Migraine News

A migraine is a serious form of headache. Usually, it differs from a less severe headache, such as a muscle tension headache, in that it causes a very intense pulsing or throbbing pain. This is often felt on just one side of the head. Migraines, which can last from a few hours to a few days, affect about 10 percent of the population.

Some migraines, called classic migraines, are preceded by an "aura," described as flashing lights or other disturbances in your vision. Migraines that don’t begin with an aura are called common migraines. In addition to the telltale throbbing pain, migraine sufferers may also experience nausea and vomiting, light or noise sensitivity, blurred vision, fatigue, sweating, stiff neck and other unpleasant symptoms.

Causes of Migraines

Migraines seem to be related to serotonin levels in the body. In some people, when serotonin levels become low, the blood vessels swell, which can lead to migraine pain. People also seem to have triggers for migraines. These can include bright lights, loud noises, strong odors or changes in the weather. Smoking, not getting enough sleep and intense physical activity, including sex, seem to bring on migraines in others. Certain foods can trigger migraines, and some women get them along with hormonal changes caused by menstruation or use of birth control pills.

Treatment

There's no cure for migraines, but many people have been able to manage their migraines by reducing their frequency and also treating the symptoms of the migraine when it occurs. For some, over-the-counter pain medications are sufficient for relieving the symptoms of a migraine. But others may need to see a doctor to get a prescription medication for migraine relief. Many can also help manage an active migraine by resting in a dark room or using a cold compress or a head massage to relieve the symptoms. Keeping a healthy sleep schedule, maintaining a healthy diet, exercising regularly and avoiding triggers all seem to play a role in preventing migraines.

SOURCES: U.S. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke; American Academy of Family Physicians

Date Posted
Article Title
7/10/2019
6/25/2019
6/25/2019
Migraines and Food Worry

Young adults facing food insecurity at higher risk of migraine headaches.

6/5/2019
4/11/2019
4/10/2019
4/8/2019
3/25/2019
3/8/2019
12/17/2018
10/29/2018
10/10/2018
8/14/2018
7/14/2018
6/27/2018
6/5/2018
5/29/2018
5/25/2018
5/18/2018
5/18/2018
5/3/2018
4/17/2018
4/5/2018
2/22/2018
2/1/2018
12/13/2017
11/29/2017
10/27/2017
10/18/2017
Skip Opioid Treatment for Migraine in the ER

Non-narcotic drug far more effective in new study

10/11/2017
Hormone Therapy May Be OK for Women With Migraines

Heightened risk of stroke not borne out in preliminary study

10/11/2017
Migraine Matters

For starters, know your triggers

10/2/2017
Girls' Sports-Related Concussions May Last Twice As Long

Underlying conditions could prolong recovery, researcher says

8/25/2017
Many Migraine Sufferers Given Unecessary Opioids, Study Finds

Addictive painkillers should be treatment of last resort, headache expert says

8/23/2017
Migraine Medications

High-quality medications for migraine headaches are being underused, according to a new study