December 2012 Briefing - Nursing

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nursing for December 2012. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Little Change in Global Infertility Rates Since 1990

MONDAY, Dec. 31 (HealthDay News) -- Infertility rates worldwide are similar to those in 1990, though the number of couples affected by infertility rose to nearly 50 million in 2010 due to population growth, according to a study published online Dec. 18 in PLOS Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text

Type of Involvement in Gaming Impacts Perceived Social Support

MONDAY, Dec. 31 (HealthDay News) -- The level of psychological involvement in gaming determines the measure of a player's perceived social support, according to a study published in the current issue of Society & Leisure.

More Information

Derm-Path Training Linked to Fewer Diagnosis Discrepancies

FRIDAY, Dec. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Fewer diagnostic discrepancies are seen for pathologists with dermatopathology fellowship training, according to a study published in the January issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Primary Care Physicians Perform Well on Diabetes Care Measures

FRIDAY, Dec. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Compared to covering physicians or midlevel providers, primary care physicians (PCPs) perform better on multiple critical process measures for diabetes care, according to a study published online Dec. 10 in Diabetes Care.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Recent U.S. Food-Linked Listeriosis Outbreaks Shorter

FRIDAY, Dec. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Compared with earlier outbreaks, more recent food-associated listeriosis outbreaks in the United States have been shorter and affected fewer people, according to research published online Dec. 12 in Emerging Infectious Diseases.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Low Insulin Secretion Tied to Depressive Symptoms in Women

FRIDAY, Dec. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Middle-aged women with insulin secretion levels in the lowest quintile appear to have more than twice the risk of developing new-onset depressive symptoms compared with those with higher insulin secretion levels, according to research published online Dec. 10 in Diabetes Care.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Sustained Virological Response Lowers Mortality Risk in Hep C

FRIDAY, Dec. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Sustained virological response (SVR) is associated with lower all-cause mortality in patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) and advanced hepatic fibrosis, according to a study published in the Dec. 26 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Elevated C-Reactive Protein Linked to Distress, Depression

FRIDAY, Dec. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Elevated plasma levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) are associated with psychological distress and depression in the general population, according to a study published online Dec. 24 in the Archives of General Psychiatry.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Inpatient Resource Use Up for Children With Chronic Illness

FRIDAY, Dec. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Children with chronic conditions, particularly conditions affecting two or more body systems, increasingly use more resources when hospitalized than those without chronic conditions, according to a study published online Dec. 24 in the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Weight-Based Victimization Common Among Heavy Teens

FRIDAY, Dec. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Weight loss treatment-seeking adolescents frequently report weight-based victimization (WBV) at school, which is perpetrated by adults as well as peers and friends, according to a study published online Dec. 24 in Pediatrics.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial

Dietary PA/OA Fat Ratio May Affect T2DM Risk in Women Only

FRIDAY, Dec. 28 (HealthDay News) -- A diet low in palmitic acid (PA) and high in oleic acid (OA) improves insulin sensitivity and is associated with lower levels of markers of metabolic and oxidative stress in women only, according to a study published online Dec. 13 in Diabetes.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

High Risk of Pulmonary Embolism Seen in Severe Asthma

FRIDAY, Dec. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with asthma are at higher risk of pulmonary embolism, particularly if the asthma is severe or they take oral corticosteroids, according to a study published online Dec. 20 in the European Respiratory Journal.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Urine Biomarkers May Help Diagnose Kawasaki Disease

FRIDAY, Dec. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Proteins present in urine exhibit excellent diagnostic performance for Kawasaki disease, according to a study published online Dec. 20 in EMBO Molecular Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text

Surgical Never Events Costly, Cause Considerable Harm

FRIDAY, Dec. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Surgical never events, including retained foreign bodies and wrong-site, wrong-patient, and wrong-procedure surgeries, are costly and incur considerable harm to patients, according to research published online Dec. 18 in Surgery.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Limited Value for Pap Tests in Endometrial Cancer Recurrence

FRIDAY, Dec. 28 (HealthDay News) -- For women who have undergone a hysterectomy for endometrial cancer, abnormal Papanicolaou (Pap) test results do not aid in diagnosing recurrent disease, according to a study published in the January issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Teen Vitamin D Intake Not Related to Adult RA or SLE Risk

THURSDAY, Dec. 27 (HealthDay News) -- Dietary vitamin D intake during adolescence does not appear to be associated with the risk of adult-onset rheumatoid arthritis (RA) or systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), according to research published in the December issue of Arthritis Care & Research.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Indicators Show Little Change in Overuse of Ambulatory Care

THURSDAY, Dec. 27 (HealthDay News) -- In the United States from 1999 to 2009, the delivery of underused care in the ambulatory setting improved, but fewer changes were seen in inappropriate care, according to a study published online Dec. 24 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Cancer Screening Goals Not Being Met by General Population

THURSDAY, Dec. 27 (HealthDay News) -- In the United States, the general population only meets the recommended cancer screening goals for colorectal cancer, while cancer survivors meet all requirements except for cervical cancer screening, according to a study published online Dec. 27 in Frontiers in Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Review: Poor Outcomes With Blood Transfusion in MI

THURSDAY, Dec. 27 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with acute myocardial infarction, a strategy of blood transfusion is associated with increased all-cause mortality and subsequent myocardial infarction compared with a strategy of no transfusion, according to a meta-analysis published online Dec. 24 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Fewer Than a Quarter Call 911 During Acute Heart Problem

THURSDAY, Dec. 27 (HealthDay News) -- During acute coronary syndromes, fewer than one-quarter of patients call 911, according to a study published in the Jan. 1 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Prophylactic Options Compared for Women With BRCA1/2

THURSDAY, Dec. 27 (HealthDay News) -- The results of a simulation model suggest that, when quality of life is considered, prophylactic bilateral salpingectomy with delayed oophorectomy may be an acceptable alternative to bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy for women with BRCA mutations, according to research published in the January issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Abstract
Full Text
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Study Provides More Data for Ovarian Cancer Risk Prediction

THURSDAY, Dec. 27 (HealthDay News) -- Among asymptomatic women, high-risk categories for predicting ovarian cancer risk can be identified using CA125, transvaginal ultrasonography, or both, providing guidance for clinical decisions regarding need for surgery in these women, according to research published in the January issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

R.E.N.A.L. Nephrometry Score Predicts Treatment Efficacy

THURSDAY, Dec. 27 (HealthDay News) -- The R.E.N.A.L. (radius, exophytic/endophytic, nearness to collecting system or sinus, anterior/posterior and location relative to polar lines) nephrometry scoring system predicts the efficacy of treatment and major complications that occur after percutaneous renal ablation for treatment of tumors, according to research published in the January issue of The Journal of Urology.

