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U.S. Hispanic Population Growing in Southern States

First-ever comprehensive report on growing segment of U.S. population

WEDNESDAY, May 10 (HealthDay News) -- Arkansas, Georgia, North Carolina and Tennessee have the fastest growing Hispanic populations and the highest number of live births to Hispanic mothers, according to a report published this week by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Birth and fertility trends among the U.S. Hispanic population varies widely from state to state and between population subgroups.

Paul D. Sutton, Ph.D., and T.J. Mathews, of the CDC's National Center for Health Statistics in Hyattsville, Md., analyzed national and state-level data on births, birth rates and fertility rates for subgroups of Hispanic origin for 1990 and 2000.

The Hispanic population birth rate fell from 26.7 per 1,000 total population in 1990 to 23.1 per 1,000 in 2000. There were wide variations in birth rates across different Hispanic population subgroups. The fertility rate in 2000 for Mexican women was 105.1 births per 1,000 women, compared to 49.3 for Cuban women.

"Although birth rates for the Hispanic population are considerably higher than for non-Hispanics, most of the difference is attributable to much higher birth rates for Mexicans. The birth rate for Cubans is lower than that of non-Hispanic white and non-Hispanic black, and the Puerto Rican birth rate is comparable to the rate for non-Hispanic black," the report states.

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