July 2011 Briefing - Nursing

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nursing for July 2011. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

Low-Molecular-Weight Heparin Better for Primary PCI

FRIDAY, July 29 (HealthDay News) -- Compared to unfractionated heparin (UFH), low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) is associated with reduced mortality and reduced major bleeding in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI); but it shows no benefit in those treated with PCI after thrombolysis, according to a study published online July 20 in the Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis.

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CDC: U.S. Cholera Cases Linked to Hispaniola Epidemic

FRIDAY, July 29 (HealthDay News) -- In the United States, cholera cases caused by toxigenic Vibrio cholerae O1 are linked to travel to Hispaniola and consumption of seafood from Haiti, according to a report published online July 21 in the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Emerging Infectious Diseases.

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Mammography Screening Has Low Impact on Mortality

FRIDAY, July 29 (HealthDay News) -- Despite a 10 to 15 year difference in the implementation of mammography screening, paired European countries with similar socioeconomic status and access to treatment had comparable breast cancer mortality after 1989, according to a study published online July 28 in BMJ.

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Pregnancy-Related Stroke Hospitalizations Rise in the U.S.

THURSDAY, July 28 (HealthDay News) -- The rate of pregnancy-related hospitalizations for stroke have increased in the United States, especially during the postpartum period, from 1994-1995 to 2006-2007, mainly due to changes in prevalence of hypertension and heart disease, according to a study published online July 28 in Stroke.

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CDC: Nonfatal Sports and Recreation Heat Illness Studied

THURSDAY, July 28 (HealthDay News) -- Individuals who take part in unstructured sports and recreational activities, especially during the summer months, may be at an increased risk of heat illness, according to a report in the July 29 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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High Prenatal Milk Intake Tied to Lower Offspring MS Risk

THURSDAY, July 28 (HealthDay News) -- Higher milk and vitamin D consumption during pregnancy is associated with a reduced risk of adult-onset multiple sclerosis (MS) in offspring, according to a study published online July 22 in the Annals of Neurology.

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VTE Rates Post Knee Arthroplasty Increased '97-'07

THURSDAY, July 28 (HealthDay News) -- The rate of venous thromboembolism following knee arthroplasty has increased from 1997 to 2007, with a higher risk among patients with a history of cardiovascular disease or a prior venous thromboembolism, according to a study published in the July 20 issue of The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery.

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HbA1c Identifies Diabetes, Prediabetes in Acute Care

THURSDAY, July 28 (HealthDay News) -- Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) measurements can be used as a reliable screen for undiagnosed diabetes, prediabetes, and dysglycemia in emergency settings, according to a study published online July 20 in Diabetes Care.

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Smoking Tied to Increase in Post-Arthroplasty Complications

WEDNESDAY, July 27 (HealthDay News) -- Pre-operative smoking status is a significant predictor of 30-day postoperative complications and mortality at one year in patients undergoing elective primary total knee replacement or primary total hip replacement surgery (TKR/THR), according to a study published online July 18 in Arthritis Care & Research.

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Women Should Be Screened for Alcohol Abuse at Least Annually

WEDNESDAY, July 27 (HealthDay News) -- Obstetrician-gynecologists should screen and counsel women at risk of drinking and alcohol dependence, especially those who are pregnant or at risk of pregnancy; and health care providers should routinely screen all women for history of sexual assault, according to two Practice Bulletins from the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists published in the August issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Parental Deployment Tied to Impaired Adolescent Well-Being

WEDNESDAY, July 27 (HealthDay News) -- Parental military service impairs parameters of adolescent well-being, particularly for boys, according to a study published online July 21 in the American Journal of Public Health.

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Apixaban Ups Bleeding Without Reducing Ischemic Events

TUESDAY, July 26 (HealthDay News) -- Adding 5 mg of apixaban twice daily to antiplatelet therapy among high-risk patients after an acute coronary syndrome increases the risk of bleeding events without a significant reduction in recurrent ischemic events, according to a study published online July 24 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Stable Rate of Chronic Conditions for Children Born at <1 kg

TUESDAY, July 26 (HealthDay News) -- The overall rate of chronic conditions and asthma in children born weighing less than 1 kg (extremely low-birth-weight [ELBW] children) remains stable between the ages of 8 and 14 years, but obesity increases compared to normal-birth-weight (NBW) children; so that, at age 14, the rates of chronic conditions are higher in ELBW children, but asthma and obesity are similar, according to a study published in the July 27 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Breast-Feeding Tied to Child's Risk of Asthma Symptoms

TUESDAY, July 26 (HealthDay News) -- Compared to exclusive breast-feeding and breast-feeding for six months, non-exclusive breast-feeding or never breast-feeding is associated with an increased risk of asthma-related symptoms in children during the first four years of their life, with the strongest association occurring in the first two years, according to a study published online July 20 in the European Respiratory Journal.

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Crossing Environment Tied to Pedestrian Injury Rates in ADHD

TUESDAY, July 26 (HealthDay News) -- Children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder combined type (ADHD-C) show appropriate pedestrian behavior on the curb but choose riskier pedestrian environments to cross the street, according to a study published online July 25 in Pediatrics.

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Optimism Linked to Reduced Risk of Stroke in Older Adults

TUESDAY, July 26 (HealthDay News) -- Increased optimism is associated with a decreased risk of stroke in older adults, even after adjusting for sociodemographic, behavioral, biological, and psychological stroke risk factors, according to a study published online July 21 in Stroke.

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Propranolol Safe and Effective for Infantile Hemangiomas

TUESDAY, July 26 (HealthDay News) -- Treatment with propranolol reduces the volume, color, and elevation of infantile hemangiomas (IHs), according to a study published online July 25 in Pediatrics.

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Foods Prepared Away From Home Tied to Child's Energy Intake

TUESDAY, July 26 (HealthDay News) -- An increase in children's total daily energy intake from 1977 to 2006 correlated with a major shift toward increased energy from foods consumed or prepared away from home, according to a study published online July 25 in the Journal of the American Dietetic Association.