Abstract
Full Text

Imaging Widely Used in Presumed Pediatric Appendicitis

THURDAY, Dec. 27 (HealthDay News) -- Most children with presumed appendicitis undergo preoperative computed tomography (CT) and ultrasound imaging before surgery, with significant variation by hospital type and patient sex, according to research published online Dec. 24 in Pediatrics.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Understanding of Infantile Hemangiomas Is Improving

THURSDAY, Dec. 27 (HealthDay News) -- Improved understanding of the pathogenesis of infantile hemangiomas (IHs) is leading to better treatment options, according to a review published online Dec. 24 in Pediatrics.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Early Menopause Tied to Greater Type 2 Diabetes Risk

THURSDAY, Dec. 27 (HealthDay News) -- Women who experience early menopause have a greater risk of type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online Dec. 10 in Diabetes Care.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Invasive Strategy Ups Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Survival

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 26 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) who do not regain consciousness, an invasive strategy characterized by emergency coronary angiography and subsequent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), if indicated, is associated with improved in-hospital survival, according to a study published in the Dec. 15 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Good Long-Term Outcomes With CPAP for Extreme Preemies

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 26 (HealthDay News) -- For very premature infants there is no significant difference in death or neurodevelopmental impairment with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) versus surfactant; however, lower oxygen-saturation targets cannot be recommended as mortality is still lower with higher oxygen saturation, according to a study published in the Dec. 27 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Pre-Consult Genitourinary Exams Performed Infrequently

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Initial genitourinary (GU) physical examinations are performed in less than a third of cases prior to requesting a urologic consultation, and this rate is affected by patient age and sex, according to research published in the December issue of Urology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

C-Peptide Levels May Predict Mortality in Angiography Patients

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Higher levels of C-peptide, a pro-insulin cleavage product, is associated with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in patients undergoing coronary angiography, according to a study published online Nov. 30 in Diabetes Care.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Most Dermatologists Able to Spot Psychocutaneous Disease

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 26 (HealthDay News) -- While the majority of dermatologists feel capable of diagnosing psychocutaneous disease, most are also uncomfortable starting antidepressants or antipsychotics and feel unsuccessful in treating these conditions, according to research published in the January issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Reports of Child Maltreatment Down in 2011

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 26 (HealthDay News) -- The number of child neglect and abuse cases reported in the United States dropped in 2011, with an estimated 681,000 unique victims, according to the Child Maltreatment 2011 report.

More Information

Lower Developmental Scores at Age 3 Seen in Plagiocephaly

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Preschool-aged children with deformational plagiocephaly (DP) have lower scores on a measure of child development than unaffected controls, according to a study published online Dec. 24 in Pediatrics.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Fertility Drugs Not Linked to Uterine Cancer Recurrence

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 26 (HealthDay News) -- For women who undergo fertility-sparing treatment for uterine cancer, subsequent use of fertility drugs is not associated with a higher incidence of cancer recurrence, according to research published in the January issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Topics of Sibling Conflict Have Distinct Effects on Teens

TUESDAY, Dec. 25 (HealthDay News) -- For adolescents, each underlying topic of sibling conflict has a distinct impact on their emotional adjustment, according to a study published online Dec. 20 in Child Development.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Sit and Rise Test Score Inversely Linked to Mortality

MONDAY, Dec. 24 (HealthDay News) -- For adults aged 51 to 80 years, the ability to sit and rise from the floor without support (hand/knee) is associated with improved survival, according to a study published online Dec. 13 in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.

Abstract
Full Text

Internet Use Cuts Cancer Fatalism in Poorly Educated

MONDAY, Dec. 24 (HealthDay News) -- For adults with average or lower than average education or health knowledge, use of the Internet can reduce cancer fatalism, according to a study published in the December issue of the Journal of Communication.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

FDA Recommends Against Drug to Treat Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

FRIDAY, Dec. 21 (HealthDay News) -- A U.S. Food and Drug Administration advisory committee on Thursday recommended against approval of the first proposed drug to treat chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), intravenous Ampligen (rintatolimod).

More Information

Varizig Approved to Reduce Chickenpox Symptoms

FRIDAY, Dec. 21 (HealthDay News) -- Varizig (varicella zoster immune globulin) has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to minimize chickenpox symptoms when administered within four days of exposure to the virus that causes the disease.

More Information

FDA Expands Tamiflu Use to Treat Babies Under 1 Year Old

FRIDAY, Dec. 21 (HealthDay News) -- Tamiflu (oseltamivir) can now be given to children as young as 2 weeks old under an expanded approval announced Friday by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

More Information

Familial Cancer Risk Not Limited to Parents' Early-Onset Cancer

FRIDAY, Dec. 21 (HealthDay News) -- For many cancers, the familial risks of cancer are seen in offspring whose parents received a diagnosis of concordant cancer at all ages, although the highest risk is seen for those diagnosed at an early age, according to a study published online Dec. 20 in BMJ.

Full Text

Children Eat More Fruits and Vegetables at Family Meals

FRIDAY, Dec. 21 (HealthDay News) -- Eating meals together as a family leads to significantly higher consumption of fruits and vegetables for children, according to a study published online Dec. 19 in the Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

ACOG: IOM's Gestational Weight Gain Guide Is Basis for Practice

FRIDAY, Dec. 21 (HealthDay News) -- The Institute of Medicine's (IOM) 2009 guidelines on gestational weight gain should serve as a basis for clinical practice, according to a Committee Opinion published by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) in the January issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Longitudinal Algorithm May Detect Ovarian Cancer Earlier

FRIDAY, Dec. 21 (HealthDay News) -- Compared with a single-threshold (ST) rule, a parametric empirical Bayes (PEB) longitudinal screening algorithm can identify ovarian cancer earlier and at a lower concentration of CA125, according to research published online Dec. 17 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

High Perceived Stress Related to Incident CHD

FRIDAY, Dec. 21 (HealthDay News) -- High perceived stress is associated with a moderate 27-percent increased risk of incident coronary heart disease (CHD), according to the results of a meta-analysis published in the Dec. 15 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes Released for 2013

FRIDAY, Dec. 21 (HealthDay News) -- Updated evidence for diabetes care, including guidelines for self-monitoring glucose, new blood pressure targets, and other aspects of care, are presented in a major position statement from the American Diabetes Association (ADA), "Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes," published as a supplement to the January issue of Diabetes Care.

More Information

Data Suggest Smoking Doesn't Impact RA Treatment Response

THURSDAY, Dec. 20 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with early rheumatoid arthritis (RA), smoking status does not impact treatment response to early combination therapy or initial methotrexate treatment with step-up therapy, according to a study published in the December issue of Arthritis Care & Research.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Fatty Acids Don't Reduce Atrial Fibrillation Recurrence

THURSDAY, Dec. 20 (HealthDay News) -- Polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) do not reduce the recurrence of atrial fibrillation (AF), according to a study published online Dec. 19 in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

Abstract
Full Text

AAP to Obama: Make Safety of Children a National Focus

THURSDAY, Dec. 20 (HealthDay News) -- Responding to the Dec. 14 tragic shooting in Newtown, Conn., the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has expressed a willingness to work together with the government to ensure the health and safety of children, according to a letter written from the AAP to President Obama.

More Information

In U.S., Only 3.3 Percent Have Ideal Cardiovascular Health

THURSDAY, Dec. 20 (HealthDay News) -- Only 3.3 percent of Americans are in ideal cardiovascular health, with considerable between-state variation noted, according to research published online Dec. 19 in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

Abstract
Full Text
Editorial

No Training Means Spiritual Care Lacking in Advanced Cancer

THURSDAY, Dec. 20 (HealthDay News) -- Although oncology nurses and physicians feel that spiritual care (SC) is an important, appropriate, and beneficial component of end-of-life (EOL) care for patients with advanced cancer, it is infrequently offered, primarily due to a lack of training, according to research published online Dec. 17 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Gene Therapy for Canavan Disease Safe and Effective

THURSDAY, Dec. 20 (HealthDay News) -- In children with Canavan disease, a hereditary leukodystrophy that results in the degeneration of brain white matter caused by mutations in the aspartoacylase (ASPA) gene, gene therapy is safe, reverses the primary defect, and improves clinical status, according to a study published in the Dec. 19 issue of Science Translational Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

High-Nutrient Dense Snack Cuts Calorie Intake for Children

THURSDAY, Dec. 20 (HealthDay News) -- Giving children a high-nutrient dense (HND) snack of cheese and vegetables reduces calorie intake compared with a non-nutrient dense (NND) snack, according to a study published online Dec. 17 in Pediatrics.

