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September 2012 Briefing - Nursing

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Nursing for September 2012. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

History of Sexual Abuse Slows Response to Bariatric Surgery

FRIDAY, Sept. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Although studies suggest that individuals with a history of sexual abuse may experience less weight loss soon after bariatric surgery, most individuals still benefit from the surgical procedure, with increased weight loss seen over time, according to research published in the October issue of Obesity Reviews.

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Pain Intensity in Juvenile Arthritis Varies Widely

FRIDAY, Sept. 28 (HealthDay News) -- In youth with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), pain intensity varies within days, impacting patient quality of life, according to a study published online Sept. 12 in Arthritis Care & Research.

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Standards for Diabetes Education, Support Updated

FRIDAY, Sept. 28 (HealthDay News) -- A task force from the American Association of Diabetes Educators and the American Diabetes Association has updated the national standards for diabetes self-management education and support, according to a report published online Sept. 20 in Diabetes Care.

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SNPs Linked to Erectile Dysfunction After Radiotherapy

FRIDAY, Sept. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Twelve single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are associated with development of erectile dysfunction (ED) following radiotherapy for prostate cancer, according to a study published online Sept. 28 in the International Journal of Radiation Oncology*Biology*Physics.

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Review Finds Little Impact of Exercise Interventions on Kids

FRIDAY, Sept. 28 (HealthDay News) -- Interventions to increase physical activity in children and adolescents have little impact, according to research published online Sept. 27 in BMJ.

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Benzodiazepine Use Linked to Increased Risk of Dementia

FRIDAY, Sept. 28 (HealthDay News) -- New use of benzodiazepines correlates with an increase in the risk of dementia, according to a study published online Sept. 27 in BMJ.

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Young BRCA Carriers Face Complex Life-Altering Decisions

FRIDAY, Sept. 28 (HealthDay News) -- For young women, carrying a BRCA mutation impacts actions and decisions related to getting married, having children, and receiving a diagnosis of breast cancer, according to a study published in the October issue of the American Journal of Nursing.

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Simple Form Identifies Ovarian Cancer Warning Signs

FRIDAY, Sept. 28 (HealthDay News) -- A simple, quick, easy-to-use paper form can help identify symptoms potentially indicative of ovarian cancer in women treated in the primary care clinic setting, according to research published in the September issue of the Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology.

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Many Support Financial Incentives for Organ Donation

FRIDAY, Sept. 28 (HealthDay News) -- At least 40 percent of Canadians consider it acceptable to offer financial incentives to encourage kidney donation, according to a study published online Sept. 27 in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

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Study Supports Diet High in Total Antioxidants for Lower MI Risk

THURSDAY, Sept. 27 (HealthDay News) -- A diet high in total antioxidant capacity, based on fruits, vegetables, coffee, and whole grains, is associated with a lower risk of myocardial infarction, according to a study published in the October issue of The American Journal of Medicine.

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Much of Intellectual Disability Not Genetically Inherited

THURSDAY, Sept. 27 (HealthDay News) -- A considerable proportion of severe intellectual disability results from de-novo genetic variants, suggesting that only a small proportion of cases are likely to be inherited in an autosomal recessive fashion, according to a study published online Sept. 27 in The Lancet.

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Topical NSAIDs Effective for Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain

THURSDAY, Sept. 27 (HealthDay News) -- Topical nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can provide effective pain relief for chronic musculoskeletal pain in adults, according to a review published online Sept. 12 in The Cochrane Library.

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Negative Response to Uncertain Prenatal Microarray Results

THURSDAY, Sept. 27 (HealthDay News) -- Women do not necessarily consider the potential significance and ambiguity of the information they could receive from prenatal microarray testing, according to a study published online Sept. 6 in Genetics in Medicine.

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Infant Regulatory Problems Predict Somatic Symptoms

THURSDAY, Sept. 27 (HealthDay News) -- Functional somatic symptoms (FSS) in childhood may be predicted by feeding, sleeping, or tactile reactivity problems in the first 10 months of life, according to a study published online Sept. 27 in The Journal of Pediatrics.

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Being Deemed 'Unfit to Drive' Cuts Subsequent Road Crashes

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Medical warnings to patients who are potentially unfit to drive correlate with a reduction in the number of road crashes in which the patient is a driver, according to a study published in the Sept. 27 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Trio of Studies Look at Impact of Sugary Drinks on Weight

FRIDAY, Sept. 21 (HealthDay News) -- For adults, children, and teens, drinking sugar-sweetened beverages correlates with increases in body mass index (BMI) and obesity, according to three studies published online Sept. 21 in the New England Journal of Medicine to coincide with presentation at the annual meeting of The Obesity Society, held from Sept. 20 to 24 in San Antonio, Texas.

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Physicians' Gut Feelings Should Not Be Dismissed

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Having a gut feeling about the seriousness of an illness, despite clinical assessment of non-severe illness, is associated with an increased risk of serious illness, according to a study published online Sept. 25 in BMJ.

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Antibiotic Use Varies by Season, Geographic Region for Elderly

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Antibiotic usage among older adults varies widely by geographical region and season, according to a study published online Sept. 24 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

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Energy Expenditure Up With Active Video Gaming

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Compared with traditional sedentary video game playing, active video game playing (e.g., using the Xbox 360) significantly increases heart rate, oxygen uptake, and energy expenditure, according to research published online Sept. 24 in the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine.

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When Clinically Indicated, Chemo Use High for Breast Cancer

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Fewer than half of women with localized breast cancer for whom adjuvant chemotherapy is discretionary, either due to clinical factors or age, tend to utilize adjuvant chemotherapy; however, when clinically indicated, women initiate chemotherapy at a high rate, according to research published online Sept. 24 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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Efficacy of Black Cohosh for Menopausal Symptoms Unclear

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 26 (HealthDay News) -- There is insufficient evidence to support the use of black cohosh for menopausal symptoms, according to the results of a systematic literature review published online Sept. 12 in The Cochrane Library.