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Non-Receipt of Fluids in Children Tied to Increased Oligoanuria

MONDAY, July 25 (HealthDay News) -- Young patients with pre-hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) diarrhea, who do not receive intravenous fluids within the first four days of diarrhea onset, have increased risk of developing oligoanuria, according to a study published online July 22 in the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine.

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FDA: Chantix Tied to Slight Risk of Cardiac Events

MONDAY, July 25 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration notified health care professionals and patients that the drug label for varenicline (Chantix) was updated to include information about the effectiveness and safety of the drug when used in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or cardiovascular disease.

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Pagibaximab Seems Safe, Well Tolerated in High-Risk Neonates

MONDAY, July 25 (HealthDay News) -- Three once-a-week infusions of 90 mg/kg of pagibaximab in neonates who are at high risk for staphylococcal sepsis appears to be safe and well tolerated, with no cases of staphylococcal sepsis occurring, according to a study published online July 25 in Pediatrics.

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High Mortality Decline With One-Dose Varicella Vaccine

MONDAY, July 25 (HealthDay News) -- Overall varicella mortality decreased by 88 percent following implementation of the one-dose vaccination program, with a 96 percent decrease in individuals aged younger than 50 years, according to a study published online July 25 in Pediatrics.

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Hemolysis Products Impair Nitric Oxide Function on Infusion

MONDAY, July 25 (HealthDay News) -- The products of hemolysis, which accumulate in blood stored under standard conditions, interact with nitric oxide (NO) on infusion and impair its vascular function, according to an experimental study published online July 11 in Circulation.

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Personality Traits Predict BMI Changes Across Adulthood

MONDAY, July 25 (HealthDay News) -- Certain personality traits are predictors for changes in body mass index (BMI) across adulthood, but changes in those traits are mainly unrelated to BMI changes, according to a study published online July 11 in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.

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FDA: Dronedarone Tied to Cardiovascular Events, Death

FRIDAY, July 22 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has notified health care professionals and patients that dronedarone (Multaq) may be associated with an increased risk of death and adverse cardiovascular events, including stroke and hospitalization for heart failure.

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Prenatal Nicotine Exposure Tied to Vascular Dysfunction

FRIDAY, July 22 (HealthDay News) -- Prenatal nicotine exposure in rats can increase the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) resulting in vascular hypertensive reactivity in male offspring, according to an experimental study published online July 21 in the British Journal of Pharmacology.

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Being Married Linked to Earlier Care After Chest Pain

FRIDAY, July 22 (HealthDay News) -- Though married status is associated with lower odds of delayed medical care after chest pain, married men are significantly more likely to present earlier for care after myocardial infarction (MI) with chest pain, but married women show no such benefit, according to a study published online July 18 in CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

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HCC Surgery Depends on Race, Socioeconomics, Hospital Type

FRIDAY, July 22 (HealthDay News) -- Only a small proportion of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) undergo surgical treatment, which varies significantly with race, socioeconomic status, and type of hospital, according to a study published in the July issue of the Archives of Surgery.

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Disrupted Thalamic MRI Patterns in Mild Traumatic Brain Injury

THURSDAY, July 21 (HealthDay News) -- In patients with mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI), resting-state magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) patterns are disrupted, with significantly increased thalamic resting-state networks (RSNs) and reduced symmetry, according to a study published online July 20 in Radiology.

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Increased Height Tied to Higher Cancer Risk

THURSDAY, July 21 (HealthDay News) -- Increasing height in women is associated with an increased risk of total cancer and cancer in most sites, according to a study published online July 21 in The Lancet Oncology.

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CDC: Severe Hearing Loss in Military Veterans Studied

THURSDAY, July 21 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of severe hearing impairment (SHI) among veterans appears to be higher than among nonveterans, according to a report in the July 22 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Greater Sun Safety Linked to Acculturation in Latinos

THURSDAY, July 21 (HealthDay News) -- Use of sunscreen, shade, and sun-protective clothing when outdoors on warm, sunny days is associated with acculturation among Latinos in the United States, while perceived health status, educational level, and contact with social networks regarding health matters mediate a positive association between acculturation and sunscreen use, according to a study published in the July issue of the Archives of Dermatology.

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Best Performing Hospitals for Women in 19 U.S. States ID'd

THURSDAY, July 21 (HealthDay News) -- The best performing hospitals for maternity care and gynecologic surgery across 19 states have been identified, according to the HealthGrades 2011 Obstetrics and Gynecology in American Hospitals report published online July 19 by HealthGrades.

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Annual Mammography Screening Should Begin at 40

THURSDAY, July 21 (HealthDay News) -- Annual mammography screening for breast cancer in women should begin at age 40 years, and not at age 50 as previously recommended, according to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists' (ACOG's) Practice Bulletin on Breast Cancer Screening, published in the August issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Medical Students Support Right to Conscientious Objection

THURSDAY, July 21 (HealthDay News) -- Nearly half of medical students in the United Kingdom, especially Muslims, believe in the right of doctors to conscientiously object to or refuse any procedure, according to a study published online July 18 in the Journal of Medical Ethics.

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Hand Expression Linked to Improved Breast-Feeding Rates

THURSDAY, July 21 (HealthDay News) -- Mothers who hand-express breast milk for their term infants feeding poorly shortly after birth are more likely to breast-feed their infants at two months than mothers who express with electric pumps, according to a study published online July 11 in the Archives of Disease in Childhood: Fetal & Neonatal.

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Decrease in Rate of Surgical Adverse Events in VHA Centers

THURSDAY, July 21 (HealthDay News) -- The rate of adverse events for surgical procedures and harm in the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) system decreased from 2006 to 2009 while reported close calls increased, according to a study published online July 18 in the Archives of Surgery.

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Liver Resection Score IDs Susceptibility to Complications

THURSDAY, July 21 (HealthDay News) -- A score to predict morbidity in liver resections helps identify which patients are most susceptible to complications, according to a study published online July 18 in the Archives of Surgery.