Abstract
Full Text

Metformin Treatment Beneficial for Obese Children, Teens

THURSDAY, Dec. 20 (HealthDay News) -- Obese children and adolescents treated with twice-daily metformin have significantly improved body mass index standard deviation scores (BMI-SDS), fasting glucose, and other metabolic risk factors, according to research published online Nov. 21 in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Spanish Registry IDs Predictors of Low Back Pain Improvement

THURSDAY, Dec. 20 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with acute or chronic low back pain (LBP), predictors have been identified for clinically relevant improvements in LBP, pain down the leg (LP), and disability at three months, according to research published in the November issue of The Spine Journal.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Antimicrobial Resistance Up in K. pneumoniae Isolates

THURSDAY, Dec. 20 (HealthDay News) -- Klebsiella pneumoniae (K. pneumoniae) isolates from U.S. inpatients are becoming increasingly resistant to antimicrobial agents, according to a study published in the January issue of Emerging Infectious Diseases.

Full Text

Alzheimer's Trial Participation Linked to Study Partner

THURSDAY, Dec. 20 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) with non-spouse caregivers participate less frequently in AD clinical trials, according to research published online Dec. 19 in Neurology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Meds Adherence Self-Report Valid in Type 2 Diabetes

THURSDAY, Dec. 20 (HealthDay News) -- Self-reported measures of medication adherence in adults with type 2 diabetes are valid, although some self-reports are moderated by depression, according to a study published online Nov. 30 in Diabetes Care.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Two Drugs Promising for Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis Treatment

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Two drugs show promise in the treatment of active systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), according to two studies published in the Dec. 20 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

Full Text - De Benedetti (subscription or payment may be required)
Full Text - Ruperto (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

10th Annual Report Shows Gaps in Emergency Preparedness

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 19 (HealthDay News) -- There seem to be considerable gaps in the ability of states to respond to health emergencies, according to the 10th annual report, Ready or Not? Protecting the Public from Diseases, Disasters, and Bioterrorism, published Dec. 19 by the Trust for America's Health.

More Information

Substantial Morbidity, Mortality From Fungus-Tainted Steroid

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Considerable morbidity and mortality resulted from the use of three lots of fungus-contaminated methylprednisolone acetate, recalled by the pharmacy, according to a preliminary report published online Dec. 19 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text

Vertex Announces Boxed Warning on Hepatitis C Drug

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 19 (HealthDay News) -- In the wake of multiple deaths, the oral hepatitis C drug telaprevir (Incivek) will now carry a boxed warning, according to a statement released Dec. 19 by Vertex Pharmaceuticals.

More Information

Amoxicillin of Little Benefit in Lower-Respiratory Infection

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 19 (HealthDay News) -- In cases of lower-respiratory-tract infection when pneumonia is not suspected, amoxicillin provides little symptomatic benefit, according to a study published online Dec. 19 in The Lancet Infectious Diseases.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Pediatric Ingestions of Caustic Substances Down in 2009

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Hospitalizations of children ingesting caustic substances such as lye were fewer in 2009 than previous estimates, according to a study published in the December issue of the Archives of Otolaryngology -- Head & Neck Surgery.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Denosumab Does Not Delay Nonvertebral Fracture Healing

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Denosumab does not appear to delay fracture healing or contribute to other complications when used to treat postmenopausal women with osteoporosis, according to research published in the Dec. 5 issue of The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial

Childhood Abuse Tied to Adult-Onset Asthma in Black Women

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 19 (HealthDay News) -- There is a positive association between adult-onset asthma and physical abuse in childhood among African-American women, according to a study published online Dec. 7 in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Lost Productivity ~20 Percent of Cancer Costs for Employees

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Productivity losses due to disability days for employees being treated for cancer represent about 20 percent of the overall health care expenditure, according to a study published in the December issue of the Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine.

Full Text

HPV Diagnosis at Older Age May Be 'Latent' Infection Reactivation

TUESDAY, Dec. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Among U.S. women with a sexual debut before the sexual revolution, a lower cumulative probability of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection may be masking an age-related increase in HPV reactivation, according to a study published online Dec. 12 in the Journal of Infectious Diseases.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Two Distinct High-Risk Diabetes Populations ID'd in Children

TUESDAY, Dec. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Children with high-risk A1C (hrA1C) and impaired fasting glucose (IFG) define different populations, with differentially increased risk markers, according to research published online Nov. 27 in Diabetes Care.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Aspirin Use 10 Years Prior Tied to Incidence of Late AMD

TUESDAY, Dec. 18 (HealthDay News) -- For adults, regular use of aspirin 10 years prior to retinal examination is associated with increased incidence of late and neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD), according to a study published in the Dec. 19 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Incidence of Specific Cancers Up for WTC Rescue Workers

TUESDAY, Dec. 18 (HealthDay News) -- For rescue/recovery workers at the World Trade Center (WTC), the incidence of prostate and thyroid cancers and multiple myeloma was increased for 2007 to 2008, according to a study published in the Dec. 19 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Intensive Lifestyle Changes Do Raise Odds of T2DM Remission

TUESDAY, Dec. 18 (HealthDay News) -- For overweight adults, an intensive lifestyle intervention (ILI) is associated with a greater likelihood of remission compared with diabetes support and education (DSE), although the absolute remission rates are modest, according to a study published in the Dec. 19 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

For Whiplash, Usual Care, Single PT Session Found Adequate

TUESDAY, Dec. 18 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with acute whiplash, usual care in the emergency department and a single session with a physical therapist are recommended, according to a study published online Dec. 18 in The Lancet.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Suicide Risk Highest Shortly After Parental Psychiatric Event

TUESDAY, Dec. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Among adults and adolescents who have been hospitalized for an attempted suicide, the risk of suicide is highest within two years of a parental event (suicide attempt and suicide, inpatient care, and disability pension due to psychiatric diagnoses), especially among girls, according to a study published online Dec. 12 in PLOS ONE.

Abstract
Full Text

Significant, Complex Link ID'd Between Sleepiness, Vitamin D

TUESDAY, Dec. 18 (HealthDay News) -- There is a significant correlation between 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) and sleepiness, which is affected by race for individuals with vitamin D deficiency (VitDd; defined as 25(OH)D <20 ng/mL), according to research published in the December issue of the Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Polygenic Risk Score Helpful for Women With Familial Breast CA

TUESDAY, Dec. 18 (HealthDay News) -- For women affected by familial breast cancer, a polygenic risk score based on 22 genomic variants can identify women at high-risk of breast cancer, according to a study published in the Dec. 10 issue of the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial

Life Expectancy Has Increased With Drop in Air Pollutants

TUESDAY, Dec. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Life expectancy has improved, particularly in urban and densely populated areas of the country, in response to reductions in ambient levels of fine particulate matter seen from 2000 to 2007, according to a study published in the January issue of Epidemiology.

