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March 2020 Briefing - Internal Medicine

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Internal Medicine for March 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

CVD May Play Role in Link Between Air Pollution, Dementia

TUESDAY, March 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Long-term exposure to air pollution is associated with a higher risk for dementia, with the association enhanced by heart failure and ischemic heart disease, according to a study published online March 30 in JAMA Neurology.

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Case Fatality Ratio for COVID-19 Estimated at 1.38 Percent

TUESDAY, March 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The case fatality ratio for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in China is estimated at 1.38 percent, according to a study published online March 30 in The Lancet Infectious Diseases.

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Decontamination Method Adopted to Ease N95 Mask Shortage

TUESDAY, March 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Duke Health research and clinical teams have developed a validated process for decontaminating N95 masks. The process is described in an article published online in Applied Biosafety: Journal of ABSA International.

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WHO Issues Guidance on Prevention of COVID-19 at LTCFs

TUESDAY, March 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In a technical guidance document issued by the World Health Organization, recommendations are presented for the prevention of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) entry and spread in long-term care facilities (LTCFs).

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FDA Grants First Approval of Convalescent Plasma Therapy in COVID-19 Patient

TUESDAY, March 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Over the weekend, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration granted the first approval for an academic medical center to transfuse donated plasma from a recovered novel coronavirus (COVID-19) patient into a critically ill patient.

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Preventionists Report Widespread Shortages of Protective Equipment

TUESDAY, March 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Nearly half of U.S. health care facilities surveyed are out of or almost out of respirators to use while caring for patients with COVID-19, according to the results of a national survey of infection prevention experts released March 27 by the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC).

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Doctors, Hospitals, Pharmacies Warned Not to Stockpile Meds

TUESDAY, March 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In a joint statement released by the American Medical Association, American Pharmacists Association, and American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, the professional groups "strongly oppose" physicians, pharmacies, and hospitals prophylactically prescribing medications or purchasing excessive amounts or stockpiles of potential treatments for COVID-19.

Joint Statement

Inconsistent Bedtime May Affect Cardiovascular Health

TUESDAY, March 31, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Variability in bedtimes may be detrimental to cardiovascular health, according to a study published online March 23 in npj Digital Medicine.

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Artificial Intelligence Framework May Predict ARDS in COVID-19

MONDAY, March 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Data from patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) can be used to develop a model that can predict who will develop acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), according to a study published online March 30 in Computers, Materials & Continua.

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Extreme High Temps More Than Double Cardiovascular Deaths

MONDAY, March 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The risk for cardiovascular death is more than doubled during extreme high temperatures, according to a research letter published online March 30 in Circulation.

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U.S. Army Opens Field Hospital in New York City

MONDAY, March 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The first U.S. Army field hospital for civilian patients opened in New York City Monday and could be the first of many across the nation as it struggles with the coronavirus pandemic.

CBS News Article
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Chronic Kidney Disease Linked to Uncontrolled Blood Pressure

MONDAY, March 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with uncontrolled blood pressure (BP), while ambulatory BP patterns are not associated with cognitive impairment or frailty in non-dialysis-dependent CKD patients, according to two studies published online March 26 in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

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Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Patients Viral Positive for Days After COVID-19 Resolution

MONDAY, March 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Some patients who have recovered from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) continue to be viral positive up to eight days after resolution of symptoms, according to a study published online March 23 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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Concomitant Myocardial Injury With COVID-19 Infection Linked to Fatal Outcome

MONDAY, March 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Myocardial injury is associated with fatal outcome in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), according to research published online March 27 in JAMA Cardiology.

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President Extends Social Distancing to April 30 as COVID-19 Cases Surge

MONDAY, March 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- As U.S. coronavirus cases and deaths continue to rise, President Donald Trump on Sunday extended strict social distancing guidelines for the country to April 30.

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Higher Risk for Bone Fractures Seen After Bariatric Surgery

MONDAY, March 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The risk for bone fracture is increased after gastric bypass surgery, according to a study published online March 3 in the Journal of Internal Medicine.

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Consistent Sleep in Early Adulthood May Cut Diabetes Risk

MONDAY, March 30, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Maintaining a consistent pattern of seven to eight hours of sleep during early to middle adulthood may lessen the risk for diabetes in women, according to a study published online March 24 in Diabetes Care.

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New Tool Measures Quality of Life With Autism Across Life Span

FRIDAY, March 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A new online survey appears to be a feasible and acceptable method for assessing patient- and parent-reported outcomes and quality of life for people with autism across the life span, according to a study published online March 10 in Autism Research.

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Moderate Maternal Fish Intake May Aid Child Metabolic Health

FRIDAY, March 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Moderate fish intake during pregnancy (one to three times per week) is associated with improvements in the subsequent metabolic health of children, according to a study published online March 16 in JAMA Network Open.

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Physician's Briefing Weekly Coronavirus Roundup

Here is what the editors at Physician's Briefing chose as the most important COVID-19 developments for you and your practice for the week of March 23 to 27, 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal studies and other trusted sources that is most likely to affect clinical practice.

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Half of Americans Anxious About Getting COVID-19

FRIDAY, March 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Nearly half of Americans (48 percent) are anxious about the possibility of getting COVID-19, while slightly fewer -- four in 10 -- are anxious about becoming seriously ill or dying from the disease, according to the results of a survey conducted by the American Psychiatric Association.

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PPE Negative for SARS-CoV-2 After Patient Contact

FRIDAY, March 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Samples collected from personal protective equipment (PPE) from health care workers (HCWs) caring for patients positive for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) were negative for SARS-CoV-2, according to research published online March 26 in Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology.

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Elastomeric Half-Mask Respirator Training Feasible in Health Care

FRIDAY, March 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Health care personnel can be rapidly fit tested and trained to use the reusable elastomeric half-mask respirator (EHMR), with similar time to testing as that seen for the N95 respirator, according to a research letter published online March 25 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Late-Life Depression Severity Varies by Race, Ethnicity

FRIDAY, March 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Significant racial and ethnic differences have been identified in late-life depression (LLD) severity, symptom burden, and depression care, according to a study published online March 26 in JAMA Network Open.

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Temperature Impacts Likelihood of Bad Mental Health Days

FRIDAY, March 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Cooler days are associated with reduced probability of reporting bad mental health days, while hotter days are associated with increased probability, according to a study published online March 25 in PLOS ONE.

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Higher Intake of Fruits, Vegetables Tied to Fewer Menopause Symptoms

FRIDAY, March 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A diet rich in fruits and vegetables may lessen menopause symptoms, according to a study recently published in Menopause.

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Vitamin C May Reduce Ventilation Time in Critically Ill Patients

FRIDAY, March 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The administration of vitamin C shortens the length of mechanical ventilation in critically ill patients, according to a review recently published in the Journal of Intensive Care.