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Soldiers' Dyspnea Could Be Constrictive Bronchiolitis

WEDNESDAY, July 20 (HealthDay News) -- Constrictive bronchiolitis should be considered as a reason for unexplained exertional dyspnea among previously healthy soldiers with a history of inhalational exposure, according to a study published in the July 21 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Triple-Drug Regimen Preferable for Treating H. Pylori

TUESDAY, July 19 (HealthDay News) -- The standard 14-day triple-drug regimen is more effective for treating Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection in Latin America than newer four-drug regimens, according to a study published online July 20 in The Lancet.

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Milk, Soy Protein Intake Tied to Reduced Systolic BP

WEDNESDAY, July 20 (HealthDay News) -- Soy and milk protein intake is associated with reduced systolic blood pressure (BP) in patients with prehypertension and stage 1 hypertension, according to a study published online July 18 in Circulation.

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Physical Activity Tied to Reduced Cognitive Decline Risk

WEDNESDAY, July 20 (HealthDay News) -- Regular physical activity reduces the rate of cognitive decline in older women with vascular disease or risk factors; and greater activity energy expenditure (AEE) reduces the incidence of cognitive impairment in older adults, according to two studies published online July 19 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

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Some Restaurant Foods Have More Calories Than Indicated

WEDNESDAY, July 20 (HealthDay News) -- The overall measured and stated energy content of restaurant foods is accurate, but there is considerable discrepancy between stated and measured energy content for individual food items, according to a study published in the July 20 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Stopping Low Dose Aspirin Ups Cardiac Risk

WEDNESDAY, July 20 (HealthDay News) -- Discontinuation of low dose aspirin among patients with a history of cardiovascular disease appears to increase the risk for heart attack, according to a study published online July 19 in BMJ.

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Surgeons Constitute Risk Factor for Infection After Colon Surgery

WEDNESDAY, July 20 (HealthDay News) -- Surgeons are found to constitute a risk factor for surgical site infections (SSI) in patients undergoing colon surgery, independent of other factors linked to the patient, the procedure, or the hospital where the intervention took place, according to a study published online July 18 in the Archives of Surgery.

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Prenatal Partner Violence Tied to DNA Methylation in Offspring

WEDNESDAY, July 20 (HealthDay News) -- Maternal exposure to intimate-partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy is associated with methylation of the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) promoter in adolescent children, according to a study published online July 19 in Translational Psychiatry.

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IOM Recommends Updates in Guidelines for Women's Health

TUESDAY, July 19 (HealthDay News) -- Eight preventive health services for women should be added to the services that health plans will cover at no cost to patients under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010, according to a July 19 report from the Institute of Medicine.

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Secondhand Smoke Linked to Hearing Loss in Adolescents

TUESDAY, July 19 (HealthDay News) -- Exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) is associated with an increased prevalence of low-frequency sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) and elevated pure-tone hearing thresholds in adolescents, according to a study published in the July issue of the Archives of Otolaryngology -- Head & Neck Surgery.

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FDA Approves Vaccine for 2011/2012 Influenza Season

TUESDAY, July 19 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration announced that the agency has approved the influenza vaccine formulation for the 2011/2012 influenza season; this formulation will be used by the six manufacturers licensed to manufacture and distribute the vaccine in the United States.

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Triptorelin Tied to Reduced Chemo-Induced Menopause

TUESDAY, July 19 (HealthDay News) -- The use of triptorelin to temporarily suppress ovarian function in patients with early stage breast cancer is associated with reduced occurrence of chemotherapy-induced early menopause, according to a study published in the July 20 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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cART Ups Life Expectancy in Ugandan HIV Patients

TUESDAY, July 19 (HealthDay News) -- Combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) may substantially improve life expectancy in patients with HIV in Uganda, with women having a greater life expectancy then men, according to a study published online July 18 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Low Health Literacy Linked to Poorer Health Outcomes

TUESDAY, July 19 (HealthDay News) -- Limited health literacy is associated with poorer health outcomes and reduced use of health care services, according to a review published in the July 19 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Screening for Lynch Syndrome Beneficial at Acceptable Cost

TUESDAY, July 19 (HealthDay News) -- Identifying families with the Lynch syndrome could yield considerable benefits at acceptable costs, particularly for women, according to a study published online July 18 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Review: Exercise = Less Bone Loss in Postmenopausal Women

TUESDAY, July 19 (HealthDay News) -- Exercise is suggested to have a small but statistically significant effect on preventing bone mineral density (BMD) loss in postmenopausal women, according to a meta-analysis published in the July issue of the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.

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Antidepressants Found Lacking for Seniors With Dementia

TUESDAY, July 19 (HealthDay News) -- Seniors with dementia who are prescribed antidepressants may not reap any benefit from the medication, but they do experience some adverse effects, according to research published online July 18 in The Lancet.

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Bed-Sharing With Children Not Linked to Cognitive Outcomes

TUESDAY, July 19 (HealthDay News) -- There appears to be no negative association between mother-child bed-sharing between the ages of 1 and 3 years, and cognitive and behavioral outcomes at age 5 years, according to a study published online July 18 in Pediatrics.

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Increased Mortality for Isolated Rural Patients With COPD

TUESDAY, July 19 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) living in isolated rural areas have increased mortality from COPD exacerbations compared to those living in urban areas, according to a study published in the July 19 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Acute Nondisplaced Scaphoid Fractures Heal Without Surgery

TUESDAY, July 19 (HealthDay News) -- Most acute, nondisplaced, scaphoid fractures in children and adolescents heal with nonoperative treatment, but those presenting late or with displacement have a lower union rate, according to a study published in the July 6 issue of The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery.

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Children Safer in Car Crashes When Grandparents Driving

MONDAY, July 18 (HealthDay News) -- Children have a reduced risk of injury in crashes with grandparents as drivers than with parents, despite less optimal use of child restraint in grandparent-driver crashes, according to a study published online July 18 in Pediatrics.

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Statin Therapy Does Not Up Cancer Risk in Older Adults

MONDAY, July 18 (HealthDay News) -- Statin therapy is not associated with a significant increase in cancer risk in older U.S. adults, according to a study published in the July 26 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Obese, Not Overweight Teens Get More Preventive Screening

MONDAY, July 18 (HealthDay News) -- More preventive screening is provided to obese adolescents than those who are overweight or normal weight, according to a study published online July 18 in Pediatrics.

