February 2011 Briefing - Nursing

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nursing for February 2011. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Cigarette Smoking Associated With Congenital Heart Defects

MONDAY, Feb. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Women who smoke cigarettes during the first trimester of pregnancy may increase their offspring's risk for congenital heart defects (CHDs), according to research published online Feb. 28 in Pediatrics.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Edarbi Approved for Treatment of Hypertension

MONDAY, Feb. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Edarbi (azilsartan medoxomil) has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to treat adults with hypertension.

high blood pressure

Tranexamic Acid Lowers Post-Op Blood Loss in Neck Surgery

MONDAY, Feb. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Tranexamic acid (TXA) used in cervical laminoplasty significantly reduces perioperative blood loss, mainly through reduced postoperative bleeding, according to a study published online Feb. 1 in Spine.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Guidance Given for Antipyretic Use in Febrile Children

MONDAY, Feb. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Antipyretics should be used judiciously when treating children with fever, and the goal should be the child's comfort rather than normal temperature, according to a clinical report published online Feb. 28 in Pediatrics.

Abstract
Full Text

Necrotizing Fasciitis Pathogen Can Predict Urgency

MONDAY, Feb. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Necrotizing fasciitis caused by Vibrio vulnificus progresses faster and is more clinically fulminant than infections caused by Staphylococcus aureus, according to a study published in the Feb. 2 issue of The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Less Cerebral Oxygenation Seen in Prone-Sleeping Infants

MONDAY, Feb. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Infants experience decreased cerebral oxygenation while sleeping on their stomachs, which may give insight into the increased risk of sudden infant death syndrome associated with prone sleeping, according to research published online Feb. 28 in Pediatrics.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Adequate Breast-Feeding Tied to Less Childhood Adiposity

MONDAY, Feb. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Adequate breast-feeding of a baby exposed to diabetes in utero may protect against childhood adiposity, according to a study published in the March issue of Diabetes Care.

Abstract
Full Text
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Peer Support Services Improve Depressive Symptoms

FRIDAY, Feb. 25 (HealthDay News) -- Peer support interventions decrease symptoms of depression more than usual care alone, and at least as much as group cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), according to a meta-analysis published in the January/February issue of General Hospital Psychiatry.

Full Text

Educational Intervention for Skin Self-Examination Effective

FRIDAY, Feb. 25 (HealthDay News) -- Kidney transplant recipients (KTRs) are receptive to performing skin self-examinations (SSE) and acting on recommendations from an education intervention when they discover a concerning skin lesion, according to a study published online Feb. 21 in the Archives of Dermatology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Distress Before Fertility Treatment Not Tied to Outcome

FRIDAY, Feb. 25 (HealthDay News) -- The emotional distress some women experience prior to undergoing fertility treatment appears to have no bearing on the likelihood that the treatment will result in a successful pregnancy, according to a literature analysis published Feb. 23 in BMJ.

Abstract
Full Text

Cardiovascular Risk Factors Linked to Hearing Impairment

FRIDAY, Feb. 25 (HealthDay News) -- Cardiovascular risk factors may play an important role in age-related hearing dysfunction, a common condition in middle-aged adults, according to a study published online Feb. 21 in the Archives of Otolaryngology -- Head & Neck Surgery.

Abstract
Full Text

Green Practices Could Reduce Surgical Waste, Cost

FRIDAY, Feb. 25 (HealthDay News) -- Researchers have identified strategies for implementing environmentally friendly practices in operating rooms and other hospital facilities that could lead to much lower health care costs without risks to patient safety; their recommendations have been published in the February issue of the Archives of Surgery.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Return to Work Delayed After Lumbar Fusion

THURSDAY, Feb. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Lumbar fusion surgery is associated with poor return to work (RTW) status, as well as increased disability, opiate use, reoperations, and complications, according to research published in the Feb. 15 issue of Spine.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Dietary Patterns May Influence Kidney Health

THURSDAY, Feb. 24 (HealthDay News) -- A diet high in red and processed meats and sweets may lead to microalbuminuria and rapid kidney function decline, but a diet high in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains may protect against rapid estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) decline, according to research published in the February issue of the American Journal of Kidney Diseases.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Equations Predict Quadriceps Strength in Knee Osteoarthritis

THURSDAY, Feb. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Predictive equations can be used to assess maximal quadriceps strength in individuals who have osteoarthritis in a knee joint, according to a study published in the February issue of Arthritis Care & Research.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Intensive Diabetes Treatment May Slow Atherosclerosis

THURSDAY, Feb. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Intensive treatment of type 1 diabetes slows the progression of atherosclerosis during a 12-year period after therapy, according to a study published in the February issue of Diabetes.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Eating Breakfast Tied to Lower BMI in Postpartum Teens

THURSDAY, Feb. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Postpartum teens who eat breakfast on most days consume fewer calories from snacks and sweetened drinks, and have a lower body mass index (BMI) than those who tend to skip breakfast, according to a study published in the January issue of the Journal of the American Dietetic Association.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Early Appendectomy Favored in Youths

THURSDAY, Feb. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Children with perforated appendicitis who undergo an appendectomy within 24 hours of hospital admission spend significantly less time away from normal activities and experience fewer adverse events compared to those who undergo removal six to eight weeks after diagnosis, according to a study published online Feb. 21 in the Archives of Surgery.

Abstract
Full Text

Later Onset of Childhood Type 1 Diabetes Revealed

THURSDAY, Feb. 24 (HealthDay News) -- The trend toward the earlier onset of childhood type 1 diabetes (T1D) is undergoing a statistically significant reversal in Sweden, according to a study published in the February issue of Diabetes.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Air Pollution Is Important Trigger of Heart Attacks

THURSDAY, Feb. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Air pollution triggers about the same number of myocardial infarctions as individual risk factors such as physical exertion and alcohol and coffee consumption, according to research published online Feb. 24 in The Lancet.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Melanoma May Affect Women's Quality of Life More Than Men's

THURSDAY, Feb. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Melanoma has a greater impact on health-related quality of life for women than for men, according to a study published in the February issue of the Archives of Dermatology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Family Mealtime Interaction Affects Children's Health

THURSDAY, Feb. 24 (HealthDay News) -- The health of children with persistent asthma is linked to the quality of social interaction with their families during mealtime, according to a study published in the January/February issue of Child Development.