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Online Patient Portal Access Aids Diabetes Management

FRIDAY, March 27, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Providing patients with online (computer and mobile) portal access is associated with significantly improved diabetes medication adherence and glycemic control, according to a study recently published in JAMA Network Open.

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Past-Year Methamphetamine Use 6.6 Per 1,000 in 2015 to 2018

THURSDAY, March 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The estimated rate of past-year methamphetamine use was 6.6 per 1,000 adults during 2015 to 2018, according to research published in the March 27 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Restricting Activities in Wuhan Until April Could Slow COVID-19 Peak

THURSDAY, March 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Restriction on activities in Wuhan would help to delay the COVID-19 epidemic peak if maintained until April, according to a study published online March 25 in The Lancet Public Health.

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Gilead Backs Down on Special Designation for Possible COVID-19 Drug

THURSDAY, March 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Following severe criticism, Gilead Sciences is backing off special designation of its antiviral drug remdesivir -- which shows promise against COVID-19 -- that would have allowed the company to block competition and increase its profits for the drug.

AP News Article

Workers at Risk for COVID-19 Exposure Can Access Online Training

THURSDAY, March 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The National Institutes of Health has launched a new website with educational resources for hospital employees, emergency first responders, and other workers at risk for exposure to COVID-19.

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Fostemsavir Active in Multidrug-Resistant HIV-1 Infection

THURSDAY, March 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Among patients with multidrug-resistant HIV-1 infection who have limited therapy options, reductions in HIV-1 RNA level were significantly greater in those who received fostemsavir compared with placebo during the first eight days, according to a study published in the March 26 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Prophylactic Manual Acupuncture Reduces Migraine Days

THURSDAY, March 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with episodic migraine without aura, undergoing 20 sessions of manual acupuncture is superior to sham acupuncture and usual care for prophylactic treatment, according to a study published online March 25 in The BMJ.

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Model Shows Combined Efforts May Cut SARS-CoV-2 Infections

THURSDAY, March 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Combined interventions of quarantining infected individuals and their family members, workplace distancing, and school closure can substantially reduce the number of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infections, according to a modeling study published online March 23 in The Lancet Infectious Diseases.

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Increased Risk for SARS-CoV-2 Seen in Cancer Patients in Wuhan

THURSDAY, March 26, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with cancer in Wuhan had an increased risk for severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection, according to a research letter published online March 25 in JAMA Oncology.

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Daily Low-Dose Aspirin Does Not Cut Dementia Risk in Seniors

WEDNESDAY, March 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For relatively healthy older individuals, low-dose aspirin compared with placebo did not reduce the risk for dementia, probable Alzheimer disease, or mild cognitive impairment during a median follow-up of 4.7 years, according to a study published online March 25 in Neurology.

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FDA Issues Safety Alert for COVID-19 Risk With Fecal Transplant

WEDNESDAY, March 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration issued a MedWatch Safety Alert on Tuesday about the potential risk for SARS-CoV-2 transmission with the use of fecal microbiota for transplantation (FMT) to treat Clostridioides difficile infection.

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FDA Warns of Defective EpiPen Dangers

WEDNESDAY, March 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Certain types of EpiPens and their generic counterparts may fail or delay injection of lifesaving epinephrine for severe allergic reactions, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration warns.

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Many Older Adults Receive Inpatient Diabetes Rx Intensification

WEDNESDAY, March 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- One in 10 older adults hospitalized for common medical conditions are discharged with intensified diabetes medications, despite the fact that nearly half are unlikely to benefit from the intensification, according to a study published online March 24 in JAMA Network Open.

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CDC: Prevalence of Any Past, Present Hep B Infection 4.3 Percent

WEDNESDAY, March 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of any past or present hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection was 4.3 percent among U.S. adults during 2015 to 2018, according to a March data brief published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics.

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National Health Spending Expected to Increase Through 2028

WEDNESDAY, March 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- National health expenditures are projected to increase at an average annual rate of 5.4 percent for 2019 to 2028, representing almost 20 percent of U.S. gross domestic product by 2028, according to a study published online March 24 in Health Affairs.

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36 Percent of Available Hospital Beds Unoccupied on Typical Day

WEDNESDAY, March 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Leading up to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak, about 2.2 beds were available per 1,000 people in U.S. hospitals; however, only 36 percent were unoccupied on a typical day, according to a report from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.

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Cardiac Injury Linked to Increased Mortality in COVID-19

WEDNESDAY, March 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Cardiac injury is associated with increased mortality in hospitalized patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), according to a study published online March 25 in JAMA Cardiology.

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Artificial Intelligence Model Can Detect COVID-19 on Chest CT

WEDNESDAY, March 25, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Artificial intelligence allows coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) to be detected and differentiated from community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) on chest computed tomography (CT), according to a study published online March 19 in Radiology.

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Triple Therapy Cuts Mortality in Patients With Symptomatic COPD

TUESDAY, March 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A once-daily, three-drug combination treatment reduces mortality for patients with symptomatic chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who are at risk for future exacerbations, according to a study published online March 12 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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More Steps in a Day Tied to Lower Risk for Death

TUESDAY, March 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A greater number of daily steps -- 8,000 or more -- is associated with a significantly lower risk for all-cause mortality, according to a study conducted in U.S. adults published in the March 24/31 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Many Children in the United States Still Have Poor Diets

TUESDAY, March 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- More than half of U.S. youth have poor diets, according to a study published in the March 24/31 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Shortages Seen for Drugs That Show Promise Against COVID-19

TUESDAY, March 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Strong demand for medications that show promise as treatments for COVID-19 have led to shortages of those drugs in the United States.

CBS News Article
Johns Hopkins University

FDA: Insulin Among Drugs Transitioned to Biological Products

TUESDAY, March 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Insulin and other biologic drugs, such as human growth hormone, have now transitioned to being regulated as biological products, providing a new pathway for approval of biosimilars and interchangeable versions of these products and introducing competition into the market, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration announced Monday.

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IDSA Issues Recommendations for COVID-19 Testing

TUESDAY, March 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In a statement published online March 19 by the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA), recommendations are presented for public health and health care professionals to prioritize coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) testing.

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Plant-Based Proteins Can Help Cut Risk for Coronary Heart Disease

TUESDAY, March 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Higher intake of foods like tofu with isoflavones is associated with a moderately lower risk for developing coronary heart disease (CHD), according to a study published online March 23 in Circulation.

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Information on COVID-19 Provided for Gastroenterologists

TUESDAY, March 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In a special article published online March 17 in Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology, key information is presented about coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and the field of gastroenterology.

