January 2009 Briefing - Ophthalmology

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Ophthalmology for January 2009. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

US Outpatient Surgeries Increasingly Common

FRIDAY, Jan. 30 (HealthDay News) -- Outpatient surgery visits are rising in the United States, with the number increasing from 20.8 million in 1996 to 34.7 million in 2006. They now account for nearly two-thirds of all surgery visits compared to about half of all surgery visits in 1996, according to a report issued Jan. 28 by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Clinical Information Technology Leads to Safer Hospitals

TUESDAY, Jan. 27 (HealthDay News) -- Hospitals that make use of clinical information technology to automate notes, records, order entry and clinical decision support have lower mortality rates, fewer complications and also save money, according to a report published in the Jan. 26 issue of the Archives of Internal Medicine.

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Car Crashes Among US Elderly Declined in Past Decade

THURSDAY, Jan. 22 (HealthDay News) -- Fatal crash rates among the elderly have fallen in the past decade in the United States, according to research published in a recent issue of the Annals of Advances in Automotive Medicine. A related study published online Jan. 21 in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews notes that studies examining the effect of vision testing on traffic accidents among elderly individuals do not exist.

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No Link Between Cellphone Use and Uveal Melanoma

FRIDAY, Jan. 16 (HealthDay News) -- Regular mobile phone use does not increase the risk of developing uveal melanoma, according to the results of a study published online Jan. 13 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

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Glaucoma Linked to Slower Reading, Reading Impairment

MONDAY, Jan. 12 (HealthDay News) -- In elderly adults with advanced bilateral field loss, glaucoma is associated with slower reading and increased reading impairment, according to research published in the January issue of the Archives of Ophthalmology.

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Histone Deacetylase 4 Plays Role in Retina

MONDAY, Jan. 12 (HealthDay News) -- Histone deacetylase 4 (HDAC4) influences the survival of mouse retinal neurons, and a drop in expression during retinal development leads to apoptosis of rod photoreceptors and bipolar interneurons, according to research published in the Jan. 9 issue of Science.

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Outdoor Activity May Protect Children from Myopia

FRIDAY, Jan. 9 (HealthDay News) -- Children with higher levels of outdoor sport and leisure activities may have a lower risk of myopia, according to several studies presented at the 12th International Myopia Conference held in Queensland, Australia, July 8 to 11, 2008, and published in the January issue of Optometry and Vision Science.

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Physician's Briefing