Health Highlights: June 29, 2018
Girl in Controversial Brain Death Case Dies Tainted Irrigation Water Likely Cause of E. Coli Outbreak Linked to Romaine Lettuce Ebola Outbreak in Congo 'Largely Contained,' WHO Says
Here are some of the latest health and medical news developments, compiled by the editors of HealthDay:
Girl in Controversial Brain Death Case Dies
A mother who refused to accept doctors' opinions that her daughter was brain dead said the teen died on June 22 after surgery in New Jersey.
Nailah Winkfield said Thursday that her daughter Jahi McMath died from excessive bleeding and liver failure after surgery for an intestinal problem, the Associated Press reported.
In December 2013, doctors declared the then 13-year-old McMath dead after she suffered irreversible brain damage during surgery in California to remove her tonsils. A coroner signed a death certificate and several specialists agreed with the decision after they conducted brain tests on McMath.
However, Winkfield did not accept that her daughter was dead, saying her Christian beliefs compelled her to seek ongoing care for her daughter, and that toe wriggles and finger movements showed that her daughter was alive, the AP reported.
Winkfield transferred her daughter to New Jersey, a state that accommodates religions that don't recognize brain death. McMath was on life support since then.
The controversial case received national attention, the AP reported.
Tainted Irrigation Water Likely Cause of E. Coli Outbreak Linked to Romaine Lettuce
Tainted irrigation water is likely to blame for a 36-state E. coli outbreak linked to romaine lettuce that sickened 200 people and caused five deaths, U.S. health officials say.
They previously connected the illnesses with romaine lettuce grown in Yuma, Arizona, which supplies most of the romaine sold in the U.S. during the winter, the Associated Press reported.
Further investigation discovered the outbreak strain of E. coli bacteria in an irrigation canal in the Yuma area, officials said Thursday. They did not provide the location of the canal or any other details about it and are still trying to determine how the bacteria got into the canal and if there are other locations with E. coli contamination.
"More work needs to be done to determine just how and why this strain of E. coli O157:H7 could have gotten into this body of water and how that led to contamination of romaine lettuce from multiple farms," Dr. Scott Gottlieb, head of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, said in a statement.
The outbreak started in the spring and is now over, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
This was the largest E. coli food poisoning outbreak in the U.S. in more than a decade. The last large E. coli outbreak similar to this one was in 2006 and was caused by spinach grown in California. It's believed that cattle contaminated a nearby stream, and wild pigs spread the contamination to fields, the AP reported.
Ebola Outbreak in Congo 'Largely Contained,' WHO Says
An Ebola outbreak in the Democratic Republic of Congo is "largely contained," the World Health Organization says.
It's the first time that a new vaccine was used. The vaccine was field-tested near the end of the major 2015 Ebola epidemic in West Africa, The New York Times reported.
In this latest outbreak, the vaccine was given to more than 3,200 people, including front-line health care workers, and family members and friends who had contact with known Ebola victims.
None of the people who received the vaccine became ill, according to the Congolese health ministry, The Times reported.
As of Tuesday, there were 53 confirmed or probable cases of Ebola and 29 people had died. Suspected cases continue to appear, but there have not been any laboratory-confirmed cases since June 6.
As of Wednesday, more than 1,500 people who'd had contact with confirmed or probable Ebola patients had been followed for 21 days and had no Ebola symptoms, the WHO said. Three weeks believed to be the maximum incubation period for the infection, The Times.