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Early Age at Puberty Linked to Increased T2DM Risk in Men

TUESDAY, March 24, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For men, early age at puberty is associated with an increased risk for type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online March 23 in Diabetologia.

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Misconceptions ID'd About COVID-19 Among General Public

MONDAY, March 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In a research letter published online March 20 in the Annals of Internal Medicine, important misconceptions about coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) among the general public in the United States and United Kingdom are presented.

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Mental Health at Risk for Health Care Workers Treating COVID-19

MONDAY, March 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A considerable proportion of health care workers caring for patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) report symptoms of depression, anxiety, insomnia, and distress, according to a study published online March 23 in JAMA Network Open.

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Article Addresses Management of Cancer Care During COVID-19

MONDAY, March 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Management of cancer care during the coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is addressed in a special feature article published online March 20 in the Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network.

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More Americans Recognizing Importance of COVID-19 Safety Measures

MONDAY, March 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Americans' understanding of safety measures to protect themselves from COVID-19 is increasing, according to an ongoing survey conducted by researchers at the Center for Economic and Social Research at the University of Southern California (USC) Dornsife College of Letters, Arts and Sciences and the Leonard D. Schaeffer Center for Health Policy and Economics.

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CDC: Modest Decreases Seen in TB Cases, TB-Related Deaths

MONDAY, March 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From 2017 to 2018, there were modest decreases in the number of persons with tuberculosis (TB) and the number of TB-related deaths, according to research published in the March 20 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Cumulative Dose of Oral Steroids Associated With HTN Incidence

MONDAY, March 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For adults with any of six chronic inflammatory diseases, a cumulative dose of oral glucocorticoids is associated with an increased incidence of hypertension, according to a study published online March 23 in CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

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Gender-Concordant ID May Aid Mental Health in Trans Adults

MONDAY, March 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Possession of gender-concordant identity documents (IDs) may improve mental health among trans persons, according to a study published online March 16 in The Lancet Public Health.

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1990 to 2017 Saw Increases in Primary Liver Cancer Cases

MONDAY, March 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From 1990 to 2017, there were increases in the number of primary liver cancer (PLC) cases among those diagnosed at ages 30 to 59 and ≥60 years, according to a study published online March 23 in Cancer.

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National Guard Activated in Three States as U.S. COVID-19 Cases Rise

MONDAY, March 23, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- As the number of known U.S. coronavirus cases soared past 33,000 and the death count eclipsed 400 on Sunday, President Donald Trump approved disaster declarations for regions hit hardest by the pandemic and activated the National Guard in three states.

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E. Coli Outbreak Tied to Clover Sprouts Rises to 39 Cases in Six States

FRIDAY, March 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The number of cases in an Escherichia coli outbreak linked to clover sprouts has reached 39 in six states, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said Thursday.

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Homeless Patients With AMI Have Distinct Risks, Outcomes

FRIDAY, March 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Homeless patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) have a distinct cardiovascular risk profile, in-hospital care, and rehospitalization rates compared with nonhomeless patients, according to a study published online March 19 in Mayo Clinic Proceedings.

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Young Cancer Survivors Have More Financial, Food Insecurity

FRIDAY, March 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Greater financial worry and food insecurity are reported for younger adult cancer survivors, according to a study published online in the March issue of the Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network.

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Physician's Briefing Weekly Coronavirus Roundup

Here is what the editors at Physician's Briefing chose as the most important COVID-19 developments for you and your practice for the week of March 16 to 20, 2020. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal studies and other trusted sources that is most likely to affect clinical practice.

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Statement Addresses Concerns About Heart Meds and COVID-19

FRIDAY, March 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Patients already prescribed angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) should continue taking their medications, according to a joint statement from the American Heart Association (AHA), the Heart Failure Society of America (HFSA), and the American College of Cardiology (ACC), issued in response to a research letter published online March 11 in The Lancet Respiratory Medicine.

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2017 to 2018 Saw Drop in Overdose Death Rates Involving Opioids

FRIDAY, March 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From 2017 to 2018, there were decreases in overdose death rates involving all opioids, prescription opioids, and heroin, while rates involving synthetic opioids increased, according to research published in the March 20 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Californians Ordered to Stay Home Amid COVID-19 Pandemic

FRIDAY, March 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. State Department warned Americans to avoid international travel and residents of the country's most populous state, California, were ordered to stay at home indefinitely, as national COVID-19 cases climbed past 13,000.

CNN Article
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Tool Aids Safe Fasting for T2DM Patients Observing Ramadan

FRIDAY, March 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Use of the Fasting Algorithm for Singaporeans with Type 2 Diabetes (FAST) facilitates safe intermittent fasting for patients with diabetes during Ramadan, according to a study published in the March/April issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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2nd Trimester Antibiotic Exposure May Up Risk for Offspring Obesity

FRIDAY, March 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Prenatal antibiotic exposure overall has no significant association with later overweight or obesity in children, but exposure during the second trimester may up later risk, according to a review published online March 3 in Obesity.

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Serial Interval of COVID-19 Estimated at 3.96 Days

FRIDAY, March 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The serial interval of coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19), defined as the time between a primary case and secondary case developing symptoms, is 3.96 days, according to a study published online March 19 in Emerging Infectious Diseases, a publication of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Lopinavir-Ritonavir No Benefit in Adults With Severe COVID-19

FRIDAY, March 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Lopinavir-ritonavir treatment offers no significant benefit over standard care for hospitalized adult patients with severe coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) infection, according to a study published online March 18 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Incidence of Subclinical CT Changes High in COVID-19 Cases

FRIDAY, March 20, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The incidence of subclinical computed tomography (CT) changes in coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) cases is high, with milder severity seen on CT for asymptomatic versus symptomatic cases, according to a study published online March 17 in Radiology: Cardiothoracic Imaging.

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Supply Shortages Hinder COVID-19 Testing in the United States

THURSDAY, March 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Shortages of face masks for health care workers, swabs, and other supplies are hampering efforts to increase COVID-19 testing in the United States.

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U.S. Colleges Preparing Empty Dorms to House Coronavirus Patients

THURSDAY, March 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Some U.S. colleges are converting empty dorms into temporary housing for COVID-19 patients.

AP News Article

U.S. Seniors at Higher Risk for Severe Illness, Death With COVID-19

THURSDAY, March 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In the United States, the risk for serious illness and death from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is higher among older adults, according to research published in the March 18 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Large Decrease Seen in Melanoma Mortality From 2013 to 2016

THURSDAY, March 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From 2013 to 2016, there was a large decrease of 17.9 percent in melanoma mortality, according to a study published online March 19 in the American Journal of Public Health.