Abstract
Full Text

Microbial Exposure May Protect Against Asthma

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 23 (HealthDay News) -- There appears to be an inverse relationship between asthma and exposure to a wide variety of microbes, according to comparative analyses of children who grow up on farms and those who do not; the results have been published in the Feb. 24 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Distinctions Found Between Types of Hemoglobin H Disease

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with hemoglobin H disease caused by hemoglobin H Constant Spring (HCS) appear to be at much higher risk for poor outcomes than those whose disease is caused by deletion of three out of four α-globin genes (HbH), according to research published in the Feb. 24 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Bupropion Improves Sexual Function in Type 2 Diabetes

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with type 2 diabetes who are treated with bupropion (BU) for major depressive disorder (MDD) show significant improvement in sexual function, according to a study published in the February issue of Diabetes Care.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Ultrasound Detects Silent Enthesitis in Arthritis

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Ultrasonography with power Doppler (US-PD) may detect clinically silent enthesitis in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) and other enthesitis-related arthritis, according to research published online Feb. 10 in Arthritis Care & Research.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Herpes Zoster Risk Tied to COPD

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Patients suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), especially those using oral steroids, are at increased risk of developing herpes zoster, according to a study published online Feb. 22 in CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

Abstract
Full Text

Nitroglycerin Strengthens Bones in Older Women

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Nitroglycerin ointment appears to increase bone mineral density (BMD) and decrease bone resorption in postmenopausal women when administered daily, according to research published in the Feb. 23 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Review Finds Alcohol Intake Tied to Lower Heart Disease Risk

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Light to moderate alcohol consumption appears to have a protective effect against cardiovascular disease, according to two meta-analyses published online Feb. 22 in BMJ.

Abstract - Ronksley
Full Text
Abstract - Brien
Full Text

Cannabis May Improve Appetite in Cancer Patients

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Ingestion of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the active ingredient in cannabis, appears to improve sense of taste and increase appetite in cancer patients with chemosensory alterations, according to the results of a pilot trial published online Feb. 22 in the Annals of Oncology.

Abstract
Full Text

Type 1 Diabetes Tied to Shorter Breast-Feeding Duration

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Although mothers with type 1 diabetes are less likely to partially or exclusively breast-feed at two months, diabetes is not an independent risk factor for the initiation and maintenance of breast-feeding, according to a study published in the February issue of Diabetes Care.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Breast Cancer History Lowers Accuracy of Mammogram

TUESDAY, Feb. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Mammography screening for breast cancer may be less accurate among women with a personal history of breast cancer (PHBC), despite a higher underlying cancer rate, relative to women without PHBC, according to a study published in the Feb. 23 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Aspirin May Lower Type 2 Diabetes Atherosclerosis Risk

TUESDAY, Feb. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Low-dose aspirin therapy may lower the risk of atherosclerotic events in patients with type 2 diabetes with mild renal dysfunction, according to a study published in the February issue of Diabetes Care.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

FDA Issues Label Changes for Antipsychotic Drug Class

TUESDAY, Feb. 22 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has notified health care providers that the Pregnancy section of drug labels for the entire class of antipsychotic drugs has been updated. The new drug labels include additional and consistent information regarding the potential risk for abnormal muscle movements (extrapyramidal signs [EPS]) and withdrawal symptoms among newborns whose mothers received the drugs in the third trimester of pregnancy.

More Information

Structured Self-Monitoring Improves Glycemic Control

TUESDAY, Feb. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Structured self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) improves glycemic control in patients with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes who do not use insulin, according to a study published in the February issue of Diabetes Care.

Abstract
Full Text
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Children With Hepatitis C May Benefit From Ribavirin

TUESDAY, Feb. 15 (HealthDay News) -- The combination of pegylated interferon (PEG) plus ribavirin is better than PEG plus placebo for treating children infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV), according to a study published in the February issue of Gastroenterology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial

Stent Thrombosis Most Likely to Occur in Early Morning

TUESDAY, Feb. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Coronary artery stent thrombosis tends to follow circadian and seasonal fluctuations, occurring most frequently in the early morning and during the summer, according to a study published in the February issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology: Cardiovascular Interventions.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Office-Based Tests Identify Unsafe Drivers After Stroke

TUESDAY, Feb. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Several office-based tests on road safety can be administered to post-stroke patients to identify those individuals at risk of failing an on-road evaluation, according to a review published in the February issue of Neurology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Gastric Bypass, Duodenum Exclusion Effective in Diabetes

TUESDAY, Feb. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Gastric bypass surgery with duodenum exclusion is more likely than sleeve gastrectomy without duodenum exclusion to result in remission of type 2 diabetes, according to a study published in the February issue of the Archives of Surgery. According to a related article in the same issue, laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) has a better risk-benefit profile than laparoscopic gastric banding.

Abstract - Lee
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Abstract - Campos
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Obesity Independently Tied to Risk of Fatal Heart Attack

TUESDAY, Feb. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Obesity is independently associated with fatal coronary heart disease (CHD), irrespective of other known biological or social risk factors, according to a study published online Feb. 14 in Heart.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Bone-Anchored Hearing Aid Beneficial for Children

TUESDAY, Feb. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Bone-anchored hearing aid (BAHA) fitting can be beneficial for children with bilateral or unilateral conductive hearing loss, according to a study published in the February issue of the Archives of Otolaryngology -- Head & Neck Surgery.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Multiple Concussions in Youth Tied to Various Issues

MONDAY, Feb. 21 (HealthDay News) -- High school athletes with a history of multiple concussions appear to have more cognitive, physical, and sleep problems, according to a study published online Jan. 6 in Neurosurgery.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Many Young Drinkers Get Drinks From Home

MONDAY, Feb. 21 (HealthDay News) -- About 709,000 adolescents aged 12 to 14 in the United States report drinking in the last month, and a substantial number of them get their alcohol from family or at home, according to new research released by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA).

