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Gender, Racial Disparities Seen in Heterosexual HIV

Researchers urge prevention programs aimed at women, blacks and Hispanics

TUESDAY, Jan. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Women and blacks account for a majority of heterosexually acquired HIV infections in the United States and the incidence of such infections is increasing among Hispanic men and women, according to a study published in the January issue of the American Journal of Public Health.

Lorena Espinoza, D.D.S., M.P.H., of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta, and colleagues analyzed 1999-2004 data from 29 states that report confidential name-based HIV/AIDS cases.

The researchers found that 52,569 people were diagnosed with heterosexually acquired HIV, including 33,554 (64 percent) women, 38,470 (73 percent) black men and women, 7,761 (15 percent) white men and women, and 5,383 (10 percent) Hispanic men and women. They also found that heterosexually acquired HIV increased by 6.1 percent among Hispanic men and 4.5 percent among Hispanic women.

"To decrease the incidence of heterosexually acquired HIV infections, prevention and education programs should target all persons at risk, especially women, non-Hispanic blacks, and Hispanics," the authors conclude.

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