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Drugs Similar in Efficacy for Neuropathic Pain in Diabetes

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 26 (HealthDay News) -- In the treatment of patients with chronic diabetic peripheral neuropathic pain (DPNP), there are no significant differences in pain-relief efficacy between amitriptyline, duloxetine, and pregabalin; however, pregabalin improves sleep continuity and duloxetine improves daytime functioning, according to research published online Sept. 18 in Diabetes Care.

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Risk of Post-Cesarean Infection Up for Overweight, Obese

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 26 (HealthDay News) -- About 10 percent of U.K. women who undergo cesarean section develop a surgical site infection, with the odds significantly increased for overweight or obese women, according to a study published in the October issue of BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology.

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Early Menopause Ups Coronary Heart Disease and Stroke Risk

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Women who experience menopause before the age of 46 have an increased risk of coronary heart disease and stroke, according to a study published in the October issue of Menopause.

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Guidelines Issued for Improving Outcomes for ICD Recipients

TUESDAY, Sept. 25 (HealthDay News) -- Patient and family education and psychological support are key components for improving outcomes for implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) recipients, according to a scientific statement issued by the American Heart Association and published online Sept. 24 in Circulation.

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Being Born Preterm Linked to Later Pregnancy Complications

MONDAY, Sept. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Women born preterm are at significantly increased risk of experiencing pregnancy complications of their own, according to a study published online Sept. 24 in CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

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Leadership Inversely Associated With Stress Levels

MONDAY, Sept. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Leaders have lower levels of cortisol and lower reports of anxiety, with a dose-response association seen for levels of leadership, which seems to be mediated by a sense of control, according to a study published online Sept. 24 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

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Effect of Behavioral Intervention on Alcohol Misuse Evaluated

MONDAY, Sept. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Behavioral counseling interventions may be beneficial for adults with risky drinking behaviors, according to a review and meta-analysis published online Sept. 25 in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Pediatricians Should Provide Support for Adoptive Families

MONDAY, Sept. 24 (HealthDay News) -- As more children are adopted each year, pediatricians must be knowledgeable about adoption issues and model positive language for adoptive families, according to a clinical report published online Sept. 24 in Pediatrics.

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Genetic Variants Identified for Risk of Male Breast Cancer

MONDAY, Sept. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with an increased risk of male breast cancer have been identified, according to a study published online Sept. 23 in Nature Genetics.

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Childhood Antibiotic Exposure Linked to Development of IBD

MONDAY, Sept. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Early exposure to antianaerobic antibiotics in childhood is associated with an increased risk of developing inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), according to research published online Sept. 24 in Pediatrics.

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AAP Strongly Discourages Home Trampolines

MONDAY, Sept. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Home trampoline use is strongly discouraged by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), according to a policy statement published online Sept. 24 in Pediatrics.

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Deaths Due to Poisoning, Suicide, Falls Up in Last Decade

MONDAY, Sept. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Deaths due to suicide, falls, and unintentional poisoning increased over the last decade, while motor vehicle accident deaths declined by 25 percent, according to research published online Sept. 20 in the American Journal of Public Health.

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Taste Perceptions Differ for Obese, Non-Obese Children

MONDAY, Sept. 24 (HealthDay News) -- Obese children are less able than their normal-weight peers to identify taste qualities, according to a study published online Sept. 20 in the Archives of Disease in Childhood.

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Limited Evidence on Medication Use for Youth With Autism

MONDAY, Sept. 24 (HealthDay News) -- There is a lack of evidence supporting the use of medications in adolescents and young adults with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), according to a review published online Sept. 24 in Pediatrics.

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IV Acetaminophen Eases Post-Spinal Op Pain for Children

FRIDAY, Sept. 21 (HealthDay News) -- Children and adolescents given intravenously (IV)-administered acetaminophen after major spine surgery have significantly less postoperative pain, compared with those given placebo, but administration of acetaminophen does not reduce the need for opioids, according to a study published in the Sept. 15 issue of Spine.

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Simple Tool Helps Psychiatry Residents ID Risk of Violence

FRIDAY, Sept. 21 (HealthDay News) -- A simple, structured risk assessment tool, the Historical, Clinical, Risk Management-20 clinical subscale (HCR-20-C), could help psychiatric residents more accurately evaluate the risk for violence among patients, according to a study published online Aug. 31 in Psychiatric Services.

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Patient Preference Doesn't Affect Chemo in Advanced CRC

FRIDAY, Sept. 21 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC), most patients are treated with chemotherapy, even if they express negative or marginal preferences, according to a study published online Sept. 12 in Cancer.

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Safe for Intravenous Catheters to Be Replaced As Needed

FRIDAY, Sept. 21 (HealthDay News) -- Replacement of peripheral intravenous catheters as clinically indicated is as safe as routine replacement, according to a study published in the Sept. 22 issue of The Lancet, a theme issue on surgery.

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Leaving Balloon in Is Safe in Urinary Sphincter Revision

FRIDAY, Sept. 21 (HealthDay News) -- Intentionally leaving the pressure-regulating balloon in place during a non-infected artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) revision procedure is safe and is not associated with infection or complications, according to research published online Sept. 13 in The Journal of Sexual Medicine.

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Skin Cancer Incidence Up After Pancreas Transplantation

FRIDAY, Sept. 21 (HealthDay News) -- Nonmelanoma skin cancers (NMSCs) commonly occur after pancreas transplantation (PT), particularly in those who have a history of skin cancer, according to a study published in the October issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.

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Health Benefits Seen for Moving to Less Poor Neighborhood

THURSDAY, Sept. 20 (HealthDay News) -- Moving from a high-poverty to a lower-poverty neighborhood correlates with long-term improvements in physical and mental health and subjective well-being, according to a study published in the Sept. 21 issue of Science.