More Information

Increasing Triglycerides Tied to Ischemic Stroke Risk

MONDAY, Feb. 21 (HealthDay News) -- Increasing levels of nonfasting triglycerides are associated with an increasing risk of ischemic stroke in both men and women, and high cholesterol levels are associated with ischemic stroke risk in men only, according to research published online Feb. 18 in the Annals of Neurology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Nonsuicidal Self-Injury Videos Accessible on YouTube

MONDAY, Feb. 21 (HealthDay News) -- The majority of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) videos on YouTube are accessible to the general public and are positively rated and frequently viewed, according to a study published online Feb. 21 in Pediatrics.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Long Maternal Working Hours Linked to Children's BMI

MONDAY, Feb. 21 (HealthDay News) -- An increase in the total time that a mother is employed is associated with an increase in her child's body mass index (BMI), according to a study published in the January/February issue of Child Development.

Abstract
Full Text

Teen Drinking May Lead to Adult Alcohol Dependence

MONDAY, Feb. 21 (HealthDay News) -- Evidence suggests that higher alcohol consumption in late adolescence continues into adulthood and is associated with alcohol-related problems such as dependence, according to a literature review published online Feb. 8 in PLoS Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text

Considerable Lack of Test Result Follow-Up in Hospitals

MONDAY, Feb. 21 (HealthDay News) -- Failure to follow up on test results is a considerable problem, which can negatively impact patient health, according to a review published in the February issue of BMJ Quality & Safety.

Abstract
Full Text

Hyperprolactinemia Diagnosis Sufficient With Single Test

MONDAY, Feb. 21 (HealthDay News) -- One serum blood test is sufficient to diagnose hyperprolactinemia, and dynamic testing of prolactin secretion should be avoided, according to new guidelines published in the February issue of the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Guidelines Set for Insulin Therapy in Hospital Setting

FRIDAY, Feb. 18 (HealthDay News) -- The American College of Physicians has established guidelines for insulin therapy in hospitalized patients with or without diabetes, and another group of researchers has determined that there are no benefits for achieving strict glycemic control rather than less strict control in hospitalized patients; both articles have been published in the Feb. 15 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Abstract - Qaseem
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Abstract - Kansagara
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Different Therapies Improve Chronic Fatigue Outcomes

FRIDAY, Feb. 18 (HealthDay News) -- For chronic fatigue patients, cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) and graded exercise therapy (GET) may moderately improve outcomes when added to specialist medical care (SMC), according to research published online Feb. 18 in The Lancet.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Insomnia in Arthritis Tied to Pain, Depression Ups Risk

FRIDAY, Feb. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Sleep disturbances are more prevalent among adults with arthritis compared to those without the disease, with the greatest risk affecting those with anxiety and depression, according to a study published in the February issue of Arthritis Care & Research.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Pediatric Kingella Kingae Cases Require Vigilance

FRIDAY, Feb. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Despite the subtle clinical presentation of Kingella kingae (K. kingae) infection, it is increasingly becoming recognized as a common cause of pediatric diseases, highlighting the importance of a high index of suspicion, according to a review published online Feb. 14 in Pediatrics.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Exercise Improves Executive Function in Children

FRIDAY, Feb. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Exercise is associated with improved executive function and mathematical achievement in children, according to a study published in the January issue of Health Psychology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Dialysis Patients Want More Information on Options

FRIDAY, Feb. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Many patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) feel they do not receive enough information about the various treatment options, particularly home-based therapies, according to the results of a survey published online Feb. 17 in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Alcohol Intoxication Increases Sleep Disruption in Women

FRIDAY, Feb. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Alcohol intoxication elevates subjective sleepiness and disrupts sleep objectively in women more than in men, regardless of family history of alcoholism, according to a study published online Feb. 15 in Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Quality of Diabetes Social Networking Sites Varies

FRIDAY, Feb. 18 (HealthDay News) -- The quality and safety of diabetes social networking (SN) sites vary, but observed better practice indicates that improvement is possible, according to a study published online Jan. 24 in the Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Warfarin Lot Being Recalled Due to Mislabeled Bottle

FRIDAY, Feb. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Upsher-Smith Laboratories Inc. is voluntarily recalling a single lot of warfarin after one bottle labeled to contain 3 mg tablets was found to contain 10 mg tablets, the company and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration have announced.

More Information

FDA Warns Against Terbutaline for Preterm Labor

THURSDAY, Feb. 17 (HealthDay News) -- Injectable terbutaline should not be used for prevention or prolonged treatment of preterm labor in pregnant women because of the potential for serious maternal heart problems and death, according to a warning issued by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. The agency also warned that oral terbutaline should not be used for prevention or any treatment of preterm labor because of similar safety concerns and the fact that it has not been shown to be effective.