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Chemo, Trastuzumab, Surgery Up Survival in HER2-Positive MBC

MONDAY, July 18 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive metastatic breast cancer (MBC) and central nervous system (CNS) metastases have improved survival with trastuzumab, chemotherapy, and surgical treatment, according to a study published in the July 15 issue of Clinical Cancer Research.

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Factor VIII Dose Should Consider Both Body Weight and Fat Mass

MONDAY, July 18 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with hemophilia A, an infusion dose of factor VIII (FVIII) should be modified according to the patient's body weight (BW) and fat mass index (FMI), and should be adapted for over or underweight patients, according to a study published online July 5 in the Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis.

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A-Fib Ups Risk of Upper-Limb Thromboembolectomy

MONDAY, July 18 (HealthDay News) -- Atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with an increased risk of upper-limb thromboembolectomy, according to a study published online July 7 in the Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis.

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Drinking Hot Tea, Coffee Tied to Lower MRSA Nasal Carriage

MONDAY, July 18 (HealthDay News) -- Individuals who drink hot tea or coffee have half the likelihood of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) nasal carriage as those who do not drink hot tea or coffee, according to a study published in the July/August issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Evidence Supports Modifying Dietary Fat to Lower CV Risk

MONDAY, July 18 (HealthDay News) -- Modification of dietary fat intake, but not the reduction of total fat, is associated with a decreased risk of cardiovascular events, according to a meta-analysis published in the July issue of the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.

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Safety Concern for Chronic NSAID Users With HTN, CAD

MONDAY, July 18 (HealthDay News) -- Chronic, self-reported use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) is associated with an increased risk of adverse events in patients with hypertension and coronary artery disease, according to a study published in the July issue of The American Journal of Medicine.

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Study Design Bias Suspected in Industry Trials on rhBMP-2

FRIDAY, July 15 (HealthDay News) -- U.S. Food and Drug Administration documents and subsequent publications show that recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) is associated with a 10 to 50 percent higher rate of adverse events (AE) than reported in original industry-based trials, according to a review published in the June issue of The Spine Journal.

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Clopidogrel, PPIs Linked to MI Risk After PCI

FRIDAY, July 15 (HealthDay News) -- In high-risk cardiovascular patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), concomitant use of clopidogrel and proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) is associated with an increased risk of cardiac events, specifically myocardial infarction (MI), according to a study published online July 5 in the Journal of Internal Medicine.

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Post-Surgery VTE Prophylaxis Use Varies Among Hospitals

FRIDAY, July 15 (HealthDay News) -- The use of venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis after spinal fusion surgery varies widely in U.S. hospitals, according to a study published in the July issue of the Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis.

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Faster Insulin Action With Needle-Free Jet Injection

FRIDAY, July 15 (HealthDay News) -- Insulin administration by needle-free jet injector enhances insulin absorption and reduces the duration of glucose-lowering action more than with conventional pen administration, according to a study published online June 29 in Diabetes Care.

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Secondary Seizure Frequency Higher in Anovulatory Cycle

FRIDAY, July 15 (HealthDay News) -- In women with intractable focal onset seizures, seizure frequency for secondary generalized tonic-clonic seizures (GTCS) is significantly greater during anovulatory cycles than during ovulatory cycles, according to a study published online July 14 in Epilepsia.

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BMI Increase From Adolescence to Adulthood Began in 1990s

FRIDAY, July 15 (HealthDay News) -- The sharp body mass index (BMI) increase seen in adolescence began in the 1990s and in young adults in 2000, according to a study published online July 12 in the Journal of Adolescent Health.

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BMI Changes Predictive of Bilateral Knee Pain in Women

FRIDAY, July 15 (HealthDay News) -- Changes in body mass index (BMI) are associated with year 15 (Y15) bilateral knee pain in women irrespective of radiographic knee osteoarthritis (RKOA) status, according to a study published online July 7 in Arthritis Care & Research.

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Vaccination Rates Up for Those With Liver Disease, Diabetes

FRIDAY, July 15 (HealthDay News) -- Vaccination rates for hepatitis A (HepA) and hepatitis B (HepB) in patients with chronic liver disease (CLD) and diabetes increased from 1999 to 2008, but remain low, according to a study published online July 2 in Hepatology.

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Overall Number, Not Concurrent Partners Tied to HIV Incidence

FRIDAY, July 15 (HealthDay News) -- The overall number of men's sexual partners, not partnership concurrence, is associated with the risk of women's HIV acquisition in sub-Saharan Africa, according to a study published in the July 16 HIV special issue of The Lancet.

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Faster Movement in Response to Moving Target in Parkinson's

THURSDAY, July 14 (HealthDay News) -- In both virtual reality (VR) and physical reality, patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) reach more slowly for stationary objects than controls, but have movement speeds similar to controls for moving targets, according to a study published online July 1 in the Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.

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CDC: Travelers to Haiti at Risk for Dengue Virus Infections

THURSDAY, July 14 (HealthDay News) -- Travelers to Haiti may be at risk for infection with the mosquito-transmitted dengue virus (DENV), according to a report in the July 15 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Pediatric Cardiologists' ECG Analyses Not Always Accurate

THURSDAY, July 14 (HealthDay News) -- Electrocardiograms (ECG) administered to young athletes to determine the suitability of sports participation are difficult for pediatric cardiologists to interpret with complete accuracy, according to a study published online July 14 in The Journal of Pediatrics.

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Treatment of Syndromes Linked to Spider Bites Ineffective

THURSDAY, July 14 (HealthDay News) -- Latrodectism and loxoscelism are important worldwide clinical syndromes associated with spider bites, but the effectiveness of antivenom treatment is unclear, according to a review published online July 14 in The Lancet.

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Timely Surgery in Traumatic Brain Injury Halves Death Rate

THURSDAY, July 14 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI), shorter time from emergency department (ED) arrival to surgery significantly lowers mortality and length of hospital stay (LOS), according to a study published in the July issue of the Journal of Emergency Nursing.