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Stress-Reducing Effect of Acute Exercise Persists

THURSDAY, Sept. 20 (HealthDay News) -- The anxiety-lowering effect of exercise seems to persist even after exposure to emotional stimuli, according to a study published online Aug. 14 in Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise.

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Duration of Antiplatelet Drugs for Drug-Eluting Stents Studied

THURSDAY, Sept. 20 (HealthDay News) -- In patients receiving drug-eluting stents, dual antiplatelet therapy can be safely discontinued during the first year, according to two studies published online Sept. 19 in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

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Parent-Reported Child Food Allergies Often Unsubstantiated

THURSDAY, Sept. 20 (HealthDay News) -- Nearly one-third of parent-reported food allergies are not formally diagnosed by a physician, according to a study published online Sept. 3 in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.

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Sequential Oral, Topical Tacrolimus Benefits Dermatitis

THURSDAY, Sept. 20 (HealthDay News) -- Sequential therapy with oral tacrolimus and topical tacrolimus may be an effective treatment for severe atopic dermatitis (AD), according to a pilot study published in the October issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.

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African-Americans Less Adherent to DASH Diet for Lowering BP

THURSDAY, Sept. 20 (HealthDay News) -- Greater adherence to the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet is associated with larger reductions in blood pressure (BP), independent of weight loss; however, African-Americans are less likely to adhere to the DASH diet, according to a study published online Sept. 19 in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.

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Nonmedical School Vaccination Exemptions Increasing

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Nonmedical exemptions for school vaccination requirements have increased since 2005, particularly in states with easy exemption policies, according to a letter to the editor published in the Sept. 20 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Higher Dietary Fructose Tied to Lower Liver Energy Stores

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Increased dietary fructose consumption may impair hepatocellular energy homeostasis, as seen with reduced levels of liver adenosine triphosphate (ATP), with lower levels seen in those with high uric acid (UA) levels, according to a study published in the September issue of Hepatology.

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Alcohol-Related Esophageal Cancer Risk Is Reversible

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 19 (HealthDay News) -- The alcohol-related effects on esophageal cancer risk are reversible with cessation of alcohol consumption, according to research published in the July issue of Addiction.

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Drug Class Unexpectedly Effective on Breast Cancers

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Drugs that normally target cancer cells defective in DNA homologous recombination repair, poly(ADP-Ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitors, are also effective on breast cancer cells positive for human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), even in the absence of the repair defect, according to a study published in the Sept. 15 issue of Cancer Research.

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Nearly Half of European Mortality Due to Cancer, Chronic Disease

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Deaths from cancer and chronic diseases accounted for approximately 42 percent of deaths in 2007 across the European Union (EU), according to a study published online Aug. 28 in BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care.

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More Cardio-Related Life Years Lost at Extreme Temperatures

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Cold spells and heat waves increase the number of life years lost from cardiovascular disease, with more of an increase seen during heat waves, according to research published in the September issue of Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes.

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New Guidelines Issued for Pediatric Fever and Neutropenia

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 19 (HealthDay News) -- New evidence-based guidelines have been compiled on the management of fever and and neutropenia (FN) in children with cancer and/or who are undergoing hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation; the guidelines were published online Sept. 17 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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A 5 Percent Reduction in BMI Could Alter U.S. Obesity Course

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Obesity trends for 2030 could see considerable improvement if there was a 5 percent reduction in average body mass index for all adults by state, according to a report published online Sept. 18 by the Trust for America's Health (TFAH) and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF).

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Quitting Smoking Is Tough for Teens, Too

TUESDAY, Sept. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Teenagers mostly experience the same negative effects of smoking abstinence and withdrawal as adults, according to a study published online Sept. 4 in Nicotine & Tobacco Research.

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Biomarkers Identified in Head and Neck Cancers

TUESDAY, Sept. 18 (HealthDay News) -- In patients with head and neck cancer, human papillomavirus (HPV) infection predicts survival when determined by viral load and viral gene expression rather than the presence of viral DNA or expression of the p16 tumor suppressor gene, according to two studies published online Sept. 18 in Cancer Research.

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Bisphenol A Linked to Obesity in Children and Teens

TUESDAY, Sept. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Children and adolescents in the United States with elevated levels of urinary bisphenol A (BPA), a ubiquitous breakdown product of coatings used in food and beverage containers, are about twice as likely to be obese, according to a study published in the Sept. 19 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association, a theme issue on obesity.

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Premature Death Rate Higher in People Who Self-Harm

TUESDAY, Sept. 18 (HealthDay News) -- People who self-harm have over three-fold higher rates of premature death, from both natural and external causes, according to a study published online Sept. 18 in The Lancet.

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Resuming Warfarin After GI Bleed Cuts Mortality

TUESDAY, Sept. 18 (HealthDay News) -- In the 90 days following a gastrointestinal tract bleeding (GIB) event, patients who do not resume warfarin therapy experience an increased rate of thrombosis and death, according to research published online Sept. 17 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

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L-Carnitine Does Not Reduce Cancer-Related Fatigue

TUESDAY, Sept. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with invasive malignancies who take L-carnitine supplements do not experience a reduction in fatigue, pain, or depression, according to research published online Sept. 17 in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

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VTE Risk Varies by Hormone Therapy Formulation

TUESDAY, Sept. 18 (HealthDay News) -- The risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in postmenopausal women differs considerably according to the formulation of hormone therapy (HT) used, with the highest VTE risk seen in users of oral estrogen-progestin HT containing medroxyprogesterone acetate, according to research published online Sept. 10 in the Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis.

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Progestogens Not Effective in Multiple Gestations

TUESDAY, Sept. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Progestogen treatment may be beneficial for pregnant women who have previously given birth to preterm babies, but does not seem to be effective for multiple gestations, according to research published online Sept. 5 in Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Gout Is Primary Indication in About 0.2 Percent of ER Visits

TUESDAY, Sept. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Gout is the primary indication in about 0.2 percent of emergency department visits annually, according to a study published online Sept. 4 in Arthritis Care & Research.