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Digestive Symptoms Reported for About Half of COVID-19 Patients

THURSDAY, March 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) frequently have digestive symptoms, and those with digestive symptoms have a worse clinical outcome, according to a study published online March 17 in the American Journal of Gastroenterology.

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Trump Signs Massive COVID-19 Relief Package Into Law

THURSDAY, March 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- President Donald Trump signed an $850 billion coronavirus relief package into law late Wednesday. The package will provide sick leave, unemployment benefits, and free COVID-19 testing.

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Transmission of COVID-19 Among Crew on Cruise Ship Investigated

THURSDAY, March 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Transmission of coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) on a cruise ship indicates the need for quarantine for close contacts of confirmed cases, according to research published in the March 17 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Opioid Withdrawal Symptoms May Up Health Risks in Drug Injectors

THURSDAY, March 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Among people who inject drugs (PWID), opioid withdrawal symptoms are associated with increased health risks, according to a study published online March 18 in Drug and Alcohol Dependence.

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Bariatric Surgery Tied to Lower Long-Term Risk for Major CV Events

THURSDAY, March 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with obesity, bariatric surgery is associated with a lower long-term risk for major cardiovascular events and incident heart failure, according to a study published online March 18 in the European Heart Journal.

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Sports Concussion Recovery May Be Slower Than Thought

THURSDAY, March 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Less than half of patients with sports-related mild traumatic brain injury (SR-mTBI) achieve clinical recovery within two weeks after injury, according to a study published in the March issue of the Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine.

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COVID-19 Preparedness for Radiology Departments Outlined

THURSDAY, March 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Radiology departments have been implementing policies to ensure preparedness for the coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, according to a report published online March 16 in Radiology.

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Poor Sleep Quality Linked to Greater Food Intake, Worse Diet

THURSDAY, March 19, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Poor sleep quality is associated with increased food intake and a lower-quality diet among women, according to a study published in the Feb. 18 issue of the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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Chinese Researchers Say Flu Drug Effective Against COVID-19

WEDNESDAY, March 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The flu drug favipiravir is "clearly effective" in treating patients with the novel coronavirus, Chinese researchers say.

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41 Percent of U.S. Adults at Risk for Serious Illness With COVID-19

WEDNESDAY, March 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Forty-one percent of adults ages 18 years and older in the United States have an elevated risk for developing serious illness if infected with the new coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19), according to a brief issued by the Kaiser Family Foundation (KFF).

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U.S. May Not Have Enough Ventilators for COVID-19 Patients

WEDNESDAY, March 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There may not be enough ventilators in the United States to cope with the number of novel coronavirus patients who will require them due to pneumonia and other serious respiratory problems, experts say.

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COVID-19 Epidemic in Iran Likely to Be Substantial

WEDNESDAY, March 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Based on countries with identified cases of coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) originating in Iran, the COVID-19 epidemic in Iran is likely to be of a substantial size, according to a research letter published online March 16 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Single THC Dose Can Induce Psychiatric Symptoms in Adults

WEDNESDAY, March 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The cannabis constituent Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) administration can induce psychotic, negative, and other psychiatric symptoms in healthy adults, according to a review published online March 17 in The Lancet Psychiatry.

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Sociodemographic Disparities Seen for Outpatient Orthopedic Care

WEDNESDAY, March 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There are substantial sociodemographic disparities in the use of office-based orthopedic care and emergency department care for common, nonemergent musculoskeletal conditions, according to a study published online Feb. 21 in Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research.

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Wide Variation Seen in Screening Practices forType 2 Diabetes

WEDNESDAY, March 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Diabetes screening practices vary widely and are only partially explained by patient, provider, and clinic factors, according to a study published online March 5 in Diabetes Care.

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Copper Intrauterine Devices Tied to Lower Risk for Cervical Cancer

WEDNESDAY, March 18, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Use of copper intrauterine devices (Cu IUDs) is associated with a lower risk for cervical cancer versus use of the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS), according to a study published in the February issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Graphic Health Warnings Coming for U.S. Cigarette Packs

TUESDAY, March 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Graphic new health warnings must appear on cigarette packages and in cigarette ads beginning next year, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration says.

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Per-Capita Medical Radiation Exposure Down in United States

TUESDAY, March 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From 2006 to 2016, there was a decrease in per-capita exposure to medical radiation in the United States, according to a study published online March 17 in Radiology.

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Medicare Expands Telemedicine Coverage During COVID-19 Pandemic

TUESDAY, March 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Medicare is expanding coverage for telemedicine nationwide so that millions of American seniors can get health care at home and avoid the coronavirus, officials said Tuesday.

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Chat Users Report Flu-Like Symptoms With Keto Diet

TUESDAY, March 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Online forum users commonly report that a ketogenic diet can lead to several flu-like symptoms within the first few weeks on the diet, according to a study published online March 13 in Frontiers in Nutrition.

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Common Features on Chest CT May Aid Diagnosis of COVID-19

TUESDAY, March 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Chest computed tomography (CT) has a low rate of misdiagnosis of novel coronavirus (COVID-19), according to a study published online March 4 in the American Journal of Roentgenology.

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New Coronavirus Guidelines Discourage Gatherings of More Than 10

TUESDAY, March 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The Trump Administration on Monday ramped up its coronavirus "social distancing" advisory to now discourage gatherings of more than 10 people.

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Nonsmoker Mortality Showcases Harm of Secondhand Smoke

TUESDAY, March 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From 1990 to 2016, the number of individuals who smoke associated with the death of one individual who died from secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure increased to 52.3, according to a study published online March 17 in JAMA Network Open.

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Young Adults Using Juul More Than Non-Pod-Based E-Cigarettes

TUESDAY, March 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Young adults report ever use of Juul more often than smoking cigarettes and using non-pod-based electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes), according to a study published online March 16 in the Journal of Adolescent Health.

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Climate Similar in Cities With Biggest Outbreaks of COVID-19

TUESDAY, March 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Cities that have experienced significant outbreaks of coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) have similar winter climates, according to a study published online March 9 on the open-data site SSRN.

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Causal Link Suggested for IGF-1 Concentrations, Breast Cancer

TUESDAY, March 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There seems to be a causal association between circulating insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) concentrations and breast cancer, according to a study published online March 10 in the Annals of Oncology.

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Noncitizens Undertreated for Cardiovascular Risk Factors

TUESDAY, March 17, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Noncitizens are undertreated for cardiovascular risk factors in the United States, according to a study published in the March issue of Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes.

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Americans Detail Behavior Changes Amid COVID-19 Threat

MONDAY, March 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Many people are changing their behaviors in light of the COVID-19 outbreak, according to a new survey conducted by researchers at the Center for Economic and Social Research at the University of Southern California (USC) Dornsife College of Letters, Arts and Sciences and the Leonard D. Schaeffer Center for Health Policy and Economics.

