rules Against Drug Price Disclosures in TV Ads

THURSDAY, June 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. government does not have the legal authority to force drug companies to disclose prices in their TV ads, a federal appeals court says.

AP News Article

Clinical, Epidemiological Features of Pediatric SARS-CoV-2 ID'd

THURSDAY, June 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Clinical and epidemiological characteristics of pediatric severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infections are described in an article published online June 16 in PLOS Medicine.

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Perianal Fistulizing Complications Preventable in Crohn Disease

TUESDAY, June 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For young patients with Crohn disease (CD), use of steroid-sparing therapy (SST) is associated with a reduced risk for perianal fistulizing complications (PFCs), according to a study published online June 9 in JAMA Network Open.

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Nearly 43,000 Pounds of Ground Beef Products Recalled

MONDAY, June 15, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Nearly 43,000 pounds of ground beef products have been recalled by New Jersey-based Lakeside Refrigerated Services due to possible contamination with potentially deadly Escherichia coli O157:H7, the U.S. Department of Agriculture Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) says.

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Aspirin Tied to Lasting Reduction in CRC Risk in Lynch Syndrome

MONDAY, June 15, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with Lynch syndrome, aspirin is associated with a reduced risk for colorectal cancer during long-term follow-up, according to a study published in the June 13 issue of The Lancet.

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Gastrointestinal Symptoms Not Uncommon With COVID-19

MONDAY, June 15, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Approximately 12 percent of patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection report gastrointestinal symptoms, according to a review published online June 11 in JAMA Network Open.

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Signs, Symptoms Vary Widely for Children Presenting With PIMS-TS

FRIDAY, June 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Children presenting with pediatric inflammatory multisystem syndrome temporally associated with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2; PIMS-TS) have a wide range of presenting symptoms, according to a study published online June 8 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Risk Factors for Suicide ID'd in Health Care Professionals

THURSDAY, June 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Modifiable and nonmodifiable risk factors for suicide have been identified among health care professionals, according to a study published online June 10 in JAMA Surgery.

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Obesity Linked to Greater Severity of Pediatric COVID-19

WEDNESDAY, June 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Obesity is the most common comorbidity among children and adolescents with COVID-19 and is associated with disease severity, according to a study published online June 3 in JAMA Pediatrics.

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Low-Dose Aspirin Lowers CVD Risk but Raises Bleeding Risk

WEDNESDAY, June 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Low-dose aspirin significantly lowers cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk but increases the risk for bleeding, according to a review published online June 2 in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology.

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High-Risk Drinking Could Further Increase Liver Disease

WEDNESDAY, June 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Without substantial changes in drinking, the disease burden and deaths due to alcohol-related liver disease will worsen in the United States through 2040, according to a study published in the June issue of The Lancet Public Health.

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Editorial

Risk for Maternal, Neonatal Complications Increased With NAFLD

TUESDAY, June 9, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Women with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) have increased risks for maternal and neonatal complications, according to a study published online June 9 in the Journal of Hepatology.

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Diet, Activity Guideline Updated by American Cancer Society

TUESDAY, June 9, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The diet and physical activity guideline for the prevention of cancer has been updated by the American Cancer Society; the guideline was published online June 9 in CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians.

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Kawasaki-Like Disease More Common in Children of African Ancestry

MONDAY, June 8, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A Kawasaki-like multisystem inflammatory syndrome, which is temporally associated with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) among children in Paris, seems more common among children of African ancestry, according to a study published online June 3 in The BMJ.

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Adherence to Diabetes Meds May Cut Mortality in Colorectal Cancer

TUESDAY, June 2, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with colorectal cancer and diabetes, adherence to diabetes medication is associated with better survival, according to a study published online June 1 in Cancer, Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention.

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