More Information

CDC: U.S. Influenza Activity Rates Up Since Mid-December

THURSDAY, Feb. 17 (HealthDay News) -- Influenza activity rates began increasing in mid-December 2010, and influenza-related hospitalizations have been highest among very young children and the elderly, according to a report in the Feb. 18 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Full Text

Oral Bisphosphonates May Lower Colorectal Cancer Risk

THURSDAY, Feb. 17 (HealthDay News) -- Use of oral bisphosphonates for more than one year in postmenopausal women is associated with a 59 percent decrease in the relative risk of colorectal cancer, according to a study published online Feb. 14 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Number of Pediatric Injuries Involving Cribs Fairly High

THURSDAY, Feb. 17 (HealthDay News) -- For every 10,000 children younger than 2 years in the United States, there are slightly more than 12 injuries related to cribs, playpens, and bassinets that result in an emergency department visit each year, according to research published online Feb. 17 in Pediatrics.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Clean Uniforms Have Same Bacteria As Dirty White Coats

THURSDAY, Feb. 17 (HealthDay News) -- After an eight-hour work day, there is no difference in bacterial colonization of physicians' infrequently laundered white coats or freshly laundered short-sleeved uniform shirts, according to a study published online Feb. 10 in the Journal of Hospital Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text

Earlier Puberty Tied to Greater Bone Mass

THURSDAY, Feb. 17 (HealthDay News) -- Bone mass and bone density in healthy adolescent males and females are inversely related to the age at which puberty starts, according to research published in the January issue of The Journal of Pediatrics.

Abstract
Full Text

New Cardiac Rehabilitation Referral Strategies Beneficial

THURSDAY, Feb. 17 (HealthDay News) -- A combined approach of automatic referral and communication with patients achieves the highest reported rates of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) utilization, according to a study published in the Feb. 14 issue of the Archives of Internal Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Analgesic Efficacy Altered by Patient Beliefs

THURSDAY, Feb. 17 (HealthDay News) -- An individual's expectation of a drug's effect influences both its therapeutic efficacy and the pain-related brain pathways that are activated during treatment, according to a study published in the Feb. 16 issue of Science Translational Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Leisure Inactivity Levels Highest in U.S. South, Appalachia

THURSDAY, Feb. 17 (HealthDay News) -- Levels of leisure-time inactivity vary around the country, but the proportion of U.S. adults who do not engage in physical activity outside of work is highest -- nearly 30 percent -- in parts of the South and Appalachia, according to estimates released Feb. 16 by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

More Information

New U.S. Report on the Nation's Health 2010 Released

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 16 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics' 34th annual report, presenting the latest information on health status and determinants, utilization of health care, health care resources, expenditures, and a special feature on death and dying, was published Feb. 16.

More Information

Mammogram Sensitivity Varies by Week of Menstrual Cycle

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 16 (HealthDay News) -- Premenopausal women who schedule regular mammograms may benefit by undergoing screening during the first week of their menstrual cycle, according to research published in the February issue of Radiology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Zinc May Reduce Duration and Severity of Common Cold

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 16 (HealthDay News) -- Zinc taken within 24 hours of common cold symptoms reduces symptom duration and severity; and preventive zinc therapy in children reduces cold incidence, missing school, and antibiotic prescriptions, according to a review published online Feb. 16 in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.

Full Text

Child Outpatient Pneumonia Rates Unaffected by Vaccine

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 16 (HealthDay News) -- Despite introduction of the heptavalent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in 2000, incidence rates of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) did not change between 1997 and 2004, according to a study published online Feb. 14 in Pediatrics.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Cardiac Resynchronization Aids Less Symptomatic Patients

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 16 (HealthDay News) -- Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT), which reduces morbidity and mortality in patients with advanced heart failure, also reduces mortality and frequency of heart failure-related hospitalizations in patients with milder heart failure, according to a review published online Feb. 15 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text
Editorial

Increased Errors With Liquid Medications and Inhalers

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 16 (HealthDay News) -- The administration of medicines in liquid form, or by devices such as inhalers, injections, or transdermals, is associated with a significantly increased likelihood of errors, according to a study published online Feb. 7 in BMJ Quality & Safety.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Hospital Readmissions Higher for Blacks Than for Whites

TUESDAY, Feb. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Blacks tend to have a higher level of hospital readmissions than whites, and, in children, a small percentage of patients with recurrent admissions make up a fairly large proportion of overall admissions, according to two articles published in the Feb. 16 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract - Joynt
Full Text
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)
Abstract - Berry
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Dementia Risk Increases With Severity of Hearing Loss

TUESDAY, Feb. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Hearing loss is independently associated with incident all-cause dementia and Alzheimer's disease, according to a study published in the February issue of the Archives of Neurology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Higher Bilirubin Tied to Lower Respiratory Disease Risk

TUESDAY, Feb. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Among patients with bilirubin levels in the normal range, an increased level is associated with a reduced risk of respiratory disease and all-cause death, according to a study published in the Feb. 16 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Blood-Borne Infection Risk Dropping Among Drug Users

TUESDAY, Feb. 15 (HealthDay News) -- The incidence of HIV infection among injection drug users (IDUs) declined from 1988 to 2008, while infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV) has decreased but is still significant, according to a study published online Jan. 31 in The Journal of Infectious Diseases.

Abstract
Full Text
Editorial

MRI With Mammography Useful for High-Risk Women

TUESDAY, Feb. 15 (HealthDay News) -- When used together with mammography, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a useful screening tool for high-risk women who have undergone chest irradiation, according to research published online Feb. 15 in Radiology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Most Recalled Medical Devices Given Lenient Approval

TUESDAY, Feb. 15 (HealthDay News) -- The majority of medical devices recalled from 2005 to 2009 for risk of serious health hazard or death were approved by the less strict 510(k) process intended for devices considered low or moderate risk, according to a study published online Feb. 14 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text
Editorial

Heart Disease Prevention Guidelines for Women Updated

TUESDAY, Feb. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Practical medical advice that works in the "real world," taking into account personal and socioeconomic realities, may more successfully prevent cardiovascular disease in women than recommendations based only on research findings, according to an update to the American Heart Association (AHA) guideline for the prevention of cardiovascular disease in women, published online Feb. 14 in Circulation.