Full Text

Workplace Bullying Linked to Psychotropic Medication Use

TUESDAY, Dec. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Experiencing or observing workplace bullying increases the risk of subsequent psychotropic medication use, according to a study published online Dec. 12 in BMJ Open.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Length-of-Stay, Readmissions Down in VA Hospitals

TUESDAY, Dec. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Over a 14-year period (1997 to 2010), the risk-adjusted hospital length of stay (LOS) and hospital readmission rates decreased throughout Veterans Affairs hospitals, according to a study published in the Dec. 18 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Adalimumab Relieves Hidradenitis Suppurativa

TUESDAY, Dec. 18 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with moderate-to-severe hidradenitis suppurativa (HS), a chronic skin disease characterized by painful abscesses, nodules, and draining fistulas in the axilla and groin, treatment with once-weekly adalimumab is associated with improvements in pain and inflammation, according to a study published online Dec. 17 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Children With Mild TBI Exhibit White Matter Abnormalities

TUESDAY, Dec. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Children and adolescents who have experienced mild traumatic brain injury (concussion) show changes in brain white matter that persist months after the injury, even after symptoms have disappeared, according to a study published in the Dec. 12 issue of The Journal of Neuroscience.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Aerobic Exercise Optimal for Reducing Fat Mass, Body Mass

TUESDAY, Dec. 18 (HealthDay News) -- For sedentary, overweight, or obese adults, aerobic training (AT) seems to be the optimal mode of exercise for reducing fat mass and body mass, while a combined approach of AT and resistance training (RT) increases the time commitment with no added loss compared with AT alone, according to a study published in the Dec. 15 issue of the Journal of Applied Physiology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

U.K. Criteria May Better Stratify for Colorectal Neoplasia Risk

MONDAY, Dec. 17 (HealthDay News) -- Using U.K. risk stratification criteria might better identify post-polypectomy patients in the United States at high-risk for advanced colorectal neoplasia, according to research published in the Dec. 18 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Urine Calcium Excretion Not Linked to Cardiovascular Events

MONDAY, Dec. 17 (HealthDay News) -- Higher urine calcium excretion (UCaE) is not associated with a higher overall rate of cardiovascular events or mortality in outpatients with stable coronary heart disease (CHD), according to research published in the Dec. 15 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

STEMI Guidelines Emphasize Timely Reperfusion, Ideally PCI

MONDAY, Dec. 17 (HealthDay News) -- New guidelines urge timely management for patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), according to a scientific report co-published online Dec. 17 in Circulation and the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

Full Text

AAP Urges United Nations Not to Ban Thimerosal in Vaccines

MONDAY, Dec. 17 (HealthDay News) -- In response to the United Nations (UN) Environmental Program international treaty, which seeks to reduce mercury exposure from different sources, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has joined the World Health Organization (WHO) in urging the UN to reconsider their stance on thimerosal (ethyl mercury), a component used in multi-dose vaccine vials to prevent contamination. The AAP's statement of endorsement of the WHO's recommendation along with three related commentaries have been published online Dec. 17 in Pediatrics.

Statement of Endorsement
Commentary 1
Commentary 2
Commentary 3

Viewing CPR Video Tool Lowers CPR Use in Advanced Cancer

MONDAY, Dec. 17 (HealthDay News) -- Compared to patients with advanced cancer who were simply told about the likelihood of success with cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), those who viewed a video of CPR were less likely to opt for its use, according to research published online Dec. 10 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Risk Factors ID'd for Revision of Total Hip Replacement

MONDAY, Dec. 17 (HealthDay News) -- Younger, taller, and heavier patients who undergo primary total hip replacement (THR) are at a greater risk of needing a revision surgery, according to research published in the December issue of Arthritis Care & Research.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Dietary Fat Increases Glucose Level and Insulin Needs

MONDAY, Dec. 17 (HealthDay News) -- A high-fat meal increases the postprandial glucose levels and insulin requirements of patients with type 1 diabetes, according to research published online Nov. 27 in Diabetes Care.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Health Care Satisfaction Rated As High by Unacculturated Hispanics

MONDAY, Dec. 17 (HealthDay News) -- Hispanic patients, particularly unacculturated Hispanics, rate their health care experience more highly than do other patient groups, according to a study published in the October issue of the Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Recent Increase Noted in Pubic Hair Grooming Injuries

MONDAY, Dec. 17 (HealthDay News) -- Over the last decade there has been a five-fold increase in injuries relating to pubic hair grooming presenting to the emergency department, most of which are due to the use of razors, according to research published in the December issue of Urology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Snack Foods Linked to Colorectal Cancer Risk in Lynch Syndrome

MONDAY, Dec. 17 (HealthDay News) -- People with Lynch syndrome have a higher risk of developing early colon cancer if they eat a diet heavy on snacks such as fried foods and sodas, according to a study published online Dec. 17 in Cancer.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Vitamin D, Iron Balanced With 500 mL Milk/Day for Children

MONDAY, Dec. 17 (HealthDay News) -- Two cups of cow's milk per day is sufficient to maintain healthy vitamin D and iron stores for most young children, according to a study published online Dec. 17 in Pediatrics.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Supplementation of Formula With LCPUFAs Ups Infant Visual Acuity

MONDAY, Dec. 17 (HealthDay News) -- For infants, supplementation of formula with long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFAs) correlates with improved visual acuity in the first year of life, according to research published online Dec. 17 in Pediatrics.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Surgery, Exercise Long-Term Outcomes Equal for Back Pain

MONDAY, Dec. 17 (HealthDay News) -- Over nine years of follow-up, patients with chronic low back pain randomized to lumbar fusion do not report better outcomes than those receiving cognitive intervention and exercises, according to a study published in the December issue of the European Spine Journal.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Tenofovir Effectively Treats Adolescents With Chronic HBV

FRIDAY, Dec. 14 (HealthDay News) -- In adolescents infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV), once-daily tenofovir treatment for 72 weeks effectively suppresses HBV DNA and normalizes alanine aminotransferase (ALT) values, regardless of prior HBV treatment exposure, according to research published in the December issue of Hepatology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

UV Nail Lamps Do Not Significantly Up Skin Cancer Risk

FRIDAY, Dec. 14 (HealthDay News) -- Ultraviolet (UV) nail lamps, used for professional and personal nail techniques, do not pose a clinically significant skin cancer risk, according to a letter to the editor published online Dec. 6 in the Journal of Investigative Dermatology.

Full Text

Omega-3 Supplements Don't Increase Surgical Blood Loss

FRIDAY, Dec. 14 (HealthDay News) -- Omega-3 fatty acid (n-3FA) supplements do not correlate with higher perioperative blood loss during spinal fusion procedures, according to a study published in the December issue of the European Spine Journal.