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Men With Full-Time Jobs More Active Than Nonworkers

THURSDAY, July 14 (HealthDay News) -- Men with full-time employment, even in sedentary occupations, are significantly more active than healthy non-workers, according to a study published online July 12 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

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H1N1 2009 Vaccine Not Tied to Guillain Barré Syndrome Risk

THURSDAY, July 14 (HealthDay News) -- The adjuvanted pandemic influenza A (H1N1) 2009 vaccine is not associated with an increased risk of Guillain-Barré syndrome, according to a study published July 12 in the BMJ.

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Low Positive Affect in Childhood Factors Into Eventual Depression

THURSDAY, July 14 (HealthDay News) -- Low positive affect (PA) may be an early vulnerability factor for unipolar depressive disorder in at-risk children, and has more of an impact than high negative affect (NA), according to a study published in the July issue of the Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry.

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Intergenerational Social Mobility Affects HTN Risk

THURSDAY, July 14 (HealthDay News) -- Low parental socioeconomic status (SES) is associated with an increased hypertension risk, but intergenerational social mobility modifies this risk, according to a study published online July 11 in the Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health.

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Age-Associated Health Decline Risk Factor for Alzheimer's

THURSDAY, July 14 (HealthDay News) -- A frailty index of 19 deficits not previously reported to predict dementia is associated with an increased risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD), according to a study published online July 13 in Neurology.

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Unhealthy Lifestyle Factors Linked to Sexual Problems

THURSDAY, July 14 (HealthDay News) -- Unhealthy lifestyle factors are associated with sexual inactivity with a partner in sexually active men and women, with sexual dysfunction significantly more likely in men, according to a study published online May 13 in The Journal of Sexual Medicine.

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'Rule of Rescue' Trumps Societal Benefits in ICU

THURSDAY, July 14 (HealthDay News) -- More than one-third of intensive care unit (ICU) clinicians are willing to forego societal benefits to prioritize ICU allocation to a living, critically ill patient over a dead or dying patient who would be a potential organ donor, according to a study published in the July issue of Intensive Care Medicine.

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Antiretroviral Drugs May Halt HIV Spread in Heterosexuals

WEDNESDAY, July 13 (HealthDay News) -- A daily oral dose of antiretroviral drugs used for the treatment of HIV infection may reduce HIV acquisition among uninfected individuals exposed to the virus through heterosexual sex, according to the results of a new U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention study, the TDF2 study, along with the results of a separate trial (Partners Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis [PrEP] study).

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Many Americans Lack Access to Oral Health Care Services

WEDNESDAY, July 13 (HealthDay News) -- Many Americans are not receiving necessary oral health care services due to barriers that hinder their access to dental care, according to a report by the Institute of Medicine and National Research Council published online July 13.

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Albuterol Not Better Than Placebo in Self-Report Outcomes

WEDNESDAY, July 13 (HealthDay News) -- Albuterol increases maximum forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) in patients with asthma, but self-reported outcomes did not improve significantly with albuterol compared to placebo inhaler or sham acupuncture, according to a study published in the July 14 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Fast Food Close to Home Affects Diet in Low-Income Men

WEDNESDAY, July 13 (HealthDay News) -- Availability of supermarket and grocery stores close to home is generally unrelated to diet, but low-income respondents may be sensitive to fast food availability, particularly for men with fast food chains located within 1.00 to 2.99 km of home, according to a study published in the July 11 issue of the Archives of Internal Medicine.

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Stress ECHO Effectively Stratifies CAD Risk in Patients With HIV

WEDNESDAY, July 13 (HealthDay News) -- Stress echocardiography (SE) can effectively stratify risk and offer prognostic value for patients with HIV at risk for cardiovascular events, according to a study published online July 12 in Circulation: Cardiovascular Imaging.

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Medicaid Payments Linked to Dental Care in Children

TUESDAY, July 12 (HealthDay News) -- Children with Medicaid use dental care more frequently than uninsured children, with changes in state Medicaid payments positively correlated with higher receipt of dental care, according to a study published in the July 13 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Gender Discrepancy in Cancer Mortality Rates Considerable

TUESDAY, July 12 (HealthDay News) -- Males have higher mortality rates for cancer than females, but cancer survival disparities are much less pronounced between males and females, according to a study published online July 12 in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention.

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Older Children Less Responsive to Treatment for Amblyopia

TUESDAY, July 12 (HealthDay News) -- Children aged 7 to less than 13 years of age are significantly less responsive to treatment for moderate and severe amblyopia than younger children, according to a meta-analysis published online July 11 in the Archives of Ophthalmology.

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Changes in Family Cancer History Impact Screening Needs

TUESDAY, July 12 (HealthDay News) -- Clinically relevant family history changes over time, specifically between the ages of 30 and 50 years, impact screening recommendations for colorectal, breast, and prostate cancer, according to a study published in the July 13 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Mobile Sensor Device Effectively Monitors Sociability

TUESDAY, July 12 (HealthDay News) -- Sociability and physical activity data from mobile-sensor devices in older adults correlate well with data from traditional questionnaires, according to a study published in the July/August issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Year-End Changeovers Linked to Decreased Quality of Care

TUESDAY, July 12 (HealthDay News) -- Quality of health care tends to decrease at the time of academic year-end changeovers, with an increase in patient mortality and decrease in efficiency, according to a meta-analysis published online July 11 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Similar Thyroid Risk for Brand-Name, Generic Amiodarone

TUESDAY, July 12 (HealthDay News) -- The incidence of thyroid dysfunction is similar in patients with atrial fibrillation treated with brand-name or generic formulations of amiodarone, according to a study published online July 11 in CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

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Insulin Sensitivity, Secretion Do Not Predict Weight Change

TUESDAY, July 12 (HealthDay News) -- In nondiabetic and prediabetic individuals, insulin sensitivity and secretion do not predict spontaneous weight changes; whereas, baseline waist circumference is a positive, independent predictor of weight gain and loss, according to a study published in the July issue of Diabetes.