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N.Y. and Colorado Ask Former Health Care Workers to Return to Workforce

MONDAY, March 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Former health care workers in New York State and Colorado are being asked to return to the workforce to help health systems under pressure due to the coronavirus pandemic.

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Author Conflicts of Interest May Influence Cannabidiol Conclusions

MONDAY, March 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Most articles published between 2014 and 2019 discussing the characteristics, use, and therapeutic effect of cannabidiol (CBD) are supportive, with supportive conclusions in more studies with CBD-related industry funding, according to a research letter published online March 17 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Amid Increased COVID-19 Fears, U.S. Extends Ban on Foreign Travel

MONDAY, March 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In the latest on the coronavirus crisis, the Trump administration on Saturday expanded a 30-day ban on travel from Europe to include residents from the United Kingdom and Ireland, beginning late Monday.

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Phone App Helps Cut Pain, Aid Functioning With Osteoarthritis

MONDAY, March 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A physical therapy app that offers a self-managed exercise and education program helps to improve pain and physical function for patients with osteoarthritis, according to a study published online March 4 in PLOS ONE.

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2009 to 2015 Saw Increase in Hyperglycemic Events

MONDAY, March 16, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From 2009 to 2015, there were increases in diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state (HHS) events among adults, according to a study published online March 11 in Diabetes Care.

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President Trump Declares Coronavirus a National Emergency

FRIDAY, March 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- President Donald Trump on Friday took a step many political and health care experts have long been urging him to do, declaring the U.S. coronavirus crisis a national emergency.

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Thousands in U.S. May Already Be Infected With SARS-CoV-2

FRIDAY, March 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Based on modeling, between 1,043 and 9,484 individuals in the United States are estimated to have been infected with SARS-CoV-2 as of March 1, 2020, according to a not yet peer-reviewed study, which has been published online at medRxiv.org.

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Breast Cancer Incidence Rising for Young Women Since 1935

FRIDAY, March 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The incidence of breast cancer for women aged 25 to 39 years has been increasing since 1935 and seems not to be related to changes in parity over time, according to a study published online March 13 in JAMA Network Open.

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Psoriasis Linked to Increased Risk for Developing Cancer

FRIDAY, March 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with psoriasis may have a slightly increased risk for cancer, according to a review published online Feb. 19 in JAMA Dermatology.

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All-Cause Mortality Up in Female Domestic Abuse Survivors

FRIDAY, March 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Women who survive domestic abuse (DA) are more likely to have type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease (CVD) and to die from any cause, according to a study published in the Feb. 18 issue of the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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Function, Cognition, Psych Well-Being Linked to Postop Death

FRIDAY, March 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Poor function, cognition, and psychological well-being are associated with mortality among older adults undergoing major surgery, according to a study published online March 11 in JAMA Surgery.

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Factors ID'd in Quitting Smoking for Rheumatoid Arthritis Patients

FRIDAY, March 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Certain factors are tied to an increased likelihood of quitting smoking in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), according to a study published online March 3 in Arthritis Care & Research.

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Evidence Points to GI Infection by SARS-CoV-2

FRIDAY, March 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There is evidence for gastrointestinal infection of SARS-CoV-2, according to a study published online March 3 in Gastroenterology.

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Health Coaches Improve Inhaler Use in COPD Patients

FRIDAY, March 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Lay health coaches may improve inhaler technique and adherence for low-income patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), according to a study published in the January/February issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Hep C Testing, Treatment Rates Low at Federally Qualified Health Centers

FRIDAY, March 13, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The rates of hepatitis C virus (HCV) testing and treatment initiation are low at federally qualified health centers (FQHC) in the United States, according to a study published online March 4 in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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Details Provided for U.S. Person-to-Person Transmission of SARS-CoV-2

THURSDAY, March 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Person-to-person transmission of SARS-CoV-2 in the United States has been recorded between two people with prolonged, unprotected exposure while the patient was symptomatic, according to a study published online March 13 in The Lancet.

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Prevalence of CRC Screening Lowest in Adults Aged 50 to 54

THURSDAY, March 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of colorectal cancer (CRC) screening is lowest among adults aged 50 to 54 years, according to research published in the March 13 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Enoki Mushrooms From Korea Linked to Deadly U.S. Listeria Outbreak

THURSDAY, March 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Enoki mushrooms from Korea are the likely cause of a deadly Listeria outbreak in the United States that has sickened 36 people in 17 states, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says.

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Decreases Seen in Cancer Incidence, Death Rates

THURSDAY, March 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Cancer incidence and death rates have decreased in recent years, according to two studies published online March 12 in Cancer.

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Risk Factors Linked to In-Hospital Death in COVID-19 Identified

THURSDAY, March 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Older age, higher Sequential Organ Failure Assessment score, and d-dimer are associated with increased odds of in-hospital death among patients with novel coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19), according to a study published online March 11 in The Lancet.

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CRC Risks Similar to General Population After Bariatric Surgery

THURSDAY, March 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with obesity undergoing bariatric surgery have the same risk for colorectal cancer (CRC) as the general population, according to a study published online March 11 in JAMA Surgery.

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Trump Bans Travel From Most of Europe Amid COVID-19 Fears

THURSDAY, March 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Hoping to curtail the spread of COVID-19 to the United States, travel from most of Europe will be banned for 30 days, President Donald Trump announced Wednesday night.

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Many Clinicians Unaware of Invasive Pulmonary Aspergillosis

THURSDAY, March 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Many clinicians are unaware of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) after severe influenza, with few using galactomannan testing in intensive care unit (ICU) patients with severe influenza and worsening respiratory function, according to a study published online March 11 in Emerging Infectious Diseases, a publication of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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More U.S. Adults at High Risk for Vision Loss in 2017 Than 2002

THURSDAY, March 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- More U.S. adults were at high risk for vision loss in 2017 versus 2002, with an increase in the proportion unable to afford eyeglasses, according to a study published online March 12 in JAMA Ophthalmology.

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Nonglycemic Factors Up Risk for Peripheral Neuropathy in T1DM

THURSDAY, March 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Several nonglycemic factors may increase the risk for the development of diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) among people with type 1 diabetes (T1D), according to a study recently published in Diabetes Care.

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National Dietary Guideline Adherence Lowers Cardiovascular Risk

THURSDAY, March 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Higher adherence to the 2015 to 2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans (measured by the Healthy Eating Index-2015 [HEI-2015]) is associated with lower risks for incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) and mortality, according to a study published in the February issue of The Journal of Nutrition.

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Second Case of HIV-1 Cure After Stem Cell Transplant Reported

THURSDAY, March 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- A second case of HIV-1 cure following allogeneic hemopoietic stem cell transplantation has been reported at 30 months after analytical treatment interruption (ATI), according to a study published online March 10 in The Lancet HIV.