Abstract
Full Text

Trunk Exercise Reduces Pain, Disability in Low Back Pain

FRIDAY, Dec. 14 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with chronic low back pain, compared with general exercise, specific trunk exercise results in significant reductions in self-rated disability and pain but similar changes in anticipatory postural adjustments, according to a study published in the Dec. 1 issue of Spine.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Cardiac Rhythm Devices Mar Quality of Life for Children

FRIDAY, Dec. 14 (HealthDay News) -- The presence of cardiac rhythm devices negatively impacts pediatric patient and parent-reported quality of life (QOL), according to a study published online Dec. 4 in Circulation: Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Changes in Penile Length After Radical Prostatectomy Studied

FRIDAY, Dec. 14 (HealthDay News) -- Although penile shortening of about 1 cm can occur at three months after a radical prostatectomy (RP) for the treatment of localized prostate cancer, recovery of penile length begins after 24 months and is complete after 48 months, according to a study published in the December issue of Urology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Predictors of Organ Damage Identified in Patients With SLE

FRIDAY, Dec. 14 (HealthDay News) -- Patient age, hypertension, and corticosteroid use are the most important predictors of the cumulative organ damage that occurs in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), according to research published in the December issue of Arthritis & Rheumatism.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Leisure-Time Physical Activity Could Add Up to Five Years to Life

FRIDAY, Dec. 14 (HealthDay News) -- Leisure-time physical activity is associated with an increased life expectancy of up to 5.5 years, according to a study published online Dec. 11 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

Full Text

Caffeinated Coffee May Reduce Oral/Pharyngeal Cancer Deaths

FRIDAY, Dec. 14 (HealthDay News) -- People who drink at least four cups of caffeinated coffee per day have about a 50 percent lower risk of death due to oral/pharyngeal cancer, according to a study published online Dec. 9 in the American Journal of Epidemiology.

Abstract
Full Text

Researchers Study Link Between Mind Wandering, Car Crashes

FRIDAY, Dec. 14 (HealthDay News) -- Mind wandering while driving correlates with an increased risk of responsibility for motor vehicle accidents, according to a study published online Dec. 13 in BMJ.

Full Text

For Elderly, Stroke Risk Up With Psychosocial Distress

FRIDAY, Dec. 14 (HealthDay News) -- In older black and white adults, psychosocial distress is related to fatal and nonfatal stroke, according to a study published online Dec. 13 in Stroke.

Abstract
Full Text

Exposure to Nature Improves Creative Thinking

THURSDAY, Dec. 13 (HealthDay News) -- Spending several days hiking without access to electronic devices improves scores on a creativity test by 50 percent, according to a study published online Dec. 12 in PLOS One.

Abstract
Full Text

Imeglimin Beneficial As Add-On to Metformin in T2DM

THURSDAY, Dec. 13 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with type 2 diabetes inadequately controlled by metformin alone, addition of the new oral anti-diabetes agent imeglimin improves glycemic control with good tolerability and safety, according to a study published online Nov. 16 in Diabetes Care.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Dialysis-Requiring Acute Kidney Injuries on the Rise

THURSDAY, Dec. 13 (HealthDay News) -- From 2000 to 2009, the incidence of dialysis-requiring acute kidney injury (AKI) and resulting deaths increased considerably, according to research published online Dec. 6 in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

HCV-Related Transplants Most Needed By Those Born 1941-60

THURSDAY, Dec. 13 (HealthDay News) -- Patients born between 1941 and 1960 are creating the largest demand for liver transplants due to hepatitis C virus (HCV)-associated liver disease, according to a study published in the December issue of Liver Transplantation.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Exercise Performance Enhanced With Virtual Partner

THURSDAY, Dec. 13 (HealthDay News) -- Exercise duration is improved by exercising with a virtual partner, especially with a moderately superior partner, according to a study published in the October issue of the Annals of Behavioral Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text

Immunogenicity Strongly Impacts Response to Adalimumab in RA

THURSDAY, Dec. 13 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), long-term clinical outcomes are good with etanercept and adalimumab; but for adalimumab, treatment response is strongly dependent on the presence or absence of anti-adalimumab antibodies, according to research published in the December issue of Arthritis & Rheumatism.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Adults With Autism Report Worse Health Care Experiences

THURSDAY, Dec. 13 (HealthDay News) -- Adults with autism report significantly worse health care experiences than adults without autism, according to a study published in the November issue of the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text

Racial/Ethnic Differences ID'd in HTN Medication Behaviors

THURSDAY, Dec. 13 (HealthDay News) -- For adults with hypertension who are new users of antihypertensive medication, racial/ethnic differences in medication-taking behavior occur early in the course of treatment and may be mediated by health system factors, according to a study published online Dec. 10 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

MR-US Fusion Targeted Biopsy Ups Detection of Prostate CA

THURSDAY, Dec. 13 (HealthDay News) -- Targeted biopsy of suspected prostate cancer lesions, identified using magnetic resonance-ultrasound (MR-US) fusion, increases prostate cancer detection and detects aggressive tumors that may be missed by conventional biopsy, according to a study published in the January issue of The Journal of Urology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Raising Taxes on Sugars, Fats May Be Viable Health Strategy

THURSDAY, Dec. 13 (HealthDay News) -- Taxes on sugar and saturated fats could be associated with beneficial dietary change, according to a study published online Dec. 11 in PLOS Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Secondhand Smoke Ups Child Meningococcal Disease Risk

THURSDAY, Dec. 13 (HealthDay News) -- Exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) correlates with an increased risk of invasive meningococcal disease in children, according to a study published online Dec. 10 in BMC Public Health.

Abstract
Full Text
Editorial

~40 Percent of Cancer Patients Receive Opioids at End of Life

THURSDAY, Dec. 13 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with one of five common cancers, 43.6 percent receive at least one prescription of opioids in the last three months of life, according to a study published in the Dec. 10 issue of the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

FDA: Chantix May Raise Risk for Cardiovascular Events

THURSDAY, Dec. 13 (HealthDay News) -- People who take the smoking cessation drug Chantix may be at increased risk for major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), according to a Dec. 12 Drug Safety Coummnication bulletin posted by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

More Information

Admission for Syncope Ups Risk of Death, Cardio Events

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 12 (HealthDay News) -- Among patients without previous comorbidity admitted for syncope, there is a significant increased risk of all-cause mortality, stroke, and cardiovascular hospitalization, according to a study published online Dec. 12 in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Transplant of Ex Vivo Expanded Cord Blood Safe, Effective

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 12 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with hematologic cancers receiving transplant of cord-blood, expansion with allogeneic mesenchymal stromal cells seems safe and significantly improves engraftment, according to a study published in the Dec. 13 issue of the New England Journal Medicine.

Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Care Based on Intracranial Pressure Not Superior in TBI

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 12 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) treated in the intensive care unit, treatment based on maintaining monitored intracranial pressure is not superior to care based on imaging and clinical examination, according to a study published online Dec. 12 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text
Editorial

MRI, PET, and CSF Biomarkers Up Prediction of Alzheimer's

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 12 (HealthDay News) -- Adding data from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), fluorine 18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET), and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers to routine clinical testing can improve the ability to predict conversion from mild cognitive impairment (MCI) to Alzheimer's disease (AD), according to research published online Dec. 11 in Radiology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Smoking Cessation Cuts Pain in Patients With Spine Disorders

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 12 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with painful spinal disorders, there is a strong, clinically significant association between smoking cessation and improved patient-reported pain scores, according to a study published in the Dec. 5 issue of The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Any Amount of Smoking Ups Sudden Cardiac Death in Women

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 12 (HealthDay News) -- For women without coronary heart disease (CHD) at baseline, smoking, even in small quantities, is associated with a significantly increased risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD), according to research published online Dec. 11 in Circulation: Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Model Can ID Patients at Risk for Serious Safety Events

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 12 (HealthDay News) -- Implementation of a system to identify and mitigate patient risk can reduce serious safety events (SSEs) among inpatients, according to a study published online Dec. 10 in Pediatrics.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Home-Delivered Meals Keep Seniors in Their Homes

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 12 (HealthDay News) -- States with greater investment in community-based service networks that supply home-delivered meals to seniors have fewer low-care nursing home residents, according to research published online Dec. 3 in Health Services Research.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

NSAIDs Exacerbate Exercise-Induced Small Intestinal Injury

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 12 (HealthDay News) -- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) aggravate exercise-induced small intestinal injury in athletes, according to a study published in the December issue of Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise.

