Decreases Seen in Cancer Incidence, Death Rates
Two studies show decreases in incidence and death rates, but variation by sex, race/ethnicity, age
THURSDAY, March 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Cancer incidence and death rates have decreased in recent years, according to two studies published online March 12 in Cancer.
S. Jane Henley, M.S.P.H., from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta, and colleagues examined trends in incidence and death rates for all cancers combined and for the leading cancer types by sex, racial/ethnic group, and age during the most recent five years. The researchers found that from 2012 to 2016, cancer incidence rates decreased 0.6 percent on average per year, with trends differing by sex, racial/ethnic group, and cancer type. Cancer incidence rates were stable overall for men and in non-Hispanic white men but decreased in other racial/ethnic groups. In all racial/ethnic groups, cancer incidence rates increased during 2012 to 2016 for women by 0.2 percent per year on average. Cancer death rates decreased for all cancers combined among both men and women in each racial/ethnic group during 2013 to 2017.
In a second study, Henley and colleagues examined progress toward achieving select Healthy People 2020 cancer objectives for lung, colorectal, female breast, and prostate cancer. The researchers found that overall and in most sociodemographic groups, the targets for death rates were met, but not among men, blacks, or individuals in rural areas. Cancer death rates decreased 15 percent overall during 2007 through 2017.
"While we are encouraged that overall cancer death rates have decreased, there is still much more we can do to prevent new cancers and support communities, families, and cancer survivors in this ongoing battle," CDC director Robert R. Redfield, M.D., said in a statement.
The author of the editorial disclosed financial ties to the biopharmaceutical industry.