Dec. 2005 Briefing - Orthopedics

Here are what the editors at HealthDay consider to be the most important developments in Orthopedics for December 2005. This roundup includes the latest research news from journal articles, as well as the FDA approvals and regulatory changes that are the most likely to affect clinical practice.

U.S. Survey Finds Elderly Can Be Healthy Well Into Old Age

FRIDAY, Dec. 30 (HealthDay News) -- The elderly can experience good health well into old age, according to a survey of Utah residents who tend to have greater longevity than the rest of the American population. The findings, published in the February issue of the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, suggest that the factors related to healthy aging are modifiable or amenable to public health efforts.

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Coma Outcomes on Soap Operas Too Good to Be True

TUESDAY, Dec. 27 (HealthDay News) -- Coma patients in soap operas experience significantly rosier outcomes than their real-life counterparts, according to a study published in the Dec. 24 issue of the British Medical Journal.

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Sorry, Celebrants: Hangover Cures Don't Work

MONDAY, Dec. 26 (HealthDay News) -- New research suggests that there is no conventional or complementary intervention that will prevent or treat a hangover, according to a study published in the Dec. 24 issue of the British Medical Journal.

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Short Drinks May Have More Kick Than Tall Ones

MONDAY, Dec. 26 (HealthDay News) -- Because of human perceptual bias, alcoholic beverages mixed in short, wide tumblers may be more potent than those mixed in taller and more slender highball glasses, according to a study published in the Dec. 24 issue of the British Medical Journal.

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Increased Risk of Hip Fracture in Type 1 Diabetic Patients

FRIDAY, Dec. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Both men and women with type 1 diabetes have a substantially increased risk of hip fracture, Swedish researchers report in the December issue of Diabetes Care.

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Harry Potter's Talents Include Protecting Kids from Injury

FRIDAY, Dec. 23 (HealthDay News) -- Simply by materializing in bookstores, Harry Potter appears to have a magical ability to protect accident-prone muggle children from traumatic injury, according to a study published in the Dec. 24 issue of the British Medical Journal.

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Hospital 'Handoffs' Common Source of Medical Errors

TUESDAY, Dec. 20 (HealthDay News) -- Poor communication during hospital "handoffs," when patient care transitions from one physician or team of physicians to the next, may be responsible for many of the estimated 44,000 to 98,000 deaths that occur each year in U.S. hospitals due to medical errors, according to a study published in the December issue of Academic Medicine.

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Yoga Reduces Symptoms of Chronic Low Back Pain

TUESDAY, Dec. 20 (HealthDay News) -- Yoga appears to be more effective than traditional exercise at reducing chronic lower back pain, according to a study published in the Dec. 20 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Bariatric Surgeries Jump 450% in U.S. in Five Years

MONDAY, Dec. 19 (HealthDay News) -- A 450% increase in bariatric surgeries in the United States between 1998 and 2002 could be tied to the growth of laparoscopic bariatric surgery, according to a study in the December issue of the Archives of Surgery.

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Hip Fracture in Men Linked To High Morbidity and Mortality

FRIDAY, Dec. 16 (HealthDay News) -- Low trauma hip fractures in elderly men are associated with a significant increase in morbidity and mortality, according to a study in the January issue of Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases.

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Cartilage Loss Highly Variable Among Arthroplasty Patients

THURSDAY, Dec. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Loss of cartilage varies widely among patients with advanced osteoarthritis prior to knee arthroplasty, and a loss of cartilage at the tibia, not the femur, is associated with alignment, according to a study published in the January issue of the Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases.

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Disease-Related Internet Use Expected to Increase

THURSDAY, Dec. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Chronically ill adult patients are frequent users of the Internet to get information about their condition and seek mutual support, and they say they expect to increase their use in the future to contact their care providers, according to a study in the January issue of the Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases.

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Sleep Quality, Social Factors Predict IL-6 in Women

MONDAY, Dec. 12 (HealthDay News) -- Older women who have good sleep quality and social relationships have lower levels of the proinflammatory cytokine IL-6, according to study findings published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Early Edition.

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Policy Targets Disordered Eating in Youth Athletes

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 7 (HealthDay News) -- Alarmed by unhealthy weight-control practices among youths, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has issued a new policy statement promoting healthy weight control for young athletes. The policy is published in the December issue of Pediatrics.

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New Guidelines Issued on Peripheral Arterial Disease

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 7 (HealthDay News) -- Concerned about the increasing incidence of peripheral arterial disease in the United States, the American College of Cardiology and the American Heart Association issued new guidelines this week for the early detection of the artery-clogging disease.

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Botulinum Toxin May Relieve Tennis Elbow

WEDNESDAY, Dec. 7 (HealthDay News) -- Botulinum toxin injections could relieve the pain of lateral epicondylitis or "tennis elbow," according to a study published in the Dec. 6 issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Fibromyalgia Patients May Benefit from Insomnia Therapy

MONDAY, Dec. 5 (HealthDay News) -- Insomnia is a common problem in fibromyalgia patients and a new study suggests that a course of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) may improve insomnia and other symptoms, according to a report published in the Nov. 28 Archives of Internal Medicine.

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Mother's Prenatal Weight Linked to Childhood Obesity

MONDAY, Dec. 5 (HealthDay News) -- Women who are obese before becoming pregnant are more likely than non-obese women to have children who are overweight at an early age, according to a study in the December issue of Pediatrics. Women who are black, Hispanic and those who smoke during pregnancy are also more likely to have obese children, the researchers found.

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COX-2 Inhibitors Don't Provide Added Stomach Protection

FRIDAY, Dec. 2 (HealthDay News) -- COX-2 inhibitors aren't any less harmful to the stomach lining than conventional nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), according to a study published in the Dec. 3 issue of the British Medical Journal.

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Pain Management Crucial Part of Treatment for Arthritis

FRIDAY, Dec. 2 (HealthDay News) -- Rheumatologists need to appreciate the pain experienced by their patients and learn how to best evaluate and treat it, according to a review article in the December issue of Arthritis & Rheumatism.

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Cochlear Implants Improve Auditory Nerve Connections

THURSDAY, Dec. 1 (HealthDay News) -- Cochlear implants in deaf cats promote the redevelopment of critical auditory nerve synapses and may shed light on how these prosthetic devices work, according to a report in the Dec. 2 issue of Science.

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Physician's Briefing