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Folate Intake Positively Linked to Academic Achievement

MONDAY, July 11 (HealthDay News) -- Folate intake is positively associated with academic achievement in 15-year-old children, according to a study published online July 11 in Pediatrics.

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Boostrix OK'd to Prevent Tetanus, Diphtheria, Pertussis in Seniors

MONDAY, July 11 (HealthDay News) -- Approval for the Boostrix vaccine has been expanded by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to prevent tetanus, diphtheria and pertussis (whooping cough) in people 65 and older, the agency said in a news release.

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Secondhand Smoke Tied to Child Neurobehavioral Issues

MONDAY, July 11 (HealthDay News) -- Postnatal exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) is associated with an increase in the risk of neurobehavioral disorders among children, according to a study published online July 11 in Pediatrics.

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Satisfaction With Life Linked to Reduced Heart Disease

MONDAY, July 11 (HealthDay News) -- Satisfaction across specific life domains, particularly one's job, family, sex life, and self, is associated with a reduced risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), with the association primarily mediated by angina, according to a study published online July 4 in the European Heart Journal.

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Increase in Staph Pneumonia in Children Mainly Due to MSRA

MONDAY, July 11 (HealthDay News) -- The number of Staphylococcus aureus (SA) pneumonia cases in children increased between August 2001 and April 2009, with methicillin-resistant SA (MRSA) responsible for 74 percent of the cases, according to a study published in the July issue of the Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal.

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Cardiac Transplants Tied to Increased Risk of Skin Cancer

MONDAY, July 11 (HealthDay News) -- Patients who have undergone cardiac transplants have an increased risk of developing skin cancer, in particular cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), compared to the general population, according to a study published in the July issue of the American Journal of Transplantation.

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Traditional Diabetes Classifications Apply to Youths

MONDAY, July 11 (HealthDay News) -- Most youths with diabetes have characteristics similar to traditional descriptions of type 1 and type 2 diabetes, according to a study published in the July issue of Diabetes Care.

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Weight Loss and Weight Loss Maintenance Have Low Overlap

MONDAY, July 11 (HealthDay News) -- There is little overlap between the practices used to lose weight and those used to maintain weight loss, according to a study published online July 5 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

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Early Metformin Therapy Prevents, Delays PCOS in Girls

MONDAY, July 11 (HealthDay News) -- Early metformin therapy in girls with low birth weight and precocious puberty (LBW-PP) prevents or delays the development of hirsutism, androgen excess, oligomenorrhea, and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), according to a study published online June 1 in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

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Maternal Vaccination Tied to Fewer Flu Hospitalizations

FRIDAY, July 8 (HealthDay News) -- Maternal influenza vaccination during pregnancy is associated with a reduced risk of laboratory-confirmed influenza hospitalizations among infants aged less than 6 months, according to a study published in the June issue of the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Socioeconomic Status Affects Systolic Blood Pressure

FRIDAY, July 8 (HealthDay News) -- Low socioeconomic status (SES) is associated with increased systolic blood pressure (SBP), and the associations are mediated by increased body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference, and higher resting heart rate, according to a study published online July 5 in Hypertension.

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Prenatal Distress Tied to Higher Risk of Childhood Wheeze

FRIDAY, July 8 (HealthDay News) -- Prenatal demoralization is associated with an increased risk of childhood wheeze among low-income urban African-Americans and Hispanics, according to a study published in the July issue of the Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology.

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Combination Therapy for A-Fib Increases Bleeding Risk

FRIDAY, July 8 (HealthDay News) -- Combination antithrombotic therapy for patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with an increased risk of bleeding and no reduction in the risk of stroke, according to a study published in the July issue of Chest.

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New Report IDs Indicators of Children's Well-Being

FRIDAY, July 8 (HealthDay News) -- Seven major domains characterize or influence the well-being of a child by means of various indicators, according to the "America's Children: Key National Indicators of Well-Being 2011" report, published by the Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics.

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H1N1, Seasonal Flu Vaccines From 2009 to 2010 Were Safe

FRIDAY, July 8 (HealthDay News) -- The pandemic H1N1 influenza and seasonal influenza vaccines administered during the 2009 to 2010 season had no associated major safety problems, according to a study published online July 5 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

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Factors in Acinetobacter Infection Transmission ID'd

FRIDAY, July 8 (HealthDay News) -- The identification of themes involved in the transmission of multi-drug resistant (MDR) Acinetobacter infections, sources of transmission, and interventions to reduce infections offer new insight into MDR Acinetobacter infections in war injuries, according to a review published in the July issue of the AORN Journal.

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Vitamin D3 Tied to Decrease in Mortality

FRIDAY, July 8 (HealthDay News) -- Vitamin D3, but not other forms of vitamin D, is associated with reduced overall mortality, according to a review published in the July issue of the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.

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Delayed Disease Recognition in One in Five Patients With PAH

FRIDAY, July 8 (HealthDay News) -- One in five patients report symptoms of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) for more than two years before the disease is diagnosed, with patients younger than 36 years being most likely to experience delayed recognition, according to a study published in the July issue of Chest.

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Decrease in BP Precedes Death in Patients With Diabetes

FRIDAY, July 8 (HealthDay News) -- A significant decline in systolic and diastolic blood pressure (BP) is seen in the years preceding death in adults with diabetes, according to a study published in the July issue of Diabetes Care.

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Metformin/Rosiglitazone Tied to Early Decrease in Diabetes

FRIDAY, July 8 (HealthDay News) -- Low-dose metformin/rosiglitazone therapy is associated with an initial delay in development of type 2 diabetes in individuals with impaired glucose tolerance, but it did not affect the worsening insulin resistance and β-cell dysfunction that occurs over time, according to a study published in the July issue of Diabetes Care.