Full Text

Developmental Delays More Likely in Late Preterm Infants

TUESDAY, Feb. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Late preterm infants are more likely than term infants to have mental or physical developmental delays and poorer neurodevelopmental outcomes, according to research published online Feb. 14 in Pediatrics.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Obesity, Arthritis Shorten Quality-Adjusted Life-Years

TUESDAY, Feb. 15 (HealthDay News) -- A substantial number of quality-adjusted life-years are lost due to knee osteoarthritis and obesity, with a disproportionate number of black and Hispanic women affected, according to a study published in the Feb. 15 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Abnormal Hand Control May Indicate ADHD Severity

TUESDAY, Feb. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Hand movement control measurements can be used in determining the severity of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children, according to two studies published in the Feb. 15 issue of Neurology.

Abstract - MacNeil
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Abstract - Gilbert
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Corticosteroid Effective Asthma Rescue Addition

TUESDAY, Feb. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Inhaled corticosteroids as rescue medication with albuterol may be a useful step-down strategy for children with well-controlled, mild asthma as it is more effective at reducing exacerbations than is use of rescue albuterol alone in this population, according to a study published online Feb. 15 in The Lancet.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Dietary Fiber Consumption Linked to Reduced Mortality

TUESDAY, Feb. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Dietary fiber consumption is associated with a reduced risk of all-cause death in both men and women, according to a study published online Feb. 14 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

New Drug Offers Alternative to Warfarin

MONDAY, Feb. 14 (HealthDay News) -- The American College of Cardiology Foundation (ACCF) and the American Heart Association (AHA) have issued an updated guideline, describing the newly approved medication dabigatran as an alternative to warfarin for patients with atrial fibrillation who need anticoagulation therapy; the guideline update has been published online Feb. 14 in Circulation.

Full Text

Researchers Explore Nature of Difficult Clinical Encounters

MONDAY, Feb. 14 (HealthDay News) -- Both patients and physicians can bring qualities to a clinical encounter that result in its being perceived as difficult, and patients involved in these types of encounters have worse short-term outcomes, according to research published online Jan. 25 in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Different Black Box Warnings Common in Same-Class Drugs

MONDAY, Feb. 14 (HealthDay News) -- Labeling differences of black box warnings (BBWs) in drugs of the same class are common and affect perceptions of safety of similar agents, according to a study published online Feb. 1 in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Undefined Liver Failure Linked to Acetaminophen

MONDAY, Feb. 14 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with acute liver failure (ALF) from an uncertain cause have a relatively high prevalence of unrecognized acetaminophen toxicity, according to a study published in the February issue of Hepatology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Screening Patients for MRSA Is Cost-Effective

MONDAY, Feb. 14 (HealthDay News) -- Interventions that prevent the spread of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) are likely to be cost-effective, according to a study published in the February issue of the American Journal of Infection Control.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Increase Seen in Pediatric Running Injuries

MONDAY, Feb. 14 (HealthDay News) -- A growing number of children are injuring themselves while running, suggesting a need for scientific, evidence-based research to create guidelines that will help reduce pediatric running-related injuries, according to a study in the February issue of Clinical Pediatrics.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Too Much, Too Little Sleep Affects Cardio Outcomes

MONDAY, Feb. 14 (HealthDay News) -- Both short and long sleep duration are associated with increased risk for cardiovascular events, according to research published online Feb. 7 in the European Heart Journal.

Abstract
Full Text

High Energy Drink Consumption by Teens Worrisome

MONDAY, Feb. 14 (HealthDay News) -- Energy drinks have no therapeutic benefit and contain ingredients which are not well studied and are not regulated, according to a review published online Feb. 14 in Pediatrics.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Joint Effusions Signal Possible Lyme Arthritis

MONDAY, Feb. 14 (HealthDay News) -- Children with joint effusions in a Lyme-endemic area of the Northeastern United States may have Lyme arthritis, especially if there is knee involvement, according to a study published in the Feb. 2 issue of The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

First 3-D Mammography Test Cleared

FRIDAY, Feb. 11 (HealthDay News) -- The first three-dimensional mammography system has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

this approval

Addison's Disease Is a Risk Factor for Hip Fracture

FRIDAY, Feb. 11 (HealthDay News) -- Clinically diagnosed and undiagnosed cases of Addison's disease (AD) are associated with hip fractures in patients aged 30 years or older, with the highest risk in women aged 50 years or younger, according to a study published online Jan. 19 in the Journal of Internal Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

X-Rays in Utero, Early Infancy Could Raise Cancer Risk

FRIDAY, Feb. 11 (HealthDay News) -- In utero and early infancy exposure to diagnostic X-rays may increase the risk for childhood cancers, according to research published online Feb. 10 in BMJ.

Abstract
Full Text

Children in Kinship Care May Fare Better Behaviorally

FRIDAY, Feb. 11 (HealthDay News) -- Children placed in kinship homes tend to fare better behaviorally and socially than children placed in foster care, though they may be at greater risk for pregnancy and substance use in adolescence, and their caregivers receive fewer support services, according to research published in the February issue of the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Childhood Obesity Tied to Screen Time, School Lunches

FRIDAY, Feb. 11 (HealthDay News) -- Watching television, playing computer games, and eating school lunches are all independently associated with childhood obesity; whereas, exercise has a preventive effect, according to a study published in the December issue of the American Heart Journal.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Enteric Sickness in Schools Often Has Foodborne Source

FRIDAY, Feb. 11 (HealthDay News) -- Outbreaks of gastrointestinal illnesses among students frequently stem from a foodborne source and are mostly bacterial in nature; hand washing is often recommended to prevent outbreaks, according to a study published in the December issue of the Journal of School Health.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Indoor Coal Use May Slow Children's Growth

FRIDAY, Feb. 11 (HealthDay News) -- Exposure to household, coal-derived pollution may stunt the growth of children whose families rely on coal for heating, according to research published online Feb. 7 in the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

CDC: Smoking Prevalence in Minnesota Down

FRIDAY, Feb. 11 (HealthDay News) -- In Minnesota, tobacco control efforts to limit the harm caused by tobacco use appear to have substantially reduced the state's smoking prevalence, according to data published in the Feb. 11 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Full Text