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Safety, Effectiveness of VKAs, DOACs Similar in General Practice

THURSDAY, March 12, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For patients receiving anticoagulants, arteriovenous events and major bleeding events do not differ for those receiving vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) or direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs), according to a study published in the March/April issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Acute Appendicitis Incidence Not Randomly Distributed

TUESDAY, March 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Socioeconomic status and other geographically defined factors are associated with incidence of acute appendicitis (AA), according to a study published online March 4 in JAMA Surgery.

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Ophthalmologic Symptoms Common in Parkinson Disease

WEDNESDAY, March 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with Parkinson disease (PD) have a higher prevalence of ophthalmologic symptoms than controls, according to a study published online March 11 in Neurology.

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WHO Declares Coronavirus a Pandemic

WEDNESDAY, March 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The World Health Organization on Wednesday officially declared the coronavirus outbreak sweeping the globe a pandemic.

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U.S. Blood Donors Needed in Face of COVID-19 Crisis

WEDNESDAY, March 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- As concerns about the new coronavirus escalate, the American Red Cross urges healthy, eligible people to give blood or platelets to help prevent blood shortages.

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Alcoholics Anonymous More Effective Than Other Treatments

WEDNESDAY, March 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) and other Twelve-Step Facilitation (TSF) interventions may be more effective than other established treatments for increasing abstinence in adults with alcohol use disorder (AUD), according to a review published online March 11 in the Cochrane Library.

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Risk for Liver Cancer Down With Low-Dose Aspirin in Hepatitis B, C

WEDNESDAY, March 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Low-dose aspirin is associated with a reduced risk for hepatocellular carcinoma among patients with chronic viral hepatitis, according to a study published in the March 12 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Number of COVID-19 Cases Tops 1,000 in the United States

WEDNESDAY, March 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Public officials across America raced to curb the spread of coronavirus on Tuesday as the number of U.S. cases topped 1,000, with at least 19 states now declaring states of emergency.

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Genetic Risk Linked to T2DM in Women With History of GDM

WEDNESDAY, March 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Among women with a history of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), a genetic risk score (GRS) is generally positively associated with type 2 diabetes (T2D) risk, according to a study recently published in BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care.

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Dairy Milk Tied to Higher Breast Cancer Risk

WEDNESDAY, March 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Higher intakes of dairy milk are associated with a greater risk for breast cancer, when adjusting for soy intake, according to a study published online Feb. 25 in the International Journal of Epidemiology.

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PCPs Feel Unprepared in Providing Dementia Care

WEDNESDAY, March 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Primary care physicians (PCPs) believe they are on the front lines of dementia care, but many feel unprepared, according to the Alzheimer's Association 2020 Alzheimer's Disease Facts and Figures report published March 11.

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Typical Chest CT Findings Help Screen for Coronavirus Infection

WEDNESDAY, March 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Typical imaging features can be useful in early screening for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), according to a study published online March 3 in the American Journal of Roentgenology.

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Sustained Favorable Outcomes Found With Digital Breast Tomosynthesis

WEDNESDAY, March 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) screening outcomes are favorable and sustained over multiple years, according to a study published online March 10 in Radiology.

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New HIV PrEP Drug Not Cost-Effective Compared With Generic

WEDNESDAY, March 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Use of tenofovir alafenamide-emtricitabine (F/TAF) is not cost-effective compared with generic tenofovir disoproxil fumarate-emtricitabine (F/TDF) for HIV preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) among men who have sex with men (MSM), according to a study published online March 10 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Anticholinergic Burden Tied to Adverse Effects in Middle Age

TUESDAY, March 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Anticholinergic burden (ACB) is associated with adverse outcomes in a middle- to older-aged population, according to a study published in the March/April issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Romosozumab Added to Guideline for Management of Osteoporosis

TUESDAY, March 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In an Endocrine Society guideline update, published online in the March issue of the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism, recommendations are presented for the use of romosozumab in the pharmacological management of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women.

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Diabetes-Related Lower-Extremity Complications Increasing

TUESDAY, March 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Diabetes-related lower-extremity complications (DRLECs) are a large and increasing contributor to the global burden of disability, according to a study published online March 5 in Diabetes Care.

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Millions of Coronavirus Test Kits Available Soon, Vice President Says

TUESDAY, March 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Millions of much-needed testing kits for COVID-19 are on the way to clinics and labs nationwide, Vice President Mike Pence told reporters during a White House briefing Monday evening.

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Asthma, COPD Linked to Higher Risk for Rheumatoid Arthritis

TUESDAY, March 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are associated with an increased risk for rheumatoid arthritis (RA), according to a study published online March 4 in Arthritis & Rheumatology.

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Median Incubation Period Estimated at 5.1 Days for COVID-19

TUESDAY, March 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The median incubation period for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is estimated to be 5.1 days, according to a study published online March 10 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Apixaban Seems Safer Than Rivaroxaban for A-Fib

TUESDAY, March 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Among adults with atrial fibrillation, the rates for ischemic stroke or systemic embolism and bleeding are lower with apixaban compared with rivaroxaban, according to a study published online March 10 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Bereavement Tied to Higher Melanoma-Related Mortality

TUESDAY, March 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There is a decreased risk for melanoma diagnosis among bereaved individuals but increased mortality associated with melanoma compared with nonbereaved individuals, according to a study published online March 3 in the British Journal of Dermatology.

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Excess Mortality Observed for Older Adults With BP Below 130/80 mm Hg

TUESDAY, March 10, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For older adults, blood pressure (BP) <130/80 mm Hg is associated with excess mortality, according to a study published online March 5 in Age and Ageing.

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2018 Health Care Spending Up Due to Higher Prices

MONDAY, March 9, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Average employer-sponsored insurance spending rose to $5,892 per person in 2018, according to the Health Care Cost Institute annual Health Care Cost and Utilization Report.

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Fraudulent Coronavirus 'Meds' Targeted by FDA

MONDAY, March 9, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- U.S. officials are cracking down on companies selling fraudulent products that claim to prevent or treat the new coronavirus.

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Amid COVID-19 Outbreak, State Dept Cautions Against Travel by Cruise Ship

MONDAY, March 9, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- As the number of U.S. COVID-19 cases climbed past 530 in at least 34 states and the death toll hit 22, the State Department issued an advisory Sunday that urged all Americans to avoid cruise travel.

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Gabapentin Seems Efficacious for Alcohol Use Disorder

MONDAY, March 9, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Gabapentin appears to be efficacious for the treatment of alcohol use disorder (AUD), especially among those with high alcohol withdrawal, according to a study published online March 9 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Stress-Related Disorders Linked to Neurodegenerative Disease

MONDAY, March 9, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Stress-related disorders are associated with an increased risk for neurodegenerative diseases, according to a study published online March 9 in JAMA Neurology.