Full Text

Degeneration Similar With, Without Disc Prosthesis Surgery

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 12 (HealthDay News) -- Compared with rehabilitation, disc prosthesis surgery for chronic low back pain is associated with the same level of adjacent level degeneration (ALD) but with increased facet arthropathy (FA) at the implant level, according to a study published in the Dec. 1 issue of Spine.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Teduglutide Seems Effective, Safe for Short Bowel Syndrome

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 12 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with short bowel syndrome with intestinal failure (SBS-IF), the glucagon-like peptide 2 analogue teduglutide appears to be safe and reduces the number of days off parenteral support, according to a phase 3 study published in the December issue of Gastroenterology.

Abstract
Full Text

Higher Carotenoid Levels Tied to Lower Breast Cancer Risk

TUESDAY, Dec. 11 (HealthDay News) -- Higher circulating levels of carotenoids correlate with a reduced risk of breast cancer, according to research published online Dec. 6 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Stent Revascularization Safe, Effective for MCA Occlusion

TUESDAY, Dec. 11 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with acute ischemic stroke due to middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion who either fail to respond or have contraindications to intravenous thrombolysis (IVT), local intraarterial revascularization with stents is superior to no further therapy, according to research published online Dec. 11 in Radiology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Prevalence of Nonrefractive Visual Impairment Increasing

TUESDAY, Dec. 11 (HealthDay News) -- From 1999-2002 to 2005-2008, there has been an increase in the prevalence of nonrefractive visual impairment, which may be partly due to the increasing prevalence of diabetes, specifically long-duration diabetes, according to research published in the Dec. 12 issue of the Journal of American Medical Association.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Loneliness Linked to Increased Dementia Risk

TUESDAY, Dec. 11 (HealthDay News) -- Older adults who feel lonely have a higher risk of developing dementia, according to a study published online Dec. 10 in the Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Menopause Weight Gain May Up Breast Tumor Growth in Obese

TUESDAY, Dec. 11 (HealthDay News) -- Excess nutrients associated with menopausal weight gain are deposited into the breast tumors of rats who were already obese before menopause, but the tumors can regress after treatment with an insulin sensitizer, according to a study published online Dec. 7 in Cancer Research.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

NHANES Data Don't Support BPA, Chronic Disease Link

TUESDAY, Dec. 11 (HealthDay News) -- An analysis of data from a public health database has shown no association between urinary bisphenol A (BPA) levels and chronic diseases, unlike previous studies, but this dataset may be inappropriate to analyze such associations, according to research published online Dec. 5 in PLOS One.

Abstract
Full Text

Compression-Only CPR Best for Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest

TUESDAY, Dec. 11 (HealthDay News) -- Among out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients who receive shocks with public-access defibrillation, compression-only cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is more effective than conventional CPR, according to a study published online Dec. 10 in Circulation.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Benzodiazepines Linked to Higher Risk of Pneumonia

TUESDAY, Dec. 11 (HealthDay News) -- Benzodiazepine use is associated with an increased risk of developing pneumonia as well as increased mortality following pneumonia, according to a study published online Dec. 5 in Thorax.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy Beneficial in Diabetes

TUESDAY, Dec. 11 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with diabetes and low levels of emotional well-being, mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) improves emotional distress and health-related quality of life, according to a study published online Nov. 27 in Diabetes Care.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Readmission Seen in ~7 Percent of Elective Spine Surgeries

MONDAY, Dec. 10 (HealthDay News) -- About 7 to 8 percent of Medicare beneficiaries who undergo elective spine surgery for degenerative conditions are readmitted to the hospital within 30 days, according to a study published in the October issue of The Spine Journal.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Maternal BMI Negatively Linked to Child Cognition

MONDAY, Dec. 10 (HealthDay News) -- Maternal pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) is negatively associated with children's cognitive performance at ages 5 and 7, although the overall effect size is modest, according to research published online Dec. 10 in Pediatrics.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

USPSTF: Use Interventions to Avert Tobacco Use in Children

MONDAY, Dec. 10 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends that primary care physicians offer behavioral counseling and educational interventions to prevent tobacco use among children and adolescents. This Recommendation Statement is based on an evidence review of 19 trials published online Dec. 11 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Recommendation Statement
Background Review

Iron May Curb Behavioral Issues for LBW Infants

MONDAY, Dec. 10 (HealthDay News) -- Early iron supplementation in low birth weight (LBW) infants is not associated with cognitive function at age 3.5 years, but correlates with a reduction in the prevalence of behavioral problems, according to a study published online Dec. 10 in Pediatrics.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Child Readmission for Asthma Tied to Medical Home Quality

MONDAY, Dec. 10 (HealthDay News) -- For pediatric patients, the quality of the medical home correlates with readmission after acute asthma hospitalization; and most readmissions after hospitalization are likely not preventable, according to two studies published online Dec. 10 in Pediatrics.

Abstract - Auger
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Abstract - Hain
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Spinal Fusion Surgery Not Associated With Stroke

MONDAY, Dec. 10 (HealthDay News) -- Undergoing spinal fusion surgery does not affect the risk of stroke within the three years after surgery, according to a study published in the December issue of the European Spine Journal.

Abstract
Full Text

Raised Risk of Ischemic Stroke in Women With A-Fib Explored

MONDAY, Dec. 10 (HealthDay News) -- Women with atrial fibrillation (AF) have a higher risk of ischemic stroke than men with AF, related in part to differences in the percent time in the therapeutic range (TTR) associated with warfarin anticoagulation control, according to research published in the Dec. 15 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

EHR Algorithm Can Be Used to Detect, Classify Diabetes

MONDAY, Dec. 10 (HealthDay News) -- Data from electronic health records (EHRs) can be used to detect more cases of diabetes than claim codes alone and can be used to accurately distinguish between type 1 and type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online Nov. 27 in Diabetes Care.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Gene-Environment Interaction Ups Risk of Preeclampsia

MONDAY, Dec. 10 (HealthDay News) -- A genetic variant, AGT2R, in mothers, fathers, and neonates is associated with a significantly increased risk of preeclampsia in mothers with a body mass index (BMI) of 25 kg/m² or more, according to a study published online Nov. 5 in Placenta.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Neuroplasticity Reduced in Teens Born Prematurely

FRIDAY, Dec. 7 (HealthDay News) -- Adolescents who were born prematurely have reduced neuroplasticity, which may explain their motor, learning, and memory difficulties, according to a study published in the Nov. 14 issue of the Journal of Neuroscience.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Concerns for Long-Term Safety of Antipsychotics in Over 40s

FRIDAY, Dec. 7 (HealthDay News) -- For patients over the age of 40 with psychosis, treatment with one of the four most commonly used atypical antipsychotic (AAP) drugs (aripiprazole, olanzapine, quetiapine, and risperidone) may lack effectiveness and is associated with a high incidence of side effects, according to a study published online Nov. 27 in the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

No Evidence That Doping Enhances Athletic Performance

FRIDAY, Dec. 7 (HealthDay News) -- Although use of recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEPO) is prohibited among athletes because it reportedly enhances performance, there is no scientific evidence that it does so, according to a study published online Dec. 6 in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology.