Low-Molecular-Weight Heparin May Not Prevent Thrombosis

THURSDAY, Feb. 10 (HealthDay News) - Low-dose low-molecular-weight-heparin (LMWH) does not effectively prevent venous thromboembolism (VTE) in high-risk pregnant women, according to a study published online Jan. 13 in the Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Hemodynamic Monitoring Affects Heart Failure Admissions

THURSDAY, Feb. 10 (HealthDay News) -- New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III heart failure patients managed by a wireless implantable hemodynamic monitoring (W-IHM) system require fewer hospitalizations, according to a study published online Feb. 10 in The Lancet.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Post-High School Adults With Autism Use Fewer Services

THURSDAY, Feb. 10 (HealthDay News) -- A large percentage of young adults with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) do not use services after leaving high school; service rates vary according to race and socio-economic status, according to a study published in the February issue of the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Alcohol Use Tied to Later Marriage, Earlier Separation

THURSDAY, Feb. 10 (HealthDay News) -- A history of alcohol dependence is associated with getting married later in life and having a marriage that ends earlier, according to a study published online Jan. 18 in Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Same Results From Paper or Electronic Health Surveys

THURSDAY, Feb. 10 (HealthDay News) -- Outcomes obtained from hip replacement patient health questionnaires are the same, whether completed on paper, touch screen, or online, according to a study published in the Feb. 2 issue of The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Piperonyl Butoxide Tied to Mental Development Delay

THURSDAY, Feb. 10 (HealthDay News) -- Prenatal exposure to piperonyl butoxide may delay mental development at 36 months of age, according to research published online Feb. 7 in Pediatrics.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Criminal Prosecution Linked to Increased Suicide Risk

THURSDAY, Feb. 10 (HealthDay News) -- Individuals with a history of criminal justice prosecution, particularly those sentenced to psychiatric treatment, have an elevated suicide risk compared to the general population, according to a study published online Feb. 7 in the Archives of General Psychiatry.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Public Sector Plays Big Role in Drug Research

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 9 (HealthDay News) -- Public-sector research institutions (PSRIs) appear to play a bigger role in drug discovery than was previously thought, contributing to the discovery of about 10 to 20 percent of drugs approved for new drug applications since 1990, according to research published in the Feb. 10 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Prenatal Myelomeningocele Surgery Improves Outcomes

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 9 (HealthDay News) -- Prenatal surgery for myelomeningocele decreases the need for shunting and improves motor outcomes at 30 months, though it is linked to an increased risk of preterm delivery and uterine dehiscence at delivery, according to a study published online Feb. 9 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text
Editorial

Obese Children Have Sustained Benefit From Intervention

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 9 (HealthDay News) -- Obese children with ethnically diverse backgrounds benefit from an intensive lifestyle program, and these benefits can be sustained 12 months after completion of the program, according to a study published online Feb. 7 in Pediatrics.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Errors in Hospital Analgesia Prescriptions Nearly 3 in 1,000

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 9 (HealthDay News) -- Analgesic drug errors in hospitals occur at a rate of almost three per 1,000 prescriptions, and more than twice that among pediatric patients, according to a study published in the January issue of the Journal of Pain.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Earlier Onset of Psychosis Linked to Cannabis Use

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 9 (HealthDay News) -- Cannabis use is related to the earlier onset of psychotic symptoms among users of the drug compared to nonusers, according to a review published online Feb. 7 in the Archives of General Psychiatry.

Abstract
Full Text

Diet May Affect Development of Intelligence in Childhood

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 9 (HealthDay News) -- The type of diet a child consumes may have an impact on their IQ, according to research published online Feb. 7 in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Preterm Birth Linked to Impaired Memory

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 9 (HealthDay News) -- Adolescents who were born preterm have an increased risk of impaired executive function and memory, according to a study published online Feb. 7 in Pediatrics.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Antenatal HIV Exposure Tied to Lower Infant Antibodies

TUESDAY, Feb. 8 (HealthDay News) -- Infants exposed to HIV in the womb, but not infected at birth, have lower infant-specific antibody responses against some diseases, compared to infants not exposed to HIV, according to a study published in the Feb. 9 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Faster Preemie Weight Gain Tied to Better Lung Function

TUESDAY, Feb. 8 (HealthDay News) -- Longitudinal measures of pulmonary function in infants and young children with bronchopulmonary dysplasia show significant airflow obstruction and restriction, which persists with time; however, infants with above-average weight gain show greater lung growth, according to a study published online Nov. 17 in Pediatric Pulmonology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Nurses' Work Burden Linked to Patient Mortality

TUESDAY, Feb. 8 (HealthDay News) -- Long work hours among nurses are associated with an increased patient risk of acute myocardial infarction and mortality from pneumonia, according to research published in the January/February issue of Nursing Research.

Full Text

Metabolic Syndrome Doesn't Affect Female Sexual Function

TUESDAY, Feb. 8 (HealthDay News) -- Metabolic syndrome appears to have little impact on sexual function in middle- to old-aged women, according to a study published online Jan. 14 in the Journal of Sexual Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

ADHD Often Linked to Other Mental Health Disorders

TUESDAY, Feb. 8 (HealthDay News) -- Children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are more likely to have other mental health or neurodevelopmental conditions, and their social and educational functions worsen with more comorbidities, according to a study published online Feb. 7 in Pediatrics.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

U.S. Task Force Mammogram Recommendations Questioned

MONDAY, Feb. 7 (HealthDay News) -- Initiating mammography at a younger age and screening more frequently than the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends will likely result in more lives saved, according to a study published in the February issue of the American Journal of Roentgenology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Metabolic Syndrome May Hasten Cognitive Decline