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Postpartum Contraceptive Use Guidelines Updated

THURSDAY, July 7 (HealthDay News) -- The use of combined hormonal contraceptives are not recommended during the first 21 days after delivery due to the high risk for venous thromboembolism (VTE), according to a report in the July 8 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Drug Susceptibility in Gonorrhea May Be Declining

THURSDAY, July 7 (HealthDay News) -- Cephalosporin susceptibility among Neisseria gonorrhoeae (N. gonorrhoeae) isolates appears to be declining; however, cephalosporins remain an effective treatment for gonorrhea, according to a report in the July 8 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Control of United States Obesity Epidemic Possible

THURSDAY, July 7 (HealthDay News) -- Obesity rates in the United States are continuing to rise, but control and reversal of the epidemic is possible by strategic implementation of national-level policies, according to a June report published by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) and the Trust for America's Health.

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Dignity Therapy Benefits Terminally Ill Patients

THURSDAY, July 7 (HealthDay News) -- Terminally ill patients find dignity therapy helpful in alleviating secondary outcomes of distress, according to a study published online July 7 in The Lancet Oncology.

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Breast-Feeding Does Not Affect MS Postpartum Relapse Rate

THURSDAY, July 7 (HealthDay News) -- Breast-feeding is not associated with a lower risk of postpartum relapses in women with multiple sclerosis (MS), according to a study published online July 6 in Neurology.

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Prepregnancy Heme Iron Intake Linked to Diabetes Risk

THURSDAY, July 7 (HealthDay News) -- The intake of dietary heme iron before pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of developing gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), according to a study published in the July issue of Diabetes Care.

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Higher Incidence of OA Seen in U.S. Military

THURSDAY, July 7 (HealthDay News) -- Active duty U.S. military personnel have significantly higher incidence rates (IRs) for osteoarthritis (OA) than comparable age groups in the general population, according to a study published online June 29 in Arthritis & Rheumatism.

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Obesity Tied to Higher Risk of Breast Surgery Complications

THURSDAY, July 7 (HealthDay News) -- Obesity is associated with a significantly higher risk of complications following breast surgery, according to a study published online June 9 in Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.

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CRC Mortality Rates Vary Significantly Between States

THURSDAY, July 7 (HealthDay News) -- There has been a significant decrease in colorectal cancer (CRC) mortality rates across all states in the United States, except Mississippi, between 1990 and 2007, with northeastern states showing the maximum decreases and the southern states showing the least, according to a study published in the July issue of Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention.

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Nurses' Calls Decrease Day-of-Surgery Cancellations

THURSDAY, July 7 (HealthDay News) -- Nurse-to-patient telephone calls three days prior to scheduled surgery result in a significant decrease in the daily cancellation rate, increased patient satisfaction scores, and increased operating room use, according to a study published in the July issue of the AORN Journal.

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NSAIDs, COX-2 Inhibitors Tied to Increased Risk of A-Fib

THURSDAY, July 7 (HealthDay News) -- Use of non-aspirin, non-selective non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or selective cyclooxygenase (COX) 2 inhibitors is associated with an increased risk of atrial fibrillation or flutter, according to a study published online July 4 in BMJ.

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Conservative Scoliosis Treatment Tied to Lower Self-Concept

WEDNESDAY, July 6 (HealthDay News) -- Conservative treatment of adolescent scoliosis may decrease self-concept scores, according to a study published in the July 1 issue of Spine.

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New Regimens Equal to Standard Isoniazid for Adults With HIV

WEDNESDAY, July 6 (HealthDay News) -- Novel secondary regimens to prevent tuberculosis in HIV-infected adults are no more effective than standard isoniazid for achieving tuberculosis-free survival; and isoniazid prophylaxis is not effective for improving tuberculosis-free survival in HIV-infected or uninfected children, according to two studies published in the July 7 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Nesiritide Has Small, Nonsignificant Effect on Dyspnea

WEDNESDAY, July 6 (HealthDay News) -- Use of nesiritide has a small, nonsignificant effect on dyspnea in patients with acute heart failure, and is not associated with changes in rates of death and rehospitalizations, according to a study published in the July 7 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Sudden Unexpected Death Risk Higher in Epilepsy

WEDNESDAY, July 6 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with epilepsy have an increased risk of sudden death compared to the general population, with the most important risk factor being the frequency of generalized tonic-clonic seizures (GTCS), according to a review published online July 6 in The Lancet.

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Sedentary Lifestyle Tied to Pulmonary Embolism Risk

WEDNESDAY, July 6 (HealthDay News) -- A sedentary lifestyle is associated with an increased risk of incident pulmonary embolism in women, according to a study published online July 4 in BMJ.

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Stroke Burden Shows Substantial Global Variation

WEDNESDAY, July 6 (HealthDay News) -- Stroke burden shows substantial global variation compared to ischemic heart disease (IHD), with countries with lower national income having disproportionately higher stroke death and disease burden than IHD, according to a study published online July 5 in Circulation.

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Parental Deployment to War Takes Mental Toll on Children

WEDNESDAY, July 6 (HealthDay News) -- Increased mental health diagnoses are observed in children of U.S. military personnel deployed in Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF) and Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF), according to a study published online July 4 in the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine.

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PCIs Done for Acute Indications Almost Always Appropriate

WEDNESDAY, July 6 (HealthDay News) -- Most percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs) performed for acute indications are appropriate, but for nonacute indications the proportion of inappropriate PCIs is higher, with substantial between-hospital variations, according to a study published in the July 6 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Withdrawal of Life Support Main Mode of NICU Deaths

WEDNESDAY, July 6 (HealthDay News) -- Withdrawing life-sustaining support is the primary mode of death in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), and there has been a significant annual increase in withholding of care, according to a study published in the July issue of the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine.

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High Risk of Rereport in Child Abuse Cases

WEDNESDAY, July 6 (HealthDay News) -- A large percentage of children who remain in the home following an abuse report are at an increased risk of rereports and reabuse, according to a study published online July 4 in the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine.

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Eating Disorders Associated With High Mortality Rates

WEDNESDAY, July 6 (HealthDay News) -- Individuals with eating disorders -- anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), and eating disorder not otherwise specified (EDNOS) -- have significantly increased mortality rates, with the highest rate in those with AN, according to a meta-analysis published in the July issue in the Archives of General Psychiatry.

