Salamanders May Hold Clues to Human Scar Healing
Creatures have remarkable regenerative capabilities, researchers report
TUESDAY, Oct. 14, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Insights gleaned from salamanders may help keep people scar-free after surgery, University of Florida researchers say.
They're focusing on a type of salamander called the axolotl, which can regenerate lost limbs and re-grow its own spinal cord.
"When axolotls are young and still living together in nature, it seems like their favorite snack is their siblings' appendages. They just nibble them off and they grow right back. They don't even know they were missing," Ed Scott, a professor in the department of molecular genetics and microbiology at the University of Florida's College of Medicine, said in a university news release.
Scott and his team have developed a method to study how the regenerative properties in the axolotl's blood work. The researchers created green axolotls with fluorescent red blood and red axolotls with green blood. This will enable them to track the contrasting blood color to the site of regeneration, and extract blood cells from the site to identify proteins involved in healing.
"In human beings, they can do in-utero surgeries on growing babies and the babies are born without scars. When kids are very, very young, they can cut their finger back to the first knuckle and it will grow back. But by the time you're an adult, if you get down to the nail bed, that's where regeneration stops," Scott said.
While axolotls and people have similar blood cells, those in the salamanders behave differently.
"Maybe the axolotls are expressing different genes in healing in a different pattern, and that might make all the difference between scarring and regeneration," Scott said.
Axolotls also have natural resistance against cancer and other diseases, so the researchers also plan to investigate what gives the salamanders that protection.
The U.S. National Library of Medicine has more about scars.