MONDAY, Feb. 7 (HealthDay News) -- Metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its individual components appear to have a deleterious effect on cognitive function in older adults, according to research published online Feb. 2 in Neurology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Research Highlights Disordered Eating in Native Americans

MONDAY, Feb. 7 (HealthDay News) -- As among white populations, disordered eating is more common in female American Indian/Native American (AI/NA) young adults than in males, and AI/NA females tend to be diagnosed at rates similar to white women despite disparities in mental health-related care, according to research published online Jan. 7 in the International Journal of Eating Disorders.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

More Radiation in Minimally Invasive Than Open Surgery

MONDAY, Feb. 7 (HealthDay News) -- Surgeons are exposed to significantly more radiation during minimally invasive lumbar microdiscectomy compared to traditional open microdiscectomy, according to a study published in the Feb. 1 issue of Spine.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Breast-Feeding May Boost Health of Cancer Survivors

MONDAY, Feb. 7 (HealthDay News) -- Female childhood cancer survivors should be encouraged to breast-feed as a health behavior that is protective against many late effects of cancer treatment, according to a review published online Jan. 21 in the Journal of Cancer Survivorship.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Early Introduction of Solid Food Tied to Obesity

MONDAY, Feb. 7 (HealthDay News) -- Introducing solid food to formula-fed infants who are under 4 months, or to infants weaned before the age of 4 months, is associated with an increased likelihood of obesity at the age of 3 years, according to a study published online Feb. 7 in Pediatrics.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Drug Approved to Help Prevent Preterm Birth

FRIDAY, Feb. 4 (HealthDay News) -- Makena (hydroxyprogesterone caproate) has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to help prevent birth before 37 weeks of pregnancy in women who have had at least one prior early delivery.

preterm birth

Incidence of ST-Segment Elevation MI Decreasing

FRIDAY, Feb. 4 (HealthDay News) -- The incidence rate of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) has decreased in recent years, as has long-term mortality in patients with STEMI and non-STEMI, according to a study published in the January issue of The American Journal of Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text

Stroke-Related Mortality Lower for Blacks Than Whites

FRIDAY, Feb. 4 (HealthDay News) -- Blacks have lower mortality rates than whites following acute ischemic stroke, and they are more likely to receive life-sustaining interventions, according to research published in the Feb. 1 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Improved Care Needed for Elderly in Trauma Centers

FRIDAY, Feb. 4 (HealthDay News) -- The use of an outcome-based performance review of trauma centers for elderly patients indicates there is potential to improve the quality of care, according to a study published in the January issue of the Annals of Surgery.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Restricted Diet Can Identify Food-Induced ADHD

FRIDAY, Feb. 4 (HealthDay News) -- Dietary restriction may be a useful tool in the treatment of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children, according to research published in the Feb. 5 issue of The Lancet.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Global Obesity Prevalence Nearly Double 1980 Levels

FRIDAY, Feb. 4 (HealthDay News) -- Although many of the world's regions have experienced falling blood pressure and cholesterol levels, the prevalence of obesity has nearly doubled since 1980; three papers documenting trends in these health indicators have been published online Feb. 4 in The Lancet.

Abstract - Finucane
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Abstract - Danaei
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Abstract - Farzadfar
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Hydrolyzed Wheat Flour Foods Safe for Celiac Disease Patients

FRIDAY, Feb. 4 (HealthDay News) -- Baked goods made from hydrolyzed wheat flour and manufactured with sourdough lactobacilli and fungal proteases do not appear toxic to patients with celiac disease, according to a study published in the January issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Single Dose of H1N1 Vaccine Highly Effective in Young

FRIDAY, Feb. 4 (HealthDay News) -- A single dose of H1N1 vaccine administered during the fall of 2009 in Canada appears to have been more than 90 percent effective in protecting recipients, particularly children and young adults, from the pandemic, according to research published online Feb. 3 in BMJ.

Abstract
Full Text

Rare Stroke Affects Pregnant and Postpartum Women

FRIDAY, Feb. 4 (HealthDay News) -- The American Heart Association (AHA) has compiled a series of evidence-based recommendations for the diagnosis, management, and treatment of cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT), and specifically for its management during pregnancy and postpartum, detailed in a statement published online Feb. 3 in Stroke.

Abstract
Full Text

Among Statin Users, Smoking Cessation Deserves Emphasis

THURSDAY, Feb. 3 (HealthDay News) -- Among patients taking statins for coronary heart disease (CHD), smokers are still more likely to suffer a major cardiovascular event (MCVE), when compared with nonsmokers, according to a study published in the Jan. 15 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Focus Groups Help Prevent Emergency Department Violence

THURSDAY, Feb. 3 (HealthDay News) -- While emergency department violence is increasing, information gathered from employees, managers, and patients may help identify strategies to reduce such violence, according to a study published in the January issue of the Journal of Emergency Nursing.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Half of HIV Diagnoses in Blacks/African-Americans

THURSDAY, Feb. 3 (HealthDay News) -- Blacks/African-Americans have been disproportionately affected by HIV since early in the epidemic, and striking disparities have persisted in the last decade, according to research published in the Feb. 4 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR).

Full Text
Full Text

More Than 5 Percent of Elderly Have Cognitive Disorders

THURSDAY, Feb. 3 (HealthDay News) -- More than 5 percent of the 38.7 million U.S. individuals aged 65 years and older in 2007 reported having one or more cognitive disorders, according to a January statistical brief from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.