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Low-Risk Lifestyle Linked to Lower SCD Risk Among Women

WEDNESDAY, July 6 (HealthDay News) -- Conforming to a low-risk lifestyle is associated with a decreased risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in women, according to a study published in the July 6 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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First Trimester Antidepressant Use Tied to Childhood ASD

TUESDAY, July 5 (HealthDay News) -- Prenatal use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), especially during the first trimester of pregnancy, may increase the risk of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) in children, according to a study published online July 4 in the Archives of General Psychiatry.

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Fewer Clinical Capabilities in Critical Access Rural Hospitals

TUESDAY, July 5 (HealthDay News) -- Rural critical access hospitals (CAHs) have fewer clinical capabilities, significantly poorer performance on process measures, and higher 30-day mortality rates than non-CAHs for patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI), congestive heart failure, and pneumonia, according to a study published in the July 6 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Lopinavir-Ritonavir Treatment Tied to Adrenal Dysfunction

TUESDAY, July 5 (HealthDay News) -- Postnatal treatment with lopinavir-ritonavir (LR) for newborn children of HIV-1 infected mothers who were exposed to LR in utero have an increased risk of transient adrenal dysfunction, according to a study published in the July 6 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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CDC: Colorectal Cancer Screening Increasing

TUESDAY, July 5 (HealthDay News) -- Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening rates have increased in the United States in recent years and CRC incidence and mortality have fallen, though many people are still not receiving the recommended screening, according to a report published in the July 5 early-release issue of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Late Talking Does Not Impact Later Behavioral Problems

TUESDAY, July 5 (HealthDay News) -- Language delay is associated with behavioral problems at age 2, but this delay is not a risk factor for behavioral or emotional problems in later childhood and adolescence, according to a study published online July 4 in Pediatrics.

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Shared Environment Tied to Autism Risk in Healthy Twin

TUESDAY, July 5 (HealthDay News) -- In twins, shared environment may have a greater impact on susceptibility to autism spectrum disorders (ASD) than genetic inheritance, according to a study published online July 4 in the Archives of General Psychiatry.

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Massage Therapy Relieves Symptoms of Low Back Pain

TUESDAY, July 5 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with chronic low back pain have shown improved function and decreased pain with massage therapy, according to a study published in the July 5 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Personalizing Frequency of Mammography Is Cost-Effective

TUESDAY, July 5 (HealthDay News) -- Personalizing the frequency of mammography on the basis of the woman's age, breast density, history of breast biopsy, and family history of breast cancer is cost-effective, according to research published in the July 5 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Varenicline Use Linked to Adverse Cardiovascular Events

TUESDAY, July 5 (HealthDay News) -- Use of the smoking-cessation drug varenicline is associated with an increase in the risk of serious adverse cardiovascular events among tobacco users, according to a meta-analysis published online July 4 in CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

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Increasing Incidence of U.S. In-Hospital Cardiac Arrests

TUESDAY, July 5 (HealthDay News) -- Approximately 200,000 patients are treated for in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA) annually in the United States, according to a study published online June 23 in Critical Care Medicine.

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Increased First-Trimester Prescription Drug Use in U.S.

TUESDAY, July 5 (HealthDay News) -- Use of prescription medications in the first trimester of pregnancy increased from 1976 to 2008 in the United States, according to a study published in the July issue of the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Memory Blackouts Predictive of Alcohol-Related Injury

MONDAY, July 4 (HealthDay News) -- A significant increase in alcohol-related injury (ARI) is seen in college drinkers who have memory blackout, with those suffering from more blackouts having a higher likelihood of ARI, according to a study published online June 27 in Injury Prevention.

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Aspirin As Primary Prevention Strategy Investigated

FRIDAY, July 1 (HealthDay News) -- Aspirin may prevent the risk of total cardiovascular (CV) events and nonfatal myocardial infarctions (MI), but it does not significantly reduce the risk of stroke, CV mortality, all-cause mortality, or total coronary heart disease, according to a meta-analysis published in the June 15 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

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Vitamin D Supplementation Safe and Effective in Pregnancy

FRIDAY, July 1 (HealthDay News) -- Daily 4000 IU vitamin D supplementation from 12 to 16 weeks of gestation is safe and effective in achieving vitamin D sufficiency in pregnant women and their neonates, according to a study published in the July issue of the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research.

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Elevated Blood Lead Levels in Adults on the Wane

FRIDAY, July 1 (HealthDay News) -- The presence of elevated adult blood lead levels (BLLs) has fallen overall since the mid-1990s, but the highest prevalence of elevated BLLs is found in the manufacturing, construction, and mining industries, according to a report published in the July 1 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

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Underage Men Drink More During Holiday Weekend

FRIDAY, July 1 (HealthDay News) -- There are an increased number of visits to hospital emergency departments for alcohol-related events over the fourth of July weekend, with young men at a higher risk than women, according to a study published on June 30 by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA).

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Multiple Sclerosis Not Tied to Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes

FRIDAY, July 1 (HealthDay News) -- For pregnant women, multiple sclerosis (MS) is not associated with adverse pregnancy or birth outcomes, according to a study published online June 27 in the Annals of Neurology.

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Pregravid Cardiometabolic Risk Factors Linked to GDM

FRIDAY, July 1 (HealthDay News) -- Women with pregravid cardiometabolic risk factors are at significantly higher risk of developing gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), according to a study published in the July issue of the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Older Breast Cancer Patients Likely to Die of Heart Disease

FRIDAY, July 1 (HealthDay News) -- Older women diagnosed with breast cancer are more likely to die from comorbid conditions, especially cardiovascular disease (CVD), rather than from breast cancer, according to a study published online June 20 in Breast Cancer Research.

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Around One in 10 Computerized Prescriptions Contains Errors

FRIDAY, July 1 (HealthDay News) -- Approximately one in 10 computerized outpatient prescriptions contains errors, a third of which are potential adverse drug events, according to a study published online June 29 in the Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association.

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Blood Pressure Variability Tied to Heart Surgery Mortality

FRIDAY, July 1 (HealthDay News) -- Variations in perioperative blood pressure are associated with 30-day mortality in cardiac surgical patients, with increased mortality risks for high-risk than low-risk patients, according to a study published in the July issue of Anesthesia & Analgesia.

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