Burn Health News

Burns cause skin and tissue damage, even when the burn is minor.

Burns can range widely in type and severity, from a minor burn that simply reddens the skin to severe fire exposure that causes extensive skin and tissue damage. Likewise, the treatments for burns will range from simple at-home care to extensive medical care and surgeries to repair the wound.

Degrees of Burns

To help in assessing the severity of burns, the damage inflicted by them is rated in "degrees." A first-degree burn, for example, causes skin redness without any blisters, such as sunburn. When the skin is heated to the point where it blisters, that is a second-degree burn. Third-degree burns damage the full thickness of the skin, leaving it leathery and white in appearance. And fourth-degree burns inflict damage beyond the skin to the bones, joints or tendons underneath.

Treatment of Burns

How a burn is treated also depends on its severity. While a first-degree burn can be managed at home with topical and oral medications, second-degree burns often require more extensive wound management and sometimes skin grafting. More serious third- and fourth-degree burns will almost always require more extensive skin grafts, sometimes in multiples. Also, depending on what part of the body is damaged, physical therapy and rehabilitation may be needed to learn to reuse that part of the body.

If possible, severe burns should be treated at a burn center. The types of burns that require the assistance of a burn center can include burns that cover 10 percent of the body or more; burns on the hands, feet, face, genitals or major joints; chemical and electrical burns; burns in people with other complicating health conditions; and burns of third degree or worse.

SOURCES: American Society for Surgery of the Hand; American Burn Association

Date Posted
Article Title
Timely Tips for First-Degree Burns

Expert advice on taking the ouch out

When Should You Rush Your Toddler to the ER?

For choking or possible poisoning, poll finds many parents need an emergency refresher course

Health Tip: Keep Kids Safe From Fire and Heat

Suggestions to prevent burns

'Eraser Challenge' Latest Harmful Social Media Trend for Kids

Burns, abrasions the result as youngsters 'erase' their skin away

Health Tip: Soothing a Minor Burn

Suggestions for easing pain and discomfort

Health Tip: Fire Safety in the Kitchen

Things you should and shouldn't do

FDA to Weigh Dangers of Exploding E-Cigarettes

Agency announces 2-day meeting on the safety risks of the lithium batteries that power the devices

How to Keep Your Kids Cozy and Safe by the Fireside

All types of fireplaces -- wood, gas and electric -- are potential safety hazards, experts warn

Christmas Cords Pose Danger to Little Ones

Holiday extension cords, wires not safe around curious tots, who put everything in their mouths, researchers say

Health Tip: Watch for Open Flames

Suggestions to help prevent home fires

Exploding E-Cigarettes Sending 'Vapers' to Burn Centers

Users say they're unaware the lithium batteries are a potential fire hazard

Health Tip: Kids Should Learn Microwave Safety

Here's what they need to know

Few Young U.S. Burn Patients Transferred to Specialized Centers

Researchers call for clearer guidelines on treatment, follow-up

Kitchen Cooking Burns a Real Danger for Kids

Establish a 'no kid' zone in part of your kitchen to keep little ones safe

Don't Let Burns Spoil Your Summer Fun

Follow these expert tips for safe cookouts and sunburn prevention

More Kids Burned, Hospitalized as Fireworks Sales Rules Ease

Findings don't show direct link to serious injuries, but reassessment of laws needed, researchers say

Health Tip: Prevent Cooking Fires

Stay focused while you cook

Health Tip: Protect Against Hot Water Burns

Adjust the temperature on your water heater

Health Tip: Enjoying a Holiday Fire

Take precautions to keep it safe

Play it Safe Cooking the Thanksgiving Feast

Risk of fire, burns high during the holiday, expert warns

Severe Burns May Trigger Dangerous Shifts in Gut Germs

Study suggests that treating patients with probiotics might help prevent complications

Health Tip: Watch for Playground Burns

Be aware of equipment that heats up

Health Tip: Promptly Treat a Minor Burn

But wound more than 3 inches in diameter needs a doctor's care

Safety Tips Hot Off the Grill

Doctor shares some barbecue do's and don'ts

Health Tip: Prevent Cooking Fires

Don't drink while you bake

Health Tip: Like Lighting Candles? Do it Safely

Don't burn candles while asleep

Indoor Tanning Tied to Burns, Fainting, Eye Injuries: Study

Women, whites account for majority of emergency room patients

Health Tip: Stay Safe With a Space Heater

Make sure experts have tested your model

Use Your Space Heater Safely

Misuse leads to emergency treatment for 6,000 Americans a year

Turkey Fryer Mishaps Can Cause Serious Burns

Expert offers tips on using these devices safely

Serious Childhood Burns Tied to Long-Term Mental Health Risks

Adults injured by fire when young are at increased odds of depression, study finds

Tips for Beating BBQ Burns

Seek immediate medical help for burns on the face, and large or deep burns

Burn Injuries More Common in Summer

Doctor shares tips for safe use of fire pits, barbecues and campfires

Young People With Epilepsy Face Higher Injury Risk: Study

British researchers found increased odds of fractures, burns, medication poisoning

Campfire Precautions Can Protect Kids From Burns

Adult supervision, barriers around fire essential, expert says

Infants at Highest Risk for Childhood Burns

Hot beverages, hair irons most often the cause, British study found

New 'Bioengineered Skin' Gets Closer to the Real Thing

Successfully tested on rats, the lab-grown product has blood and lymph vessels, scientists say

Prevent Home Heating From Becoming a Safety Hazard

Expert advice on avoiding house fires, carbon monoxide poisoning

Health Tip: Caring for a Minor Burn

Run it under cool water