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Hip Circumference Inversely Tied to Diabetes Risk

TUESDAY, Sept. 18 (HealthDay News) -- There is an inverse relationship between hip circumference and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), according to a meta-analysis published online Sept. 3 in Obesity Reviews.

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No Increased Cancer Risk With Herpes Zoster Infection

MONDAY, Sept. 17 (HealthDay News) -- There is no increased risk of cancer among patients with newly diagnosed herpes zoster infection, according to a study published online Sept. 17 in CMAJ, the journal of the Canadian Medical Association.

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Maternal Vitamin D Linked to Infant Development

MONDAY, Sept. 17 (HealthDay News) -- During pregnancy, higher maternal circulating concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (25[OH]D3) correlates with improved mental and psychomotor development in infants, according to a study published online Sept. 17 in Pediatrics.

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Cancer Incidence and Mortality Declining for Hispanics

MONDAY, Sept. 17 (HealthDay News) -- Cancer incidence and death rates seem to be declining for Hispanics, but screening use is lower than for non-Hispanic whites, according to two studies published online Sept. 17 in CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians.

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Community-Based Intervention Feasible for Obese Children

MONDAY, Sept. 17 (HealthDay News) -- A community-based scalable weight-management program correlates with significant reductions in overweight status in children, according to a study published online Sept. 17 in Pediatrics.

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Ethnic Variation Seen in Level of Pancreatic Triglycerides

MONDAY, Sept. 17 (HealthDay News) -- There is considerable ethnic variation in the levels of pancreatic triglycerides (TGs) and in β-cell dysfunction, according to research published online Sept. 11 in Diabetes Care.

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Nicotine Replacement Doesn't Increase Cardio Risk After ACS

MONDAY, Sept. 17 (HealthDay News) -- Use of nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) does not increase the risk of adverse cardiovascular events in the first year following acute coronary syndromes (ACS), according to research published in the Oct. 1 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

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Health Ambiguity Linked to Depression in Stroke Survivors

MONDAY, Sept. 17 (HealthDay News) -- Health ambiguity, or uncertainty about the outcome of illness, is significantly associated with depression in survivors of first stroke, and this association is stronger for men than women, according to research published online Sept. 14 in the Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.

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Study Looks at Pain Processing Abnormalities in Knee OA

MONDAY, Sept. 17 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with knee osteoarthritis (K-OA), the lack of correlation between clinical pain and radiographic evidence of disease severity may be due to central sensitization, according to a study published online Sept. 7 in Arthritis & Rheumatism.

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White Matter Structural Changes ID'd in Children With T1DM

MONDAY, Sept. 17 (HealthDay News) -- Children with type 1 diabetes have significant structural differences in the white matter of their brain compared to healthy children, which correlates with hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) values, according to a study published online Sept. 10 in Diabetes Care.

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Review: Inhaled Analgesia Provides Pain Relief in Labor

MONDAY, Sept. 17 (HealthDay News) -- For women in labor, inhaled analgesia provides pain relief but is associated with considerable side effects, according to a study published online Sept. 12 in The Cochrane Library.

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Sexting Linked to Riskier Sexual Behavior in Teens

MONDAY, Sept. 17 (HealthDay News) -- Sending or receiving sexually explicit materials via cellphone, "sexting," is associated with higher reported rates of sexual activity in adolescents, according to a study published online Sept. 17 in Pediatrics.

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Mechanism of Smoking-Induced Insulin Resistance Elucidated

MONDAY, Sept. 17 (HealthDay News) -- Smoking-induced insulin resistance, which improves with smoking cessation, may be due to activation of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), according to a study published online Sept. 10 in Diabetes.

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Considerable Out-of-Pocket Costs in Last Few Years of Life

MONDAY, Sept. 17 (HealthDay News) -- Out-of-pocket health care expenditures can put a significant financial burden on elderly Medicare beneficiaries in their last five years of life, according to a study published online Sept. 4 in the Journal of General Internal Medicine.

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Researchers Quantify Impact of Sodium on BP in Children

MONDAY, Sept. 17 (HealthDay News) -- For children and adolescents, sodium intake is associated with systolic blood pressure (SBP) and the risk for pre-high blood pressure (pre-HBP) and HBP, according to a study published online Sept. 17 in Pediatrics.

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Lung Transplant for CF Less Likely for Medicaid Recipients

FRIDAY, Sept. 14 (HealthDay News) -- For adults with cystic fibrosis (CF), the likelihood of not being accepted for lung transplantation is higher for those with low socioeconomic status, as indicated by Medicaid status, according to a study published online Sept. 13 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone Up Over Time in Oldest Old

FRIDAY, Sept. 14 (HealthDay News) -- For the oldest old, increases in thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) occur over time but do not correlate with mortality, according to a study published online Aug. 9 in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

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Obstructive Sleep Apnea Ups Cardio Risk in the Elderly

FRIDAY, Sept. 14 (HealthDay News) -- In the elderly, untreated severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular death, and adequate treatment with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) may reduce this risk, according to research published online Sept. 13 in the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

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Spindle Abnormalities Seen in Oocytes of Severely Obese

FRIDAY, Sept. 14 (HealthDay News) -- Oocytes from severely obese women undergoing in vitro fertilization display significant spindle abnormalities, which may contribute to poor reproductive outcomes, according to a study published online Sept. 11 in Human Reproduction.

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Radiography Unnecessary After Spinal Fusion Surgery

FRIDAY, Sept. 14 (HealthDay News) -- In patients who have undergone spinal fusion surgery with intraoperative fluoroscopic guidance and have no postoperative problems, postoperative radiographs do not provide additional clinical information and are not cost-effective, according to a study published in the July issue of The Spine Journal.

