American Society for Reproductive Medicine, Oct. 15-19, 2011
The annual meeting of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine was held from Oct. 15 to 19 in Orlando, Fla., and attracted approximately 4,000 participants from around the world, including physicians, researchers, nurses, technicians, and other health care professionals involved in reproductive medicine. The conference featured more than 1,000 abstracts that focused on reproductive biology.
As part of a larger study looking at fertility in breast cancer survivors after chemotherapy treatment, Heidi Cook-Andersen, M.D., Ph.D., of the University of California San Diego in La Jolla, and colleagues compared rates of sexual activity, contraceptive use, and contraceptive methods of breast cancer patients with that of the general population. The participants were asked about their sexual activity and contraceptive practices at the time of diagnosis, during chemotherapy treatment, and after completion of chemotherapy.
"We found that rates of sexual activity among breast cancer participants were high and similar to the rates in the general population. This was true at diagnosis and both during and after chemotherapy treatment," Cook-Andersen said. "However, among sexually active women, breast cancer participants have a two- to three-fold higher risk of not using contraception (mean, 24 percent) compared to the general population (mean, 8 percent)."
In addition, of those using contraception, the investigators found that breast cancer patients were using less efficacious methods than the general population, which may result from limited contraceptive options.
In another study, researchers at the CHA Gangnam Medical Center in Seoul, Korea, evaluated the effect of laughter therapy on stress and anxiety associated with infertility treatment. The investigators evaluated the stress levels of 40 patients before and after undergoing in vitro fertilization, with 20 patients receiving laughter therapy. Compared to those who did not receive laughter therapy, the investigators found patients who received laughter therapy demonstrated reduced depression and anxiety scores.
The data from this study show that laughter therapy reduces stress and anxiety in woman undergoing infertility treatment, the authors note.
Kathy L. Schulman, of Outcomes Research Solutions Inc. in Bolton, Mass., and colleagues found that women tend to favor user-dependent, short-term contraception methods. The investigators evaluated data from the National Survey of Family Growth in 2002 and 2006 to 2008.
"Our study found that the majority of women at risk of unintended pregnancy were using some form of birth control. However, the majority of them were using methods which are highly user dependent, meaning highly dependent on correctly and consistently applying the contraceptive method in question. This was especially true among young, nulliparous women at risk of unintended pregnancy," Schulman said. "Hence, clinicians should think about the degree of user dependence and its potential impact on contraceptive failure when discussing contraceptive options with their patients."
ASRM: Steroidogenic Proteins Expressed in Prostate, Penis
THURSDAY, Oct. 20 (HealthDay News) -- Steroidogenic proteins, p450scc, 3β-HSD, and steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (StAR), are expressed in the prostate gland and penile tissue of humans, according to an experimental study presented at the annual meeting of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine, held from Oct. 15 to 19 in Orlando, Fla.
ASRM: Etiology, Treatment of Hot Flushes Reviewed
WEDNESDAY, Oct. 19 (HealthDay News) -- Vasomotor symptoms (VMS) are common among women entering and completing the menopause transition, are mediated by central nervous system (CNS) neurotransmitters, and respond to estrogen replacement therapy, according to a report published in the October issue of Climacteric to coincide with its presentation at the annual meeting of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine held from Oct. 15 to 19 in Orlando, Fla.
ASRM: Adherence to a Prudent Diet Ups Sperm Motility
TUESDAY, Oct. 18 (HealthDay News) -- Following a Prudent diet is positively correlated with the percent of motile sperm; but dietary vitamins A, C, and E are not associated with semen quality parameters, according to two studies presented at the annual meeting of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine, held from Oct. 15 to 19 in Orlando, Fla.
ASRM: Miscarriage, Prematurity Up After Hurricane Katrina
TUESDAY, Oct. 18 (HealthDay News) -- For singleton pregnancies conceived through artificial reproductive technology (ART), there was an increase in adverse pregnancy outcomes, such as miscarriage and extreme prematurity, following Hurricane Katarina (HK), according to a study presented at the annual meeting of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine, held from Oct. 15 to 19 in Orlando, Fla.