Attention Deficit Disorder (ADHD) News

ADHD, or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, is a neurological and behavioral disorder that is most often identified in children but that can continue into adulthood. The characteristics of ADHD include difficulty paying attention, impulsive behavior and, in many cases, hyperactivity. The negative results of the disorder can include difficulty getting good grades in school, trouble behaving well at home and difficulty interacting positively with friends.

Causes and Types of ADHD

Though researchers aren’t sure what causes one child to get ADHD while another one doesn’t, there does appear to be a strong genetic component to the condition. Having a low birth weight or being delivered prematurely, alcohol and tobacco use during pregnancy, brain injuries and toxic environmental exposures are other factors that might increase the risk for ADHD.

Many people believe that social factors in children's upbringing may also affect their risk for ADHD. These theories include things like watching too much TV, eating too many sugary snacks or growing up in a chaotic household. Though these factors could exacerbate the symptoms of ADHD, there is no scientific evidence that cause the condition.

Though attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is the standard classification for the condition, in reality AHDH manifests itself in different children in different ways. For example, some children may be primarily inattentive without the presence of hyperactivity. In others, hyperactivity is the primary symptom. And sometimes, the two symptoms appear simultaneously.

Treatment of ADHD

The old line of thinking on ADHD was that it improved and went away with age, but more recent research indicates that symptoms may persist into adulthood and continue to cause trouble in both working environments and relationships. For this reason, treatment of ADHD is typically recommended.

The specific treatment will vary based on the specific person with the ADHD diagnosis. Usually, treatment will involve some combination of therapy and medications.

SOURCES: Children and Adults With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (CHADD); U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Date Posted
Article Title
ADHD Medication Problem?

Intentional and Unintentional Exposure to ADHD Drugs on the Rise, Study Finds.

School Attendance and ADHD

After school activities improve attendance and behavior among students with ADHD, study finds.

ADHD and Family Dynamics

Cutting back on harsh discipline helps calm kids with ADHD, study finds.

Acetaminophen During Pregnancy

Long-term use of acetaminophen during pregnancy may increase ADHD risk, new study finds

Nearly a Third of College Kids Think ADHD Meds Boost Grades

But adolescent health experts say there's no evidence to support that belief

Back to School, Back to Planning for Kids With Autism, ADHD

Thinking ahead and keeping a calendar with important dates can help make transition smoother

Treating ADHD May Help Curb Later Drinking, Drug Problems

For people with the disorder, meds like Ritalin linked to lower rates of alcohol, drug abuse, study finds

When is Tourette Syndrome Actually Autism?

Repetitive behaviors, restricted interests occur in both disorders, make correct diagnosis tricky, researchers report

Teens With ADHD Face a Higher Crash Risk

Study found they were 36 percent more likely to get in an accident than other adolescents

Are All Those 'Fidget Spinners' Really Helping Kids?

Hot toy is probably more of a distraction than a help in the classroom, experts say

Athletes With ADHD Favor Team Competition

They're more likely to play contact sports like football, lacrosse and hockey, study finds

Car Crash Rate Falls When People With ADHD Take Meds

Hallmarks of the disorder -- including inattention, impulsivity -- raise accident risk, researchers say

Are Smartphones Helping or Harming Kids' Mental Health?

More use is linked to attention and behavior problems, but also less anxiety, study finds

Breast-Feeding May Not Lead to Smarter Preschoolers

But study suggests that children who were nursed may be less hyperactive at age 3

Imaging Study Confirms Brain Differences in People With ADHD

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity should be considered a brain disorder, researchers say

Low-Income Kids More Likely to Have ADHD, Asthma

Autism more often diagnosed among children in higher-income families, study finds

Tiny Babies May Face Mental Health Problems Later

Review found greater likelihood of ADHD, anxiety and depression

Dietary Habits and ADHD

A child's whole diet may play an important role in ADHD development, new study finds.

Could the 'Mediterranean' Diet Help Prevent ADHD?

There's no solid proof, but encouraging healthy eating is a wise move, specialist says

Kids With ADHD Make 6.1 Million Doctor Visits a Year in U.S.: CDC

Mental health specialist says study raises more questions than it answers

Brain Deficits in Preemies May Start Before Birth

Study links weak brain wiring connections in fetuses with preterm delivery

Exercise: An Antidote for Behavioral Issues in Students?

Study found use of 'cybercycles' reduced classroom problems for kids with autism, ADHD, other concerns

Disabled Children Face Bullying Throughout School Years

More must be done to teach them how to respond to aggression, researcher says

Guidelines May Have Helped Curb ADHD Diagnoses in Preschoolers

Still, too few with disorder receive behavior therapy, child psychologist says

Foster Kids Face Higher Risk of Health Problems: Study

They were even more vulnerable than children in low-income, single-parent families

Suicide Can Strike Children as Young as 5: Study

Overall numbers are low, but researchers say prevention efforts are needed

Kids With Bipolar Disorder More Likely to Abuse Drugs, Alcohol: Study

And those who also have conduct disorder seem to face an even greater risk

Tourette Threat Surges for Babies When Mom Smokes in Pregnancy

Researchers probe increased risk of chronic tics and other disorders due to prenatal nicotine exposure

ADHD More Often Missed in Minority Kids

Study found disparities in diagnosis, treatment rates

Could Diet in Pregnancy Raise Child's Odds for ADHD?

Study underscores importance of good prenatal nutrition

Meds May Curb Risky Behaviors for Kids With ADHD

Study found drug abuse, STDs and injuries were lower among teens who take meds

Acetaminophen During Pregnancy May Up Risk of ADHD in Kids

But only association found, and researchers say women should still take the painkiller if needed

ADHD Common Among College Students Who Misuse Stimulant Drugs

Study says they're also more apt to have other psychiatric issues

Do ADHD Medicines Boost Substance Abuse Risk?

Chances were actually lower the earlier stimulants were started, and the longer they were taken

Epilepsy May Triple ADHD Risk, Danish Study Finds

It also found possible link between fever-related seizures and the behavioral disorder in kids

Exercise May Help Ease Adult ADHD Symptoms

Activity won't replace standard treatments, but could be helpful add-on