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Family Hx of Early MI Modifies Ovary Removal, CVD Link

MONDAY, March 9, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Postmenopausal women with both bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (BSO) and a family history of premature myocardial infarction (FHPMI) have an increased risk for heart disease (HD) mortality, especially those who underwent BSO at an earlier age, according to a study published online March 2 in Menopause.

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Antioxidant Supplements Offer No Benefit in Male Infertility

FRIDAY, March 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Antioxidants do not improve semen parameters or DNA integrity among men with male factor infertility, according to a study published online Feb. 25 in Fertility and Sterility.

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FDA: Cybersecurity Vulnerabilities May Affect Medical Devices

FRIDAY, March 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- SweynTooth cybersecurity vulnerabilities may affect medical devices, according to a U.S. Food and Drug Administration safety communication.

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Knowledge of Cancer Risk, Health Promotion Varies Widely

FRIDAY, March 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Cancer risk awareness varies by socioeconomic status, according to the results of the International Public Opinion Survey on Cancer.

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Rates of Unintended Pregnancy Higher in Women With Disabilities

FRIDAY, March 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Pregnancies among women with disabilities are 40 percent more likely to be unintended versus pregnancies among women without disabilities, according to a study published online Feb. 26 in Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health.

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Bariatric Surgery Outcomes Similar Regardless of Obesity Onset

FRIDAY, March 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The treatment benefits of bariatric surgery in adults are similar regardless of early- or adult-onset obesity, according to a study recently published in Diabetes Care.

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Widowhood Tied to More Rapid Cognitive Decline Among Seniors

FRIDAY, March 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Widowhood accelerates cognitive decline among those at risk for Alzheimer disease, according to a study published online Feb. 26 in JAMA Network Open.

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CRC Incidence, Mortality Declining for Adults Aged ≥65

FRIDAY, March 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence and mortality are continuing to decline among adults aged 65 years and older but are increasing among younger adults, according to a study published online March 5 in CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians.

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Long-Term Endurance Exercise Tied to Aortic Enlargement

FRIDAY, March 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Clinically relevant aortic dilatation is common among aging endurance athletes, according to a study published online Feb. 26 in JAMA Cardiology.

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Period of 2015 to 2018 Saw Increase in Cannabis Use in Seniors

FRIDAY, March 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From 2015 to 2018, there was an increase in the prevalence of cannabis use among older adults, according to a research letter published online Feb. 24 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Americans' Protein-Rich Diets May Up Heart Disease Risk

FRIDAY, March 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Plant-based diets lower in sulfur amino acids (SAA) are associated with a reduced risk for cardiometabolic diseases, according to a study published online Feb. 3 in EClinicalMedicine.

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California Cruise Ship Passengers Await COVID-19 Test Results

FRIDAY, March 6, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Thousands of passengers stranded on a cruise ship linked to California's first COVID-19 death anxiously awaited test results Friday, as the total number of U.S. cases passed 220 and the death count climbed to 14.

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Gulf War Illness Still Poses High Symptom Burden

THURSDAY, March 5, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Gulf War illness (GWI) poses a high disease burden on veterans almost three decades after the conflict, according to a study published online Feb. 2 in Military Medicine.

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Less Than 1 in 4 Perinatally Exposed Infants Tested for Hep C

THURSDAY, March 5, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Less than one-quarter of infants exposed to hepatitis C virus (HCV) receive testing, according to a study published in the March issue of Pediatrics.

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CDC: Fall-Related TBI Deaths Increasing Among U.S. Residents

THURSDAY, March 5, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From 2008 to 2017, there was an increase in the national age-adjusted rate of unintentional fall-related traumatic brain injury (TBI) deaths among U.S. adults, according to research published in the March 6 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Omega-3 Fatty Acids Seem Not to Protect Against Cancer

THURSDAY, March 5, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Omega-3 fatty acids do not appear to protect against cancer and may only have a small beneficial effect in coronary heart disease, according to two reviews published online Feb. 29 in the British Journal of Cancer and the Cochrane Library.

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Long-Acting Cabotegravir, Rilpivirine Noninferior in HIV-1

THURSDAY, March 5, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with HIV-1 suppression, long-acting cabotegravir plus rilpivirine is noninferior to oral therapy with dolutegravir-abacavir-lamivudine and standard oral therapy, according to two studies published online March 4 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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California Holds Cruise Ship Offshore for COVID-19 Testing

THURSDAY, March 5, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- California declared a state of emergency Wednesday as health officials kept a cruise ship linked to the state's first COVID-19 death from docking in San Francisco.

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Secondary Prevention Guideline Adherence Cuts Death Post-AMI

THURSDAY, March 5, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Adherence to secondary prevention guidelines for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is associated with reduced mortality, according to a study published online March 5 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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Female Clinical Chairs Paid Significantly Less Than Men

THURSDAY, March 5, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- There are significant sex differences in salaries of clinical department chairs in public medical schools in the United States, according to a research letter published online March 2 in JAMA Internal Medicine.

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Habitual Fish Oil Supplements Linked to Lower CVD Risk

THURSDAY, March 5, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Habitual supplementation with fish oil is associated with a reduced risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) outcomes and all-cause mortality, according to a study published online March 4 in The BMJ.

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Antimalarials May Cut Risk for Type 2 Diabetes in Lupus Patients

THURSDAY, March 5, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Adherence to antimalarials may offer a protective effect against type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) among patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), according to a study recently published in Arthritis Care & Research.

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Moderate Egg Consumption Not Linked to CVD Risk Overall

THURSDAY, March 5, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Moderate egg consumption is not associated with the risk for cardiovascular disease overall, according to a study published online March 4 in The BMJ.

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Smartphone Use Linked to Increased Meds Required for Headache

WEDNESDAY, March 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Use of smartphones seems to be associated with increased requirements for acute medication for headache and less relief with acute medication, according to a study published online March 4 in Neurology Clinical Practice.

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EHR Use Up in Residential Care Communities 2012 to 2016

WEDNESDAY, March 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From 2012 to 2016, there was an increase in electronic health record (EHR) use among residential care communities, according to a study published online March 3 in the National Health Statistics Reports, a publication from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Molecularly Matched Therapy Promising in Pancreatic Cancer

WEDNESDAY, March 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Receipt of molecularly matched therapy is associated with improved outcomes in patients with pancreatic cancer, according to a study published online March 2 in The Lancet Oncology.

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Racial/Ethnic Insurance Coverage Disparity Down Since ACA

WEDNESDAY, March 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Since the implementation of coverage expansions associated with the Affordable Care Act (ACA), the disparities in insurance coverage related to race and ethnicity have decreased, according to a study published in the March issue of Health Affairs.

