Stem Cell News

Stem cells are located throughout the body. They are unique from other cells in that they can divide easily, and they don’t have a defined purpose. In certain parts of the body, stem cells act as a sort of a repair system. They divide and then take on the characteristics of another type of cell in order to repair or restore function in that area.

Stem Cell Research

In recent decades, researchers have been studying stem cells for possible use in a variety of medical treatments. Some of this research has been conducted with embryonic stem cells from human embryos, while other research is conducted on adult stem cells. In the laboratory, researchers have learned how to reproduce these cells. They are also discovering new ways to essentially reprogram the cells to perform a specific function. And recently, researchers have discovered ways to alter other body cells to make them take on characteristics of stem cells. It’s a growing field of medical research.

 

Stem Cell Treatments

Stem cell therapies are already used for some diseases, while other potential treatments are still being studied or developed.  Several different blood disorders can now be treated with stem cell therapies. These include different types of leukemia, lymphoma and anemia.  Stem cell therapies are also being researched for diseases like macular degeneration of the eyes, type 1 diabetes, heart disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and ALS, or Lou Gehrig’s disease. Medical professionals expect many advances in this field down the road.

 

SOURCES: U.S. National Institutes of Health; National Marrow Donor Program

Date Posted
Article Title
1/9/2018
1/3/2018
1/3/2018
11/3/2017
10/30/2017
9/27/2017
Can Babies Help Heart Patients?

Umbilical cord stem cells could be a treatment for heart failure, small study suggests

8/15/2017
Could Newborn Heart Stem Cells Jump-Start Old Hearts?

Rat study suggests they can, but animal research doesn't always pan out in humans

8/8/2017
Antibiotic Doesn't Prevent Lung Complication After Stem Cell Transplant

Findings were so dismal that clinical trial was stopped early

8/3/2017
Engineered Skin Cells Control Type 2 Diabetes in Mice: Study

'Therapeutic skin grafts' might someday treat multiple diseases, researchers say

8/2/2017
Imbruvica Approval Expanded to Include Graft Versus Host Disease

A deadly condition that affects some stem cell patients

7/26/2017
In Mice, Brain Cells Discovered That Might Control Aging

These stem cells might hold valuable clues to time's effects on the body

7/14/2017
New Diabetes Treatment Teaches Rogue Immune Cells to Behave

'Stem cell educator' provided at least 4 years' benefit for some people with type 1 or type 2 diabetes, study says

5/25/2017
Haywire Immune Cells May Help Cause Baldness

Cells that fight inflammation also play role in hair growth, mice study finds

4/5/2017
Can Stem Cell 'Patch' Help Heart Failure?

Small improvement seen over one year in early study

3/21/2017
Common Cold Can Be Dangerous After Bone Marrow Transplant

Rhinovirus far more worrisome in those with weakened immune systems, researchers say

3/15/2017
Stem Cells Hold Promise, Peril in Treating Seniors' Eye Disease

One report warns of 3 women blinded by macular degeneration treatment in 'trial,' another details success story

3/2/2017
Researchers Create Artificial Mouse 'Embryo'

Experiment used two types of gene-modified stem cells to help scientists understand early development

2/20/2017
Stem Cell Transplants May Help Some With Multiple Sclerosis

Review found younger patients fared better over 5 years, though some deaths reported

1/26/2017
Scientists Create Part-Human, Part-Pig Embryo

One goal of this stem cell research is to create organs for transplant

1/9/2017
Can Teeth Repair Themselves Without Fillings?