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Disability for 15 Percent of Patients After Minor Stroke, TIA

FRIDAY, Sept. 14 (HealthDay News) -- Approximately 15 percent of patients exhibit some disability 90 days after a minor stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA), and more than 50 percent of patients who have a recurrent event experience disability, according to a study published online Sept. 13 in Stroke.

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For Youth, Only Vigorous Activity Reduces Cardiometabolic Risk

FRIDAY, Sept. 14 (HealthDay News) -- In youth, vigorous physical activity (PA), but not light or moderate PA, correlates with improved measures of cardiometabolic risk, according to research published online Sept. 10 in the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine.

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Evidence Lacking for Weight Trends After Joint Arthroplasty

FRIDAY, Sept. 14 (HealthDay News) -- There is no conclusive evidence on whether patients undergoing total joint arthroplasty (TJA) lose or gain weight after surgery, according to a study published online Sept. 7 in Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research.

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Higher Mortality Risk With Preoperative Hyponatremia

FRIDAY, Sept. 14 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with preoperative hyponatremia have a higher risk of 30-day mortality and morbidity, including coronary events, surgical site wound infections, and pneumonia, according to research published online Sept. 10 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

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Risk of Car Accidents Up With Antidepressant Use

FRIDAY, Sept. 14 (HealthDay News) -- There is an increased risk of motor vehicle accidents (MVAs) for patients taking antidepressants, benzodiazepines, or Z-drugs, according to a study published online Sept. 13 in the British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology.

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'Choosing Wisely' Suggestions Should Improve Kidney Care

FRIDAY, Sept. 14 (HealthDay News) -- The American Society of Nephrology (ASN) Quality and Patient Safety (QPS) Task Force has developed a set of five recommendations to improve care for patients with kidney disease, according to an article published online Sept. 13 in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

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Antipsychotic Use Up Among U.S. Medicaid-Enrolled Youth

FRIDAY, Sept. 14 (HealthDay News) -- There has been a substantial increase in antipsychotic use among Medicaid-enrolled children in recent years, with the increase partially driven by youth with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and those with multiple diagnoses, according to a study published online Sept. 4 in Health Services Research.

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Meta-Analysis: Acupuncture Reasonable Chronic Pain Option

THURSDAY, Sept. 13 (HealthDay News) -- Acupuncture is an effective treatment for chronic pain conditions, including back and neck pain, osteoarthritis, and chronic headache, with pain relief superior to both no-acupuncture controls and sham-acupuncture groups, according to the results of a systematic review and meta-analysis published online Sept. 10 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

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Advertising Changes After Drug Switch to Over-the-Counter

THURSDAY, Sept. 13 (HealthDay News) -- When a drug switches from prescription-only to over-the-counter (OTC) there is a shift in the direct-to-consumer advertising (DTCA), with less presentation of potential harms and frequent omission of identification by generic names, according to a research letter published online Sept. 11 in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Long-Term Finasteride Doesn't Impair Quality of Life

THURSDAY, Sept. 13 (HealthDay News) -- Taking finasteride to prevent prostate cancer does not negatively affect the physical function, mental health, or vitality domains of health-related quality of life, according to a study published online Sept. 12 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

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Impact of Exposure to Road Traffic Noise Quantified

THURSDAY, Sept. 13 (HealthDay News) -- Noise-impact indicators, such as the percentage of the population who are highly annoyed and who have high levels of sleep disturbance, can be valuable metrics in comparing noise equity among urban communities, according to research published online Sept. 11 in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

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European Review: Benefits of Mammograms Outweigh Harms

THURSDAY, Sept. 13 (HealthDay News) -- For women in Europe, mammographic screening is associated with a reduction in breast cancer mortality that is greater than the potential harms of over-diagnosis and false-positive screening results (FPRs), according to a study published in the September issue of the Journal of Medical Screening.

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Diabetes Outcome Better for Patients With Empathetic Docs

THURSDAY, Sept. 13 (HealthDay News) -- Physician empathy, as measured by a validated scale, correlates with clinical outcome for patients with diabetes, with better outcome for those with doctors with high empathy, according to a study published in the September issue of Academic Medicine.

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Diagnosis of Congenital Heart Disease Ups Maternal Depression

THURSDAY, Sept. 13 (HealthDay News) -- Mothers who receive a prenatal diagnosis of congenital heart disease (CHD) commonly report posttraumatic stress, depression, and anxiety, according to research published online Sept. 12 in The Journal of Pediatrics.

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Review: Inflammation's Role in Obesity-Colorectal Cancer Link

THURSDAY, Sept. 13 (HealthDay News) -- A new review summarizes the ways in which inflammation and altered metabolism are associated with colorectal cancer in obese individuals; the review was published online Sept. 3 in Obesity Reviews.

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Preparation Process Eases MRI for Children With Sickle Cell

THURSDAY, Sept. 13 (HealthDay News) -- For young children with sickle cell disease (SCD), preparation and support procedures (PSP) can help reduce the need for sedation during magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans, according to a study published online June 19 in Pediatric Radiology.

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Thermal Sensation Spared in Nerve-Sparing Prostatectomy

THURSDAY, Sept. 13 (HealthDay News) -- Penile thermal sensory thresholds increase after non-nerve-sparing radical prostatectomy (RP) but not after the nerve-sparing procedure, according to a study published in the September issue of The Journal of Sexual Medicine.

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Promotion of Sun Safety Does Not Inhibit Outdoor Exercise

THURSDAY, Sept. 13 (HealthDay News) -- Parental perceptions of skin cancer threat do not negatively influence children's outdoor physical activity, according to a study published in the September issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Preventing Chronic Disease.

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For Obese, Body Habitus, Not BMI Impacts Op Site Infection

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 12 (HealthDay News) -- For obese patients undergoing lumbar spine fusion surgery, the skin to lamina distance and the thickness of subcutaneous fat are significant risk factors for surgical site infection (SSI), according to a study published in the Sept. 1 issue of Spine.