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Late Mortality Down for Young Adult, Adolescent Cancer Survivors

WEDNESDAY, March 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- All-cause and cause-specific mortality have decreased among five-year adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer survivors overall, but improvements have not been consistent across all cancer types, according to a study published online March 3 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

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T2DM Remission Rates Higher With RYGB Versus Sleeve Gastrectomy

WEDNESDAY, March 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Most patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) undergoing bariatric surgery experience T2DM remission during five years of follow-up, but outcomes are superior with Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) compared with sleeve gastrectomy (SG), according to a study published online March 4 in JAMA Surgery.

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Considerable Increase Seen in List, Net Prices of Branded Drugs

WEDNESDAY, March 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From 2007 to 2018, there were substantial increases in list and net prices of branded drugs in the United States, according to a study published in the March 3 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Recommendations Provided for Treatment of Ulcerative Colitis

WEDNESDAY, March 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In a new clinical guideline from the American Gastroenterological Association, recently published in Gastroenterology, treatment recommendations are presented for patients with moderate-to-severe ulcerative colitis (UC).

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Shift in Birth Timing Tied to Decline in Birth Weights

WEDNESDAY, March 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- If rates of obstetric practices had not changed between 1990 and 2013 to include more cesarean deliveries and inductions, then the average U.S. birth weight likely would have increased over this time, according to research published online Jan. 29 in Demography.

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Short-Term Medications May Cut Risk for 'Broken Heart' Syndrome

WEDNESDAY, March 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In early bereavement, low-dose metoprolol and aspirin reduce physiological and psychological surrogate measures of cardiovascular risk, according to a study published in the February issue of the American Heart Journal.

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Serum Folate Tied to CV Mortality Risk in Rheumatoid Arthritis

WEDNESDAY, March 4, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Among patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), a serum folate level of at least 4.3 ng/mL is associated with lower cardiovascular (CV) mortality risk, according to a study published online Feb. 26 in JAMA Network Open.

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1996 to 2016 Saw Increases in U.S. Spending on Health Care

TUESDAY, March 3, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- From 1996 to 2016, there were considerable increases in U.S. spending on health care, according to a study published in the March 3 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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NICE Guidelines Presented for Management of Thyroid Disease

TUESDAY, March 3, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- In a summary of a recent guideline from the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE), published online Jan. 29 in The BMJ, recommendations are presented for the assessment and management of thyroid disease.

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Cough, Fever Most Common Initial Symptoms of COVID-19

TUESDAY, March 3, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) often have fever and cough on presentation, according to research published online Feb. 28 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Emergency Measure Will Get More Respirators to U.S. Health Care Workers

TUESDAY, March 3, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- An emergency authorization will make more respirators available for U.S. health care workers during the coronavirus outbreak, according to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Repeated Courses of Antibiotics Linked to Hospital Admissions

TUESDAY, March 3, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Repeated courses of antibiotics may be associated with adverse outcomes, including admissions for infection-related complications, according to a study published online March 2 in BMC Medicine.

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Chest CT More Sensitive Than RT-PCR for Diagnosing COVID-19

TUESDAY, March 3, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Chest computed tomography (CT) has higher sensitivity for detecting 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) than reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) tests, according to a study published online Feb. 26 in Radiology.

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Irregular Sleep Duration and Timing Linked to CVD Risk

TUESDAY, March 3, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Irregular sleep duration and timing are associated with an increased risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD), according to a study published in the March 10 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Improved Oral Hygiene Tied to Lower Risk for Incident Diabetes

TUESDAY, March 3, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Improved oral hygiene is associated with a reduced risk for new-onset diabetes in a population-based cohort from South Korea, according to a study published online March 2 in Diabetologia.

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Ambient Air Pollution Causes Decreased Life Expectancy

TUESDAY, March 3, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Ambient air pollution is a leading cause of excess mortality and loss of life expectancy (LLE), according to a study published online March 3 in Cardiovascular Research.

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Evidence Lacking for Pharmacologic Therapy for Cannabis Use Disorder

TUESDAY, March 3, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Evidence relating to pharmacological interventions for cannabis use disorder (CUD) is mainly insufficient and suggests that several drug classes are ineffective, according to a review published online March 3 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Use of PPIs Tied to Cognitive Issues in Breast Cancer Survivors

TUESDAY, March 3, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Use of acid reflux drugs (proton pump inhibitors [PPIs]) during and after cancer treatment may be tied to impaired memory and concentration in breast cancer survivors, according to a study recently published in the Journal of Cancer Survivorship.

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Three More COVID-19 Deaths Reported at Washington State Nursing Home

MONDAY, March 2, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Officials in Washington State said Monday that three more people have died from coronavirus at the same nursing home in the town of Kirkland, bringing the total number of fatalities at the center to four.

Washington State Department of Health

CDC Broadens Testing Guidelines for Coronavirus

MONDAY, March 2, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- U.S. health care workers have been sent new testing guidelines for novel coronavirus after the nation's first case of a patient with an unknown source of infection, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said.

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CDC: Evaluating and Reporting Persons Under Investigation

Focus on Vaccinating Elderly May Not Be Enough for Flu Protection

MONDAY, March 2, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Current vaccination strategies focusing on the elderly may be less effective than thought for reducing hospitalization or mortality among this population, according to a study published online March 3 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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2003 to 2016 Saw Changes in Characteristics of PCI, CABG Patients

MONDAY, March 2, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Between 2003 and 2016, there were decreases in in-hospital mortality after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) but not after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), according to a study published online Feb. 14 in JAMA Network Open.

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U.S. Coronavirus Cases Now at 89

MONDAY, March 2, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Two dozen new U.S. cases of coronavirus were reported in multiple states across the country over the weekend, as Washington State officials raced to contain a possible outbreak in one of its cities.

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USPSTF Recommends Screening All Adults for Hepatitis C Virus

MONDAY, March 2, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends screening for hepatitis C virus infection in all adults. This recommendation forms the basis of a final recommendation statement published online March 2 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Evidence Report
Final Recommendation Statement
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>10,000 Uninsured Texas Patients Seek Dialysis in ED Annually

MONDAY, March 2, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- More than 10,000 uninsured patients in Texas sought hemodialysis in emergency departments in 2017, according to a research letter published online Feb. 19 in JAMA Network Open.

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Chest CT Findings for COVID-19 More Common Later in Infection

MONDAY, March 2, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- The main computed tomography (CT) findings in coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) are ground-glass and consolidative pulmonary opacities, and these findings are more frequent with longer time from symptom onset, according to a study published online Feb. 20 in Radiology.

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