January 2009 Briefing - HIV & AIDS

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in HIV & AIDS for January 2009. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Immune Memory Attributed to Natural Killer Cells

FRIDAY, Jan. 30 (HealthDay News) -- The natural killer cells of the innate immune system "remember" prior activation, allowing them to become more easily reactivated, according to research published online Jan. 30 in the Early Edition of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

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Clinical Information Technology Leads to Safer Hospitals

TUESDAY, Jan. 27 (HealthDay News) -- Hospitals that make use of clinical information technology to automate notes, records, order entry and clinical decision support have lower mortality rates, fewer complications and also save money, according to a report published in the Jan. 26 issue of the Archives of Internal Medicine.

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Single HIV Variants Found in Heterosexual Transmission

FRIDAY, Jan. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Most individuals who become infected with HIV through their spouse are infected with a single viral variant, according to a report published online Jan. 23 in PLoS Pathogens. The study also found that individuals who become infected with multiple viral variants often have inflammatory genital infections, suggesting that the mucosal barrier is largely responsible for the genetic bottleneck.

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Ethical HIV Testing in Poor Countries Needed

THURSDAY, Jan. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Testing a patient's blood without their consent for HIV is important for HIV surveillance, but needs to be carefully implemented in developing countries to ensure that testing is done ethically, according to an article published online Jan. 20 in PLoS Medicine.

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Rates of Chlamydia, Syphilis Rising in United States

TUESDAY, Jan. 13 (HealthDay News) -- Noteworthy elements in the U.S. surveillance of sexually transmitted diseases for 2007 include a high rate of chlamydia, especially in women; increasing syphilis, especially in men who have sex with men; and ongoing racial disparities, according to an annual report issued Jan. 13 by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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FDA Approves New Test to Screen for HIV in Donated Blood

MONDAY, Jan. 5 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved the first nucleic acid test that screens for the presence of two divergent HIV types in donated blood and tissue, according to a news release issued by the FDA on Dec. 30.

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Physician's Briefing