Abstract
Full Text

Spine Education Seems Ineffective in Pain Prevention

FRIDAY, Dec. 7 (HealthDay News) -- Educational interventions, mainly focused on a biomechanical/biomedical model, do not seem to be effective in preventing low back pain, according to a review published in the December issue of the European Spine Journal.

Abstract
Full Text

Discharge Cleaning Doesn't Rid All A. baumannii Contamination

FRIDAY, Dec. 7 (HealthDay News) -- Contamination with multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (A. baumannii) may persist even following terminal cleaning of hospital rooms, according to a study published in the December issue of the American Journal of Infection Control.

Abstract
Full Text

Synergistic Risk of VTE for Women With PCOS Using the Pill

FRIDAY, Dec. 7 (HealthDay News) -- For women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), the risk of venous thromboembolism is increased for non-users of oral contraceptives, and further increased for users of combined oral contraceptives, according to a study published online Dec. 3 in CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

Abstract
Full Text

Liver Transplant Outcomes No Worse With Echo Abnormalities

FRIDAY, Dec. 7 (HealthDay News) -- Intracardiac shunts (ICSs), diagnosed using an echocardiogram, or mild or moderate pulmonary hypertension (PH), do not affect short- or long-term mortality in liver transplant candidates, according to research published online in the Dec. 15 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Risk of Asthma Up for Children Born After Fertility Treatment

FRIDAY, Dec. 7 (HealthDay News) -- Children born to subfertile parents are more likely to have asthma, with the likelihood further increased for children born after the use of assisted reproduction technologies (ARTs), according to a study published online Dec. 5 in Human Reproduction.

Abstract
Full Text

Study Confirms Benefit of Adjunct CBT in Med-Resistant Depression

FRIDAY, Dec. 7 (HealthDay News) -- Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is effective for reducing depressive symptoms when used as an adjunct to usual care in medication-resistant patients, according to a study published online Dec. 7 in The Lancet.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Health Care Law Boosts Savings on Meds for Medicare Recipients

FRIDAY, Dec. 7 (HealthDay News) -- Savings on prescription drugs related to the Affordable Care Act have reached $5.1 billion, according to a Dec. 3 news release from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

More Information

Obese Patients Require More Operating Room Time

FRIDAY, Dec. 7 (HealthDay News) -- Heavier patients undergoing lobectomy for lung cancer require more time in the operating room, regardless of a hospital's volume of obese patients or lobectomies, according to a study published in the December issue of the Annals of Thoracic Surgery.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Socioeconomic Status Affects Cancer Trial Referrals

THURSDAY, Dec. 6 (HealthDay News) -- Patients of lower socioeconomic status are less likely to be referred to participate in early-phase cancer trials compared with patients of higher socioeconomic status, according to research published online Dec. 3 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Emerging Risk Factors ID'd for Postpartum Depression

THURSDAY, Dec. 6 (HealthDay News) -- Emerging risk factors for postpartum depression include the serotonin transporter (5-HTT) genotype and omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (n-3 PUFA) status, both of which may interact to affect risk, according to a review published in the November issue of The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Shift Length Affects Nurse Well-Being, Patient Satisfaction

THURSDAY, Dec. 6 (HealthDay News) -- For nurses, working extended hours is associated with increased job dissatisfaction and burnout, and with patient dissatisfaction, according to a study published in the November issue of Health Affairs.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Wealth Affects Link Between Psychological Stress, Mortality

THURSDAY, Dec. 6 (HealthDay News) -- Low socioeconomic status (SES) amplifies the association between psychological distress and all-cause mortality, according to a study published online Dec. 3 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Evidence Supports Premise: OR Distractions Up Surgical Errors

THURSDAY, Dec. 6 (HealthDay News) -- Typical operating room distractions and interruptions (ORDIs) potentially increase the likelihood of surgical errors among surgical trainees, according to a study published in the November issue of the Archives of Surgery.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Health Inequalities Persist Despite Rising Prosperity in U.K.

THURSDAY, Dec. 6 (HealthDay News) -- In the decade from 1998 to 2007, life expectancy in England increased with increasing prosperity; however, more deprived areas had smaller improvements in life expectancy, resulting in widening health disparities, according to a study published online Dec. 4 in BMJ.

Full Text

FDA: Public-Private Venture Set to Improve Regulatory Science

THURSDAY, Dec. 6 (HealthDay News) -- The Medical Device Innovation Consortium (MDIC), the first public-private partnership to promote medical device regulatory science, has been established, according to a Dec. 3 news release issued by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

More Information

Impact of HTN Meds on Cardio Risk Affected by Body Size

THURSDAY, Dec. 6 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with hypertension, the impact of the type of treatment on cardiovascular risk is affected by body size, according to a study published online Dec. 6 in The Lancet.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Reports Raise Concerns About Antiseptic Product Contamination

THURSDAY, Dec. 6 (HealthDay News) -- Recent reports linking outbreaks of infection to antiseptic products have prompted the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to evaluate the need for sterile manufacture of such products, according to a perspective piece published in the Dec. 6 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

Full Text

FDA: Zofran 32-mg Dose Pulled From Market

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 5 (HealthDay News) -- The 32-mg, single intravenous dose of Zofran (ondansetron), an anti-nausea drug, is being removed from the market due to its potential to cause serious, even fatal, cardiac damage, according to a Drug Safety Communication (DSC) issued Dec. 4 by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

More Information

FDA Requests Removal of Generic Budeprion XL 300 mg

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 5 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has concluded that generic Budeprion XL 300 mg (extended-release bupropion hydrochloride, manufactured by Impax Laboratories and distributed by Teva Pharmaceuticals) cannot be considered therapeutically equivalent to the brand-name product, according to a perspective piece published online Dec. 5 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Full Text

Fungus Was Deadly Infection Source Following Tornado

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 5 (HealthDay News) -- Following the 2011 Joplin, Mo., tornado, a cluster of cutaneous mucormycosis fungal infections was observed, which correlated with substantial morbidity and mortality, according to research published in the Dec. 6 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

Full Text

From 1995 to 2006, Survival Up for Extremely Preterm Babies

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 5 (HealthDay News) -- For babies born extremely preterm, survival increased from 1995 to 2006, but the number of serious health problems remained largely unchanged, according to two studies published online Dec. 4 in BMJ.

Full Text - Costeloe
Full Text - Moore
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Extended Sleep Time Linked to Reduced Pain Sensitivity

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 5 (HealthDay News) -- Extending bedtime for sleepy healthy adults reduces daytime sleepiness and correlates with reduced pain sensitivity, according to a study published in the Dec. 1 issue of SLEEP.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Tetanus-Diphtheria-Pertussis Shot Deemed Safe for Seniors

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 5 (HealthDay News) -- Immunizing older adults with the tetanus-diphtheria-acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccine appears to be safe, according to a study published online Nov. 28 in Clinical Infectious Diseases.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Breath Test Shows Potential for Detecting Colorectal Cancer

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 5 (HealthDay News) -- Analysis of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from breath samples is able to distinguish healthy patients from those with colorectal cancer with more than 75 percent accuracy, according to a study published in the January issue of the British Journal of Surgery.

