Abruptly Quitting Appears to Work Best for Smoking Cessation
Stopping over time is less effective, British researchers say
TUESDAY, March 15, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Quitting cigarettes "cold turkey" beats a more gradual approach, according to research published online March 15 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.
The latest research included 697 adult smokers from England. The study participants smoked an average of 20 cigarettes a day. More than nine in 10 of the participants were white. The average age of the smokers was 49, and half were women. The study volunteers were randomly assigned to quit smoking abruptly or to cut down gradually by 75 percent over two weeks. The researchers followed up at four weeks and six months after the experiment started. Blood testing was used to confirm whether smokers had actually quit.
The researchers found that at four weeks, 39.2 percent of those who'd gradually quit had stopped smoking compared to 49.0 percent of those who stopped abruptly. At six months, 15.5 percent of the gradual quitters and 22.0 percent of the abrupt quitters were still non-smokers.
"Most people thought cutting down would suit them better," lead author Nicola Lindson-Hawley, Ph.D., of the University of Oxford in the United Kingdom, told HealthDay. "But whatever they thought, it turned out they were better to try to quit abruptly."