Animal experiments suggest damaged choppers can be stimulated to fix cavities

11/23/2016
Researchers Put Embryo Development 'On Hold' in Mice

Putting stem cells into hibernation has potential implications for infertility, cancer, regenerative medicine

11/10/2016
Discovery Speeds Creation of Healthy Heart Cells From Scar Tissue

Mouse study findings might lead to better treatments for heart failure in humans

9/15/2016
Stem Cells Transplanted in Monkeys Without Anti-Rejection Drugs

Scientists say goal is to create banks of stem cells that could be used for any human patient

9/7/2016
Cord-Blood Transplants Show Promise in Leukemia Treatment

Donors and recipients don't need to be a perfect match, researcher says

8/31/2016
In Mice, a Way for Stem Cells to Build Bone

Study results could lead to engineering human cells and tissues, researchers say

8/22/2016
Mouse Study Suggests Stem Cells May Reverse Stroke Damage

Experimental treatment helped new brain cells grow

8/18/2016
Zika Kills Vital Nervous System Cells in Adult Mice, Study Finds

Researchers are investigating why the virus is attracted to neural stem cells in the brain

7/19/2016
Cartilage Grown in Lab Might One Day Help Younger Arthritis Sufferers

Made of patients' stem cells and synthetic 'scaffolding,' it may cut need for hip replacement, scientists say

7/14/2016
Research Sees Potential to Make Bone, Muscle From Human Stem Cells

Could be a major advance for regenerative medicine, scientists say

6/30/2016
Hundreds of U.S. Clinics Sell Unapproved Stem Cell 'Therapies'

Study identifies hot spots around the country

6/29/2016
Stem Cells Deemed Safe for ALS Patients

But further research needed to see if injections into spine would provide any benefit, researchers say

6/24/2016
New Treatment Shows Promise for Crippling Knee Arthritis

Small study found single shot of patient's own stem cells improved pain, mobility

6/10/2016
MS Stem Cell Therapy Succeeds But Poses Risks

Toxic side effects of heavy chemo could limit use, researcher says

6/7/2016
Double Stem Cell Transplant May Help Fight a Childhood Cancer

Tandem treatments might give survival edge to kids with neuroblastoma, researcher says

6/2/2016
Stem Cells May Offer New Hope to Stroke Survivors

Experimental procedure helped restore movement even a year post-stroke, small study finds

5/6/2016
Zika Destroys Fetal Brain Cells, Lab Study Finds

Virus appears to activate an immune system response that turns off or stunts cell development

4/28/2016
Could a Cellular Tweak Someday 'Switch Off' Gray Hair?

Scientists spot a molecular signal controlling skin and hair color

4/1/2016
Scientists Grow and Transplant Functioning Skin Onto Mice

It's a promising start, but human version may be a decade or more away, researcher says

3/30/2016
3/30/2016
Study Explores Mechanism Between Zika Virus, Birth Defects

Protein on fetal stem cells provides pathway for Zika; discovery might lead to infection-blocking drugs, researchers say

3/16/2016
Scientists Say They've Created New Type of Stem Cells

Carrying just one copy of human DNA instead of two, they might treat diseases where genetically identical cells are better

3/9/2016
Scientists Use Stem Cells to Correct Infant Cataracts

Leaving these cells behind during removal of damaged tissue led to regeneration of new, clear lens

2/25/2016
In Mice, Scientists Turn Stem Cells Into Sperm

Researchers from China say lab tests produced fertile offspring

2/2/2016
Scientists Find Stem Cells That Might Repair Skull, Face Bones

Discovery made in mice may help people with congenital deformities, trauma and cancer

1/21/2016
Simple Blood Test May Predict a Blood Cancer's Return

Results might help doctors decide which patients need a stem cell transplant after chemo

12/15/2015
12/7/2015
Gene Therapy Shows Early Potential for Rare Immune System Disorder

Without treatment, X-linked severe combined immunodeficiency leads to life-threatening infections

9/11/2015
Beware Unregulated Stem Cell Treatments, Experts Warn

Clinics selling treatments that are unproven, researcher says

7/30/2015
New Stem Cell Tactic Shows Promise for Heart Failure

Approach is 'simpler and probably safer' than earlier attempts, expert says

4/10/2015
Stem Cells, Fecal Transplants Show Promise for Crohn's Disease

But both trials were small and more research is needed