Abstract
Full Text

SAMHSA: Prevalence of Mental Illness in U.S. Stable in 2011

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 5 (HealthDay News) -- In 2011, nearly one in five adults in the United States reported any mental illness (AMI), and one in twenty suffered from serious mental illness (SMI), according to a Nov. 29 report published by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA).

More Information

Stimulant Still Available for Sale Despite FDA Action

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 5 (HealthDay News) -- Products containing 1,3-dimethylamylamine (DMAA), a stimulant marketed as a dietary supplement in the United States, are still available for sale despite a warning from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, according to a research letter published online Dec. 3 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Strict Ovarian CA Screening Adherence Called for in High-Risk

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 5 (HealthDay News) -- For women at higher risk for ovarian and/or fallopian tube cancer (OC/FTC), annual screening offers high sensitivity for detection of incident cancers, but few of these cancers are stage I or II, according to research published online Dec. 3 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial

Resistance Exercise Offers More Prolonged Glycemic Control

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 5 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with type 1 diabetes, resistance exercise is associated with a smaller initial decline in blood glucose compared with aerobic exercise, but offers a more prolonged reduction in post-exercise glycemia, according to research published online Nov. 19 in Diabetes Care.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Periodontal Disease, Erectile Dysfunction Linked

TUESDAY, Dec. 4 (HealthDay News) -- For males aged 30 to 40 years, there is an association between chronic periodontitis (CP) and erectile dysfunction (ED), according to a study published online Dec. 4 in The Journal of Sexual Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Psychotropics Seem to Be Appropriately Prescribed to Teens

TUESDAY, Dec. 4 (HealthDay News) -- There is no evidence that psychotropic medications are being overly prescribed or misused by U.S. adolescents, according to a study published online Dec. 3 in the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Predictors of QoL ID'd for Long-Term Lymphoma Survivors

TUESDAY, Dec. 4 (HealthDay News) -- A considerable proportion of long-term survivors of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) have persistently low or worsening quality of life (QoL), which is predicted by age, comorbidity, and the perception of cancer's impact, according to research published online Dec. 3 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

SAMHSA: >11,000 ER Visits for Synthetic Marijuana in 2010

TUESDAY, Dec. 4 (HealthDay News) -- In 2010, more than 11,000 emergency department visits involved a synthetic cannabinoid product (synthetic marijuana, commonly known by street names including "Spice" and "K2"), 75 percent of which were among those aged 12 to 29 years, according to a report published Dec. 4 by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA).

More Information

CDC: Flu Season Has Started and Hitting Hard

TUESDAY, Dec. 4 (HealthDay News) -- Flu season descended on the United States early and hard this year, with significant increases in flu activity observed in just the past two weeks, according to a Nov. 30 weekly surveillance report published by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

More Information

Smoking, Depression Tied to Lower Bone Accrual in Teen Girls

TUESDAY, Dec. 4 (HealthDay News) -- Depression and smoking appear to have a negative impact on bone accrual in adolescent girls, according to a study published online Dec. 4 in the Journal of Adolescent Health.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Standardized Blood Culture Process Reduces Contamination

TUESDAY, Dec. 4 (HealthDay News) -- Introduction of a standardized sterile collection process for blood cultures can reduce peripheral blood culture contamination rates and hospital charges, according to research published online Dec. 3 in Pediatrics.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Use of Clinical Decision-Support System Can Improve HIV Care

TUESDAY, Dec. 4 (HealthDay News) -- Use of a clinical decision-support system (CDSS) appears to be beneficial in HIV care, with improvements noted in CD4 cell counts and clinic follow-up, according to a study published in the Dec. 4 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Sequential CT Screening Can Identify Indolent Lung Cancers

TUESDAY, Dec. 4 (HealthDay News) -- Changes in size on sequential low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) screenings, expressed as volume doubling time (VDT), indicate that about 25 percent of progressive lung cancers are slow growing or indolent, with higher lung cancer-specific mortality for new versus slow-growing or indolent cancers, according to a study published in the Dec. 4 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

High Fructose Corn Syrup Availability Linked to Diabetes

MONDAY, Dec. 3 (HealthDay News) -- Countries with a higher availability of high fructose corn syrup (HFCS) have a higher prevalence of type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online Nov. 27 in Global Public Health.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Final Diagnostic Criteria for DSM-5 Approved by APA

MONDAY, Dec. 3 (HealthDay News) -- The final diagnostic criteria for the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) have been approved by the American Psychiatric Association (APA) Board of Trustees.

Press Release

United States at Tipping Point in Helping Smokers Quit

MONDAY, Dec. 3 (HealthDay News) -- The United States stands poised on the brink of implementing health insurance coverage requirements that will help smokers quit, but the federal government and many states now offer too little help, according to a report issued Dec. 3 by the American Lung Association.

More Information

Post-Injury Blood Alcohol Inversely Tied to Mortality

MONDAY, Dec. 3 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with traumatic injuries, there is an inverse dose-response association between blood alcohol concentration and in-hospital mortality, according to a study published in the December issue of Alcohol.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Epidural Steroid Shot Has Adverse Effect on Bone Density

MONDAY, Dec. 3 (HealthDay News) -- For postmenopausal women, treatment of the pain associated with radiculopathy with epidural steroid injection (ESI) has an adverse effect on bone mineral density (BMD), according to a study published in the Dec. 1 issue of Spine.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Recent Increase in Adverse TMP-SMX Reactions in Children

MONDAY, Dec. 3 (HealthDay News) -- There has been a significant increase in adverse drug reactions (ADRs) associated with use of trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX) for treatment of skin and soft tissue infection (SSTI) in children, according to research published online Dec. 3 in Pediatrics.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Increasing Number of Workers in Self-Insured Health Plans

MONDAY, Dec. 3 (HealthDay News) -- There has been a recent increase in the percentage of workers in the private sector who are enrolled in self-insured health plans, in which the employer assumes the financial risk related to health insurance (unlike a fully-insured plan, where the insurance company assumes the risk), according to research published in the November issue of the Employee Benefit Research Institute's Notes.

More Information

Topical Simvastatin Accelerates Wound Healing in Diabetes

MONDAY, Dec. 3 (HealthDay News) -- Topically applied simvastatin accelerates wound healing by directly influencing lymphatics and indirectly via recruitment of macrophages, according to a study published in the December issue of The American Journal of Pathology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Collaborative Program Cuts Colorectal Sx Site Infections

MONDAY, Dec. 3 (HealthDay News) -- Implementation of a collaborative quality improvement program correlates with a more than 60 percent reduction in surgical site infections for patients undergoing colorectal procedures, according to a report published online Nov. 28 by the Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles.

Press Release

Children Undergoing More Diagnostic Imaging Procedures

MONDAY, Dec. 3 (HealthDay News) -- Children are undergoing more diagnostic imaging procedures (DIPs), with higher-radiation DIPs accounting for an increasing proportion, according to a study published online Dec. 3 in Pediatrics.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Fetal NSAID Exposure Not Tied to Persistent Pulmonary HTN

MONDAY, Dec. 3 (HealthDay News) -- There appears to be no association between persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) and gestational exposure to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), including ibuprofen, according to a study published online Dec. 3 in Pediatrics.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Physician's Briefing