Full Text

Early Prophylaxis Effective for Children With Hemophilia

THURSDAY, Feb. 3 (HealthDay News) -- Prophylactic treatment of bleeding and arthropathy in children with hemophilia A is effective, particularly when initiated early in life, according to a study published online Jan. 21 in the Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Pediatric Stroke Survivors Have Lower Quality of Life

THURSDAY, Feb. 3 (HealthDay News) -- Health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) in terms of overall well-being of pediatric stroke survivors is lower compared with healthy controls, according to a study published online Jan. 24 in the Annals of Neurology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Givinostat a Promising Treatment for Juvenile Arthritis

THURSDAY, Feb. 3 (HealthDay News) -- Treatment of systemic onset juvenile idiopathic arthritis (SOJIA) with Givinostat, an orally active histone deacetylase inhibitor, for 12 weeks appears to be safe, well-tolerated, and effective, according to a study published online Jan. 18 in Arthritis & Rheumatism.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Timing of Hormone Therapy Influences Breast Cancer Risk

THURSDAY, Feb. 3 (HealthDay News) -- For women taking postmenopausal hormone therapy, breast cancer risk is greater among users of estrogen-progestin formulations, and those who begin treatment earlier, according to a study published online Jan. 28 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Abstract
Full Text
Editorial

H1N1 Vaccine Appears Safe

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 2 (HealthDay News) -- Adverse events associated with influenza A (H1N1) vaccine appear to be limited and relatively rare, and there is no evidence of an increased risk of Guillain-Barré syndrome associated with the virus, according to research published online Feb. 2 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Abstract
Full Text

Vaccine Prevents Human Papillomavirus in Males

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 2 (HealthDay News) -- Vaccination against human papillomavirus (HPV) appears effective in preventing HPV-6, 11, 16, and 18 as well as the development of external genital lesions in boys and men, according to research published in the Feb. 3 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

CDC: U.S. Teenage Birth Rate Declines, Reaches Low

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 2 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. teenage birth rate has resumed its decline, reaching a historic low in 2009, according to a report published in the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) February Data Brief.

Full Text

Maternal Stroke Associated With Heart Disease in Women

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 2 (HealthDay News) -- Female patients who have acute coronary syndrome (ACS) are more likely to have a familial history of stroke in a female first-degree relative (FDR) than a male FDR, according to a study published online Feb. 1 in Circulation: Cardiovascular Genetics.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Half With Hypertension Don't Have it Controlled

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 2 (HealthDay News) -- Approximately one-half of Americans with hypertension and two-thirds with high low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) do not have their condition under control, with individuals lacking health insurance having the lowest rates of control, according to two reports published in the Feb. 1 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Full Text - Hypertension
Full Text - Cholesterol

Cause of Fever in Febrile Seizures Needs to Be Identified

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 2 (HealthDay News) -- Clinicians evaluating infants or young children following a simple febrile seizure should focus on identifying the cause of the fever, according to new guidelines published in the February issue of Pediatrics.

Abstract
Full Text

Telephonic Intervention Improves Diabetes Control

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 2 (HealthDay News) -- A health educator-implemented telephonic intervention is more effective than a print intervention in helping low-income adults in an urban population control their diabetes, according to research published in the January issue of Diabetes Care.

Abstract
Full Text

Increased Length of Stay in For-Profit Hospices

TUESDAY, Feb. 1 (HealthDay News) -- Hospice agencies that operate for profit have a higher percentage of patients with diagnoses associated with lower-skilled needs, and longer length of stay compared to nonprofit hospice agencies, according to a study published in the Feb. 2 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Abstract
Full Text

Immunization Schedules for Children, Adolescents Updated

TUESDAY, Feb. 1 (HealthDay News) -- The American Academy of Pediatrics has released its 2011 recommended childhood and adolescent immunization schedules, which have been published in the February issue of Pediatrics.

Abstract
Full Text

Tonsillectomy, Adenoidectomy Tied to Weight Gain

TUESDAY, Feb. 1 (HealthDay News) -- Normal and overweight children who undergo tonsillectomy or adenoidectomy gain a greater amount of weight than expected after the operation, according to a review published online Jan. 4 in Otolaryngology -- Head and Neck Surgery.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Long-Term Sequelae Affect Childhood Meningitis Survivors

TUESDAY, Feb. 1 (HealthDay News) -- Survivors of childhood bacterial meningitis may have long-term academic and behavioral limitations, and other long-term sequelae, according to a review published in the January issue of The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Imaging for Low Back Pain Often Useless, Harmful

TUESDAY, Feb. 1 (HealthDay News) -- For most patients, routine imaging for low back pain is an expensive intervention that may do more harm than good, according to a clinical guideline published in the Feb. 1 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Abstract - Chou
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Abstract - Owens
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Editorial (subscription or payment may be required)

Racial Gap in Death Rates Narrows for Some Cancers

TUESDAY, Feb. 1 (HealthDay News) -- Cancer death rates are declining among African-Americans, but they still have higher death rates and shorter survival than any other racial/ethnic group in the United States for most cancers, according to the American Cancer Society's "Cancer Facts & Figures for African Americans 2011-2012" report.

More Information

Exercise May Reduce Memory Loss in Older Adults

TUESDAY, Feb. 1 (HealthDay News) -- Aerobic conditioning may prevent hippocampus shrinking and memory loss in older adults, according to research published online Jan. 31 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Increased Mobility Loss in Women With Arterial Disease

TUESDAY, Feb. 1 (HealthDay News) -- Women with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) have faster functional decline and increased mobility loss compared to men, according to a study published in the Feb. 8 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Intensive Care Unit Initiative Tied to Lower Mortality

TUESDAY, Feb. 1 (HealthDay News) -- An intensive care unit (ICU) quality improvement initiative in Michigan appears to result in reduced mortality, according to a study published online Jan. 31 in BMJ.

Abstract
Full Text

Primer Helps Doctors Counsel About Sex in Pregnancy

TUESDAY, Feb. 1 (HealthDay News) -- Sex during pregnancy is generally safe, and abstinence should be recommended only for women at risk of preterm labor or antepartum hemorrhage due to placenta previa, according to a primer published online Jan. 31 in CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Physician's Briefing

Updated on June 06, 2022

Read this Next
About UsOur ProductsCustom SolutionsHow it’s SoldOur ResultsDeliveryContact UsBlogPrivacy PolicyFAQ