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Whooping Cough Vaccine Protection Short-Lived

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 12 (HealthDay News) -- After receiving the last of five required doses of pertussis vaccine, a child's protection from the disease rapidly declines, according to a study published in the Sept. 13 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Rare Cancer Syndrome Linked to Lower Diabetes Risk

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 12 (HealthDay News) -- People with Cowden syndrome, with tumor-suppressor phosphatase and tensin homologue (PTEN) mutations that increase their risk of cancer, have enhanced sensitivity to insulin even though they are more likely to be obese, according to a study published in the Sept. 13 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Considerable Variation Seen for Medicare Cost-Saving Program

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 12 (HealthDay News) -- There is substantial variation in the savings achieved for practice groups involved in the Medicare Physician Group Practice Demonstration (PGPD) program, designed to improve quality and slow cost growth, according to a study published in the Sept. 12 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Pregnancy-Associated Cancers on the Rise in Australia

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 12 (HealthDay News) -- The incidence of pregnancy-associated cancers is increasing in Australia, with the increase only partially explained by increasing maternal age, according to a study published online Sept. 5 in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology.

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Persistence of Statin Use Linked to Decreased Cancer Risk

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 12 (HealthDay News) -- There is an inverse association between statin persistence and cancer risk, particularly for hematopoietic malignancies, according to a study published in the September issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Preventing Chronic Disease.

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No Superior Method of Adjusting Inhaled Steroids in Asthma

TUESDAY, Sept. 11 (HealthDay News) -- For adults with mild-to-moderate asthma controlled with inhaled corticosteroids, adjustment of corticosteroids based on biomarkers (exhaled nitric oxide) or symptoms does not improve the time to treatment failure compared with physician assessment-based adjustment, according to a study published in the Sept. 12 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Review: Omega-3s Do Not Reduce Risk of Cardio Events

TUESDAY, Sept. 11 (HealthDay News) -- Supplementation with omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) is not associated with a statistically significant reduction in major cardiovascular end points, according to research published in the Sept. 12 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Less Alzheimer's Pathology With Angiotensin Receptor Blocker Use

TUESDAY, Sept. 11 (HealthDay News) -- In autopsy findings, patients treated with angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) show less Alzheimer's disease (AD)-related pathology, according to a study published online Sept. 10 in the Archives of Neurology.

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PTSD Seen in Nearly 20 Percent of Young Children With Cancer

TUESDAY, Sept. 11 (HealthDay News) -- Nearly 20 percent of infants and preschoolers with cancer suffer from posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), according to a study published online Aug. 22 in Psycho-Oncology.

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Gestational Diabetes, Poverty Link to ADHD Strengthened

TUESDAY, Sept. 11 (HealthDay News) -- The previously reported association between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and low socioeconomic position (SEP) has been confirmed in a large German cohort, according to a research letter published online Sept. 10 in the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine.

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Acupuncture Activates Neural Responses in Parkinson's

TUESDAY, Sept. 11 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with Parkinson's disease may benefit from acupuncture treatment on acupoint GB34, with improved neural response noted after acupuncture stimulation, according to a study published in the September issue of CNS Neurosciences & Therapeutics.

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Costs of Neck and Back Conditions Increasing in U.S.

TUESDAY, Sept. 11 (HealthDay News) -- For individuals with back and neck conditions, costs have increased in the last decade, with the main increase due to rising medical specialist costs, according to a study published in the Sept. 1 issue of Spine.

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Updated Guidelines Issued for 'Strep' Diagnosis, Treatment

TUESDAY, Sept. 11 (HealthDay News) -- The Infectious Diseases Society of America recommends use of penicillin or amoxicillin as first-line treatment for culture-confirmed cases of Group A streptococcal (GAS) pharyngitis, according to updated clinical practice guidelines published online Sept. 9 in Clinical Infectious Diseases.

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Heavy Drinking Linked to Intracerebral Bleed at Young Age

MONDAY, Sept. 10 (HealthDay News) -- Heavy alcohol intake correlates with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) at a younger age, according to a study published in the Sept. 11 issue of Neurology.

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Obese Teens Self-Report Eating Less Than Healthy-Weight Peers

MONDAY, Sept. 10 (HealthDay News) -- Younger obese children report consuming more daily calories than their healthy-weight peers, while obese adolescents report consuming fewer daily calories, suggesting that excessive energy intake in early childhood may lead to onset of obesity, according to a study published online Sept. 10 in Pediatrics.

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Antihypertensive Use in Pregnancy Increasing

MONDAY, Sept. 10 (HealthDay News) -- The prevalence of antihypertensive use in pregnancy is approaching 5 percent and is increasing, according to a study published online Sept. 10 in Hypertension.

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NSAID Use Ups Cardiovascular Risk Up to Five Years Post-MI

MONDAY, Sept. 10 (HealthDay News) -- The increased cardiovascular risk associated with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) use following a first myocardial infarction (MI) persists up to five years, according to a study published online Sept. 10 in Circulation.

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Cancer Survivors Uneasy With Primary Care Doctor Follow-Up

MONDAY, Sept. 10 (HealthDay News) -- Early-stage cancer survivors have concerns about receiving cancer-related follow-up care from primary care physicians, according to a study published in the September/October issue of the Annals of Family Medicine.

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Describing Fear May Regulate Emotional Aspects of Fear

MONDAY, Sept. 10 (HealthDay News) -- Verbalizing fear may play a role in regulating the emotional aspects of fear, according to a study published online Aug. 16 in Psychological Science.

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Marijuana Use Linked to Higher Risk of Testicular Cancer

MONDAY, Sept. 10 (HealthDay News) -- Marijuana use is associated with an approximately two-fold higher risk of testicular cancer, particularly nonseminoma and mixed histology tumors, according to a study published online Sept. 10 in Cancer.

