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Health Highlights: Nov. 14, 2017

FDA Warns About Illegal Use of Injectable Silicone for Body Contouring Rising Diabetes Rates Costing U.S. Employers Slower Eating May Protect Health: Study

Here are some of the latest health and medical news developments, compiled by the editors of HealthDay:

FDA Warns About Illegal Use of Injectable Silicone for Body Contouring

Illegal use of injectable silicone to enhance the size of buttocks, breasts and other body parts can lead to serious injuries, disfigurement and death, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration warns.

The use of injectable silicone for such types of body contouring is not FDA-approved and is often performed by unlicensed and non-medical practitioners in non-medical settings such as homes or hotels.

Potential side effects can include ongoing pain and serious injuries such as scarring, tissue death, and permanent disfigurement. If the silicone migrates beyond the injection site, it could cause blood vessel blockage, stroke, infections and death, the FDA said.

Serious complications may occur immediately or could develop weeks, months, or years later.

Injectable silicone is different from silicone in approved breast implants, which prevent the silicone from moving to other parts of the body. Injectable silicone is currently only approved by the FDA for a specific use inside the eye.

Some consumers seeking body countouring are falsely told that they are receiving FDA-approved dermal filler, but are actually injected with silicone.

People who may have received injectable silicone should seek medical attention immediately if they develop problems such as difficulty breathing, chest pain, or signs of a stroke -- including sudden difficulty speaking, numbness or weakness in the face, arms, or legs, difficulty walking, face drooping, severe headache, dizziness, or confusion, the FDA said.

People considering a body contouring procedure should talk with a health care provider first. Those who have been offered or have received injectable silicone for body contouring from an unlicensed provider should go to the FDA website and report it as suspected criminal activity, the agency advised.


Rising Diabetes Rates Costing U.S. Employers

The U.S. diabetes rate rose from 10.6 percent in 2008 to 11.5 percent in the first nine months of this year, and the disease affects 6.3 percent of full-time workers and 9.1 percent of part-time workers, according to newly-released data.

Diabetes causes full-time workers to miss an extra 5.5 days per person a year and part-time workers to miss an extra 4.3 days a year, according to the Gallup-Sharecare Well-Being Index released Tuesday, Fox News reported.

It also said that diabetes costs employers more than $20 billion a year.

The increase in diabetes, specifically type 2 diabetes, is directly linked to rising obesity rates, Sheila Holcomb, Sharecare VP and diabetes management expert, told Fox News.

"Obesity is a significant risk factor for the development of type 2 diabetes. The obesity rate in the United States reached 28.4 percent nationally in 2016, an increase of nearly three percentage points since 2008," Holocomb said.


Slower Eating May Protect Health: Study

Slowing down when eating could help protect you against weight gain and metabolic syndrome, researchers say.

"Eating more slowly may be a crucial lifestyle change to help prevent metabolic syndrome," study author Dr. Takayuki Yamaji, a cardiologist at Hiroshima University in Japan, said in a news release, NBC News reported.

"When people eat fast they tend not to feel full and are more likely to overeat. Eating fast causes bigger glucose fluctuation, which can lead to insulin resistance," Yamaji explained.

The researchers' preliminary findings were presented Monday at the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions.

Metabolic syndrome is a group of conditions that increases the risk of heart disease. A person has metabolic syndrome if they have at least five of the following risk factors: high blood pressure, high blood sugar, a large waistline, high levels of triglycerides in the blood, low levels of good HDL cholesterol, NBC News reported.

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