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AAP Updates Flu Vaccine Recommendations for Children

Michael T. Brady, M.D., and colleagues from the AAP's Committee on Infectious Diseases, updated recommendations for routine use of trivalent seasonal influenza vaccine and antiviral medications for the prevention and management of influenza in children for the 2012 to 2013 season.

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No Long-Term Effects Seen for Letting Infants Cry Before Sleep

MONDAY, Sept. 10 (HealthDay News) -- Infant sleep training techniques employed to reduce the short- to medium-term burden of infant sleep problems do not have lasting effects, according to a study published online Sept. 10 in Pediatrics.

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Mother's Depression During Infancy Affects Child's Growth

MONDAY, Sept. 10 (HealthDay News) -- Maternal depression at nine months postpartum may negatively affect physical growth in early childhood, according to a study published online Sept. 10 in Pediatrics.

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Drinking Dealcoholized Red Wine Lowers Blood Pressure

MONDAY, Sept. 10 (HealthDay News) -- Drinking dealcoholized red wine, compared with red wine or gin, decreases systolic and diastolic blood pressure, according to a study published online Sept. 6 in Circulation Research.

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Early Prophylactic Tx Beneficial for Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

MONDAY, Sept. 10 (HealthDay News) -- Beta blockers (BBs) are effective as an early prophylactic pharmacologic treatment for patients with mild hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HC) who have exercise-induced left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) obstruction, according to a study published in the Sept. 1 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

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Disengaged Preschoolers at Academic Risk

FRIDAY, Sept. 7 (HealthDay News) -- Preschoolers classified as extremely socially and academically disengaged have the lowest academic skills, compared with their peers, according to a study published online Aug. 24 in the Journal of School Psychology.

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Antiretrovirals Increasingly Used for HIV in the U.S.

FRIDAY, Sept. 7 (HealthDay News) -- Since 2000, more HIV-infected patients in the United States are receiving antiretroviral treatment, viral load has fallen, and CD4 counts at death have risen, according to a study published in the Sept. 4 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Not All Docs/Nurses Want to Be Asked About Hand Hygiene

FRIDAY, Sept. 7 (HealthDay News) -- Although most health care workers (HCWs) appreciate the role of patients in preventing health care-associated infection, a considerable proportion are uncomfortable with patients asking about their hand hygiene, according to a letter published online Sept. 3 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

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Fetal Well-Being Generally Fine After Strenuous Exercise

FRIDAY, Sept. 7 (HealthDay News) -- In general, fetal well-being is fine after strenuous exercise in both active and inactive pregnant women, according to a study published in the September issue of the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

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Teens More Likely to Smoke if They Think Their Friends Smoke

FRIDAY, Sept. 7 (HealthDay News) -- Peer influence and social context impact adolescent smoking behaviors, with popular teenagers and adolescents who think their friends smoke more likely to become smokers, according to a study published online Sept. 6 in the Journal of Adolescent Health.

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Genetic Counseling Doesn't Affect Pre-Diabetes Behavior

THURSDAY, Sept. 6 (HealthDay News) -- Receiving genetic risk counseling does not significantly alter self-reported motivation or prevention program adherence for overweight individuals at risk for type 2 diabetes, according to a study published online Aug. 28 in Diabetes Care.

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Bolus Epidural Fentanyl Cuts Post-Spinal Decompression Pain

THURSDAY, Sept. 6 (HealthDay News) -- Intraoperative bolus epidural fentanyl is effective at alleviating early postoperative pain after lumbar canal decompression, according to a study published online Aug. 27 in The Spine Journal.

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Prevalence of Diagnostic Errors in the ICU Assessed

THURSDAY, Sept. 6 (HealthDay News) -- Diagnostic errors in the intensive care unit (ICU) are prevalent, with 28 percent of autopsies reporting at least one misdiagnosis, according to a study published online July 21 in BMJ Quality & Safety.

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Maternal Smoking Link to Teen Obesity Mediated by Fat Intake

THURSDAY, Sept. 6 (HealthDay News) -- The increased risk of obesity seen in adolescents who experienced prenatal exposure to maternal cigarette smoking (PEMCS) is associated with enhanced dietary intake of fat, which may be partially mediated by changes in the amygdala, according to research published online Sept. 3 in the Archives of General Psychiatry.

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Nearly Half of Teens With Autism Are Victims of Bullying

THURSDAY, Sept. 6 (HealthDay News) -- Nearly half of adolescents with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are victims of bullying, according to research published online Sept. 3 in the Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine.

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Alzheimer's, ALS Death Rates Up for Football Players

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 5 (HealthDay News) -- Neurodegenerative mortality is about three times higher among retired National Football League players, with Alzheimer's disease and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis mortality even higher, compared to the general U.S. population, according to a study published online Sept. 5 in Neurology.

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Rates of Medical Exemptions for School Immunization Low

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 5 (HealthDay News) -- Rates of medical exemptions from vaccinations required for entry to kindergarten are higher in states with easier criteria to obtain them, according to a study published online Aug. 29 in The Journal of Infectious Diseases.

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Intermittent ADT Noninferior to Continuous ADT for Prostate CA

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 5 (HealthDay News) -- In men with prostate cancer who have rising prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels after radiotherapy, overall survival is similar if they receive intermittent or continuous androgen-deprivation therapy, according to a study published in the Sept. 6 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

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Perfluorooctanoic Acid Level Tied to Cardiovascular Disease

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 5 (HealthDay News) -- Levels of perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), found in household consumer products, correlate positively with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and peripheral arterial disease (PAD), independently of other variables, according to a study published online Sept. 3 in the Archives of Internal Medicine.

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Language Barrier Linked to Poorer Asthma Outcomes

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 5 (HealthDay News) -- For elderly patients with asthma, limited English proficiency correlates with poorer outcomes, according to a study published in the September issue of the Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology.

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Reciprocal Increased Risk of Parkinson's, Prostate Cancer

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 5 (HealthDay News) -- Patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) have a significantly increased risk of prostate cancer and melanoma, which extends to their third-degree relatives, and there is evidence of a reciprocal risk, according to a study published online Sept. 3 in the Archives of Neurology.

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Clopidogrel After MI Less Effective in Diabetes Patients

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 5 (HealthDay News) -- Clopidogrel therapy following a heart attack does less to reduce the risk of death in patients with diabetes than in those without diabetes, according to a study published in the Sept. 5 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Child Glucocorticoid Use Linked to Reduced Adult Height

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 5 (HealthDay News) -- Inhaled glucocorticoids taken for childhood asthma are associated with a reduction in adult height, according to a study published online Sept. 3 in the New England Journal of Medicine to coincide with presentation at the annual meeting of the European Respiratory Society, held from Sept. 1 to 5 in Vienna.

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Combat Stress Affects Soldiers' Cognitive Function

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 5 (HealthDay News) -- Combat stress has adverse effects on the mesofrontal circuit of the brain that are partially reversible, according to research published online Sept. 3 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

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Assisted Listening Devices Benefit Children With Dyslexia

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 5 (HealthDay News) -- For children with dyslexia, the use of assistive listening devices (classroom frequency modulation [FM] systems) reduces auditory processing variability, with concomitant improvements in reading and phonological awareness, according to a study published online Sept. 4 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

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Quitting Smoking Cuts Elevated Subarachnoid Hemorrhage Risk

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 5 (HealthDay News) -- Cigarette smoking increases the risk of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) in a dose-responsive manner, and cessation correlates with a reduction in SAH risk, according to a study published online Aug. 30 in the Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry.

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Themes Identified for Improving End-of-Life Care in ER

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 5 (HealthDay News) -- Major and minor themes have been identified by emergency nurses who often provide end-of-life (EOL) care in the emergency department setting, according to a study published in the September issue of the Journal of Emergency Nursing.

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Anthracycline, Trastuzumab for Breast CA Up Heart Failure Risk

WEDNESDAY, Sept. 5 (HealthDay News) -- For women with incident, invasive breast cancer, treatment with anthracycline and trastuzumab is associated with an increased risk of heart failure and/or cardiomyopathy, compared to having no chemotherapy, according to a study published in the Sept. 5 issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

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Over Half of U.S. Adults With HTN Do Not Have It Under Control

TUESDAY, Sept. 4 (HealthDay News) -- Of U.S. adults with hypertension, more than half have uncontrolled hypertension, yet the majority report having a usual source of care and health insurance, according to a study published in the Sept. 4 early-release issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report.

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No Increased Risk of Cancer With Biologics in Rheumatoid Arthritis

TUESDAY, Sept. 4 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), the use of biologic response modifiers (BRMs) for at least six months is not associated with an increased risk of malignancy compared with placebo or other disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs), according to a study published in the Sept. 5 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Unrecognized MI Prevalent in Older Adults, Ups Mortality

TUESDAY, Sept. 4 (HealthDay News) -- For older patients, the prevalence of unrecognized myocardial infarction (UMI), as assessed by cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging, is higher than that of recognized myocardial infarction (RMI) and correlates with increased mortality, according to a study published in the Sept. 5 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.

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Organic Food Does Not Seem to Be Nutritionally Superior

TUESDAY, Sept. 4 (HealthDay News) -- Based on the published literature, there is a lack of evidence for the health benefits of organic food, according to a review published in the Sept. 4 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Addition of Tiotropium Effective in Poorly Controlled Asthma

TUESDAY, Sept. 4 (HealthDay News) -- For patients with poorly controlled asthma, the addition of tiotropium to standard therapy is beneficial, according to a study published online Sept. 3 in the New England Journal of Medicine to coincide with presentation at the annual meeting of the European Respiratory Society, held from Sept. 1 to 5 in Vienna.

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Metabolic Syndrome Affects Teens' Cognitive Performance

TUESDAY, Sept. 4 (HealthDay News) -- There is evidence for lower cognitive performance and changes in the brain's structural integrity among adolescents with metabolic syndrome (MetS), according to a study published online Sept. 3 in Pediatrics.

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Bottle-Feeding Linked to Increased Pyloric Stenosis Risk

TUESDAY, Sept. 4 (HealthDay News) -- Bottle-fed infants have a significantly increased risk of developing pyloric stenosis (PS) in the first few months after birth, compared with infants who are not bottle-fed, according to a study published online Sept. 3 in Pediatrics.

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Sleep Problems in Young Children Tied to Special Ed Need

TUESDAY, Sept. 4 (HealthDay News) -- A history of either sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) or behavioral sleep problems (BSPs) through the age of 5 years is associated with an increased likelihood of special educational need (SEN) at 8 years of age, according to a study published online Sept. 3 in Pediatrics.

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Gene Variant More Common in Internet Addicts

TUESDAY, Sept. 4 (HealthDay News) -- A variant of a gene implicated in anxiety and addiction (nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subunit alpha 4 [CHRNA4]) is more frequent in people addicted to the Internet, particularly females, according to a study published in the September issue of the Journal of Addiction Medicine.

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Elderly Discharged Home Do Well After Heart Valve Surgery

TUESDAY, Sept. 4 (HealthDay News) -- People over the age of 80 generally do well after aortic or mitral valve replacement surgery, especially if they are discharged home, according to a study published in the September issue of The Annals of Thoracic Surgery.

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Stressful Lifestyle, Type A Behavior Linked to Stroke

MONDAY, Sept. 3 (HealthDay News) -- Stressful habits and type A behavior correlate with an increased risk of stroke, according to a study published online Aug. 27 in the Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry.

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In RA, Hand Surgery Improves Function, Appearance

MONDAY, Sept. 3 (HealthDay News) -- Treating rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients with severe hand deformities with a silicone metacarpophalangeal joint arthroplasty (SMPA) procedure produces significant, long-term improvement in hand function and appearance, according to research published in the September issue of Arthritis Care & Research.

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